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Accounting Systems in Small and Micro Enterprises in Kenya
Beth Wanjeri Mwangi
Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa , 2011,
Abstract: For a long time in Kenya, the practices and principles of accounting have been viewed to be for use by corporate and other formally structured organizations. This paper seeks to investigate what accounting means to small and micro traders in Kenya, by reviewing the practices and principles they use in running their businesses. Indeed, little attention has been paid to accounting systems in small and micro enterprises in Kenya and the extent of their conformity to International Financial Reporting Standards. It also seeks to investigate the reasons why some small trade enterprises succeed while some close shop. An analysis of how small traders in Kenya keep business records, whether these records are in written form or are held in the memory of the trader, will inform the reasons behind the success of small trading in Kenya. It will also explain the extent to which accounting principles as outlined in the International Financial Reporting Standards are relevant to the small and micro enterprise. Informal interviews with small traders in Nairobi, Nakuru and Kisumu were used to gather qualitative data. Some of the factors to be considered in the interviews were age of the trader, level of education and gender among others.
Business Networking and Performance of Women-Led Enterprises: An Empirical Investigation in Nairobi County, Kenya  [cached]
jane queen omwenga,Elegwa Mukulu,Christopher Kanali
International Journal of Sciences : Basic and Applied Research , 2013,
Abstract: Women entrepreneurs have been considered to use business networking as a determinant to enterprise performance. A key question that arises is –Does networking determine the performance of women-owned SMEs in Nairobi County? A survey was carried out among the women across the County. The sample comprised of 158 small and medium women entrepreneurs. Data was subjected to computer aided statistical analysis that included descriptive statistic, ANOVA and regression techniques. The results revealed that networking is a determinant of performance of the women-owned enterprises. The P-value of 0.000 (Less than 0.05) implies that the model of networking on performance of the enterprises is significant at the 95% confidence level. It is recommended that there is need for women entrepreneurs to form business networks with other entrepreneurs so as to improve their enterprise performance. Further conclusive research should also be conducted to include other variables.
The Impact of Mobile Payments on the Success and Growth of Micro-Business: The Case of M-Pesa in Kenya
Marion Mbogo
Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa , 2010,
Abstract: Micro-business enterprises in the developing world are increasingly deploying the use of mobile payments to enhance the quality of their services and increase growth. The pace of transformation in the micro business sector has speeded up with more micro businesses realizing the potential of using the mobile payments in their service delivery. However, there are only a handful of studies on the application of digital technology for success and growth on micro business.This paper aims to investigate the success factors attributable to the use of mobile payments by micro-business operators. The study is based on a survey conducted through administration of questionnaires. The data was collected from a sample of 409 micro business entrepreneurs in Nairobi, Kenya. The study applies the Theory of Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) which was extended to include other factors to help us predict success and growth in micro-businesses. Analyses of the data reveal that convenience of the money transfer technology plus its accessibility, cost, support and security factors are related to behavioral intention to use and actual usage of the mobile payment services by the micro businesses to enhance their success and growth.
An Investigation into the Effect of Management Factors on Performance of (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) in Kenya  [cached]
W L Njanja,Rene’ Pelissier,Martin Ogutu
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n11p66
Abstract: This article forms part of the result of a doctoral study on business enterprises focusing on the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Kenya. The primary aim was to critically investigate the management factors affecting performance of MSMEs in Kenya. The findings reveal that the critical management factors critical to the different categories of enterprises differed in MSMEs. This creates an important beginning in policy recommendation towards economic recovery in Kenya.
Networks, Micro Small Enterprises (MSE’S) and Performance: the Case of Kenya
EO Abeka
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: This paper examines the role of informal personal networks in determining Micro Small Enterprises (MSE’s) success in Kenya. It adopts the network perspective theoretical approach. Empirically, the paper finds that MSE’s in Kenya get around market failures and lack of formal institutions through entrepreneurial personal network as a copying strategy in the process of global transformation to bridge the entrepreneurial global divide. General hypothesis predicting the ‘likelihood of MSE’s with better network performing better’ is supported by performance models though pro-poor growth is evident with an average business performance. Network strategies to promote small enterprises are recommended to policy makers, donors and actors in the field against those of the failed traditional strategies. However, there are few empirical studies available in this area particularly in less developed countries; therefore further research is necessary in this direction.
Enumeration of Sex Workers in the Central Business District of Nairobi, Kenya  [PDF]
Joshua Kimani, Lyle R. McKinnon, Charles Wachihi, Judith Kusimba, Gloria Gakii, Sarah Birir, Mercy Muthui, Anthony Kariri, Festus K. Muriuki, Nicholas Muraguri, Helgar Musyoki, T. Blake Ball, Rupert Kaul, Lawrence Gelmon
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054354
Abstract: Accurate program planning for populations most at risk for HIV/STI acquisition requires knowledge of the size and location where these populations can best be reached. To obtain this information for sex workers operating at 137 hotspots in the central business district (CBD) in Nairobi, Kenya, we utilized a combined mapping and capture-recapture enumeration exercise. The majority of identified hotspots in this study were bars. Based on this exercise, we estimate that 6,904 male and female sex workers (95% confidence intervals, 6690 and 7118) were working nightly in the Nairobi CBD in April 2009. Wide ranges of captures per spot were obtained, suggesting that relatively few hot spots (18%) contain a relatively high proportion of the area's sex workers (65%). We provide geographic data including relatively short distances from hotspots to our dedicated sex worker outreach program in the CBD (mean<1 km), and clustering of hotspots within a relatively small area. Given the size covered and areas where sex work is likely taking place in Nairobi, the estimate is several times lower than what would be obtained if the entire metropolitan area was enumerated. These results have important practical and policy implications for enhancing HIV/STI prevention efforts.
The Morality of Profit In Business: Transforming Waste Into Wealth Through The Iko Toilet Business Venture In Nairobi, Kenya
JM Maweu
Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya , 2012,
Abstract: The main argument of this theoretical paper is that the pursuit of honest profits in a voluntary market exchange is not only moral but also ingrained in human nature, in that human beings pursue activities that benefit them and avoid those that cause them loss. Through an examination of the Kenyan business venture called Iko Toilet (which is a mix of the Kiswahili word ‘iko’ meaning ‘there is’ and the English word ‘toilet’ to literally mean ‘there is a Toilet’), the paper contends that there is no inherent contradiction between doing well (engaging in honest voluntary business transactions) in order to do good (maximize legitimate profits). Key Words Profits, Morality, Business, Ethics, Kenya
Assessing Business Ideas for Starting-Up Successful Social Enterprises in Romania: an It-Supported, Micro-Regional Development Project
Cezar Scarlat
Social Technologies , 2011,
Abstract: Purpose—This paper aims to develop a unique instrument to be used for both assessing business ideas and monitoring the respective social enterprises while taking off, eventually IT-supported.Design/methodology/approach—A sample of 25 cases was selected—in the framework of a regional development project in the Horezu micro-region, Romania (the IDEALIS Project implementation is scheduled for 2011-2012). Each case corresponds to a business idea for starting-up a social enterprise (either agricultural co-operative or co-operative enterprise) in the region. The first phase of this project is to assess the viability of each business idea, and the second phase is to monitor the social start-ups as they are taking off. In both phases an original decision method is used, implanted on a methodology to assess the business idea’s probability to succeed. This paper was prepared after the completion of the first phase while an IT application was considered as a vehicle to use the proposed method for monitoring the newly created social enterprises.Findings/results—The proposed instrument (ABIDIS: Assessing Business Ideas by the DISTEH method) was successfully used to associate a score to each business idea and, consequently, to rank the respective social enterprises accordingly: the higher the rank, the higher the chances to succeed. It is expected that social enterprises are considered for financial aid according to this ranking.Research limitations/implications—ABIDIS instrument is more useful when analyzed against a database of similar social enterprises and/or compared to its own historic data (which is monitoring actually). Amid successful method development and its use for assessing the chances of the social enterprises’ ideas to succeed, the practical use of the proposed methodology for monitoring the recently established social enterprises is still in progress. Furthermore, the rightness of the assessment is a matter of time—as it is going to be validated after the project completion.Practical implications—The practical implications are twofold: the proposed method can be used for both assessing the viability of social enterprise ideas (by social entrepreneurs and consultants mostly) and monitoring the respective social enterprise while taking off (by entrepreneurs, consultants and funding institutions). In addition to these, the proposed methodology opens a larger research window for interested scholars.Originality/Value—The assessment instrument and decision method are the author’s original development and their use for assessing the chances of the social en
Records management and risk management at Kenya Commercial Bank Limited, Nairobi  [cached]
Cleophas Ambira,Henry Kemoni
South African Journal of Information Management , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/sajim.v13i1.475
Abstract: Background: This paper reported empirical research findings of an MPhil in Information Sciences (Records and Archives Management) study conducted at Moi University in Eldoret, Kenya between September 2007 and July 2009. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate records management and risk management at Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB) Ltd, in the Nairobi area and propose recommendations to enhance the functions of records and risk management at KCB. The specific objectives of the study were to, (1) establish the nature and type of risks to which KCB is exposed, (2) conduct business process analysis and identify the records generated by KCB, (3) establish the extent to which records management is emphasised within KCB as a tool to managing risk, (4) identify which vital records of KCB need protection because of their nature and value to the bank and (5) make recommendations to enhance current records management practices to support the function of risk management in KCB. Method: The study was qualitative. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews. The theoretical framework of the study involved triangulation of the records continuum model by Frank Upward (1980) and the integrated risk management model by the Government of Canada (2000). Results: The key findings of the study were, (1) KCB is exposed to a wide range of risks by virtue of its business, (2) KCB generates a lot of records in the course of its business activities and (3) there are inadequate records management practices and systems, the lack of which undermines the risk management function. Conclusion: The findings of this study have revealed the need to strengthen records management as a critical success factor in risk mitigation within KCB and, by extension, the Kenyan banking industry. A records management model was proposed to guide the management of records within an enterprise-wide risk management framework in the bank. How to cite this article: Ambira, C.M. & Kemoni, H., 2011, ‘Records management and risk management at Kenya Commercial Bank Limited, Nairobi’, SA Journal of Information Management 13(1), Art. #475, 11 pages. doi: 10.4102/sajim.v13i1.475
Marketing Capability Development in Micro Manufacturing Enterprises  [PDF]
Guven Gurkan Inan, Aysegul Eda Kop
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.81001
Abstract: Marketing capability is defined as the ability of an organization to understand and fulfil customers’ needs at the right time, right place and right cost. Marketing capability is essential for sustainable business performance. Many micro enterprises do not have any marketing strategy and/or have limited marketing activities. A conceptual framework is developed with a view to develop the marketing capability of micro manufacturing enterprises in this research. In this study, four micro manufacturing enterprises were observed over a year. Action research methodology was adopted to test effectiveness of interventions. Some interventions and capabilities were found to be related with marketing capability in micro manufacturing enterprises. Findings showed that empowerment, operational excellence, strategy development and implementation, and collaboration capabilities could enhance marketing capability in micro manufacturing enterprises.
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