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Being hospitalized with a newly diagnosed chronic illness—A phenomenological study of children's lifeworld in the hospital  [cached]
Else Mari Ruberg Ekra,Eva Gjengedal
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health & Well-Being , 2012, DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v7i0.18694
Abstract: The impact of a hospital environment on children has rarely been investigated. Recently, however, the perspective of hospitalized children has been taken into account. Being hospitalized and facing an illness represent a dramatic change in a child's daily life, and the quality of the environment may influence the child's experiences. The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences of children being hospitalized with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes and to obtain an increased understanding of the environmental influences on the children's lifeworld. The study used a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. The design is a combination of observation of the participant, interviews, and photographs. Nine children, aged between 7 and 12 years, participated in the study. The data were collected between October 2008 and February 2010 and analysed in accordance with thematic analysis as described by van Manen. The children experienced change through recognition and adaptation. They perceived the environment as strange but still comfortable because of the “child-friendly” atmosphere, close contact with their relatives, and access to private space. The children were gradually able to adapt to their new life; they perceived their illness through bodily changes and developed practical skills and understanding. The findings underscored the necessity for an emphasis on the mutual relationship between the body and its environment. Bodily changes that occur during illness may lead to changes in one's perception of the environment. Children seem to be particularly affected when the body appears alien and the hospital environment is unfamiliar. A well-adapted environment, active involvement, and the incorporation of new habits are significant elements of gradually returning to a more familiar life. However, the child's new life requires alertness to the body's signals and acclimation to a demanding diabetes treatment regime. All these factors remind children of their body's needs and experiences and influence their lifeworld.
The experience being a partner to a spinal cord injured person: A phenomenological-hermeneutic study
Sanne Angel,Niels Buus
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health & Well-Being , 2011, DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v6i4.7199
Abstract: This qualitative focuses on the personal experiences of partners to a spinal cord injured person. Using a Ricoeurian phenomenological-hermeneutic approach, we analysed seven partners’ narratives 1 and 2 years after their partner's injury. The study revealed how the injury was experienced from the partners’ perspective through the aftermath. In the acute phase after the injury, partners also felt harmed, and support was needed in relation to their own daily activities, eating, resting, and managing distress. During the institutionalized rehabilitation, partners felt torn between supporting the injured partner and the demanding tasks of everyday life outside the institution. After discharge, partners struggled for the injured partner to regain a well-functioning everyday life and for reestablishing life as a couple. The partner struggled to manage the overwhelming amount of everyday tasks. Some sought to reestablish their usual functions outside the family, whereas others focused on establishing a new life together. The partners experienced much distress and appreciated the support they got, but felt that they were mainly left to manage the difficult process on their own.
Quality of Life, Self-Efficacy and Psychological Well-Being in Brazilian Adults with Cancer: A Longitudinal Study  [PDF]
Elisa Kern de Castro, Clarissa Ponciano, Bruna Meneghetti, Marina Kreling, Carolina Chem
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.34043
Abstract: Quality of life (QoL) has been considered worthy of assessment in the treatment, prevention and rehabili- tation of cancer patients. As it has a psychological dimension, is important to investigate the relationship between quality of life and psychological concepts like self-efficacy and psychological well-being. Ob- jective of the present study is to examine the QoL, self-efficacy and psychological well-being in adults with cancer. Methods: 50 patients completed self-report questionnaires: WHOQOL-bref, General Self- Efficacy Scale and GHQ-12 in two periods (T1 = timeline; T2 = follow up 1 year later). A paired t-test did not identify significant differences in the QoL self-efficacy and psychological well-being between T1 and T2. However, men had a better overall QoL and in the physical and social dimensions, and psycho- logical well-being in T1 compared with the women. In T2 there were significant differences between men and women only in the social and psychological dimensions of the QoL. The self-efficacy in T2 was the only predictive variable of the QoL in T2, explaining 71.9% of its variance. It is concluded that, in the pe- riod of one year, the QoL, psychological well-being and self-efficacy were stable, but gender differences were identified. The variables measured in T1 were incapable of predicting the QoL in T2. The gender differences found in QoL and psychological well-being can be used to guide specific future interventions with these patients.
Experiences of mothers of disabled children: a phenomenological study
Barbosa, Maria Angélica Marcheti;Chaud, Massae Noda;Gomes, Maria Magda Ferreira;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002008000100007
Abstract: objective: to unveil the experiences of mothers of disabled children, with a view to understand the meaning of that experience. methods: this is a qualitative study using phenomenological approach based on heidegger. the study subjects were five mothers with a disabled child. the interviews were performed at the women's homes, guided by the question "to you, what does it mean to have a disabled child? results: five categories came into focus: "meeting one's actual infant," "the impact of disability," "treading a new path with one's disabled child," "experiencing maternal altruism in the care of the disabled child," and "altering one's family daily life." conclusions: the discourses revealed emotionally moved beings experiencing a painful, sorrowful manner of being-in-the-world. mothers find themselves unprepared to deal with the experience of having a disabled child, though perceiving the situation as an opportunity for self-encounter. changes occurred to the couple's dynamics and family members became distant. when seeking guidance from health professionals, the mothers failed to find the necessary support.
Comparative Study of Regular and Vocational High School Students on Family Socioeconomic Status, Social Support, Self-Efficacy and Well-Being  [PDF]
Xiaoyuan Chu, Zhenyu Li, Binglin Yan, Jing Han, Fuqiang Fan
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.38006
Abstract: Based on the theoretical analysis, with first-hand data collection and using T-test method, this study analyzed the difference between regular and vocational high school students in family socioeconomic status, social support, self-efficacy and well-being to find out the underlying problems for vocational high school students and vocational education in China. We draw on the following conclusions: 1) regular high school student is significantly higher than vocational high school student in family socioeconomic status as well as in all its dimensions (father’s degree of education, mother’s degree of education, family annual income, father’s occupation and mother’s occupation); 2) regular high school student is significantly higher than vocational high school student in social support as well as in all its dimensions (family support, peer support and general support of others); 3) regular high school student is significantly higher than vocational high school student in self-efficacy; 4) regular high school student is significantly higher than vocational high school student in general well-being.
Being in the City: A Phenomenological Approach to Technological Experience  [cached]
Jason Wasiak
Culture Unbound : Journal of Current Cultural Research , 2009,
Abstract: This paper examines dynamics surrounding the negotiation and articulation of the body-technology relationship necessarily characterizing the experience of being-in-the-city. Nowhere is everyday experience more mediated by technology than in the city. Being-in-the-city involves being embodied by technology at levels ran-ging from micro to macro. Despite the fact that technologies are constantly evolving in city space, relations with technology tend to become quickly normalized - mundane - transparent. Given this normalization as well as the sheer pervasiveness of technology in constituting city space it is important to examine the ways in which technology comes to shape the experiential contexts of everyday life. In urban space, technologies result is new sights to be seen, sounds to be heard, smells to be smelt, textures to be felt, as well as altogether new modes of experiencing the everyday. In exploring the dynamics surrounding the ongoing, multi-layered negotiation and articulation of the body-technology relationship necessarily characterizing the experience of being-in-the-city a phenomenological perspective is adopted. Heidegger's writing on technology, Merleau-Ponty's wri-ting on embodiment and perception, and Don Ihde's writing on the body and technology contribute to a theoretical framework for a phenomenological examination of the experiential implications of being-in-the-city, a technological ecology.
Life situation and identity among single older home-living people: A phenomenological–hermeneutic study  [cached]
Bj?rg Dale,Ulrika S?derhamn,Olle S?derhamn
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health & Well-Being , 2012, DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v7i0.18456
Abstract: Being able to continue living in their own home as long as possible is the general preference for many older people, and this is also in line with the public policy in the Nordic countries. The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of self-care and health for perception of life situation and identity among single-living older individuals in rural areas in southern Norway. Eleven older persons with a mean age of 78 years were interviewed and encouraged to narrate their self-care and health experiences. The interviews were audio taped, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a phenomenological–hermeneutic method inspired by the philosophy of Ricoeur. The findings are presented as a na ve reading, an inductive structural analysis characterized by two main themes; i.e., “being able to do” and “being able to be”, and a comprehensive interpretation. The life situation of the interviewed single-living older individuals in rural areas in southern Norway was interpreted as inevitable, appropriate and meaningful. Their identity was constituted by their freedom and self-chosen actions in their personal contexts. The overall impression was that independence and the ability to control and govern their own life in accordance with needs and preferences were ultimate goals for the study participants.
Phenomenological Study of Excited Baryons  [PDF]
A. Hosaka
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We study baryon excited states for quark confinement and chiral symmetry breaking. In the first part we discuss spatially deformed baryon excitations. As signals of deformation, we study masses and electromagnetic transitions. Such a study of spatial structure is expected to provide information on quark binding mechanism and hence quark confinement. In the second part, we consider the chiral symmetry for baryons and study positive and negative parity baryons. We show that there are two distinctive representations of chiral symmetry for baryons. We investigate their phenomenological consequences in terms of linear sigma models.
Exploitation and alienation of the body of the nurse: a phenomenological study
Albini, Leomar;Labronici, Liliana Maria;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002007000300009
Abstract: objective: to understand the experience of being woman, mother, and nurse. methods: this phenomenological study was conducted in a teaching hospital in curitiba, brazil from june 2005 to march 2006. the sample consisted of seven nurses. data were collected through semi-structured interviews. results: the main emerged theme was "exploitation and alienation of the body of the nurse until its exhaustation." conclusion: nurses have difficulties in assuming other roles in professional organizations and institutional administration due to workload and exhaustion in performing their personal and professional tasks.
Association between the Way of Being Scolded and Self-Esteem in University Students  [PDF]
Fumihiro Omasu, Yuka Ueno, Yurie Sakazaki, Yuu Nishimura
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2016.62007
Abstract: Self-esteem is an important factor in the rise of depression cases among children and adolescents. In order to build self-esteem, it is important for parents to respect their children, acknowledge their value, and always encourage them, as well as for teachers to acknowledge their character and ability, in addition to allowing them to experience success. At the same time, voices calling for parents and teachers to rediscover their willingness and responsibility to scold children when necessary have also been growing. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the association between self-esteem and the way of scolding. With 311 university students as the study subjects, self-esteem and the relevant factors thereof were evaluated. As a result, no association was observed between the way of being scolded and self-esteem. Moreover, the reasons for being scolded were also not associated with self-esteem. However, regarding the association between the degree of acceptance (convinced by the way of being scolded) and self-esteem, it was revealed that student groups with higher self-esteem had a higher degree of acceptance. This suggested that self-esteem is associated with whether or not the people being scolded are convinced, as opposed to the way of being scolded or the reason for being scolded. Therefore, it was suggested that building a good relationship with those you scold is more important than the way of scolding.
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