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MACRO-, MICROMORPHOLOGY AND MYXOCARPY IN TWO CULTIVATED SPECIES OF NEPETA L. (LAMIACEAE, NEPETOIDEAE)  [PDF]
IOANA MARCELA P?DURE,IRINA TOMA,V. CIOC?RLAN
Scientific Annals of Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi. New Series, Section 2. Vegetal Biology , 2005,
Abstract: The results of a morphological and ultrastructural study of nutlet morphology in two varieties of Nepeta species (Nepetoideae, Lamiaceae) are investigated. N. cataria L. ‘Citriodora’ and N. grandiflora Bieb represent the studied species. Two main types of pericarp pattern, smooth and sculptured are found. A detailed description of the macro- and micromorphology of Nepeta’s fruits and SEM images for all taxa are provided. The mixocarphy phenomenon has also been noticed.
MORPHO-ANATOMY OF FLOWER AND INFLORESCENCE IN NEPETA L. (LAMIACEAE, NEPETOIDEAE)
IOANA MARCELA P?DURE
Scientific Annals of Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi. New Series, Section 2. Vegetal Biology , 2006,
Abstract: The paper presents a morphological and anatomical study of flower and inflorescence of Nepeta L. species in Romania. Original data regarding the inflorescence type and sexual distribution of flower in Nepeta are discussed. The flowers of Nepeta are hermaphrodite in N. cataria, N. nuda ssp. nuda is a gynomonoecious plant and N. parviflora and N. ucranica ssp. ucranica are gynoecious. Morphology of glandular and non-glandular trichomes in calyx, corolla and bracts are studied for the first time. Three identification keys based on morpho-anatomical characteristics and sexual distribution of flower were elaborated.
HISTO-ANATOMICAL LESS KNOW ASPECTS UPON SOME LAMIACEAE TAXA  [PDF]
CAMELIA IFRIM,IRINA TOMA
Scientific Annals of Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi. New Series, Section 2. Vegetal Biology , 2004,
Abstract: The present paper is focused on vegetative organs of seven species from Lamiaceae family. For each taxon we point out the histo-anatomical features of the vegetative organs that is less typical for Lamiaceae family and can be utilize for taxonomical diagnosis.
Anatomical characteristics of Turkish steno-endemic Origanum leptocladum Boiss. (Lamiaceae)  [PDF]
Muhittin Din?,Süleyman Do?u
Modern Phytomorphology , 2013,
Abstract: Origanum leptocladum Boiss. is an endemic East Mediterranean element, naturally growing only in Ermenek district of Karaman province in Turkey. The aim of this study is to determine anatomical features of the species. The study materials were collected from Karaman-Ermenek in 2009 and then preserved in 70 % alcohol. O. leptocladum generally exhibits the anatomical feaures of the family Lamiaceae. Hovewer, herbaceaus stem is weakly-rectangle shaped or tends to be circular, the collenchymatic tissue at the corner of the stem and scleranchymatic pericycle around the vascular tissue are weakly-developed. The most striking anatomical feature is that leaf lamina is dorsiventral in the region near to midvein, but equifacial out of the midvein. According to the results, while the stomata are of mesomorphic type on the leaf surfaces, O. leptocladum has xeromorphic characters such as palisade richness in mesophyll, the occurrence of rich scleranchymatic tissue in midvein and cuticle thickness on leaf surface.
Estimation of Nutritive Indices in Eight Lamiaceae Plants of Manipur  [PDF]
Sandhyarani Devi Khomdram,Jekendra Singh Salam,Potsangbam Kumar Singh
American Journal of Food Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Eight edible Lamiaceae plants belonging to subfamily Nepetoideae found in Manipur were investigated for their macronutrients and mineral elements. All the estimated parameters were studied on dry weight basis. Available carbohydrates, total soluble protein, total amino acid content and minerals were estimated. All the selected plants recorded different amount of biochemical compounds and minerals. Total soluble sugar, reducing sugar and non reducing sugar ranged from 2.55 to 10.90, 0.40-1.68 and 0.33-9.38 mg g-1 while total amino acid, crude protein and total soluble protein ranged 1.90-8.63, 157.50-43.74 and 31.60-17.60 mg g-1, respectively. These plants were also found to have significant quantity of minerals. E. blanda and O. americanum recorded higher values in K (27.25 mg g-1) and N (25.20 mg g-1). Higher concentrations of Fe (2.56 mg g-1) and Mn (0.15 mg g-1) were recorded in E. communis (white flower) while higher values of P (5.25 mg g-1) and Zn (0.28 mg g-1) were observed in E. stachyodes. Among the plants studied, O. basilicum revealed to contain higher values in 3 elements-Mg (7.33 mg g-1), S (1.27 mg g-1) and Ca (7.64 mg g-1), respectively. The present study will provide information on dietary values of these eight selected herbs of Lamiaceae commonly utilized by Manipuris.
Comparative Anatomical Studies of Some Genera of Lamiaceae Family in West Azarbaijan in Iran
Ali Asghar Hatamneia,Masoud Khayami,Ahmad Mahmudzadeh,Siavash Hosseini Sarghein,Mahnaz Heidarih
Botany Research Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The Lamiaceae family including 220 genera and 4000 species. This family has an important role as a source of medicinal and aromatic plants of commercial important. The objective of this study, is to provide a detailed description of the leaf, stem and petiole anatomy in 8 genus (Ballota, dracocephalum, lycopus, marrubium, nepeta, ocimum, scutellaria and ziziphora ) of Lamiaceae family in West Azarbaijan in Iran. The light microscope images of investigated taxa are presented for comparison.
The role of morpho-anatomical traits of the leaves in the taxonomy of Kalanchoideae Berg. subfamily (Crassulaceae DC.)  [PDF]
Myhajlo A. Chernetskyy
Modern Phytomorphology , 2012,
Abstract: The paper presents the results of the analysis of the morphological and anatomical structure of leaves of 35 species of the genus Kalancho Adans. (Crassulaceae DC.) in the taxonomic aspect of the subfamily Kalanchoideae Berg. Based on own studies and literature analyses of the flower morphology, embryology, karyology, vascular anatomy of stem and molecular genetics, the author has found that the most appropriate taxonomic system of the subfamily Kalanchoideae assumes existence of one genus Kalancho divided into three sections:Bryophyllum (Salisb.) Boit. & Mann.,Eukalancho Boit. & Mann. and Kitchingia (Bak.) Boit. & Mann. Distinguishing three separate genera Bryophyllum Salisb., Kalanchoё Adans. and Kitchingia Bak., as has been the case throughout the history of the subfamily Kalanchoideae, is hardly possible due to existence of “intermediate” species.
Polyphenolic Compounds and Free Radical Scavenging Activity in Eight Lamiaceae Herbs of Manipur  [cached]
Sandhyarani Devi KHOMDRAM,Potsangbam Kumar SINGH
Notulae Scientia Biologicae , 2011,
Abstract: Eight plants of Lamiaceae under subfamily Nepetoideae found in Manipur, India were selected for estimation of their polyphenolic compounds and free radical scavenging activity which is expressed on dry weight basis. In this present study, the total phenol and flavonoid contents as well as the free radical scavenging activity were studied using spectrophotometric method. The total phenol content was determined based on Folin-Ciocalteau reagent, flavonoid was determined by aluminium chloride spectrophotometric method and tannin by Folin Dennis Method. The free radical scavenging activity was determined by using DPPH radical which is expressed as IC50 (μg/ml). The total phenolic content varied from 21.39±0.927 to 46.28±0.543 mg/g, flavonoids content in the selected samples varied from 13.30±0.684 to 26.03±0.217 mg/g and tannin content varied from 8.72±0.160 to 17.04±0.206 mg/g. The free radical scavenging activity among the selected samples varied from 11.67±0.221 to 38.29±0.532 μg/ml. The correlation between the free radical scavenging activity with total phenol content (R2=0.511), with flavonoids (R2=0.241) and with tannin (R2=0.690) was calculated and maximum correlation value was found between tannin content and the free radical scavenging activity of the plant samples. The result supports that tannins were more responsible for free radical scavenging activity in the presently selected plants.
The Morphological and Anatomical Properties of Ajuga reptans L. and Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreber subsp. chia (Schreber) Arcangeli var. chia (Lamiaceae) taxa  [PDF]
Oznur Ergen Akcin,Gulcan Senel,Yasar Akcin
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: In this study, two Ajuga taxa (Lamiaceae) were examined morphologically and anatomically. Morphological investigations were determined from fresh and herbarium materials. During anatomical study cross sections were taken from the roots, rhizomes, stems and leaves. There is a similarity in anatomical structure of two taxa. Glandular and eglandular hairs are present in only stem in A. reptans. A. chamaepitys subsp. chia var. chia have glandular and eglandular hair on both stem and leaf. In addition, the stomatal index and index rate were calculated. Stomata index is higher ratio in lower surface than in upper surface in both taxa.
Anatomical Observations on Nutlets of Some Salvia Species (Lamiaceae) from West Azarbaijan in Iran  [PDF]
Fatemeh Nejad Habibvash,Mohammad Ali Rajamand,Siavash Hosseini Sarghein,Reza Heidari
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Present survey was performed on thirteen species of Salvia from West Azarbaijan in Iran with the aim of illustrating species interrelationships. It includes comparative anatomy of the species based on nutlets transverse sections. These sections were examined using light microscope and detailed description of nutlet anatomical feature for all examined taxa is provided. In this study its found that the nutlets showed a considerable uniformity from anatomical point of view. However these species can be differentiated based on thickness of pericarp layer and parenchymatous layers colour.
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