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Aesthetic experience of dance performances  [PDF]
Vukadinovi? Maja,Markovi? Slobodan
Psihologija , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/psi1201023v
Abstract: In this study the aesthetic experience of dance performances is investigated. The study includes construction of an instrument for measuring the aesthetic experience of dance performances and an investigation of the structure of both dancers’ and spectators’ aesthetic experience. The experiments are carried out during eight different performances of various dance forms, including classical ballet, contemporary dance, flamenco and folklore. Three factors of aesthetic experience of dance performances are identified: Dynamism, Exceptionality and Affective Evaluation. The results show that dancers’ aesthetic experience has a somewhat different factorial structure from that of the spectators’. Unlike spectators’ aesthetic experience, dancers’ aesthetic experience singles out the Excitement factor. The results are discussed within the context of dancers’ proprioception and spectators’ exteroception since these findings confirm the idea of a significant role of proprioception in dancers’ aesthetic experience.
DANCE AS A MEANS OF COMMUNICATION: THE OWIGIRI DANCE EXPERIENCE
Dr. Sunday Doutimiariye Abraye, Rudolph Kansese
The Dawn Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Dance, as one of the performing arts is mostly used for entertainment. In this case, the art form is largely seen as an aesthetic enterprise with little or no utilitarian value. However, some dances, in spite of their being aesthetic are influenced by utilitarian components or movements. This is the situation with the owigiri dance which was initiated as an aesthetic work of art is driven by other traditional dances. These traditional dances such as penge, abo, agene, owu, konkonba, osundu and feletei have cultural annotations and interpretations. The appreciation of the owigiri performance therefore as an aesthetic art, especially at social gatherings should always be done with cultural interpretations of movements and materials used in the dance. This is the legitimate way the owigiri dance can be appreciated wholly as a means of communication.
Vyu ovací jednotky tance a tane ního aerobiku: Jak role áka ovlivňuje pohybovou aktivitu dívek ve vyu ovacím procesu Dance and aerobic dance in physical education lessons: The influence of the student's role on physical activity in girls
Jana Pelclová,Karel Fr?mel,Krzysztof Skalik,Gareth Stratton
Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis : Gymnica , 2008,
Abstract: Hlavním cílem kolní tělesné vychovy je podporovat celo ivotní pohybovou aktivitu (PA) a zvy ovat pohybovou gramotnost dětí. Eduka ní proces je v tělesné vychově (TV) naplňován pohybově aktivním zapojením ák , a proto by měla byt p evá ná ást jednotek TV trávena aktivní pohybovou inností s odpovídajícím tělesnym zatí ením. Cílem této studie je zjistit, zda tělesné zatí ení v jednotkách tance a aerobiku splňuje doporu ení strávit alespoň 50 % asu pohybovou aktivitou st ední a vysoké intenzity (USDHHS, 2000) a zda role áka v eduka ním procesu ovlivňuje pohybovou aktivitu dívek. 241 děv at absolvovalo program tvo eny tradi ními a progresivními vyu ovacími jednotkami tance a aerobiku. Srde ní frekvence děv at byla v pr běhu vyu ovacích jednotek monitorována systémem Team Polar. Děv ata trávila více ne 50 % asu pohybovou aktivitou st ední a vysoké intenzity v tradi ních i progresivních vyu ovacích jednotkách tance i aerobiku. Vysledky této studie potvrzují, e zvy ená role áka napomáhá plnit cíle TV, jako nap íklad odpovědnost za vlastní rozhodování a tvo ivost, ani by docházelo ke sni ování pohybové aktivity ve vyu ovacích jednotkách. The primary aim of physical education (PE) is to promote lifelong physical activity (PA) and to promote physical literacy in children. During classes children should learn through participation in physical activities and thus physical education lessons should be as active as possible. The aims of this study were firstly to compare physical load in dance and aerobic dance lessons to the recommendation of the minimum of 50% of class time being physically active (USDHHS, 2000) and secondly to identify how the students’ role in the educational process affects their engagement in PA. Two hundred and forty one girls completed the full program of dance and aerobic dance lessons. Heart rate telemetry systems were used to measure PA during dance and aerobic dance lessons. Girls spent more than 50% of class time in moderate to vigorous PA in both traditional and progressive dance and aerobic dance lessons. Results from this study suggest that the increased student’s role can help to fulfill other PE goals such as responsibility for decision making and creativity along with promoting PA especially in dance and aerobic dance student oriented lessons.
Motor Simulation without Motor Expertise: Enhanced Corticospinal Excitability in Visually Experienced Dance Spectators  [PDF]
Corinne Jola, Ali Abedian-Amiri, Annapoorna Kuppuswamy, Frank E. Pollick, Marie-Hélène Grosbras
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033343
Abstract: The human “mirror-system” is suggested to play a crucial role in action observation and execution, and is characterized by activity in the premotor and parietal cortices during the passive observation of movements. The previous motor experience of the observer has been shown to enhance the activity in this network. Yet visual experience could also have a determinant influence when watching more complex actions, as in dance performances. Here we tested the impact visual experience has on motor simulation when watching dance, by measuring changes in corticospinal excitability. We also tested the effects of empathic abilities. To fully match the participants' long-term visual experience with the present experimental setting, we used three live solo dance performances: ballet, Indian dance, and non-dance. Participants were either frequent dance spectators of ballet or Indian dance, or “novices” who never watched dance. None of the spectators had been physically trained in these dance styles. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to measure corticospinal excitability by means of motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) in both the hand and the arm, because the hand is specifically used in Indian dance and the arm is frequently engaged in ballet dance movements. We observed that frequent ballet spectators showed larger MEP amplitudes in the arm muscles when watching ballet compared to when they watched other performances. We also found that the higher Indian dance spectators scored on the fantasy subscale of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the larger their MEPs were in the arms when watching Indian dance. Our results show that even without physical training, corticospinal excitability can be enhanced as a function of either visual experience or the tendency to imaginatively transpose oneself into fictional characters. We suggest that spectators covertly simulate the movements for which they have acquired visual experience, and that empathic abilities heighten motor resonance during dance observation.
EFFECT OF LOW-IMPACT AEROBIC DANCE EXERCISE ON PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH (STRESS) AMONG SEDENTARY WOMEN IN MALAYSIA
Mastura Johar,Mohd Sofian Omar Fauzee,Bahaman Abu Samah,Muhammad Nazrul Somchit
Biology of Sport , 2012,
Abstract: The present study investigated the effect of twelve weeks of low-impact aerobic dance exercise intervention (“aero-mass” dance exercise) on psychological health (stress) among sedentary working women, specifically in Malaysia. Sedentary participants (age range = 40 – 55 years; N = 40: BMI > 25) were randomly assigned to two groups: an intervention treatment of “aero mass aerobic dancing” and conventional low-impact aerobic dancing. Classes were held for 50 minutes, 3 days per week, for 12 weeks. Repeated measures were examined at week 1, week 8 and week 12. Mixed repeated ANOVA revealed statistically significant time effects for Total Stress Scores (p < 0.01) with eta square =0.59 (large effect) at week 8 and week 12. Furthermore, the time by group interaction was also statistically significant for total stress score (p < 0.05) with eta square = 0.18 (large effect). In addition, the result for between-subject effects indicates significant F (1, 38)=7.74, p < 0.05, eta = 0.17, and therefore there was a significant difference in the stress level scores in the intervention group compared to the control group. Subjects of the intervention group, “aero mass aerobics dancing”, experienced the most benefits.
The Effects of a Six-Week Aerobic Dance Programme on Selected Fitness Components and Waist-Hip-Ratio in Adult Males
RO Okuneye, JO Adeogun, I Ismail
Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research , 2010,
Abstract: This study examined the effects of a six-week low-impact aerobic dance on selected fitness components (trunk flexibility, leg power and abdominal muscle endurance) and waist-hip-ratio (WHR) in adult males. A total of fifteen (15) Lagos State University male undergraduates (age range: 19-28 years) from the Faculty of Education volunteered to take part in the study. The one-group pre-test - post-text quasi-experimental research design was employed. Both pre-test and post-test measurements were taken from each participant under the same conditions. Participants were all exposed to a low-impact aerobic dance for a duration of six weeks. While the descriptive statistics of mean, range and standard deviation were used to describe the data; inferences were drawn using the Students paired T-test. Results revealed that a six-week low - impact aerobic dance programme can significantly reduce the waist-hip-ratios, improve trunk flexibility, leg power and abdominal endurance/strength in male undergraduate students.
ELABORATING A MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT FOR THE FLOW EXPERIENCE DURING ONLINE INFORMATION SEARCH  [PDF]
Lazoc Alina,Caraivan Luiza
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: Flow is a construct imported in marketing research from social sciences in order to examine consumer behavior in the online medium. The construct describes a state of deep involvement in a challenging activity, most frequently characterized by high levels of enjoyment, control and concentration. Researchers found that the degree to which online experience is challenging can be defined, measured, and related well to important marketing variables. As shown by our extensive literature review, flow measurements include antecedents, dimensions and consequences of flow. The present paper represents a detailed description of the construct`s operationalization in the context of online information search. In this respect, our main goal is to produce a basic instrument to evaluate the flow experience of online search, in order to capitalize on the premises of an interactive, complex informational medium a€“ the World Wide Web a€“ and on the consequence of an exploratory informational behavior of users. The instrument is conceived to offer a primal possibility to collect data. The composition, source and significance of the 11 scales used to measure the multiple factors of the flow experience during online search are detailed in this study with the aim to ensure the compliance with scientific rigors and to facilitate correct reports of data related to the reliability and validity of measurements. For further research, we propose factor analysis to test the resulted instrument and to ensure that the measures employed are psychometrically sound. Factor analysis refers to a wide range of statistic techniques used to represent a set of variables in concordance with a reduced number of hypothetical variables called factors. Factorial analysis is used to solve two types of problems: reducing the number of variables to increase data processing speed and identifying hidden patterns in the existent data relations. However, we expect our scales to perform different in the context of information search with second generation web tools and suggest further qualitative research concerning web determinants of flow.
Development of an instrument to measure beliefs and attitudes from heart valve disease patients
Padilha, Kátia Melissa;Gallani, Maria Cecília Bueno Jayme;Colombo, Roberta Cunha Rodrigues;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692004000300002
Abstract: the objective of this study was to verify content validity and reliability of "cav-instrument" - an instrument to measure beliefs and attitudes of heart valve disease patients concerning their illness and treatment. the instrument was analyzed by three judges (using predetermined criteria) and submitted to the pretest (n = 17 subjects). the majority of the items were evaluated as adequate regarding their pertinence, clearness and significance regarding the analyzed questions. the pretest showed the necessity for small changes in some statements, which optimized instrument comprehension by the patients. the restructured instrument was applied to 46 patients to verify internal consistency. the whole instrument and most of its scales presented satisfactory internal consistency. it is concluded that the instrument has content validity and is internally consistent, ratifying the adequacy of its application to measure the strength of association among the researched variables.
An instrument to measure job satisfaction of nursing home administrators
Nicholas G Castle
BMC Medical Research Methodology , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-6-47
Abstract: The NHA-JSQ subscales were developed from pilot survey activities with 93 administrators, content analysis, and a research panel. The resulting survey was sent to 1,000 nursing home administrators. Factor analyses were used to determine the psychometric properties of the instrument.Of the 1,000 surveys mailed, 721 usable surveys were returned (72 percent response rate). The factor analyses show that the items were representative of six underlying factors (i.e., coworkers, work demands, work content, work load, work skills, and rewards).The NHA-JSQ represents a short, psychometrically sound job satisfaction instrument for use in nursing homes.Job satisfaction is defined as "the favorableness or unfavorableness with which employees view their work" [1]. Some recent research would suggest that job satisfaction of employees within an organization is related to an organization's ability to change [2]. Since a consistent theme in the literature for the past 20 years (or more) has been the inability of some nursing homes to change in a meaningful way, especially in the area of quality of care [3], in this context improving job satisfaction may be important in improving some aspects of the industry.Job satisfaction of nursing home administrators (NHAs) may be especially important, because administrators can have a pervasive influence on facility performance and quality of care [4]. Castle [5], for example, has shown a positive association between NHA turnover and the resident outcomes of catheterization, restraint use, pressure ulcers, psychoactive medications, and quality of care deficiencies. Smith, Shortell, and Saxberg describe NHAs as "the critical variable affecting quality of care" [6]. Singh and Schwab [7] have examined the organizational destabilization that can occur when NHAs turnover [7]. Resident satisfaction would also appear to be influenced by NHAs [8]. Given the importance of NHAs and their potential impact on quality, a valid and reliable instrument to ass
Elaboration of an Instrument to Measure the Construct "Satisfaction with the Training Received"  [cached]
José A. Lozano-Lozano,Susana Sanduvete-Chaves,Salvador Chacón-Moscoso,José A. Pérez-Gil
International Journal of Social Science Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.11114/ijsss.v1i2.142
Abstract: In the context of higher education, one of the relevant elements to assess the quality of service rendered by educational institutions is the assessment that students do in terms of “satisfaction with the training received”. Currently, in the literature there are some limitations to determine the main dimensions of the construct “satisfaction with the training received”. The aim of this paper is to present evidence of content validity of a set of indicators to measure this construct. After conducting a review of the literature, and based on a questionnaire previously elaborated to measure satisfaction in training programs, a structural and operational definition of the construct was presented, in order to obtain the main dimensions and subdomains that form the construct. Then, a set of indicators were specified to measure each dimension of the construct. Finally, evidence of content validity was obtained carrying out an expert opinion study. As a result, all the indicators presented were suitable or fairly appropriate based on Osterlind indexes about its degree of adjustment with its dimension, and were considered representative. Other evidence of psychometric properties, reliability and validity are planned to be obtained in the future.
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