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Editorial. Biofuels: Future Prospects  [cached]
Prof. dr. Violeta Makareviciene
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.57.3.558
Abstract: Editorial
Circumcision  [cached]
Puri Poonam,Kumar Joginder,Ramesh V
Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases , 2010,
Abstract: Circumcision is one of the oldest and the most controversial surgical procedures performed worldwide and is almost universal among Muslim and Jewish men. Most medical institutions in various countries agree that although there may be health benefits, there is no medical justification for routine circumcision in neonates or children. It should be performed only for established medical reasons and should not be universally recommended. There are modern techniques that provide safer, simpler, quicker, and cheaper alternatives to the traditional means of circumcision with good functional and cosmetic results. Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedure that alters or injures female genital organs for nonmedical reasons. Various degrees of FGM are prevalent, the most mutilating one being infibulation. There are numerous gynecologic and obstetrical complications with infibulation. FGM also plays a significant role in facilitating the transmission of HIV infection through numerous mechanisms. Health care providers have an important role to play in the eradication of this practice. Increased professional and public awareness about such a practice is required.
CIRCUMCISION
MUHAMMAD AKRAM
The Professional Medical Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Objectives: To compare the quality of postoperative analgesia with singledose Bupivacaine and that of Tramadol in caudal epidural block for circumcision in children. Study design:Interventional experimental study. Settings: This study was carried out in the department of anaesthesia and painmanagement at Combined Military Hospital Peshawar. Duration: Jun 30, 2004 to Mar 2005 & then from Dec 2006 toFeb 2007. Subjects and Methods: Sixty (60) children between the ages of 2-6 year were included in study. They weredivided into two groups by convenience non-probability technique and each group had 30 children. Group A (n=30)was given 1.25mg/kg Bupivacaine, 0.25% solution, whereas Group B (n=30) received 2mg/kg of Tramadol. The volumeof drug in each group was 0.5ml/kg. Standard monitoring was done perioperatively. The analgesic effects wereevaluated by using Hannallah pain score scale6, which had maximum score of 10 and minimum of 0 (zero). The scoreof 3 or <3 was considered as adequate analgesia. Sedation was assessed by using 5-point sedation test. 0 - Awake,1 - mild sedation, 2 - feeling sleepy, 3-sleepy but able to wake, 4 - Deep sleep difficult to wake. Results: Both thegroups were comparable with respect to age, sex and duration of surgery. Insufficient pain control was observed in 4patient’s in-group B (Tramadol group), 13% and 7 patient’s in-group A (Bupivacaine group), 23%, 30 minutes aftercaudal administration of drug. Adequate postoperative analgesia was maintained in all other patients for 12 hrs. Only6 patients in Tramadol group had light sedation (p=0.0l2). Weakness of lower limbs was found in 4 patient's in-groupA. there was no difference in vital signs and there was no complication related to technique in both groups.Conclusion: Caudal administration of Tramadol in the dose of 2mg/kg when compared with 0.25% Bupivacaine inchildren under going circumcision provided similar quality of analgesia for 12 hours with out any requirement of rescueanalgesic.
Editorial  [cached]
Elisete Medianeira Tomazetti,Cláudia Ribeiro Bellochio
Educa??o : Revista do Centro de Educa??o UFSM , 2011,
Abstract: Editorial
EDITORIAL
Javier Alejandro Corredor Aristizábal
Revista Colombiana de Psicología , 2011,
Abstract: Editorial
Editorial
Sergio Crespo
Revista Brasileira de Informática na Educa??o , 2009,
Abstract: Editorial
Editorial  [cached]
Lucia Maria Martins Giraffa
Revista Brasileira de Informática na Educa??o , 2009,
Abstract: Editorial
Editorial  [cached]
Cláudia Ribeiro Bellochio
Educa??o : Revista do Centro de Educa??o UFSM , 2010,
Abstract: Editorial
Editorial  [cached]
Jose Luiz Aidar Prado
Galáxia , 2012,
Abstract: Editorial
Editorial  [cached]
Jos Luiz Aidar Prado
Galáxia , 2012,
Abstract: Editorial
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