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TOURISM RESEARCH IN SPAIN: THE STATE OF THE ART  [PDF]
Alfonso Vargas-Sánchez
Enlightening Tourism : a Pathmaking Journal , 2011,
Abstract: This paper analyses the evolution that Tourism Research has undergone in Spain in the last few years as well as its present situation, on the basis of four different variables: (i) the PhD dissertations carried out in the last ten years; (ii) the papers published in any ISI source during the last five years; (iii) the scientific journals on Tourism edited in Spain; (iv) and finally, the active research groups, centres and networks concerned with Tourism that exist in the country at the moment. In general terms, it will be shown that, despite becoming more and more multidisciplinary and a subject mater of interest for a larger number of higher education institutions, the research carried out on Tourism in Spain seems to be still restricted to very few fields of knowledge, universities and regions.
Tradition et évolution dans l’art du Powwow contemporain Tradition and Evolution in the Art of the Contemporary Powwow  [cached]
Jeanine Belgodère
Revue LISA / LISA e-journal , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/lisa.2766
Abstract: Inter-tribal Powwows, most of which feature dance contests, are both a social gathering and an artistic performance. Primarily designed to preserve and to continue the spiritual and communal values inherent in Native American culture, they contribute to strengthening the bond of friendship between all tribes and ultimately to reunifying the circle. This deep sense of cultural belonging is essentially conveyed through dance where tradition and modernity interact. Evolving over decades, dance has undergone significant changes which mirror a moving identity. This is also noticeable in the women’s dances, a possible reflection of the evolution of the relations between men and women. If the so-called traditional dances such as the Grass Dance reveal a less significant mix of tribal styles, others such as the Fancy Dance — one of the newest — would tend to reflect a more homogeneous identity. Indeed, the Fancy Dance integrates some steps and elements of the dress belonging to a greater number of tribes into the style. Therefore it welcomes diversity within unity. On the whole, inter-tribal Powwows have become a medium for the pantribal expression of Indian identity. Within the context of panindianism as well as competition, might the spiritual values and the unique traits of the various dances handed down generations be jeopardized?
Can Rural Tourism Boost Green Livelihoods? Empirical Evidences from Maramure
FRANCESCA REGOLI,MATTEO VITTUARI,ANDREA SEGRè
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2011,
Abstract: The European rural policy is shifting from the concept of multifunctionality to the one of public good with a growing attention to environmental concerns and green livelihoods. In Maramure , Romania, this approach is only partially explored: as diversification strategy, several tourist accommodation facilities have been created by rural households, but those services are often not integrated to territorial amenities. Consequently, the rural system is still agriculturally based with a largely unexplored potential considering non-farm activities, a high migration rate, and a consistent land abandonment. The research aims to investigate how tourist initiatives can contribute to the promotion of green livelihoods through the valorization of local assets. Tourism can foster the enhancement of the territorial capital (natural, cultural social, institutional and economic ones), the preservation of public goods in the area (i.e. forests, land management) and the promotion of a more environmental oriented livelihood. A development strategy based on the recognition of the specificity embedded in the territorial capital can move the traditional heritage and local assets back to the core of the policy debate, recognizing their role in the socio-economic and environmental development of the area. Methodologically, the work is based on a cluster analysis carried out trough data collected from a range of rural guesthouses (offering tourist accommodation facilities) and focusing on the concept of public good and on the local strategies adopted to manage and valorize the territorial capital. Collected data served as main tool for the identification of the major challenges that local administration should overcome to identify an effective strategy for local development. Moreover, the cluster analysis has been anticipated by an extensive literature review conducted on the existing policy papers, reports and documents focused on the promotion of sustainable development in rural Romania.
The Norwegian School Subject Art and Crafts - Tradition and Contemporary Debate  [cached]
Ingvild Digranes
FORMakademisk , 2010,
Abstract: This article will show the development of the Norwegian school subject Art and Crafts from its beginning to what can be labeled the New Reconstructionist Stream seen today. It sums up the essence of the practice tradition and debate throughout the subject’s 120 years of history as a school subject in Norwegian general education (1st through 10th year). It addresses several theoretical approaches to describe the history of the subject, and compares these to the practice traditions as seen in original sources. It will trace how the strong practice tradition can be seen as one of the main reasons why the Norwegian Art and Crafts school subject show a new purpose for the content, a purpose that highlight democratic design and citizenship by introducing a global sustainable perspective in general education.
Mastering style – Effects of explicit style-related information, art knowledge and affective state on appreciation of abstract paintings  [PDF]
BENNO BELKE,HELMUT LEDER,M. DOROTHEE AUGUSTIN
Psychology Science , 2006,
Abstract: Recently, Leder, Belke, Oeberst, and Augustin (2004) have proposed a model of aesthetic experience in which stylistic processing is central for aesthetic experiences of art. Here we present an empirical study which investigates predictions derived from the model. Using modern and contemporary abstract paintings we investigated how their appreciation is affected by style information generalized onto new exemplars of paintings by the same artists. In accordance with the model’s predictions, effects of style processing depend on the affective states of the viewers as well as their ability for cognitive mastery, measured by amount of expertise. The experiment reveals that the examination of style-related cognitive processes is important to psychologically understand the affective, cognitive and presumably self-rewarding aspects of aesthetic experiences.
Differentiation with stratification: a principle of theoretical physics in the tradition of the memory art  [PDF]
Claudia Pombo
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s10701-015-9936-z
Abstract: The Art of Memory started with Aristotle's questions on memory. During its long evolution, it had important contributions from alchemist, was transformed by Ramon Llull and apparently ended with Giordano Bruno, who was considered the best known representative of this art. This tradition did not disappear, but lives in the formulations of our modern scientific theories. From its initial form as a method of keeping information via associations, it became a principle of classification and structuring of knowledge. This principle, which we here name {\it differentiation with stratification}, is a structural design behind classical mechanics. Integrating two different traditions of science in one structure, this physical theory became the modern paradigm of science. In this paper, we show that this principle can also be formulated as a set of questions. This is done via an analysis of theories, based on the epistemology of observational realism. A combination of Rudolph Carnap's concept of theory as a system of observational and theoretical languages, with a criterion for separating observational languages, based on analytical psychology, shapes this epistemology. The `nuclear' role of the observational laws and the differentiations from these nucleus, reproducing the general cases of phenomena, reveals the memory art's heritage in the theories. Here in this paper we argue that this design is also present in special relativity and in quantum mechanics.
Measuring reproductive tourism through an analysis of Indian ART clinic Websites
Deonandan R, Loncar M, Rahman P, Omar S
International Journal of General Medicine , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S36426
Abstract: suring reproductive tourism through an analysis of Indian ART clinic Websites Original Research (1714) Total Article Views Authors: Deonandan R, Loncar M, Rahman P, Omar S Published Date September 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 763 - 773 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S36426 Received: 27 July 2012 Accepted: 23 August 2012 Published: 18 September 2012 Raywat Deonandan, Mirhad Loncar, Prinon Rahman, Sabrina Omar Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada Objectives: India is fast becoming the most prominent player in the global industry of reproductive tourism, in which infertile people cross international borders to seek assisted reproduction technologies. This study was conducted to better understand the extent and manner in which Indian clinics seek foreign clients. Methods: A systematic search of official Indian assisted reproduction technologies clinic Websites was undertaken, and instances noted where foreign clients were overtly targeted, and where maternal surrogacy was overtly offered. Results: A total of 159 clinics with Web addresses were identified, though only 78 had functioning Websites. All were published in English, with the majority clustered in the states of Maharashtra (14) and Gujarat (9). Of the 78 functioning Websites, 53 (68%) featured some mention of maternal surrogacy services, and 42 (54%) made overt overtures to foreign clients. Qualitative appeals to foreigners included instructions for international adoption, visa application, and the legal parental disposition of the surrogate. All Maharashtran clinic Websites that mentioned surrogacy also overtly featured reproductive tourism. Preimplantation diagnosis services were not offered disproportionately by clinics mentioning reproductive tourism. Conclusions: Based upon clinic online profiles, reproductive tourism comprises a substantial fraction of India’s assisted reproduction technologies clinics’ business focus, clustering around its most tourist-friendly locales, and surrogacy may be a strong motivator for international clientele.
THE STATE OF THE ART IN RESEARCH INTO RURAL TOURISM IN SPAIN: AN ANALYSIS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MARKETING
José Manuel Hernández Mogollón,Ana María Campón Cerro,Helena Maria Baptista Alves
Enlightening Tourism : a Pathmaking Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The study of rural tourism has been addressed from different perspectives, such as geography, sociology, psychology, economics, business management, tourism marketing, etc. This positions it as a multidisciplinary research field of great interest which is growing in strategic importance. However it requires appropriate tools to improve its performance and become more professional. The level of interest it now produces is palpable in the quantitative increase in the attention devoted to it in the scientific literature over recent years. Nevertheless there is a need to improve the quality of this research effort, especially in fields related to economics and the management of businesses and even more so with regard to issues related to marketing, all of which would contribute to a better understanding of issues such as the planning, management and marketing of these destinations and businesses. This paper is an analysis of rural tourism as an area of scientific research that aims to classify the most relevant topics in the field, with particular reference to those that focus on marketing and market research. Its main contribution is a proposal of a research agenda for the coming years.
Measuring reproductive tourism through an analysis of Indian ART clinic Websites
Deonandan R,Loncar M,Rahman P,Omar S
International Journal of General Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Raywat Deonandan, Mirhad Loncar, Prinon Rahman, Sabrina OmarInterdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, CanadaObjectives: India is fast becoming the most prominent player in the global industry of reproductive tourism, in which infertile people cross international borders to seek assisted reproduction technologies. This study was conducted to better understand the extent and manner in which Indian clinics seek foreign clients.Methods: A systematic search of official Indian assisted reproduction technologies clinic Websites was undertaken, and instances noted where foreign clients were overtly targeted, and where maternal surrogacy was overtly offered.Results: A total of 159 clinics with Web addresses were identified, though only 78 had functioning Websites. All were published in English, with the majority clustered in the states of Maharashtra (14) and Gujarat (9). Of the 78 functioning Websites, 53 (68%) featured some mention of maternal surrogacy services, and 42 (54%) made overt overtures to foreign clients. Qualitative appeals to foreigners included instructions for international adoption, visa application, and the legal parental disposition of the surrogate. All Maharashtran clinic Websites that mentioned surrogacy also overtly featured reproductive tourism. Preimplantation diagnosis services were not offered disproportionately by clinics mentioning reproductive tourism.Conclusions: Based upon clinic online profiles, reproductive tourism comprises a substantial fraction of India’s assisted reproduction technologies clinics’ business focus, clustering around its most tourist-friendly locales, and surrogacy may be a strong motivator for international clientele.Keywords: assisted reproduction, global health, social media, marketing, development, IVF, surrogacy, PGD
The Pedagogy of the Pedagogy of Music Appreciation  [cached]
Edward Hafer
Journal of Music History Pedagogy , 2012,
Abstract: The Pedagogy of Music Appreciation course at the University of Southern Mississippi is designed to prepare graduate students in music performance to teach music appreciation classes at the college level. This essay addresses the need for such a course, suggests ways to organize it, and offers reflections from both students and community members who benefited from the free Music Appreciation course administered by the pedagogy students. The course syllabus and sample assignments are also discussed.
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