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Overcoming Incompatible Practices And Procedures In Assessment Of Increasing Multi-culaturalism And Student Diversity In Schools In Nigeria
Eskay M.,Ngwoke, D. U.,Chikelu, R.
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Assessment of learners in schools for various purposes is flawed by some practices and procedures which do not favor multiculturalism and diversity that characterize the learners in schools in Nigeria. Those practices and procedures are explored and solutions proffered.
Assessment of the Effects of Climate Change on Livestock Husbandry and Practices in Jigawa State, Nigeria
TD Bidoli, AG Isa, B Shehu, DM Kezi, MY Abdullahi
Journal of Agricultural Extension , 2012,
Abstract: The investigation of the effects of climate change on livestock husbandry and practices in Jigawa State, Nigeria, was aimed at assessing the level of awareness of climate change by nomads and also determine the effect of climate change on livestock husbandry and practices. Using random sampling method, data were collected from 105 livestock nomads in seven nomadic communities covering seven Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Jigawa State. Data were collected by the use of questionnaire and observation. Data were analyzed by the use of frequency, percentage, and weighted means. About 98% of nomads understood what was meant by climate change and also 94.3% observed variations in their environment as a result of climate change. Majority of respondents (76.2%) observed and experienced the effect of climate change since 5-20 years ago; while 7.6% observed and experienced the effects of climate change for over 20 years back. Ranking of effects of climate change on livestock husbandry and practices showed reduced feed intake (1st), reduced growth rate (2nd), increased frequency of abortion (3rd), reduced birth rate (4th), increased disease condition (5th), increased incidence of parasites (6th) and increased mortality rate (7th) as major effects. It was recommended that animal production/veterinary services should be stepped up, diversify their production to include crops and other sources of income generation and establish more gazing reserves.
Michael AKPAN,Obasi Udo OKWARA
Pro Ligno , 2012,
Abstract: This study assessed the environmental impactsassociated with Small Scale Wood Industries (SSWl) inIkot Expene town, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Three (3)industrial locations, namely sawmill (SM), Furniture (F)and Wood Carving (WC), including a Control (C) wererandomly sampled for the study. Data were collected withthe aid of measurements, using standard instruments,and compared with those of National (FMENV) andInternational (WHO) regulatory limits. Analysis ofVariance (ANOVA) statistics was used in data analysis.Results revealed that the measured environmentalparameters (air quality, soil and noise pollutions) did notdiffer significantly (P<0.05) from the 3 industrial locations,but significant differences between the various locationsand control were obtained.
Assessment of Adoption Status of Management Practices for West African Dwarf Goat Production in Southwestern Nigeria
Odeyinka, SM.,Torimiro, DO.
Tropicultura , 2006,
Abstract: This study was conducted in the Obafemi Awolowo University Rural Development Project communities in Southwestern Nigeria to investigate the adoption status of West African Dwarf Goat (WADG) management practices among the seventy (70) project participants purposively considered for the study. A structured interview was used to elicit quantitative data which was subjected to descriptive statistics. Qualitative data were also collected using focus group discussion (FGD), key informants interviews and onthe- spot assessment, which were conducted in seven rural communities. The study revealed, among others, that the farmers adopted the WADG management practices introduced to them at one point in time or the other during the project implementation, from which they derived a lot of socio-economic benefits. However, over 50 percent of the participants were no more involved in goat rearing since the project has stopped. Reasons attributed to this vary from community to community. Management practices like regular feeding (cut and carry system) and washing were claimed to be labour intensive and a little bit difficult. All (100%) respondents overwhelmingly expressed their desire for continuation and sustainability of the services provided by the project.
Assessment of Heavy Metals Pollution in Soils and Vegetation around Selected Industries in Lagos State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Adeola Alex Adesuyi, Kelechi Longinus Njoku, Modupe Olatunde Akinola
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.37002
Abstract: In this study, eleven soil samples and twenty-twoplants samples were collected in the vicinity of eleven industries and a thermal station was analyzed for zinc, copper, iron, lead and cadmium. Soil sample from Egbin thermal station had the highest concentration of Zn (141.06 mg/kg) and Cu (131.70 mg/kg). Soil from international textile had the highest level of Fe and the soil from Ni-chemtex had the highest concentration Pb and Cd was the highest in soil from Guinness (28.91 mg/kg, 59.80 mg/kg and 1.72 mg/kg respectively). The highest concentrations of the heavy metals were observed from different plants species. Analyses of variance (p < 0.05) showed that heavy metal variation in plant and soil samples were not significant (p > 0.5). There were positive correlations between the heavy metals in the soils and the plant samples indicated that the plants obtained the heavy metals from the soil. Plants having BCF values less than one had limited ability to accumulate, translocate and phytoextract heavy metals. These plants in this study with higher Bioconcentration Factor value especially those greater than one (Croton lobatus, Borreria sp., Cy-athula prostrata, Lantana camara, Ficus sp., Mimosa pudica, Eclipta prostrata, Commelina sp. etc.) were suggested for further research and assessment on their bioaccumulation abilities and phy-toremediation potential.
Land Resource Inventory and Ecological Vulnerability: Assessment of Onne Area in Rivers State, Nigeria
O.J. Kamalu,C.C. Wokocha
Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Key enviromental issues in the Niger Delta of Nigeria relate to its oil industry. The Delta covers 20,000 km2 within wetlands of 70,000 km2 formed predominently by sediment deposition.Home to 20 million people and 40 different ethnic groups,this floodplain makes up 7.5% of Nigeria's total land mass. It is the largest wetland and maintains the third-largest drainage area in Africa. The Delta's environment can be broken down into four ecological zones: coastal barrier islands; mangrove swamp forests; freshwaterswamps and lowland rainforest.This incredibly well endowed ecosystem,which contains one of the highest concentrations of biodiversity on the planet,in addition to supporting the abundant flora and fauna,arable terrain that can sustain a wide variety of crops,economic trees and more species of freshwater fish, than any ecosystem in West Africa.
Just-In-Time (JIT) Manufacturing: A Panacea for Low Productivity and Idle Inventory in Nigerian Industries
A.J. Alawode,A.O. Ojo
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Nigerian Industries over the last few years have operated below expected manufacturing/production levels owing to operational processes and management decisions adopted, which has not proved effective. The consequence of this has resulted in moribund industrial activities and in most cases, led to the comatose nature of such industries. Such manufacturing process adopted, which results in wastage in material, low productivity and/or idle inventory are expected to be replaced by well efficient production process, which would work to bring its advantage and thus, enhance industrial activities in Nigeria. This study presents, a philosophy/system, the Just-In-Time (JIT) manufacturing philosophy, which is one of the Japanese management techniques, to be adopted and implemented by Nigerian companies. The study attempts to assess manufacturing in Japan and Nigeria and also reaches a compromise on how to implement the JIT manufacturing philosophy in Nigerian industries thus, enabling such industries enjoy the dividends of the philosophy.
A Hospital-Based Assessment of Breast-Feeding Behaviour and Practices among Nursing Mothers in Nigeria and Ghana
Tella Adeyinka,Falaye Jibola,Aremu Oyesoji,Tella, Adedeji
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2008,
Abstract: Exclusive breast-feeding is recommended for infant nutrition during the first 6 months after birth. Worst still, this behaviour practices have not yet improved in Africa despite this recommendation. This study therefore, examines breast-feeding behaviour and practices among nursing mothers in two African countries: Nigeria and Ghana. A sample of 300 nursing mothers attending ante-natal clinic was randomly drawn from 4 hospitals, two in Nigeria and two in Ghana. The demographic characteristics of the respondents show that their age range between 19 - 51 years with a mean of 35 years and standard deviation of 22.6 years. A modified self-report questionnaire assessing breast-feeding attitudes, intentions and support was used for the collection of data. The reliability co-efficient yielded r = 0.82 after modification. Four research questions were raised to guide the study. The results indicate that nursing mothers do not breast-feed based on personal frustration and painful experience, fear of loosing weight, nature of job, lack of confidence in breast-feeding, long period of recommended exclusive breast-feeding and the fact that infant may become addicted to the behaviour. The result also reveal that nursing mothers may continue exclusive breast-feeding when decided to do so through the provision of social support, modeling, public enlightenment and appointment of care nursing mother. While at the same time, it was shown that there is significant difference in breast-feeding behaviour of mothers based on their occupations and of course no difference exists in the breast-feeding behaviour of Nigeria and Ghana nursing mothers. Recommendations based on the findings of the study were highlighted.
Investigating Assessment Practices of In-service Teachers  [PDF]
See Ling Suah,Saw Lan Ong
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to investigate the assessment practices of in-serviceteachers and to compare the assessment practices of teachers in different subject areas, teaching levels and teaching experience. Altogether 406 in-service teachers responded to the Teacher Assessment Practice Inventory. Rasch's model was used to analyse the characteristics of the assessment practices adopted by the teachers. Differential item functioning was performed to compare the assessment practices. In-service teachers were found to often use traditional types of assessment. The assessment practices differed between language teachers and science and mathematics teachers, primary school teachers and secondary school teachers and experienced teachers with inexperienced teachers.
Assessment of Waste Management Practices among Residents of Owerri Municipal Imo State Nigeria  [PDF]
P. O. U. Adogu, K. A. Uwakwe, N. B. Egenti, A. P. Okwuoha, I. B. Nkwocha
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.65043
Abstract: Poor waste management has been a major problem to human existence and it affects both rural and urban areas. Various methods of waste disposal exist and this study assessed the waste man-agement practices among residents of Owerri Municipal, Imo state, Nigeria. It was a descriptive cross sectional study in which a total of 282 residents of Owerri Municipal were selected by multistage sampling technique and studied using self and interviewer administered questionnaires. The results showed that 90% of respondents were aware of waste management while 97.5% had posi-tive attitude towards it. The major types of waste generated from households were food residues (97.1%) and vegetable products (95.4%). Also poor waste management practices among residents include open dumping, practiced by 66.3% of the residents and burning as practiced by 62.4% of respondents. The commonest means of waste transport to final disposal site was by wheel barrow. Gender and educational status of respondents significantly influenced their knowledge, attitude and practice of waste management (p < 0.05). Good waste management is pivotal to sustainable healthy living conditions in any environment. The residents of Owerri need health education, reg-ular supply of refuse collection facilities and designated final dump sites. These will encourage strict adherence to proper and appropriate waste management practices among them.
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