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The performance of income-generating projects supported by the Botswana national literacy programme
JM Green, A Motiki
Journal of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences /Tydskrif vir Gesinsekologie en Verbruikerswetenskappe , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the underlying reasons for sustainability or failure of the Botswana National Literacy Programme (BNLP) income generating projects with regard to personal development, literacy levels, availability of financial resources and the management and marketing of the project. Qualitative research methodology using focus group discussion was used to collect data. Ten operating and ten no-longer operating projects formed the sample of this study. The samples were from the southern, south east and northern regions of Botswana. The results of this study generally supported the premise which stated that the BNLP-supported income generating projects failed because of low economic returns, low literacy levels, poor management, lack of marketing processes including inadequate feasibility studies, lack of ongoing finance and general mismanagement. The study however rejected the expectation that income-generating projects failed due to lack of start up finance. Generally, sustainable projects were ones that had an individual in charge rather than committee driven ones.
The meaning of work for users of mental health services included in income generation projects linked or not to the movement of solidarity economy
Isabela Aparecida de Oliveira Lussi,Giovana Garcia Morato
Cadernos de Terapia Ocupacional , 2012,
Abstract: Among the advances resulting from the process of the Psychiatric Reform in Brazil in 2004, apartnership was started between the Mental Health Technical Division of the Ministry of Health and the SolidarityEconomy National Secretary of the Ministry of Labor with the objective of promoting experiments of incomegeneration in the field of mental health. The purpose of the present study was to identify the meaning of labor tothe users of mental health services participating in projects of income generation, linked or not to the movementof solidarity economy. The qualitative research approach was adopted. The study comprised two subject groups,each one consisting of five users of mental health services participating in projects of income generation: onelinked to the movement of solidarity economy and the other not linked to this movement. Results show thataccording to the perception of the participants, labor promotes personal and social changes, constitutes a source for personal satisfaction, and stimulates the construction of life projects, in addition contributing to recuperationand making social and material exchanges possible. The participation of the mental health user in the solidarityeconomy movement is a rich experience, because it facilitates self-managed labor and promotes exchange ofsupport, affection and solidarity. It is believed that studies developed in that direction can provide subsidies tothe elaboration and implementation of public policies that promote the generation of work and income, creatingconditions for those people that find themselves in social disadvantage to be inserted or returned to the laborenvironment.
The medium-term Forecasting of the regional tax burden taking into account saving rate from the investment projects  [PDF]
Oleg A. Tsepelev,Maria O. Kakaulina
European Researcher , 2012,
Abstract: In this article we advance the methodology of the forecasting of the index of tax burden of region on the medium-term taking into account saving rate from the investment projects.
Analysis of Causes of Delay in Middle and High Income Self-Build Housing Projects (SBHPs) in Wa, Ghana  [PDF]
Samuel Owusu Afram, Anthony Bangdome-Dery, Genevieve Ekua Eghan, Titus Ebenezer Kwofie
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2015.34017
Abstract: Self-build housing projects (SBHPs) among middle and high income developers are faced with many challenges that cause delay in the delivery time of the house(s). The focus of this paper is to analyse the factors that cause delay in SBHPs in order to identify the critical delay factors. Review of literature and expert input revealed 20 variables which were used in a structured questionnaire for data collection from owners, consultants and builders in Wa Municipality. Reliability test, t-test analysis and mean ranking were used in the data analysis. The results revealed that “Delay in obtaining permit from Local Authorities” was the first delay factor followed by “Poor site management and supervision”. The delay factor ranked least was “Inadequate cost estimation and related details” from consultants. The paper recommends that Government agencies that regulate physical development should intensify public education, particularly on responsibilities and obligations, especially among self-builders. The paper recommends further study into labour-related issues as well as communication and information management among participants and its impact on self-build project success.
Analysing Constraints to the Usage of Integrated Rural Development Projects in Nigeria: A Case Study of Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State
H.M. Ndifon,M.B. Onabe,N.M. Nkang
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Over the decades, it has been observed that most rural development projects in Nigeria meant for the rural people are not being used by the rural dwellers due to several reasons which may include level of awareness, income, participation in the implementation phase, etc. This study therefore, seeks to determine the most dominant factors that affect the usage of Integrated Rural Development (IRD) projects in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State. Specifically, the paper examines the relationship between income and the usage of infrastructural facilities, as well as the relationship between the level of awareness and the usage of infrastructural facilities in the study area. A sample of 80 respondents from 10 villages was drawn using multi-stage sampling method and structured questionnaires were used to obtain information on socio-economic characteristics, availability of infrastructural facilities, frequency of usage, involvement during planning and implementation stage of projects, etc. The findings of study revealed that there was a significant relationship at the 5% level between the income level of the respondents and the usage of IRD facilities in the area. Further than this, a significant relationship at the 5% level was also found between the level of awareness of the respondents and the usage of infrastructural facilities except for market facilities. Beyond these, some constraints for optimum usage of facilities were identified and they include low-income, lack of access roads, lack of involvement of rural people in planning implementation stages of IRD projects, among others. The study therefore, recommends that involvement of rural people in the planning/implementation of the IRD projects, providing means of increasing or at least making their income levels sustainable as well as creating greater awareness regarding IRD projects in their areas would enhance the usage as well as maintenance of these facilities and hence would reduce the wastage of government resources that may result due to lack of usage of these facilities.
Quantile hedging for an insider  [PDF]
Przemyslaw Klusik,Zbigniew Palmowski,Jakub Zwierz
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: In this paper we consider the problem of the quantile hedging from the point of view of a better informed agent acting on the market. The additional knowledge of the agent is modelled by a filtration initially enlarged by some random variable. By using equivalent martingale measures introduced in Amendinger (2000) and Amendinger, Imkeller and Schweizer (1998) we solve the problem for the complete case, by extending the results obtained in F{\"o}llmer and Leukert (1999) to the insider context. Finally, we consider the examples with the explicit calculations within the standard Black-Scholes model.
Insider Threat Analysis of Case Based System Dynamics  [PDF]
Sang-Chin Yang,Yi-Lu Wang
Advanced Computing : an International Journal , 2011,
Abstract: One of the most dangerous security threats today is insider threat, and it is such a much more complexissue. But till now, there is no equivalent to a vulnerability scanner for insider threat. We survey anddiscuss the history of research on insider threat analysis to know system dynamics is the best method tomitigate insider threat from people, process, and technology. In the paper, we present a famous case ofinsider threats in Taiwan using system dynamics to analyze the tailored model. We may reduce the riskand increase the probability of detecting insider threats from personnel of simulation model. The studyconcludes with suggestions for future research and implications for system dynamics who are interestedin insider threat issue.
System Dynamics Based Insider Threats Modelin
Sang-Chin Yang,Yi-Lu Wang
International Journal of Network Security & Its Applications , 2011,
Abstract: Insider threat has been recognized as one of the most dangerous security threats and become a much more complex issue. Insider threat is resulted from the legitimate users abusing their privileges and cause tremendous damage or losses. Not always being friends, insiders can be main threats to the organization. Currently, there is no equivalent prevention solution for insider threat to an intrution prevention system or vulnerability scanner. From the survey of literature of insider threat studies, we conclude that the system dynamics (SD) is an effective tool to analyze the root causes of insider threat incidents and evaluate mitigation strategies from people, process, and technology perspectives. A generized case based SD model can be tailored and applied to analyze and evaluate specific insider threat incidents. We present a well known insider threat incident of Taiwan and tailor the generized case based SD model toanalyze it. The simulation results indicate that the risk of insider threats can be reduced and the probability of detecting insider threats can be increased.
INSIDER TRADING AND MARKET VOLATILITY: EVIDENCE FROM MALAYSIA
Lye Wing Fah,Dr Annuar Bin Md Nassir,Dr Taufiq Hassan Shah Chowdhury
Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate evidence of the market volatility of Bursa Malaysia as a result of insider trading activities. The study used insider trading data of Bursa Malaysia sourced from Bloomberg, Singapore and I-capital Malaysia. The insider transactions involve filing made to Bursa Malaysia from 1 July 2003 to 30 June 2008. The number of insider transactions totaled 5799 and originates from 70 KLCI component stocks. This study uses the GARCH model to evaluate the effect of insider trading on market volatility of Bursa Malaysia. The sum of alpha and beta from the GARCH results are computed to assess volatility persistency. The study indicates that 38% of insider trades influences and affects market volatility. Knowing that insider trading is a criminal offence under the Malaysian security laws, in general 62% of insiders will ensure that their trading does not affect the volatility of the market. Insiders might disguise their trading with stock pooling and friendly syndicates. A pattern has emerged in Bursa Malaysia that stock prices drop more violently, stock prices drop more than going up and there is a tendency for stock prices to drop more often. With this general observation, insiders will go for piggy-backing on insider trades and trading intensity.
The Insider-Outsider Model Reexamined  [PDF]
Pascal Billand,Christophe Bravard,Sudipta Sarangi
Games , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/g1040422
Abstract: In this note we introduce different levels of decay in the Goyal, Galeotti and Kamphorst (GGK) insider-outsider model of network formation. First, we deal with situations where the amount of decay is sufficiently low to avoid superfluous connections in strict Nash networks and we examine the architectures of strict Nash networks. We show that centrality and small diameter are robust features of strict Nash networks. Then, we study the Nash and efficient networks when the decay vanishes.
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