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Teaching Chemistry in Secondary Schools: A Case for Cooperative Instructional Strategy
KO Aluko
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: The study investigated the relative effectiveness of cooperative instructional strategy on students' performance in secondary school chemistry. Two hundred and fifty (250) Senior Secondary two (SS II) chemistry students were purposively sampled from three public secondary schools in Ilesa Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. Two research instruments: Researcher's Instructional Packages for solving Chemistry Problems (RIP) and Chemistry Performance Test (CPT) were developed, validated and used for the study. The reliability of the Chemistry Performance Test (CPT) was determined and found to be 0.62 using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation formula. Three hypotheses were raised and tested using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The study covered a period of six (6) weeks. The experimental group, which is Cooperative instructional group and a Control group, were used. The results of the analysis showed that there was a significant difference in the performance of chemistry students exposed to cooperative instructional strategy and conventional teaching method. The cooperative instructional strategy was found to be more effective in enhancing better performance of the learners. Some recommendations were also made. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences Vol. 3 (2) 2008: pp. 27-34
University Students Perception of Cooperative Learning in ESL Pedagogy
Nooreiny Maarof,Tg Nor Rizan Tg Mohamad Maasum
Research Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjasci.2012.520.525
Abstract: Learning English as a Second Language (ESL) is generally a difficult endeavor for many university students who speak a different language as the native language. Limited English Proficiency (LEP) students experience a more difficult task and need a low risk environment to practice English. Cooperative learning an established instructional strategy is increasingly being used in colleges and universities to address learning problems and offers increased opportunities for students social development. Research has shown that cooperative learning is able to promote higher achievement, more positive interpersonal relationships and higher self-esteem compared to competitive and individualistic efforts. This study reports the perceptions of a group of first year LEP university students on cooperative learning as a technique in motivating them to learn. A questionnaire was used to collect responses from the students. The results and implications for the study highlight the need for a paradigm shift in pedagogy for course designers and instructors in order to meet students language learning needs at the university.
Ground magnetic study of Ilesa east, Southwestern Nigeria
JS Kayode, P Nyabese, AO Adelusi
African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: Ground magnetic survey of eastern part of Ilesa town in Osun State, Southwest Nigeria was performed. Total field magnetic data was recorded using high resolution proton precision geometric magnetometer which implores total components of the ground magnetic anomaly data running through fifteen traverses. This research focused on delineation of faults in this part of the highly mineralized Ilesa schist belt. The field data was qualitatively and quantitatively interpreted and the results gave values for the total component measurements of ground magnetic anomaly that varied between a minimum negative peak value of about -330 gammas and a maximum positive peak value of about 80 gammas. Depth to the basement rock was estimated using Peters half slope method which gave a maximum depth to basement of about 160 m. Information on wide range of magnetic intensities over the different rock types in this area were obtained from the interpretations. The results generated were used to delineate rock boundaries, major and minor faults in this area.
Universal Instructional Design Principles for Moodle  [cached]
Tanya Elias
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2010,
Abstract: The paper identifies a set of universal instructional design (UID) principles appropriate to distance education (DE) and tailored to the needs of instructional designers and instructors teaching online. These principles are then used to assess the accessibility level of a sample online course and the availability of options in its LMS platform (Moodle) to increase course accessibility. Numerous accessibility-sensitive plug-in modules are found to be available to Moodle users, though relatively few features were included in the sample course analysed. This may be because they have not been made available to instructors at the institutional level. The paper offers a series of recommendations to improve the accessibility of online DE to learners with diverse abilities, disabilities, and needs.
Individualistic networks and networking individuals in Tango Argentino  [PDF]
Celine Kuttler,Ralf Blossey
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: We have performed a simulation study of the social network arising from dancing partner selection in Tango Argentino. Tango Argentino is a famous intellectual dance which combines individualistic behaviour with consensual social rules, generating complex patterns of network behaviour in time. We quantify these patterns by time-dependent degree distributions and clustering coefficients for the network structure, and by monitoring the evolution of the individual dancers skill. In particular, we have investigated how successful new dancers are in entering the network under the promotion of established network members. Our approach allows us to predict the success of mentoring in a social network.
Mental Health and Individualistic – Collectivistic Values Among Different Ethnic Groups of Manipur
M. G. Husain,Yusra Mushtaq
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study examined Mental Health and Individualistic – Collectivistic values among different ethnic groups of Manipur.120 Working and Non-working males and females, 40 each from the three ethnic groups of Manipur namely Meiteis, Kukis, and Nagas, served as the sample of the study. These three groups were culturally, linguistically and religiously different from one another. The impact of sex and working status on the Mental Health and Individualistic – Collectivistic values were also taken into consideration. The data were obtained by administering the Mental Health scale and Individualistic – Collectivistic Assessment Inventory. Data of this multiple designed study were treated with the help of Analysis of Variance and t-test. The three ethnic groups showed high significant difference in the Individualistic –Collectivistic values. Significant difference was also found between working and non-working people on their mental health scores. As regard to sex it was found that males and females did not differ significantly on their mental health scores and individualistic – collectivistic values.
Increases in Individualistic Words and Phrases in American Books, 1960–2008  [PDF]
Jean M. Twenge, W. Keith Campbell, Brittany Gentile
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040181
Abstract: Cultural products such as song lyrics, television shows, and books reveal cultural differences, including cultural change over time. Two studies examine changes in the use of individualistic words (Study 1) and phrases (Study 2) in the Google Books Ngram corpus of millions of books in American English. Current samples from the general population generated and rated lists of individualistic words and phrases (e.g., “unique,” “personalize,” “self,” “all about me,” “I am special,” “I’m the best”). Individualistic words and phrases increased in use between 1960 and 2008, even when controlling for changes in communal words and phrases. Language in American books has become increasingly focused on the self and uniqueness in the decades since 1960.
Reading through Interaction: From Individualistic Reading Comprehension to Collaboreading  [cached]
Fatemeh Behjat
Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/tpls.1.3.239-244
Abstract: Group work and interaction play significant roles in the learning process and much of the evidence comes from studies of foreign language learners’ interaction with native speakers. This study aimed at finding out whether interaction among learners also facilitates reading comprehension. For this purpose, a number of Iranian EFL students at Abadeh and Shiraz Islamic Azad Universities were selected and divided into two groups. While in the first group individualistic reading was encouraged, the second group read together and had interaction and collaboration in understanding the texts. The results revealed that collaboreading improves the learners’ comprehension better than individualistic reading.
Examining the Anatomy of a Screencast: Uncovering Common Elements and Instructional Strategies  [cached]
William Sugar,Abbie Brown,Kenneth Luterbach
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2010,
Abstract: The researchers engaged in cooperative inquiry in order to explore screencasts as online instructional tools. In total, each researcher analyzed 37 screencasts, which provided over two hours of instruction. The content area of these screencasts concentrated on teaching specific computing procedures (e.g., how to install web server software or how to add a table in a word processor). The researchers analyzed their own self-produced screencasts as well as those that were professionally produced. Analyses of the screencasts led the researchers to discover common structural components (i.e., bumpers, screen movement, and narration) and common instructional strategies (i.e., provide overview, describe procedure, present concept, focus attention, and elaborate content). By synthesizing the common structure and common instructional strategies, the researchers offer a framework for considering the role of screencasts as online instructional tools. To introduce a practical application of the framework, the researchers created a screencasting checklist, which may be used by online instructors and instructional designers to develop and assess their own screencasts. This initial work invites additional research and development in order to refine the screencasting framework and checklist.
Influence of Principals’ Instructional Leadership on Science Teaching Competency  [PDF]
Mohd Zaid Ismail, Azlin Norhaini Mansor, Zanaton Iksan, Mohamed Yusoff Mohd Nor
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.914164
Abstract: Instructional leadership is a main aspect of principals’ leadership in the school. The school’s success, in turn, depends largely on principals’abilities in instructional leadership.Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify principals’ instructional leadership influence on science teaching competency. Using a quantitativeapproach, we surveyed instructional leadership and science teaching competency in 311 science teachers in Terengganu, Malaysia. The data were analyzed using structural equation modelling (SEM) by AMOS 22 and the results showed that all nine dimensions proposed for instructional leadership variables were significant with a loading factor of 0.70 - 0.84. Correspondingly, the science teaching competency variables were significant too with a loading factor of 0.81 - 0.95. Our findings indicated instructional leadership contributed significantly to the science teaching competency (β=0.51, CR=8.589, p=?0.00).In summary,we have successfully developed an interaction model between instructional leadership and science teaching competency.
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