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Reconciling Arabo-Islamic culture and feminist consciousness in North African women's writing: Silence and voice in the short stories of Alifa Rifaat and Assia Djebar
N Nkealah
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2008,
Abstract: This article sets out to explore the theme of silence and voice in selected short stories by two North African women writers, Alifa Rifaat and Assia Djebar. In their representations of women's lives in Egypt and Algeria, respectively, both Rifaat and Djebar present different strategies employed by women to counter gender oppression. Although the female characters portrayed by both writers encounter diverse, and sometimes opposing, circumstances, they tend to share a common plight – the need to break free from the constricting fetters of patriarchy. A comparative reading of selected stories reveals that Rifaat's characters resort to silence as a means of self-preservation, while Djebar's characters, on the other hand, use techniques ranging from writing to outright protest to show their rejection of gender-based segregation. In spite of this difference in approach, it can be said that both Rifaat and Djebar have made a great contribution to feminist literary creativity in North Africa.
REVIEW: Women and the Net: The Stories
Moises S. Garcia
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2001,
Abstract: A book review of Pi Villanueva's "Women and the Net: The Stories"
Symbolic Annihilation or Alternative Femininity? The (Linguistic) Portrayal of Women in Selected Polish Advertisements
Joanna Pawelczyk
Lodz Papers in Pragmatics , 2008, DOI: 10.2478/v10016-008-0016-0
Abstract: The year 1989 marks the beginning of sweeping political, economic and social changes in Poland. Since that time an expansion of women into top professional positions can be observed. Data from the last national census (2002) clearly indicate that women in Poland are better educated than their male counterparts, increasingly careeroriented as well as aggressively pursuing managerial occupations. A modern woman is, by popular belief, no longer obliged to conform to the so-called dominant (Coates 1997) or emphasized (Connell 1987) [i.e. hegemonic] form of femininity. There appears to be greater social latitude for her professional development. The paper explores whether print advertisements (playing a crucial role in the construction of social identities) of certain products incorporate new powerful discourse of femininity. The three advertised products and services (cars, telephones, and banking) selected for the analysis have been commonly associated in Poland with the dominant form of masculinity. Consequently, it is interesting to examine whether women function there, and if so, how. The analyzed advertisements have been collected over the period of one year from three magazines addressed to the emerging Polish middle class. Drawing on Goffman's concepts of function ranking and ritualization of subordination as well as Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), I will attempt to determine whether the selected print advertisements reflect the new femininity in Poland.
Women Characters in Katherine Mansfield’s Short Stories  [cached]
Aihong REN
Studies in Literature and Language , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.sll.1923156320120503.1678
Abstract: This paper aims to discuss Katherine Mansfield’s women characters. As a woman writer, Mansfield is very much concerned with the position of women in society. Stories of women take up most of her compositions, in which she captures various women’s plight and pain. Her women characters can be neatly divided into three categories: victims in the family, invisible women at workplace, doll and rebel. Poor or rich, single or married, Mansfield’s women characters are all victims of their society. A discussion of Mansfield’s stories about women can enrich understanding not only of the complicated conditions of women in western society at her time, but also of her contributions to modern literature, especially to the female culture. Key words: Katherine Mansfield; Women characters; Victims
Men's Preferences for Women's Femininity in Dynamic Cross-Modal Stimuli  [PDF]
Jillian J. M. O'Connor, Paul J. Fraccaro, Katarzyna Pisanski, Cara C. Tigue, David R. Feinberg
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069531
Abstract: Men generally prefer feminine women's faces and voices over masculine women's faces and voices, and these cross-modal preferences are positively correlated. Men's preferences for female facial and vocal femininity have typically been investigated independently by presenting soundless still images separately from audio-only vocal recordings. For the first time ever, we presented men with short video clips in which dynamic faces and voices were simultaneously manipulated in femininity/masculinity. Men preferred feminine men's faces over masculine men's faces, and preferred masculine men's voices over feminine men's voices. We found that men preferred feminine women's faces and voices over masculine women's faces and voices. Men's attractiveness ratings of both feminine and masculine faces were increased by the addition of vocal femininity. Also, men's attractiveness ratings of feminine and masculine voices were increased by the addition of facial femininity present in the video. Men's preferences for vocal and facial femininity were significantly and positively correlated when stimuli were female, but not when they were male. Our findings complement other evidence for cross-modal femininity preferences among male raters, and show that preferences observed in studies using still images and/or independently presented vocal stimuli are also observed when dynamic faces and voices are displayed simultaneously in video format.
Traumatised between culture and religion: Women’s stories
Christina Landman
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v68i2.1147
Abstract: The majority of churches in South Africa offer some form of healing, be it diaconal, ritual or faith healing. Western and township views on healing differ significantly in terms of the natural and supernatural causes of and cures for illnesses. This article tells the stories of township women who were trapped between the binaries presented by Western, cultural and township healings, and their choicelessness in terms of abortion, adoption, abuse, death and sex. Through narrative counseling, based on social construction theories, the women experienced healing by exploring the healing spaces between the binaries of cultural contexts and Western medicine, through the liberty afforded them by the perspective of a preferred way of being. How to cite this article: Landman, C., 2012, ‘Traumatised between culture and religion: Women’s stories’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 68(2), #Art. 1147, 6 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v68i2.1147
Women with postpartum depression: "my husband" stories
Phyllis Montgomery, Pat Bailey, Sheri Purdon, Susan J Snelling, Carol Kauppi
BMC Nursing , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6955-8-8
Abstract: This study used interview data from a larger study of northern and rural Ontario women's stories of help-seeking for PPD. The interpretive description approach was used to illustrate the complexity of women's spousal connections in PPD. Data from a purposive community sample of 27 women who self-identified as having been diagnosed with PPD was used. From the verbatim transcribed interviews a number of data excerpts were identified and labeled as "my husband" stories. Narrative analysis was employed to examine these stories.During this time of vulnerability, the husbands' physical, emotional and cognitive availability positively contributed to the women's functioning and self-appraisals as wife and mother. Their representations of their husbands' 'doing for' and/or 'being with' promoted their well-being and ultimately protected the family.Given that husbands are perceived to be central in mitigating women's suffering with PPD, the consistent implementation of a triad orientation, that includes woman, child and partner rather than a more traditional and convenient dyadic orientation, is warranted in comprehensive postpartum care. Finally, this study contributes a theoretical understanding of responsive as well as reactive connections between women and family members during the postpartum period.The complex relationship between Postpartum Depression (PPD) and the marital relationship is well-documented in the nursing literature. Numerous studies have consistently associated marital factors such as conflict, dissatisfaction and support with the risk for PPD [1]. Beck [2] in a meta-analysis of 84 studies published during the 1990s, found that marital satisfaction had a moderate predictive relationship with PPD; this finding is supported by O'Hara and Swain's earlier meta-analysis [3]. Such findings emphasize that, for couples with strained relationships, the transition process associated with childbirth is that much more challenging.During this transition, family integri
Spontaneous Voice Gender Imitation Abilities in Adult Speakers  [PDF]
Valentina Cartei, Heidi Wind Cowles, David Reby
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031353
Abstract: Background The frequency components of the human voice play a major role in signalling the gender of the speaker. A voice imitation study was conducted to investigate individuals' ability to make behavioural adjustments to fundamental frequency (F0), and formants (Fi) in order to manipulate their expression of voice gender. Methodology/Principal Findings Thirty-two native British-English adult speakers were asked to read out loud different types of text (words, sentence, passage) using their normal voice and then while sounding as ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’ as possible. Overall, the results show that both men and women raised their F0 and Fi when feminising their voice, and lowered their F0 and Fi when masculinising their voice. Conclusions/Significance These observations suggest that adult speakers are capable of spontaneous glottal and vocal tract length adjustments to express masculinity and femininity in their voice. These results point to a “gender code”, where speakers make a conventionalized use of the existing sex dimorphism to vary the expression of their gender and gender-related attributes.
Stories Women Tell: Minority Faculty Women in Different Scientific Fields  [cached]
Nina Toren
International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: This study analyzes the narratives of Mizrachi (Oriental) faculty women's experience in institutions of higher education in Israel. These women comprise a small minority of the faculty and confront multiple difficulties because of the intersection of their gender, ethnic origin and low socio-economic status. The narratives describing their lived-experiences in academia are classified according to their 'thematic focus' into three types: a) a story of struggle and victory; b) a story of protest and critique; and c) a normative-canonical story. Each narrative type is illustrated by an empirical example drawn from the stories told by participants in interviews. The data reveal that various types of narratives are related to the different scientific fields in which women work. The findings are relevant to scientific communities and academic institutions that are increasingly heterogeneous in respect to gender, ethnic origin and social, cultural and national background.
Hamlet’s Femininity  [cached]
De-yan GUO
Canadian Social Science , 2009,
Abstract: The charm of Hamlet over the centuries largely lies in Shakespeare’s subtle treatment of Hamlet, and many critics have interpreted Hamlet’s tragedy as a result of his indecisive character, his obsession with philosophical thinking or his Oedipus Complex. This essay holds that Hamlet’s struggle with his femininity also contributes to his tragedy. Hamlet does exhibit some masculine traits such as courage, rationality and aggressiveness, but at the same time he is agonized to find that he is as weak, emotional, passive and dependent as a woman. In whatever cases he is placed either as a prince, a son or a lover, he is more identified with women than with men. Such a discovery tortures him and produces in him some sense of self-negation and self-hatred. Because of his deep-rooted patriarchal concept of gender identity, Hamlet cannot make a compromise with the feminine traits in him, and it somewhat prevents him from taking a masculine action to avenge his father. Key words: Hamlet; Femininity; Masculinity; Tragedy; Self-Hatred Résumé: Depuis des sicècles, le charme d’Hamlet se trouve largement dans un traitement subtil de Shakespeare de ce personnage et de nombreuses critiques ont interprété la tragédie d'Hamlet en raison de son caractère indécis, son obsession par la pensée philosophique ou son complexe d' dipe. Cet essai soutient le point de vue que la lutte d'Hamlet contre sa féminité contribue également à sa tragédie. Hamlet montre certains traits masculins tels que le courage, la rationalité et l'agressivité, mais en même temps il est angoissé de voir qu'il est aussi faible, émotionnel, passif et dépendant comme une femme. Dans quelque cas, il n’est plus traité en tant qu’un prince, un fils ou un amant, il est plus identifié avec les femmes qu’avec les hommes. Une telle découverte le torture et produit chez lui un sentiment d'auto-négation et de haine de soi. En raison de son concept patriarcal profondément enraciné de l'identité de genre, Hamlet ne peut pas faire un compromis avec ses traits féminins, ce qui l’empêche de prendre une action virile pour venger son père. Mots-Clés: Hamlet; fémininité; masculinité; tragédie; haine de soi
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