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Applications of Forensic Dentistry: Part-I
C. Stavrianos,A. Kokkas,E. Andreopoulos,A. Eliades
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjmsci.2010.179.186
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to review and present the aims and the applications of forensic dentistry. Dental science plays a vital role in the detection and solution of crime. Forensic dentistry compares and demonstrates post or ante-mortem dental findings to identify an unknown body. Facial reconstruction is a method used in forensic anthropology to aid in the identification of skeletal remains. Age estimation is a process of particular interest in cases of forensic dentistry. Root dentine translucency of single-rooted teeth is the only parameter giving accurate results for age estimation. Also, a dental practitioner must be able to identify and report to the authorities any kind of child or elder abuse and neglect. Thus, the analysis of bite marks is a major aspect for Forensic dentistry. Terrorism and mass disasters are sad realities of modern life. The Forensic dentist has the obligation to know how to provide immediate health care and how to collect and extract all findings. However, physicians receive minimal training in oral health, dental injury and diseases. This is the reason why they may not detect dental aspects of Forensic dentistry. Therefore, physicians and dentists are encouraged to collaborate so as to increase the prevention, detection and treatment of these conditions.
The Role of DNA in Forensic Odontology: Part II
C. Stavrianos,A. Eliades,A. Kokkas
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjmsci.2010.309.314
Abstract: During the last years, DNA analysis methods are applied to forensic cases. Also, forensic dental record comparison has been used for human identification in cases where destruction of bodily tissues or prolonged exposure to the environment has made other means of identification impractical, i.e., after fire exposure, aircraft inflammation or mass disasters. Teeth represent an excellent source of genomic DNA. The interest in using dental tissues as a DNA-source of individual identification falls within the particular character of resistance of this organ towards physical or chemical exterior aggressions. Because of their resistant nature to environmental assaults such as incineration, immersion, trauma, multilation and decomposition, teeth represent an excellent source of DNA material. When conventional dental identification methods fail, this biological material can provide the necessary link to prove identity. Even root-filled teeth supply sufficient biological material for PCR analysis in order to be compared with known antemortem samples or paternal DNA. DNA can be used for determination of the found remains identity. The identification of individuals is not the only use for dental DNA. The technique has allowed criminal investigators to link victims to crime scenes once the body has been removed and incinerated. Therefore, it is prudent for the forensic odontologist to become familiar with the fundamentals for obtaining and analyzing DNA from the oral and dental tissues. The purpose of the Part II of this report is to review of the application of the DNA technology to forensic odontology cases, the responsibilities of the odontologist and the importance of DNA extracted from oral and dental tissues and saliva.
Forensic microbiology and bioterrorism risk (Part II)  [cached]
Maria Nasso,Francesco Saverio Romolo
Emergency Care Journal , 2007, DOI: 10.4081/ecj.2007.2.34
Abstract: The letters containing anthrax, sent in 2001 in USA, showed that pathogens and toxins can be effectively used for terrorist purposes. A new subfield of forensic science, called “microbial forensics”, has been developed. It is a new scientific discipline dedicated to collect and analyze microbiological evidence from a scene of crime. In addition to collecting and analyzing traditional forensic evidences, the microbial forensic investigation will attempt to determine the identity of the causal agent, as so as epidemiologic investigation, but with higher-resolution characterization. The tools for a successful attribution include genetically based-assays to determine the exact strain of isolate, aiming the individualization of the source of the pathogen used in a biological weapon. Following the 2001 anthrax attacks, genotyping of B. anthracis was done on 8 variable number tandem repeats loci (VNTR polymorphisms), with multilocus variable number tandem repeats (MLVA) method. In recent years some research groups have increased the VNTR markers number to 25 loci, while other groups have identified single nucleotide repeat (SNR) polymorphisms, which display very high mutation rates. SNR marker system allows the distinguishing of isolates with extremely low levels of genetic diversity within the same MLVA genotype.
Methods of Identification in Forensic Dentistry  [cached]
Ratnakar.P,Gowri Sankar Singaraju
Annals and Essences of Dentistry , 2010,
Abstract: The subject of Forensic Odontology has been generating as an area of emphasis for all interested and properly trained dentists in all hazards response. Many States have recognized the role of forensic dentist in the areas of emergency/hazard readiness. Forensic Odontology or Forensic Dentistry has been a discipline within the oral medicine fold and has been a well-accepted role for dentists. When the Tsunami in the Tamilnadu in 2001 and Bomb blasts in Mumbai in 2008 struck the people , another facet in the role of dentists and dentistry in emergency response as a forensic expert came to the collective consciousness of oral health professionals. The dentists participating in such events should be properly trained to have a meaning full role in disaster response. The dental evidence in forensic investigation is legally accepted. However there are certain pitfalls associated with the various methods in forensic dentistry. In this review various methods employed in the forenic odontology for personal identification such as Bite marks, Cheiloscopy , Rugoscopy , photographs and radiographs are discussed.
Use of DNA technology in forensic dentistry
Silva, Ricardo Henrique Alves da;Sales-Peres, Arsenio;Oliveira, Rogério Nogueira de;Oliveira, Fernando Toledo de;Sales-Peres, Sílvia Helena de Carvalho;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572007000300002
Abstract: the established importance of forensic dentistry for human identification, mainly when there is little remaining material to perform such identification (e.g., in fires, explosions, decomposing bodies or skeletonized bodies), has led dentists working with forensic investigation to become more familiar with the new molecular biology techniques. the currently available dna tests have high reliability and are accepted as legal proofs in courts. this article presents a literature review referring to the main studies on forensic dentistry that involve the use of dna for human identification, and makes an overview of the evolution of this technology in the last years, highlighting the importance of molecular biology in forensic sciences.
The Possibilities of Forensic Dentistry in Ethnicity Identification  [PDF]
P.О. Romodanovsky,М.S. Bisharyan,Е.Kh. Barinov
Sovremennye Tehnologii v Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: There have been studied the possibilities of forensic dentistry application for individual ethnic identification by the example of the analysis of dentomaxillar system features of the population of the Republic of Armenia. Complex study included clinical, morphometric, X-ray techniques and statistical analysis. The obtained data were correlated with the data of other ethnic groups living in North Caucasus, and Russian population. The investigation results after statistical data manipulation showed ethnicity to be likely identified according to the specified measurements of tooth width, height, and thickness. The study carried out can be used for ethnicity identification.
A review on nanofluids - part II: experiments and applications
Wang, Xiang-Qi;Mujumdar, Arun S.;
Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-66322008000400002
Abstract: research in convective heat transfer using suspensions of nanometer-sized solid particles in base liquids started only over the past decade. recent investigations on nanofluids, as such suspensions are often called, indicate that the suspended nanoparticles markedly change the transport properties and heat transfer characteristics of the suspension. this second part of the review covers fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics of nanofluids in forced and free convection flows and potential applications of nanofluids. opportunities for future research are identified as well.
Random Vandermonde Matrices-Part II: Applications  [PDF]
\Oyvind Ryan,Merouane Debbah
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: This paper has been withdrawn by the authors, since it has been merged with Part I (ID 0802.3570)
The use of gold in dentistry
J. A. Donaldson
Gold Bulletin , 1980, DOI: 10.1007/BF03216551
Abstract: Gold was first used in dentistry over 2500 years ago, and its dental applications have increased steadily, especially during the past 100 years, to the point where they now absorb over 80 tons of gold per annum. The course of these developments is outlined in this review, Part II of which will appear in the next issue of Gold Bulletin.
Introduction to Forensic Dentistry Continuing Education Course
Diane Osborne
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2013,
Abstract: This course is an introduction to the basics of forensic dentistry beginning with its historical origins to modern advancements. After an introduction to basic principles, application of this information will be demonstrated in current cases, training in mass fatalities and participation in a mass fatality workshop scenario using dry skull remains. Time permitting, a tour of the Las Vegas Coroner’s Office will be available.
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