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Predicament of Community Solid Waste Management in Khong Chai Pattana Municipality Khong Chai District Kalasin Province
Surasak Hunchaisri,Ponlakit Jitto,Choopug Suttisa,Adisak Singseewo
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2011.20.23
Abstract: This research was having a purpose to predicament of community solid waste management in Khong Chai Pattana Municipality Khong Chai District Kalasin Province. The sample composed of 310 household agents in Khong Chai Pattana Municipality Khong Chai District Kalasin Province which have been selected by a multi-stage sampling technique. Constructed questionnaire was used to collect data and also was assessed for its reliability. The data was analyzed by mean and Standard Deviation (SD). The results of this study showed that type of community solid waste as organic waste was at maximum (74.84%), the average quantity of community solid waste as 5.03 kg/household/day or 1.18 kg/person/day, three community solid waste many topmost average quantities first are Loa Dang community (8.19 kg/person/day), Kut Khong Chai community (6.08 kg/person/day) and Don Kean community (6.07 kg/person/day) and showed that knowledge was at the high level, attitude practice and participation on solid waste management was at the medium level.
Social Impact of the Establishment Kalasin Rajabhat University of Song Plueai Subdistrict, Na Mon District, Kalasin Province
Chaitach Jansamood
Research Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjasci.2012.29.31
Abstract: Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is a methodology used to review the social effects of infrastructure projects and other development interventions. The development of Kalasin Rajabhat University influenced the environmental impact and social impact with community around the university. This research aimed to study the effect of social impact of the establishment Kalasin Rajabhat University of Song Plueai sub-district, Na Mon district, Kalasin province. This research also surveyed the opinions of population in Song Plueai subdistrict, Na Mon district, Kalasin province about social impact in the community. The samples of this study were 333 household agents with stratified random sampling techniques. The questionnaires were developed and used to collect data and were used to assess the reliability. The data were analyzed by using percentage, mean, standard deviation and multiple regression testing. The results revealed that: the value of human resource showed that social impact was at the (+) very low level. The value of quality of life showed that social impact was at the (+) low level. Factors that effects the social impact of establishment of Kalasin Rajabhat University included that occupation. This information can be used in to build a regression equation of the form: SIA = 0.969-0.045 (occupation).
Formalin Contaminated in Seafood and Frozen Meat at Somdet Market, Kalasin Province  [PDF]
Theeranat Suwanaruang
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2018.912080
Abstract: Formaldehyde or formalin is highly toxic that is absorbed pleasantly by inhalation. The object of this research was to analyze formalin that contaminated in seafood and frozen meat. The method was to select samples at Kalasin Province. The samples were mackerel, crisp squid, frozen chicken, Saba fish, Shishamo fish, Jelly fish, Cockle, Clams, Squid, shrimp, White shrimp and Dolly fish, respectively. The methods were to analyze formaldehyde with titration and formalin test kit. Titration method used formic acid by excess of iodine in alkaline solution. Formalin test kit?of Ministry of Public Health issued Act No.151 (B.E.2536) was to test formalin contaminated food.?The results found formaldehyde in mackerel, crisp squid, frozen chicken, Saba fish, Shishamo fish, jelly fish, cockle, clams, squid, shrimp, white shrimp and dolly fish in three replicated were 288 mg/L, 228 mg/L, 293 mg/L, 77 mg/L, 282 mg/L, 180 mg/L, 120 mg/L, 48 mg/L, 229 mg/L, 294 mg/L, 295 mg/L and 293 mg/L, respectively. Formalin test kit was to found all samples were contaminated with formalin. Moreover, the height formalin contaminated in white shrimp, the second were shrimp and dolly fish, the third was frozen chicken, the fourth was mackerel, the fifth was Shishamo fish, the sixth was squid, the seventh was crisp squid, the eighth was jelly fish, the ninth was cockle, the tenth was Saba fish and the last was clam. The World Health Organization classified formaldehyde was carcinogenic to humans, considerately that there was a decent proof for inflicting cavity cancer in humans.
A participatory approach to health promotion for informal sector workers in Thailand
Aniruth Manothum,Jittra Rukijkanpanich
Journal of Injury and Violence Research , 2010,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: This study aims to promote occupational health in the informal sector in Thailand by using a participatory approach. The success of the intervention is based on an evaluation of the informal sector workers' a) knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in occupational health and safety, b) work practice improvement, and c) working condition improvement. METHODS: This study applies the Participatory Action Research (PAR) method. The participants of the study consisted of four local occupations in different regions of Thailand, including a ceramic making group in the North, a plastic weaving group in the Central region, a blanket making group in the Northeast, and a pandanus weaving group in the South. Data was collected using both qualitative and quantitative methods through questionnaires, industrial hygiene instruments, and group discussions. RESULTS: The results showed that the working conditions of the informal sector were improved to meet necessary standards after completing the participatory process. Also, the post-test average scores on 1) the occupational health and safety knowledge, attitudes and behaviors measures and 2) the work practice improvement measures were significantly higher than the pre-test average scores (p=sig). CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that the participatory approach is an effective tool to use when promoting the health safety of the informal sector and when encouraging the workers to voluntarily improve the quality of their own lives.
MECHANISM OF SOCIAL CAPITAL IN COMMUNITY TOURISM PARTICIPATORY PLANNING IN SAMUI ISLAND, THAILAND
Kannapa Pongponrat,Naphawan Jane Chantradoan
Tourismos : an International Multidisciplinary Journal of Tourism , 2012,
Abstract: Community participation as a strategy for local tourism development has become an important mechanism to promote sustainable tourism. This paper explores community participatory planning process in local tourism development on Samui Island, Thailand. Factors associated with participation of local people were examined in decision-making, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation phases. Result showed social capital as a driver in various stages can be considered as crucial mechanism for the success of the planning for local tourism activities.
Lost in Translation: The Participatory Imperative and Local Water Governance in North Thailand and Southwest Germany
Andreas Neef
Water Alternatives , 2008,
Abstract: Water management in Thailand and Germany has been marked by a command-and-control policy-style for decades, but has recently begun to move slowly towards more inclusive and participatory approaches. In Germany, the push for public participation stems from the recently promulgated European Union Water Framework Directive (EU WFD), while participatory and integrated river basin management in Thailand has been strongly promoted by major international donors. Drawing on case studies from two watersheds in North Thailand and Southwest Germany, this paper analyses how the participatory imperative in water governance is translated at the local level. Evidence suggests that in both countries public participation in water management is still in its infancy, with legislative and executive responsibilities being divided between a variety of state agencies and local authorities. Bureaucratic restructuring and technocratic attitudes, passive resistance on the part of administrative staff towards inclusive processes, and a trend towards the (re)centralization of responsibilities for water governance in both study regions undermines community-based and stakeholder-driven water governance institutions, thus calling into question the subsidiarity principle. State-driven participatory processes tend to remain episodic and ceremonial and have not (yet) gone beyond the informative and consultative stage. Meaningful public participation, promised on paper and in speeches, gets lost in translation too often.
Participatory approach in forest planning
Cantiani MG
Forest@ , 2006,
Abstract: The paper stresses the importance of public participation in natural resources planning and management, with particular concern for forest planning. The function of participation is defined, main methods and tools are reviewed, pointing out, for each of them, the possibility of application in participatory forest planning. Finally opportunities and limits of the participatory approach are taken into consideration particularly concerning the Italian situation.
Improving Ethical and Participatory Practice for Marginalized Populations in Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials: Lessons from Thailand  [PDF]
Dan Allman, Melissa Hope Ditmore, Karyn Kaplan
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100058
Abstract: Background This paper presents findings from a qualitative investigation of ethical and participatory issues related to the conduct of biomedical HIV prevention trials among marginalized populations in Thailand. This research was deemed important to conduct, as several large-scale biomedical HIV prevention trials among marginalized populations had closed prematurely in other countries, and a better understanding of how to prevent similar trial closures from occurring in the future was desired. Methods In-depth key informant interviews were held in Bangkok and Chiang Mai, Thailand. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, translated and thematically analyzed. The Good Participatory Practice Guidelines for Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials (GPP) guided this work. Results Fourteen interviews were conducted: 10 with policymakers, academic and community-based researchers and trial staff and four with representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Suggested ways to improve ethical and participatory practice centered on standards of HIV prevention, informed consent, communication and human rights. In particular, the need to overcome language and literacy differences was identified. Key informants felt communication was the basis of ethical understanding and trust within biomedical HIV prevention trial contexts, and thus fundamental to trial participants' ability to exercise free will. Discussion Biomedical HIV prevention trials present opportunities for inclusive and productive ethical and participatory practice. Key informants suggested that efforts to improve practice could result in better relationships between research stakeholders and research investigative teams and by extension, better, more ethical participatory trials. This research took place in Thailand and its findings apply primarily to Thailand. However, given the universality of many ethical considerations, the results of this study can inform the improvement of ethical and participatory practice in other parts of the world where biomedical HIV prevention trials occur, and where clinical trials in marginalized populations continue.
Os Or amentos Participativos em Itália: Uma ‘ponte’ para a constru o do Novo Município Participatory budgets in Italy: a bridge to the building of a new Municipality Les budgets participatifs en Italie : un pont pour construire une nouvelle municipalité
Giovanni Allegretti,Massimo Allulli
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/rccs.789
Abstract: A geografia das experiências de Or amento Participativo (OP) na Itália – uma geografia em rápido processo de muta o, dentro de um panorama que come a a encontrar no tratamento corrente dos temas económico-financeiros, um ‘nódulo duro’ de inova o política. O gradual ‘reposicionamento’ dos OP italianos insere se no ambito de um processo crítico/formativo mais vasto, que envolve as institui es e a sociedade civil em percursos complementares, que p em em dúvida o “domínio n o discutido” dos factores económicos na sociedade hodierna e a ‘natureza’ com que s o impostas muitas constri es, que hoje vinculam as administra es locais. Neste panorama, a ac o da Rede do Novo Município transforma-se num espa o central para a interconex o das diferentes experiências entre si e para o relacionamento com outras ‘campanhas’ que visam defender a autonomia e a capacidade projectiva e de inova o das administra es locais. The geography of Participatory Budget (PB) experiences in Italy is a rapidly mutating one, against a backdrop which is beginning to find a “hard nucleus” of political innovation in the current treatment of economic-financial themes. The gradual re-positioning of Italian PBs must be viewed as part of a broader critical/formative process, which puts in question the “undiscussed sphere” of economic factors in today’s society and the “naturalness” with which many constraints are put in place and which have become embedded in local government. Against this background, the activity of the New Municipal Network becomes key in interconnecting the different experiences and the relation with other campaigns aiming to defend local government autonomy and its projective and innovative capacity. La géographie des expériences menées à partir du Budget Participatif (BP) en Italie est une géographie qui conna t un processus de mutation très rapide, dans un panorama qui commence à rencontrer dans le traitement courant des thèmes économico-finanicers, un noyau dur d’innovation politique. Le repositionnement graduel des BP italiens s’insère dans le cadre d’un processus critique/formatif plus vaste, qui engage les institutions et la société civile dans des parcours complémentaires, qui mettent en cause le domaine non discuté des facteurs économiques dans la société d’aujourd’hui et la nature à partir de laquelle beaucoup de constrictions sont imposées, constrictions qui attachent aujourd’hui les administrations locales. Dans ce panorama, l’action du réseau des nouvelles municipalités se transforme en un espace central dans l’interconnexion des différentes expér
Participatory Privacy: Enabling Privacy in Participatory Sensing  [PDF]
Emiliano De Cristofaro,Claudio Soriente
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Participatory Sensing is an emerging computing paradigm that enables the distributed collection of data by self-selected participants. It allows the increasing number of mobile phone users to share local knowledge acquired by their sensor-equipped devices, e.g., to monitor temperature, pollution level or consumer pricing information. While research initiatives and prototypes proliferate, their real-world impact is often bounded to comprehensive user participation. If users have no incentive, or feel that their privacy might be endangered, it is likely that they will not participate. In this article, we focus on privacy protection in Participatory Sensing and introduce a suitable privacy-enhanced infrastructure. First, we provide a set of definitions of privacy requirements for both data producers (i.e., users providing sensed information) and consumers (i.e., applications accessing the data). Then, we propose an efficient solution designed for mobile phone users, which incurs very low overhead. Finally, we discuss a number of open problems and possible research directions.
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