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Distribution of industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina  [PDF]
Nurkovi? Rahman
Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/ijgi0757357n
Abstract: Review of industry distribution in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been analyzed on the grounds of data on number of employees in industry and social product of industry achieved by settlements in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Three strong industrial regions have developed such as: Sarajevo, Zenica, Banja Luka, Mostar and Tuzla.
Autochthonous cheeses of Bosnia and Herzegovina  [cached]
Zlatan Sari?,Sonja Bijeljac
Mljekarstvo , 2003,
Abstract: Despite the migration of people towards cities, autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina survived. Technologies of these cheeses are simple and adapted to humble mountain limitations. Geographical occasions and rich mountain pastures created a certain participation of ewe's milk cheeses. Communicative isolation of hilly-mountain regions resulted in "closed" cheese production in small households. Autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina have various origins. Different cheeses are produced in different parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are : Travni ki cheese, Masni (fat cheese), Presuka a, Sirac, Livanjski cheese, Posni (lean cheese), "Suvi" (dry cheese) or "Mje inski" full fat cheese matured in sheepskin bag, fresh sour milk cheese "Kiseli" and dried sour milk cheese "Kiseli", Zajednica, Basa, Kalenderova ki cheese and goat's milk cheeses (Hard and White soft goat's milk cheese), "Zarica" and Urda. Besides above-mentioned types of cheese in Bosnia and Herzegovina some other autochthonous dairy products are produced: Kajmak (Cream), Maslo (Rendered butter) and Zimsko kiselo mlijeko (Winter sour milk). The specificity in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that autochthonous dairy products are still mainly both produced and consumed in small rural households. Exceptions are Travni ki cheese and Kajmak that are significantly sold at market. Only Livanjski cheese is manufactured as industry dairy product.
Prospective of Bosnia and Herzegovina  [PDF]
Ma?i? Alma
Temida , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/tem0404007m
Abstract: In this paper current truth and reconciliation initiatives in Bosnia and Herzegovina are reviewed, with special emphasis on the activities of ICMP. Within the scope of its activities, ICMP has launched the implementation of the project "Paths to reconciliation", which is intended for the associations of the families of missing persons in the area of the former Yugoslavia. This project enables the missing families’ associations to confront themselves within their national environments through a series of workshops, before tackling the difficult and painful issues that burden every ethnic community. This project also opens the possibility to explore various options that will ensure the implementation of justice and open space for a dialog between victim groups on the regional and international level and to encourage the exchange of experiences in searching for the truth and building trust. In the future, better coordination of all activities and initiatives concerning the confrontation with the past ought to be established. Such initiatives should provide a place and space for war victims groups, other NGO-s and other segments of the civic society to give their recommendations for the resolution of their common problems and for further activities in this process.
Assessing Microfinance: The Bosnia and Herzegovina Case  [PDF]
AnneWelle-Strand,Kristian Kjollesdal,Nick Sitter
Managing Global Transitions , 2010,
Abstract: Microfinance is often hailed both as a tool for fighting poverty and as atool for post-conflict reconciliation. This paper explores the use of microfinancein post-civil war Bosnia and Herzegovina, assessing its resultsin terms of both goals. As it combined high unemployment witha highly educated population in an institutionally open context, Bosniaand Herzegovina provides a crucial test of the effect of microfinance. Ifunambiguous signs of success cannot be found in a case with such favorableconditions, this would raise serious questions about the potentialbenefits of microfinance. The paper draws together evidence froma series of independent reviews of microfinance in Bosnia and Herzegovina,to assess its impact in terms of economic performance, theeconomic system, social welfare and post-conflict integration. Basedon this case study, microfinance appears a better tool for dealing withpoverty than with social integration or institution building.
Limitations of the Democratic Capacity of the Constitutional System of Bosnia and Herzegovina  [PDF]
Davor Trlin
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2017.81006
Abstract: In this paper, author tries to emphasize the fundamental characteristics of the positive-legal status of political regime of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina has applied the model of consociational democracy (all four elements: grand coalition, mutual veto, proportionality and segmental autonomy) which excludes effective participation of citizens in decision-making. The constitutional structure of Bosnia and Herzegovina is dominated by direct democracy. It is also based on the fight of political elites. The paper discusses perspectives of direct democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper also focuses on the possibility of merging the civil and ethnic in the functioning of constitutional-political system of Bosnia and Herzegovina. An analysis of the democratic potential of the two most important state bodies for the implementation of any democracy—legislative representative body and the constitutional court will be made.
Potential Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for Electicity Generation in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Fajik Begi?,Anes Kazagi?
Thermal Science , 2005,
Abstract: Along with the current processes of restructuring of Energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, liberalisation of the electricity market, and modernisation of the existing power plants, Bosnia and Herzegovina must turn to the utilisation of renewable resources in reasonable dynamics as well. Respecting this policy, the initial evaluation of the potential of renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina is performed. The methodology of evaluation of wind energy utilisation is presented in this paper, as well as some other aspects of utilisation of the renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Implementation of selected projects should improve sustainability of energy power production in Bosnia and Herzegovina, by reducing the total emission of carbon dioxide originated from energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Constitutional restructuring of Bosnia-Herzegovina: Initiatives and possibilities  [PDF]
?ukanovi? Dragan
Medjunarodni Problemi , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/medjp0403305d
Abstract: The revision of the Dayton agreement implies only the restructuring of the Annex 4 of the Constitution of Bosnia-Herzegovina or actually the present constitutional construction and territorial composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The unfavourable economic and political situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina shows that the achievements resulting from the implementation of the Dayton agreement have been modest so far. The author substantiates this by presenting the data on a very small number of persons who managed to achieve their right to repatriation to their pre-war homes (in the 1995-2003 period). In addition, he notices that many changes of the Dayton agreement have already been made in the last seven years since it has been implemented, presenting the specific activities and decisions taken by the High Representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina. In the period after signing of the Dayton agreement there were several different ideas on the future of Bosnia-Herzegovina - to be established as a centralist state, as a decentralised country, as the one organised in cantons keeping up the two-entity structure at the same time. Therefore, the political parties in BH took different positions regarding the necessity to change some constitutional solutions. The Boshniak, Croatian and civil political parties are pleading for restructuring of the constitutional solutions in the form they are provided for by the Dayton agreement. On the other hand, the Serb political parties speak in favour of keeping up the existing constitutional construction. As the author assesses the new initiatives for constitutional reconstruction of Bosnia-Herzegovina are based on the proposals for decentralisation, regionalisation and (finishing of) cantonisation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, as well as abrogation of entities. Analysing the positions of the leading factors of the international community the author points out that they have not reached consensus on the initiative for restructuring of the existing constitution of Bosnia-Herzegovina. On the contrary, the leading factors of the international community mostly emphasise that citizens/peoples of BH should be the ones to decide on the constitutional construction of their country. The author concludes that it would be unrealistic to expect that the minimum of social and national consensus would be reached on the constitutional restructuring of Bosnia-Herzegovina, as well as on holding of the new international conference (Dayton II). As the author says it seems most realistic that the representatives of the international community will change some of
Pome Fruit Viruses in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Biljana Loli?,Arben Myrta,Gordana ?uri?,Branka Krsti?
Pesticidi i Fitomedicina , 2007,
Abstract: Field surveys and laboratory tests were carried out to assess the sanitary status of pome fruit trees in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Field surveys were carried out in 10 orchards, two nurseries and one varietal collectione during 2005-2006. A total of 65 apple and 51 pear cultivars were tested for the presence of the four most important pome fruit viruses: Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV), Apple stem pitting virus (ASPV), Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV) and Apple mosaic virus (ApMV). The most frequent viruses of apple were ACLSV (72%) and ASPV (69%), whereas for pear those were ASGV (69%) and ACLSV (64%). Biological indexing was more reliable than ELISA for virus detection. Multiplex RT-PCR results of 20 randomly selected apple cultivars were in line with biological indexing.This is the first report of the presence of ACLSV, ASPV, ASGV and ApMV in Bosnia and Herzegovina in pome fruits.
CIIP Related Activities in Bosnia and Herzegovina  [PDF]
Haris Hamidovi?
International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering , 2013, DOI: 10.7763/ijcee.2013.v5.775
Abstract: Critical Information Infrastructure Protections (CIIP) is one of the key priorities of the European Union. High dependence on critical information infrastructure, their cross-border interconnection and interdependencies with other infrastructures, as well as the vulnerabilities and threats they are exposed to increase need to address issues of their security and resilience in a systematic way. There are numerous new EU initiatives in this area such as the adoption of regulations that regulate the issue of security and integrity of public communications networks, the measures aimed at addressing the issues of security of European operators of critical infrastructure, redefining the role of the European Agency for Network and Information Security related to CIIP, harmonization of the criminal legislation regarding cyber crime, funding for relevant research and development in the EU, etc. CIIP is a global issue that impacts developed and developing countries alike. Developing countries present a challenge that cannot be ignored without risk to global cyber security. The main objective of this paper is to presents the results of initial assessment of national preparedness of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the risk management of critical information infrastructure, based on ENISA methodology, and to provide an overview to the law of information security in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Current Economic Situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina  [PDF]
Goran Mirascic
Journal of International and Global Studies , 2011,
Abstract: This article provides an overview of the current economic situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Beginning in the second half of 2008, macroeconomic conditions in B&H began precipitating a decline in economic activity. While the global financial crisis was among the factors contributing to this decline, it was far from the only factor. Problematic macroeconomic conditions were also a result of B&H’s own structural and political problems, caused largely by the shortcomings of a political entity comprising two autonomous entities. Due to such problems, the governments of B&H turned to the International Monetary Fund for assistance. This article analyzes the effects of the first two “stand by” arrangements made between the IMF and B&H and discusses implications for further, ongoing stand by arrangements made between the IMF and B&H. This paper also examines the lack of unified economic space between The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and The Republic of Srpska, which has resulted not only in ineffective monetary policy but also in different fiscal and taxation systems between the two entities. While various existing analyses claim that B&H has little hope of resolving its economic woes due to its current political and economic structure, this article offers solutions and measures that, if successfully implemented, would lead to more efficient recovery and self-sustainable economic growth.
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