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Reappraising the Legacy of Colonialism: A Response to Feyrer and Sacerdote
Geoff Bertram
Island Studies Journal , 2007,
Abstract: A recent paper by Feyrer & Sacerdote (2006) argues that the legacy of colonialism in a sample of 80 small islands is positive rather than negative, in the sense that a long period as a colony in the 18th and 19th centuries correlates positively with present-day incomes and low infant mortality rates. Remaining a colony to the end of the 20th century is also positive for income. Colonial rule in the 17th and 20th centuries has no impact. This review essay relates Feyrer & Sacerdote’s work to other recent, cross-country research on the linkages between colonialism and development, and offers some criticisms of their data and conclusions. An interesting ongoing debate, as well as plenty of opportunities for further research along these lines, are anticipated.
Reappraising the Legacy of Colonialism: The Value of an Island Sample - A Response to Bertram
James Feyrer,Bruce Sacerdote
Island Studies Journal , 2007,
Abstract: In this brief article, we respond to Geoff Bertram’s overview of the current state of research into the legacy of colonial institutions. We make the general case for islands as a useful unit of observation in thinking about cross country income differences. The nature of island exploration and settlement provides a unique natural experiment that is not available in a mainland sample of countries. However, we feel that the results provide useful insights to the general literature about the relationship between colonialism and income. We also respond to Bertram’s criticisms of our data and sample selection. In many cases, problems he identifies have been addressed in the most recent version of our work.
Legacy of the Asian Currency Crisis: The Case of Korea  [PDF]
Jangryoul Kim, Gieyoung Lim
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.38118
Abstract: This paper reexamines the long run effects of the 1997 Asian crisis on the Korean economy. Using unobserved components models subject to Markov regime-switching, we address two questions:1) whether the output losses of Koreaduring 1997-1998 were permanent or transitory;2) when the trend growth rate decreased. Estimation results suggest that the trend growth rate of the Korean economy has already declined around 1992-1993 prior to the 1997 crisis, and given the transition of the Korean economy into the low-growth regime in the early 90s, the effects of the crisis are mainly transitory.
Education between theory and praxis: the legacy of Marx with regard to the crisis of contemporary capitalism  [cached]
Renato Crioni
Educa??o : Teoria e Prática , 2012,
Abstract: “The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is, however, to change it.” It was from the superficial premises of the 11ththesis on Feuerbach that Marx’s thought received its most distinguished exaltations and its hardest refutations. In the XX century stage, the Marxist “labeling” reached its apex with the labor movement and the actual socialism. However, in the twilight of the XX century, the unexpected collapse of the Soviet “state capitalism” model paralyzed the left’s thought and the Marxist capitalist criticism, which remained, at most, as a defensive nostalgic claim. But Marx himself conceived his political economy criticism as a reflection surpassing its practical applicability. If this aspect of the categorical criticism of capitalism shows up, on one hand, as something freezing action, on the other, it shows up suitable to interpret the global crisis which it triggers. At the same time that it disassembles the current hegemonic discourse of progress, efficiency, and productivity, it opens space for a perspective of educative experience appreciating the sensitive vital relations, the arts, and the idle culture, imputed as superfluous and put at the service of the omnipresent coercion of abstract wealth production.
Creating Central Sulawesi. Mission Intervention, Colonialism and ‘Multiculturality’  [cached]
J. Coté
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2011,
Abstract: Creating Central Sulawesi: Mission Intervention, Colonialism and ‘Multiculturality’ Central Sulawesi provides an example of how, under colonialism, non-state bodies contributed to the creation of new political identities in the Indonesian archipelago, and how the modern Indonesian state came to be based on these. Arguably, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the region was poised to be incorporated into the structure of one or other of the existing powerful Central and Southern Sulawesi political entities. As such, as just another ‘region’ in the sprawling archipelagic colony subjected to standard colonial policy, it should have been readily incorporated into the Indonesian state, albeit through the ‘Sulawesi Permesta’. Instead, in seeking to establish what one writer has described as a ‘volkskerk’ [people’s church], the ‘Poso mission’ established with colonial support by the Nederlandsche Zendinggenootschap [Netherlands Missionary Society] in 1892, was instrumental in defining new religious, cultural and linguistic boundaries. These acted to effectively isolate the Pamona people from adjacent Christian communities established by other missionary endeavours; from their Islamic neighbours and, arguably, from the ‘nation’. As elsewhere in the archipelago, the subsequent process of this region’s reintegration has formed part of the difficult postcolonial legacy inherited by the Indonesian nation.
Multiple colonialism in Western Sahara
Macharia Munene
Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa , 2010,
Abstract: The Sahrawi are a hybrid people found in parts of northwest Africa, mostly Western Sahara and they are victims of multiple colonialism. The decision by European powers to include parts of their land in various colonies subjected many Sahrawi to different French and Spanish colonial policies and experiences in Morocco, Algeria, Mauretania and Western Sahara. The Spaniards took control of Western Sahara and when they decided to leave, Morocco, with its irredentist dreams stepped in. Morocco became the new colonial power as it claimed Western Sahara territory as a province. It behaves in the same way as the French did when they claimed that Algeria was a province of France. Morocco exploited the prevailing international climate to advance its colonialistic proclivities at a time when territorial colonialism had become anathema internationally. That climate made the big powers, whether communistic or capitalistic, appear to support Morocco. This way their perceived interests seemed to dictate that they be in good books with Morocco and they thus condoned Morocco's annexationist designs. The fact that Morocco itself used to be colonized by the French and the Spaniards tends to hide the fact that it is a colonial power imposing itself on the Sahrawi.
The Impact of Colonialism on the Development of Management in Nigeria  [cached]
Joe Duke II
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n8p65
Abstract: This theoretical paper traces the reasons for the slow development of ‘home-grown’ management principles and practices in Nigeria to the effects of the internal conflicts that were generated by the policies of colonialism up to the mid-20th century. It argues that these conflicts had negatively affected the attitude of the local people within the social, economic and political institutions of society. As a way forward, it proposes that emphasis should now be focused by management scholars on modernizing and fitting into contemporary context, some of the indigenous management practices that preceded the advent of colonialism, such as the Calabar House system. Appropriate management principles and theories are likely to evolve from this effort to the benefit of modern business and other organizations.
About-Face: The United States and Portuguese Colonialism in 1961  [cached]
Luís Nuno Rodrigues
E-Journal of Portuguese History , 2004,
Abstract: In 1961, the Kennedy Administration decided to adopt a new African policy, supporting self-determination and independence. This change occurred while the war against Portuguese colonial rule erupted in Angola. Acting in accordance with the principles adopted by the administration, the American Ambassador in Lisbon informed the Portuguese government of this new policy and recommended the urgent adoption of reforms in the Portuguese territories in Africa. When, in March, the situation in Angola was brought to debate in the United Nations, the United States voted in favor of a defeated resolution condemning Portuguese colonialism. Needless to say, this action provoked a serious crisis in Portuguese-American relations.
The LEP Legacy  [PDF]
Giorgio Giacomelli,Roberto Giacomelli
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: In this lecture we shall summarize the scientific legacy of LEP, in particular in connection with the Standard Model of Particle Physics; we shall also discuss some historical and sociological aspects of the experimentation at LEP.
Analysis of Colonialism and Its Impact in Africa
Stephen Ocheni,Basil C. Nwankwo
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020120803.1189
Abstract: The work took a hard and critical look on the impact of colonialism and its concomitant ally, imperialism on the African state. The analysis revealed that the present primary role of African states in the international world economy as the dominant sources of raw materials and major consumers of manufactured products are the results of long years of colonial dominance, exploitation and imperialism. Consequently, on attainment of independence by most African states from their colonial overlords, it was extremely very difficult to disentangle from the colonial perfected role for the state because of the systematic disarticulation in the indigenous economy and the intrinsic tying of same with the external economy of the colonizers. The work also made a startling stark revelation by discovering through analysis that the deep-seated corruption in most African states and the selfish behaviour of some of the political leaders to sit tight in office even when they have obviously outlived their usefulness in the eyes of their people, are attributable to the effects of colonialism and imperialism. The work concludes and recommends that for African states to overcome their present social, economic, political, health, education woes, etc., there is the urgent need for the people and the leadership to create their own indigenous identity, culture, technology, economy, education, religion, craft, etc. that would be interwoven in good governance. Key words: Colonialism; Good governance; Impact; African states and Europe
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