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Al Ghazali and Hume on causation and miracles  [cached]
Sedat Yaz?c?
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: This paper is an attempt to show the similarities and differences between Al Ghazali and Hume on causation and miracles. Such a comparison is interesting because, long before Hume, the issue of necessary causality had been taken up by the Islamic philosophers Al Ghazal in his book The Incoherence the Philosophers. Although Ghazali's and Hume's views on causation are strikingly parallel to one another in their empirical contention, there are still some differences to be noted. First, both reject the view that the connection between causes and effects is of logical necessity. However, to give an ultimate reason for the theory of causality, unlike Hume, Ghazali makes a reference to God. For Hume, we cannot give an ultimate justification for the theory of causality. Second, while Ghazali aimed to reject the necessary causality in order to account for the occurrence of miracles, Hume, on the contrary, used his theory of causality to reject the claim that miracle can occur. In particular, I argue whether Hume's position allows logical possibility of the occurrence of miracle.
CORAK PEMIKIRAN TASAWUF AL-GHAZALI  [cached]
Hasnani Siri
Mukaddimah : Jurnal Studi Islam , 2011,
Abstract: The article discusses the mysticism thought of a prominent sufi master, al-Ghazali. It argues that his thoughts is influenced by Sunni theological orientation by giving an emphasis on Islamic orthodoxy. Therefore, to study his mysticism, it is important not only to discuss his background, but also his orientation. These two are of significant topics of discussion of the article. Artikel ini mendiskusikan pemikiran tasawuf al-Ghazali. Penulis berargumen bahwa pemikirannya sangat dipengaruhi oleh teologi Sunni, karena itu menekankan pada aspek ortodoksi. Menjelaskan pemikiran tasawufnya, oleh karena itu, harus memperhatikan tidak saja latar kehidupannya, namun juga latar teologinya. Keduanya menjadi topik inti dalam artikel ini. Kata Kunci: al-Ghazali, tasawuf, Ahl as-Sunnah
La crítica de Averroes contra el determinismo de al Ghazali y los asharíes
López Farjeat, Luis Xavier;
Diánoia , 2009,
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to discuss the kasb doctrine, or "acquisition doctrine", formulated by one of the most important islamic theological sectors, i.e., the asharites. this doctrine raises a complex question: who is the actual agent of human actions? is it human beings or is it god? the most renowned asharite who tried to solve these questions is al-ghazali. after explaining how problematic the acquisition doctrine is, i will analyze averroes' arguments in the incoherence of the incoherence in order to find out if they really refute the asharite determinism.
La crítica de Averroes contra el determinismo de al Ghazali y los asharíes Averroes' Criticism against al Ghazali's and the Asharites' Determinism
Luis Xavier López Farjeat
Diánoia , 2009,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo es discutir la "doctrina kasb" o "doctrina de la adquisición", formulada por uno de los sectores teológicos más importantes del Islam, i.e., los asharíes. Dicha doctrina plantea una cuestión compleja: quién es el verdadero agente de las acciones humanas? Es el ser humano o Dios? El asharí más renombrado que intenta resolver estas cuestiones es al-Ghazali. Después de explicar cuán problemática es la doctrina de la adquisición, analizaré los argumentos de Averroes en la Inconsistencia de la inconsistencia, con la finalidad de encontrar si verdaderamente refutan el determinismo asharí. The aim of this paper is to discuss the kasb doctrine, or "acquisition doctrine", formulated by one of the most important Islamic theological sectors, i.e., the Asharites. This doctrine raises a complex question: Who is the actual agent of human actions? Is it human beings or is it God? The most renowned Asharite who tried to solve these questions is al-Ghazali. After explaining how problematic the acquisition doctrine is, I will analyze Averroes' arguments in the Incoherence of the Incoherence in order to find out if they really refute the Asharite determinism.
Patriotic war of 1812 historiography in pre-revolutionary and soviet periods
Dmitry A. Makarov,Anvar M. Mamadaliev
European Researcher , 2011,
Abstract: The article is concerned with Patriotic War of 1812 historiography in pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods. Special attention is attached to classification and periodization.
Agricultural Credit in the Pre and Post Reform Periods - A Case Study
Dr. K. VETRIVEL,S.THAMARAI SELVI
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Credit plays an important role in agricultural production. It capitalizes farmers and entrepreneurs to undertake new investment. The investment in agriculture as percentage of GDP also declined from 1.6 per cent in 1993-94 to 1.3 per cent in 2000-01. Hence the main aim of the study is to find out the credit flow of agriculture in the pre and post liberalization periods, for this sector-wise flow of credit from period 1983-2005 taken for the study in Tamil Nadu as well as Tiruchirappalli district. It has been found out that the annual average growth rate of agriculture credit is low compare to other sectors in the reform periods in Tiruchirappalli district and Tamil Nadu state. This study suggests to improving the credit flow to agriculture.
Maslahah and its Potential Role in Formation of an Islamic Perspective on Sociology
Hayatullah Laluddin,Zuliza Mohd. Kusrin,Mohd. Al-Adib Samuri
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.256.263
Abstract: This study analysis Islamic and Western world views briefly in a comparative perspective and attempts to analysis their influence and effect in the explanation of social phenomenon. It also delineates the two major problems of modern sociology, mainly, lack of universality and lack of applicability due to elemental mistake in the data of human behaviour and its Western value orientation. Using both comparative and analytical methods, the researcher makes his case for the necessity of drawing an Islamic perspective on sociology. Through the application of juristic principle of maslahah from three aspects, from the aspect of provision of material source, introduction of universal values and the endowing of purpose to corpus of sociological knowledge.
The trends of development in the ukrainian labor market in the pre-crisis, crisis and post-crisis periods
S.M. Illyashenko,N.O. Fedenko
Marketing ì Mened?ment Innovacìj , 2010,
Abstract: The article considers trends in the labor market in the pre-crisis and crisis periods, are made predictions about the emergence of new jobs, vacancies, appointments and even professions in the postcrisis period, as well as, the processes of growth or decline in demand for certain specialists, depending on their level of qualification.
EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE GROWTH RATE OF MAIZE PRODUCTION IN THE PRE - SAP, SAP AND POST - SAP PERIODS IN NIGERIA  [PDF]
Oyinbo Oyakhilomen,Yusuf Dodo Emmanuel
Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study was carried out to provide empirical evidence on the growth rates of maize production in three sub - periods in Nigeria namely pre - Structural Adjustment Programme period, Structural Adjustment Program period and post - Structural Adjustment Programme period. Secondary data on maize production in Nigeria during the Pre - Structural Adjustment Programme period (1970 to 1985), Structural Adjustment period (1986 to 1994) and post - Structural Adjustment Programme period (1995 to 2007) were employed in this study. A growth rate model was used to estimate the growth rates of maize in the three sub - periods. The results of the analysis showed that the instantaneous growth rates of maize production are - 0.1%, 5.7% and 2.4% and the compound rates of growth of maize production are - 0.001%, 0.059% and 0.024% for the pre - Structural Adjustment Programme, Structural Adjustment Programme and post - Structural Adjustment Programme periods respectively. The higher compound growth rate of maize production in the Structural Adjustment Programme period implies that the policy reforms in the period was more effective in ensuring increased growth of maize production over that of other periods in Nigeria. Therefore, despite the myriads of problems associated with the programme in Nigeria, it was beneficial to maize production in Nigeria.
Effects of storage conditions and pre-chilling periods on germinability of Pinus ponderosa seeds from Patagonia, Argentina: preliminary study
Pasquini,Nora Mariela; Defossé,Guillermo Emilio;
Bosque (Valdivia) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-92002012000100012
Abstract: in argentinean patagonia, ponderosa pine seeds (pinus ponderosa) are collected in good production years, stored at ambient conditions, and used thereafter for seedling production. however, information about the effects of conditions and periods of storage on seed quality is scarce. the objectives of this study were: a) to evaluate germination percentage (gp) and germination energy (ge), of ponderosa pine seeds recently collected, and after three and four years of storage in plastic boxes at ambient conditions, and b) to determine if different pre-chilling periods might influence gp and ge as a function of storage time. part of a seed lot, collected in 2000 in a mesic site near the town of trevelin in patagonia, was used to determine moisture content, gp and ge (using 21-days pre-chilling). another part of that seed lot, stored at ambient conditions for three and four years, was subjected to pre-chilling for 21, 40 and 60 days. following 21-days pre-chilling, ge was 34 % and 14 % after three and four years of storage, respectively. pre-chilling periods of 40 and 60 days increased ge to 62 % and 59 % for seeds stored for three and four years, respectively. gp was maintained at ca 69 % over the four years of storage with a seed moisture content of 7 %. patagonian nurseries could store their own harvested seed under the conditions established in this study without significant loss of seed viability.
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