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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder  [cached]
Burak,Mesut
Turk Pediatri Ar?ivi , 2011,
Abstract: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is characterized by excessive overactiviy, inattention and impulsiveness. It is reported that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder affects 5-12% of children worldwide. It has significant negative effects on psychological and social development and academic functioning of the children if it remains untreated. The etiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is unknown. Genetic, neurodevelopmental, neurophysiological, and psychosocial factors are considered to play role in the etiology. There have been important improvements in the treatment strategies over the past years. In this review it was aimed to overview clinical characteristics, treatment strategies, and the course of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. (Turk Arch Ped 2011; 46 Suppl: 25-8)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)  [cached]
Fabio de Almeida Bolognani
International Journal of High Dilution Research , 2011,
Abstract: The objective of this study, stated as Previous Notation, is to demonstrate that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Pathology presents a differentiated condition in carriers where a significant percentage, close to 60%, present a higher level of zinc elimination by kidneys. In this study, a direct relation of Zinc Mettalicum pathogenetic symptoms, this disturbance and the elimination of this element which participates in neurotransmission process were identified, and the relation with elements from regular diet, which can act as zinc chelating agents would be involved in the evolution of this disturbance, justifying the issue of individual susceptibility, essential in homeopathic investigation
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Growth
Aria Setoodeh,Sherida Teleffson
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome of childhood and adolescence in which stimulant medications are used to treat it. The evidence clearly indicates a temporary retardation in the rate of growth in weight and stature, with no effect on adult height. Case Presentation: In this article we present a case with ADHD on stimulant therapy that had a catch up growth after the discontinuation of therapy, then review the literature on possible growth, and suppressing effects of these medications in the long term treatment. Conclusion: Most of the previous studies suggest that the stimulant-associated height deficits in ADHD are temporary and early manifestation of ADHD itself and not complication of therapy, and the small risk of lost centimeters may be a price worth paying for many children to gain improved learning and social function.
Hyperactivity, Attention and Concentration Deficit in Preschool Children
G Ardalan,DD Farhoud,D Shah Mohammadi
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2002,
Abstract: We studied hyperactivity syndrome and attention and concentration deficit in preschool children of kindergartens of Tehran. In this relation, etiological factors causing this behavioral disturbance have been also taken into consideration. This is a descriptive, analytic, cross-sectional study including 400 children together with their parents and teachers, performed in 2001. 4 samples from every kindergarten were selected randomly. The incidence of hyperactivity and attention and concentration deficit was estimated to be 11%, of which 60% were male. 79% were first-born children to their parents. Hyperactivity and deficit of attention and concentration were positively related to the marital position of the parents (Divorced parents), occupational absence of parents from home more than 8 hours per day, illiteracy or low education and a history of psychiatric illness of the mother.
Candidate Gene Studies of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder  [PDF]
Esra Guney,Mehmet Fatih Ceylan,Elvan Iseri
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2011,
Abstract: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition that affects approximately 5-10% of children worldwide. This disorder is defined by a combination of symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. Although twin studies demonstrate that ADHD is a highly heritable condition, molecular genetic studies suggest that the genetic architecture of ADHD is complex. Molecular genetic studies support the thesis that dopaminergic, serotonergic, and noradrenergic neurotransmission pathways account for the etiology of this complex disease. This article reviews the latest findings on the molecular genetics of ADHD.
Counselling for Facilitating Learning for the Attention – Deficit/Hyperactivity Disordered
A Anyamene, FE Anyachebelu
African Research Review , 2009,
Abstract: The study investigated the extent of counsellor’s identification of the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and the counselling strategies the counsellors use to facilitate learning for such learners. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The design of the study was survey. The area of the study is Anambra State. No sampling was done. 703 counsellors constitute the population of the study. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire developed by the researchers. The instrument with two clusters was validated and reliability co-efficient of 0.86 and 0.92 were calculated using test re-test. Mean scores were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that counsellors could not identify some of the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and they do not use some counselling strategies for facilitating learning for the attention deficit/hyperactivity disordered. Also there was no significance different between the mean responses of male and female counsellors on the strategies for facilitating learning. Based on the findings, recommendations were made.
Medical Comorbidities in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder  [PDF]
Ali Evren Tufan,Irem Yalug
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2009,
Abstract: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common developmental disorders of childhood with a reported world-wide prevalence of 8 to 12 %. In studies conducted in our country the prevalence rates in community were reported to vary between 8.6 to 8.1 % while clinical prevalence rates were reported to vary between 8.6 to 29.44 %. Fifty to eighty percent of cases were reported to continue into adolescence while thirty to fifty percent may continue into adulthood. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is known to accompany subtle physical anomalies, allergic and neurologic disorders, obesity and eating disorders, traumatic injuries, risky sexual behavior, sleep disorders, substance and alcohol use, axis I and II disorders, occupational, legal and academic problems and increased treatment expenditures. Though the effects of this disorder continue throughout life, create burdens to the society along with its treatment as well as disabling the affected patients through their lives, and receive increasing attention in recent years, reviews focusing on problems associated with it are lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to summarize the results of previous studies conducted about medical comorbidities in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Physiological Basis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Nurcihan Kiris,Secil Binokay
Arsiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi , 2010,
Abstract: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood psychiatric disorder characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and overactivity. The findings obtained from studies in the fields of neuropsychology, neuroimaging and neurophysiology have supported that ADHD patients have abnormalities of brain structure and function. The aim of this article is to examine the underlying neuroanatomic and neurophysiological characteristics of ADHD. This review provide an evidence-based overview of ADHD, including in dysregulation of frontal-subcortical-cerebellar dopaminergic circuits with structural brain abnormalities. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2010; 19(1.000): 1-11]
Effect of Piracetam on Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
J Akhundian
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2001,
Abstract: The effect of Piracetam on attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was studied on 25 children with developmental delay in placebo-controlled cross over study. Placebo or piracetam as suspension was administered to the children 50 mg/kg/day in 3 divided doses for a period of 3 weeks. After a wash out period of 2 weeks the treatment was resumed reversely. ADHD was induced and increased in the group taking piracetam significantly more than in the placebo group (P<0.05). Thus, piracetam in children with developmental delay induces and increases ADHD and should be taken cautiously.
Treatment of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Dusan Kolar,Amanda Keller,Maria Golfinopoulos,Lucy Cumyn
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment , 2008,
Abstract: Dusan Kolar, Amanda Keller, Maria Golfinopoulos, Lucy Cumyn, Cassidy Syer, Lily HechtmanDepartment of Psychiatry, Montreal Children’s Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, CanadaAbstract: This review focuses on the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. It briefly addresses prevalence, diagnostic and differential diagnostic issues specific to adults. Stimulant medication, non-stimulant medication, and psychosocial treatments are thoroughly reviewed. For each class of medication possible mechanism of action, efficacy and side effects are summarized. Special attention is given to the pharmacological treatment for patients with adult ADHD and various comorbidities. In summary, stimulant medications are most effective and combined medication and psychosocial treatment is the most beneficial treatment option for most adult patients with ADHD.Keywords: adult ADHD, medication, stimulants, cognitive-behavioral therapy
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