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Entrepreneurship Determinants of Artisans/Craftsmen in Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana  [PDF]
Isaac Tweneboah-Koduah, Charles Adusei
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2016.62016
Abstract: A review of entrepreneurship literature suggests that entrepreneurial activities are the most important drivers for economic growth. The study sought to determine the predictors that bring about entrepreneurship for artisans and craftsmen in Kumasi Metropolis. Primary data were gathered from artisans and craftsmen in the market and firms through questionnaires in a criteria-based random survey. The findings of the study revealed the determinant factors of individual, firm and the environmental issues as predictors for the sampled respondents. The determinants were also ranked in relative importance and highlighted the challenges faced by the artisans and craftsmen in Kumasi Metropolis. The study recommends that necessary attention should be given to high ranked determinants so as to increase entrepreneurial processes and activities to alleviate poverty from Kumasi Metropolis through stimulation of economic growth, employment generation, and organizations empowerment.
Causes and Effects of Frequent and Unannounced Electricity Blackouts on the Operations of Micro and Small Scale Industries in Kumasi  [cached]
Imoro Braimah,Owusu Amponsah
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v5n2p17
Abstract: The aim of this paper was to examine the causes and effects of the frequent and unannounced electricity blackouts on the operations of micro and small scale industries (MSI) in Kumasi, Ghana. Data from a sample of 320 MSI selected from three industrial clusters in the Kumasi metropolis, revealed that the frequent and unannounced blackouts have caused a deficit of about 5.3% in the quantity of electricity they required for continuous operations. The blackout hours were estimated to last for an average of 10.3 hours per month. As a consequence of the blackouts, about 44% of the MSI spent this duration in redundancy because of lack of alternative sources of electricity but maintained the same labour cost. The remaining 56% of the MSI obtained power from alternative sources which required an average of GH¢15.5 per month to run. The paper concludes that uninterrupted electricity supply is vital for the effectiveness of the MSI.
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among active sportsmen/sportswomen and sedentary workers in the Kumasi metropolis
WKBA Owiredu, N Amidu, E Gockah-Adapoe, RKD Ephraim
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2011,
Abstract: This study sought to establish the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among active sportsmen/sportswomen and sedentary workers in the Kumasi Metropolis using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III), World Health Organization (WHO), and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. The study was conducted between March and April, 2010. One hundred and eighty six (186) participants were involved with eighty five (85) being active sportsmen/sportswomen as study control and one hundred and one (101) sedentary workers from the Kumasi metropolis as study subjects. The study participants were recruited from a population of young and adult individuals between the ages of 19-82 years. The percentage prevalence of MetS was 1.6%, 7.4% and 14.4% when the WHO, NCEP-ATP III and IDF criteria respectively were applied on the total population. Generally, the prevalence of MetS was significantly higher among the sedentary group i.e. 3.5%, 14.0% and 26.7% for WHO, NCEP-ATP III and IDF criteria respectively as compared to the active population i.e. 0.0%, 2.0% and 3.9% for WHO, NCEP-ATP III and IDF criteria respectively. The prevalence of the MetS varied greatly between the active and sedentary subjects depending on the criteria used. Central obesity appears to be the key determinant of the prevalence of the MetS in Ghana. Preventive actions such as exercise, active lifestyles and healthy eating habits have to be implemented to reduce the tendency to obesity and MetS in the Ghanaian populace.
Correlating biochemical and chemical oxygen demand of effluents – A case study of selected industries in Kumasi, Ghana
FK Attiogbe, M Glover-Amengor, KT Nyadziehe
West African Journal of Applied Ecology , 2007,
Abstract: The study aims at establishing an empirical correlation between biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of effluents from selected industries in the Kumasi Metropolis to facilitate speedy effluent quality assessment or optimal process control. Hourly effluent samples were collected for an 8-h period three times per week for analysis of the principal parameters BOD5 and COD, using the Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. Measured BOD5 and COD of the effluents were above the required discharged guideline of 50 mg/l and 250 mg/l, respectively, specified by the Environmental Protection Agency, Ghana. These levels of BOD5 and COD of the wastewaters could pose potential pollution to the waterbodies in which they are discharged since untreated. Results also indicate that the degree of common variation between the two variables COD and BOD5 is highly positive for the effluents from Ghana Brewery Limited (GBL), Guinness Ghana Limited GGL) and Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Ghana (Coca-Cola), thus, the variables are correlated. However, the degree of common variation between the variables was low for the effluent from the Kumasi Abattoir. The fitted equations were GBL, y = 0.6558x – 270, r = 0.93; Coca-Cola, y = 0.3536x + 113.6, r = 0.81; GGL, y = 0.225x + 1343.7, r = 0.83; Kumasi Abattoir, y = 0.1331x + 54806, r = 0.22) with x and y representing COD and BOD5, respectively. The BOD5/COD ratio for the wastewater from the selected industries can also be approximated to the gradient of their respective fitted equations, i.e. GBL, 0.66; Coca-Cola, 0.35; GGL, 0.23. The fitted equations for GBL, Coca-Cola and GGL can be used to facilitate rapid effluent assessment or optimal process control by these industries once the chemical oxygen demand is measured.
ANALYSIS OF VEHICULAR FALLOUTS FROM TRAFFIC IN THE KUMASI METROPOLIS, GHANA
D.K. Essumang*, D.K. Dodoo, S. Obiri, B.A.K. Oduro
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia , 2006,
Abstract: Concentrations of platinum, lead, cadmium, copper, and zinc in dust from areas of high, medium, low and very low vehicular movements in Kumasi Metropolis in the Ashanti Region of the Republic of Ghana was measured. High concentrations of platinum, lead, copper, and zinc were found to be associated with soils from areas of high traffic densities suggesting that vehicles (that ply these areas) also contribute heavy metals to the environment. The results of the study shows that the road and users, like residents living in buildings within these areas, those engaged in commercial activities like hawking, and the general public are at risk of exposure to the toxic effects of Pt, Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn as they inhale those metals released from the exhaust of vehicles into the environment. According to these results, there is the potential for exposure to high levels of Pt, Cd, Pb, Cu, and Zn for road users and those living in urban environments or along the highways. KEY WORDS: Catalytic converter, Vehicular fallouts, Toxic metals, High, Medium, Low and Very low traffic conditions, Kumasi Metropolis (Ghana). Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2006, 20(1), 9-15.
Prevalence of genital Chlamydia and Gonococcal infections in at risk women in the Kumasi metropolis, Ghana
BK Opoku, YA Sarkodie
Ghana Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: To study the prevalence of genital chlamydia and gonococcal infections in women at risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections in the Kumasi metropolis, Ghana. Design: Structured interviews and clinical examination of participants and obtaining vaginal swabs to test for gonorrhoea and chlamydia infections. Participants: Women aged between 18-35 years (inclusive) with a history of having at least 3 sexual acts per week and having had at least 2 sex partners in the previous 3 months and were willing to be part of the study. Results: One thousand and seventy (1070) women participated in the study. Genital chlamydia infection was found in 4.8% of participants whilst gonococcal infection was found in 0.9% of participants. Conclusion: The prevalence of genital chlamydia and gonococcal infections was low in these at-risk women. The prevalence is also lower than reported in other female populations in the country.
Analysis of vehicular fallouts from traffic in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana  [cached]
D.K. Essumang,D.K. Dodoo,S. Obiri,B.A.K. Oduro
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia , 2006,
Abstract: Concentrations of platinum, lead, cadmium, copper, and zinc in dust from areas of high, medium, low and very low vehicular movements in Kumasi Metropolis in the Ashanti Region of the Republic of Ghana was measured. High concentrations of platinum, lead, copper, and zinc were found to be associated with soils from areas of high traffic densities suggesting that vehicles (that ply these areas) also contribute heavy metals to the environment. The results of the study shows that the road and users, like residents living in buildings within these areas, those engaged in commercial activities like hawking, and the general public are at risk of exposure to the toxic effects of Pt, Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn as they inhale those metals released from the exhaust of vehicles into the environment. According to these results, there is the potential for exposure to high levels of Pt, Cd, Pb, Cu, and Zn for road users and those living in urban environments or along the highways.
Factors Influencing Child Health at the Periphery of the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana
D Buor
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2008,
Abstract: The paper examined some of the factors that influence child health at peripheral settlements of the Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana. The simple random technique, supported by purposive procedure, was used to select 240 women whose children were above 2 years but less than 5. Formal interview was the main data collection instrument, whilst linear regression, alongside crosstabulation, was the main analytical tool. Results showed that the principal determinants of child health, in the metropolis were mother's education, household income and exclusive breastfeeding (nutrition). Besides, the use of insecticide bed-nets has been established as having a positive impact on child health. Among the recommendations to improve child health in the locality are the adoption of an integrated approach by appropriate government Ministries and institutions to lift women from the buck of ignorance and poverty through the functional literacy and income generation programmes, whilst steps should be taken to ensure effective formal education of the girl-child. It is recommended that a survey on the impact of childhood immunisation on child health, using a larger sample size, be carried out. A schematic model of the determinants of child health has emerged. This survey has an additional merit of deviating from the normal bivariate and purely descriptive approaches to the use of the multivariate model which evaluates the impact of independent variables.
Presbyopia among public senior high school teachers in the Kumasi metropolis
DB Kumah, SY Lartey, K Amoah-Duah
Ghana Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Presbyopia if uncorrected causes inability to see and do near work. It is unavoidable as one ages. High school teachers whose work depends much on near work need proper and adequate correction of their presbyopia to increase effectiveness and efficiency. Objectives: The aim was to determine the uptake of correction and prescription for presbyopia of presbyopic teachers of public Senior High School (S.H.S.). Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Methods: The study was conducted in 12 public S.H.S. in the Kumasi, with a total sample size of 298. Questionnaire was administered to teachers. Their visual acuity, refraction and ophthalmoscopy were done. Results: The prevalence of presbyopia among the teachers was 68.1%. Out of the number examined 197(66.1%) were males and 10(33.9%) were females. Amongst the presbyopes 60 did not have presbyopic correction, representing 29.6% of the presbyopes. A total of 52 presbyopic teachers required an add of +2.00DS and this was the highest diopter of correction needed (25.6%). Among those with presbyopic correction 55.5% of them use single vision type of correction whiles the remaining 44.5% use bifocals. Out of the 48% presbyopic teachers who have had their presbyopia corrected before, 6% were not wearing their correction. Conclusion: The study has demonstrated a relatively higher prevalence of uncorrected presbyopia amongst teachers in public Senior High Schools in the Kumasi Metropolis of 29.6%. Among those with correction 6 % were not using their correction. Proper and adequate correction is needed by presbyopic teachers through screening to ensure their maximum performance.
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Psychiatric Patients in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana
WKBA Owiredu, O Osei, N Amidu, J Appiah-Poku, Y Osei
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This cross-sectional study seeks to find the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), its indi-vidual components and oxidative stress in psychiatric patients on antipsychotic medication com-pared to newly diagnosed patients attending the Psychiatric Department of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana, between February 2009 and July 2010. A total of 200 psychiatric patients comprising 100 newly diagnosed antipsychotic-na ve patients and 100 patients on antipsychotic medication were sampled for the study. MetS was diagnosed using the World Health Organization (WHO), International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the National Choles-terol Education Programme, Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) criteria. The overall prevalence of MetS was 11.5%, 13.5% and 15.5% using NCEP ATP III, WHO and IDF criteria re-spectively. The prevalence was significantly higher among psychiatric patients on treatment as compared to treatment-na ve group using NCEP ATP III (21.0% vs. 2.0%; p < 0.0001) and IDF (29.0% vs. 2.0%; p < 0.0001) criteria but not WHO (13.0% vs. 14.0%; p = 0.8372). These overall prev-alence rates were higher compared to the general Ghanaian population prevalence rates of 3.9%, 2.2% and 7.8% determined with the NCEP ATP III, WHO and IDF criteria respectively. Regular monitoring of metabolic parameters should be considered as a standard part of their medical care.
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