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资源科学 , 1997,
Abstract: Summer rain evergreen broad leaved forest is a characteristic and stable kind of forest resources in East Asia. The evergreen broad leaved forest is divided into four regions:Japanese region,Eastern Chinese region,Western Chinese region and Western Chinese sclerophyllous distributing region. The paper illustrates the climatic characteristics,the major constructive species of evergreen broad leaved forest and its growing state in regions,and discusses the position of evergreen broad leaved forest in the bioclimatic zones of northern hemisphere.

Wang Meitong,

生态学报 , 1988,
Abstract: The evergreen broad-leaved forest is the climax vegetation in Jiangxi. Through widely investigating the vegetation in Jingangshan,Yunjushan.Lianhuashan, dagang-shan, Xinjian and Yongfeng, and then deeply analysing the ecoloical characteristicsof evergreen broad-leaved forest of subtropics in Jiangxi, the following conclusionscan be reached:1. Its physiognomy is characterized by the leathery simplele-aved microphyll-ous type of phanerophytes.2. In the community structure, there is a distinct stratification (...
Research advances in vegetation dynamic of evergreen broad-leaved forest

DING Sheng-Yan,

生态学报 , 2004,
Abstract: Broad-leaved evergreen forest is a zonal vegetation type and an important part of land ecosystems in subtropics of the world. In the past decades, Chinese botanists and ecologists have made great progresses in study of flora, species composition, physiognomy, structure, dynamics and functions of broad-leaved evergreen forest. Abundant data has been collected and a great number of papers have been published. At the same time, some demonstrative regions of broad-leaved evergreen forests with their own special regional features were established in Junyunshan Mountain (Sichuan Province), Tiantongshan Mountain (Zhejiang Province), Dinghushan Mountain and Heshiding Mountain (Guangdong Province), Ailaoshan Mountain (Yunnan Province), Wuyishan Mountain (Fujian Province). In the studies of succession, research has been coverd successive processes, community composition, structure dynamics, and successive models, and further studies were gradually focusing on ecosystem functions. However, studies of main population dynamics and physi-ecology in broad-leaved evergreen forest were still poor. In the studies of regeneration dynamics of broad-leaved evergreen forest, Chinese ecologists have made big progresses in time and spatial dynamics of seed rain, seed band, seed sprouting, young tree growth, forest gap and its roles in forest dynamics. Further more, mechanisms of broad-leaved evergreen forest succession were explained by studying physi-ecological characteristics of dominant species. In the studies of restoration and reconstruction of the forest, characteristics and restoration processes of some degraded broad-leaved evergreen forest ecosystems were investigated, and these theory and technologies were used to direct the practices of the forest restoration and reconstruction. Based on the above results, the forest dynamics in succession, regeneration, degeneration and restoration of broad-leaved evergreen forest were summerized in this paper. An outlook has been given according to domestic and international research trends, including integration of remote sensing, geographical information system and global position system, studies of forest dynamics, and degraded physi-ecological mechanisms, origins and phylogeny, forest protection and restoration ecology, physi-ecology and population biology of critical species, functional eco-service, sustainable development and impacts of global change on broad-leaved evergreen forest ecosystems.

WANG Xi-Hua,ZHANG Jie,ZHANG Zheng-Xiang,

植物生态学报 , 2000,
Abstract: Leaf longevity of the main evergreen broad-leaved species of Tiantong National Forest Park was studied using the life-table method. The results are as follows: leaf longevity was 1-3 years for many evergreen broad-leaved species, but variation was larger among species than between species. Average leaf longevity was longer in small trees and shrubs than in large trees. Longevity of leaves of species in early community stages was relatively short but become longer in later stages through a succession series. The relations of leaf longevity and structure and dynamics of evergreen broad-leaved forest are discussed in this paper.
Biocycle of nitrogen in a Cyclobalanopsis glauca dominated evergreen broad-leaved forest in East China

YU Ming-Jian,

生态学报 , 2005,
Abstract: The nitrogen cycling was elucidated in a about 40-year-old subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest dominated by Cyclobalanopsis glauca growing on red soil in Zhejiang Province. The samples of the organs in representative species in various layers, litterfall, precipitation, throughfall, litter layer, and soil layer were collected. The concentration of nitrogen in plant materials were analyzed by 2400CHN made by Perkin-Elmer Ltd., and that in water and soil samples was measured using a half dram procedure ...
Analysis on Ordination and Ecological Gradient of the Evergreen Broad-Leaved Forest Community in Jiulian Mountain of Jiangxi Province

JIAN Minfei,LIU Qijing,LIANG Yuelong,TANG Peirong,

资源科学 , 2010,
Abstract: The Jiulianshan Mountain National Nature Reserve, located in the south of Jiangxi Province, South China, is rich in many typical and different natural evergreen broad-leaved forest communities or some age-old plant communities such as Taxus chinensis and
Impacts of evergreen broad-leaved forest, degradation on soil nutrients and carbon pools in Tiantong, Zhejiang Province

YAN En-Rong,WANG Xi-Hu,CHEN Xiao-Yong,

生态学报 , 2007,
Abstract: Evergreen broad-leaved forest(EBLF),covering a lot of area in China,is the zonal vegetation type in subtropical area.However, under long-term human disturbances,this forest is shifting to include much more degraded area dominated by secondary forests,shrub and grassland.Unfortunately,forest nutrients dynamics remain poorly qualified,despite the growing view that these processes might be extremely important in helping us understand changes of biogeochemical cycle in the context of the global change(particular in the change of land use),and shedding light on the conservation and restoration of EBLF.To understand the impacts of the degradation of EBLF on soil carbon and nutrient pools,we chose mature EBLF as the reference climax forest,and secondary and young evergreen broad-leaved forest,secondary conifer and evergreen broad-leaved mixed forest,secondary coniferous forest,shrubs and grassland to represent different degradation stages in Tiantong National Forest Park.After examining soil nutrients and carbon pools,we obtained the following results and conclusions:(1) Soil total N stocks displayed the following order: mature evergreen broad-leaved forest > secondary and young broad-leaved forest > shrub > secondary coniferous forest > grassland > secondary conifer and broad-leaved mixed forest;(2) soil total P is in the order: mature evergreen broad forest > secondary coniferous forest > secondary conifer and broad-leaved mixed forest > secondary and young broad-leaved forest > grassland > shrub;(3) soil organic carbon is in the pattern of mature evergreen broad forest > secondary coniferous forest > secondary and young broad-leaved forest > shrub > grassland > secondary conifer and broad-leaved mixed forest;(4) stock of soil NH+4-N displayed an "U" shape in the series of EBLF degradation;and(5) stock of soil NO-3 was highest in the grassland than other degraded types,in which significant differences were not found.These results suggested that soil carbon and nutrients pools decreased gradually during degradation of EBLF.The mature EBLF can be considered as a major carbon sink and a huge nutrient pools in this region.

SONG Yong-Chang,

植物生态学报 , 2004,
Abstract: Vegetation classification is a highly complex and very contentious issue in the vegetation science. Up to now, there is no common classification system that is accepted by all vegetation scientists. The evergreen broad-leaved forests (EBLFs) is only next in complexity to tropical rain forests. Human activities have altered these forests tremendously, and there are many transitional communities which make their classification even more challenging. The classification of EBLFs of China has undergone many changes over the years. In the 1950s, we learned from the Russian school; in the 1960s, the concept of "importance value" and methods from the Wisconsin school were introduced into the study of EBLFs; additionally, the theory and method of the Braun-Blanquet school were used in th e study on the Cyclobalanopsis glaucoides forest. In the 1980s the authors of "Vegetation of China" (1980) published a principle system of vegetation classification for China which emphasized the use of "diagnostic species" in classifying the "formation" and "association" levels of vegetation in the south region. However, owing to limited resources, this principle was never adopted. Based on the previous classification schemes a new classification system including "association", "formation", "formation group", "vegetation subtype" and "vegetation type" was formalized in this paper. The high-rank units of classification are based on eco-physiognomy, while the median and lower units are based on species composition. At the same time, the role of dominant species and diagnostic species was considered. According to above guiding principles, the EBLFs of China were divided into 3 vegetation types, 8 vegetation subtypes, 14 formation groups and 53 formations. Each classification type occupied a specific geographical region and specific environmental conditions.
Community diversity of arthropod in monsoon evergreen broad-leaved forest and coniferous and broad-leaf mixed forest in Dinghu Mountain

YANG Ping,

生态学报 , 2004,
Abstract: An investigation of community diversity of arthropod in monsoon evergreen broad-leaved forest and in coniferous and broad-leaf mixed forest were conducted in Dinghu Mountain Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong in May and October 2001. The results showed that average values of arthropod species and individuals in monsoon evergreen broad-leaved forest were significantly higher than those in coniferous and broad-leaf mixed forest in shrub layer in May (because the natural enemies are more and greatly reproduced). In ...
Topographic Variation in Aboveground Biomass in a Subtropical Evergreen Broad-Leaved Forest in China  [PDF]
Dunmei Lin, Jiangshan Lai, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Xiangcheng Mi, Keping Ma
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048244
Abstract: The subtropical forest biome occupies about 25% of China, with species diversity only next to tropical forests. Despite the recognized importance of subtropical forest in regional carbon storage and cycling, uncertainties remain regarding the carbon storage of subtropical forests, and few studies have quantified within-site variation of biomass, making it difficult to evaluate the role of these forests in the global and regional carbon cycles. Using data for a 24-ha census plot in east China, we quantify aboveground biomass, characterize its spatial variation among different habitats, and analyse species relative contribution to the total aboveground biomass of different habitats. The average aboveground biomass was 223.0 Mg ha?1 (bootstrapped 95% confidence intervals [217.6, 228.5]) and varied substantially among four topographically defined habitats, from 180.6 Mg ha?1 (bootstrapped 95% CI [167.1, 195.0]) in the upper ridge to 245.9 Mg ha?1 (bootstrapped 95% CI [238.3, 253.8]) in the lower ridge, with upper and lower valley intermediate. In consistent with our expectation, individual species contributed differently to the total aboveground biomass of different habitats, reflecting significant species habitat associations. Different species show differently in habitat preference in terms of biomass contribution. These patterns may be the consequences of ecological strategies difference among different species. Results from this study enhance our ability to evaluate the role of subtropical forests in the regional carbon cycle and provide valuable information to guide the protection and management of subtropical broad-leaved forest for carbon sequestration and carbon storage.
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