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Internet Access and Use by Female Academics in Selected Nigerian Universities
H.I.T. Akinyosoye,F.Z. Oguntuase
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study examined the issue of Internet access and use by female academics in selected Nigerian universities. Three universities were selected from ten universities located in the South West of Nigeria. Two of the universities were owned by the federal government while the third is established by a state government. Only government owned universities were included in the study. Random sampling technique was used to select the samples for the study. A questionnaire was administered to 150 respondents cutting across the three universities. The rate of return of the questionnaire shows that (105) 70% of the questionnaires were returned and found useful. From the study, it was found that junior academics from the grade of Graduate Assistants to Lecturer II make greater use of the Internet, as 65% of them claimed they use the internet. On the other hand, 35% of the senior academics make use of the Internet. It was also found that 83.8% of the total respondents use the Internet for e-mail, while 80.9% use it for research. In order to achieve capacity building in research and teaching in universities in Nigeria, there is the need for academics to be trained in all aspects of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) use. The universities must invest in ICT infrastructure and the Internet connectivity to enhance research in Nigerian universities.
The Restraining Factors for the Academic Development of Female Academics and the Countermeasures in China  [PDF]
Ping Huang, Guangrong Yu, Chuandong Ma
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.26055
Abstract: Female academics are an integral part in colleges and universities, playing a more and more important role in the development of higher education in China. Female academics are the part of main working force that cannot be neglected in higher education, especially in knowledge-based economy. This paper will commence to present the facts and situation of female academics’ achievement by some statistical data. Then, the significance of the female academics professional development will be discussed. The causes that restrain the female academics’ professional development will be analyzed in China. Some suggestions and countermeasures for their academic research development will be discussed.
Burnout, work engagement and sense of coherence in female academics in higher-education institutions in South Africa
Adéle Bezuidenhout,Frans V.N. Cilliers
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v36i1.872
Abstract: Orientation: Female academics in higher-education institutions face numerous challenges in the continuously changing landscape of South African higher education. Mergers, increasing job demands, ever-increasing class sizes and role conflict inherent in the female role contribute extensively to the manifestation of stress and burnout in this population group. Research purpose: This research was conducted from a salutogenic paradigm, seeking to find ways of avoiding the negative consequences of burnout and contributing towards the positive experience of work engagement for the female academic. The research also explored the effect of the individual academic’s sense of coherence (SOC) on her experience of burnout and work engagement. Research design, approach and method: The research was quantitative in nature. A psychometric instrument was sent to all the permanently employed female academics at Unisa and Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), measuring their levels of burnout, work engagement and SOC. The completed questionnaires were statistically analysed. Main findings: The findings included average levels of burnout, with definite signs that the experience of burnout is on the increase. The cynicism sub-dimension of burnout showed increased levels, work engagement scores were just above average and SOC scores were low. Practical/managerial implications: This article offers a psychological interpretation of the variables in the target group. The article contributes towards the body of research studies conducted from a positive psychological paradigm and, specifically, on the female gender. Contribution/value-add: The main recommendations are that university management needs to take cognisance of the alarming symptoms of burnout present in the population under discussion. Strategies are recommended to address these and to nurture work engagement. How to cite this article: Bezuidenhout, A., & Cilliers, F.V.N. (2010). Burnout, work engagement and sense of coherence in female academics in higher-education institutions in South Africa. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 36(1), Art. #872, 10 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v36i1.872.
Comparative Analysis of Female Extensionists and Researchers Attitude Towards Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Southeast Nigeria
O.M. Adesope,E.L. Adebayo,A.C. Agumagu
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This study compared attitude of female extension workers and female researchers towards Information and Communications Technology in South-East Nigeria. The sample for the study was 133 respondents made up of 106 female researchers and 27 female Extensionists. Data analysis was by frequencies, means and Z-test. Findings of the study showed that respondents were young with mean age of 38 years and 31 years respectively for female researchers and female extensionists, with mean working experience of 6 and 4 years. Most respondents had MSc as highest degree. Female researchers had ICT mean self-rating of 1.49, while female extensionists had ICT mean self rating of 2.29. Findings showed that both female researchers and female Extensionists have favourable attitude towards information and communication technology. Analysis of the result reveals that mean attitudinal score for female Researchers was 76.04 (SD = 7.18), while the mean score obtained for female Extensionists was 15.96 (SD = 1.89). However, Z-test showed no significant difference in the attitudes of female Researchers and female Extensionists towards information and communication technologies. This means that both female Researchers and female Extensionists appreciate the importance of ICT for agricultural development.
Quarter of a Century of Female Sterilization in Jos, Central Nigeria
JT Mutihir, DD Nyango
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2011,
Abstract: The study was to assess the types and trend of female sterilization between January 1985 and December 2009 (25 years) in Jos, Central Nigeria. There were 25,313 new acceptors of modern contraceptive methods out of which 4,951 (19.6%) were female sterilizations. Minilaparotomy was the commonest method of female sterilization. Local anaesthesia was the commonest anaesthetic utilized. The women were mostly women of relatively older age, grandmultiparous and with large family size. The women were of mean of 38.4 years, and 60% had more than 5 children at the time of sterilization. Interval sterilization constituted 78.5% of the female sterilizations. The acceptance of female sterilization, however, has declined over the years, as acceptance of the long acting contraceptive implants increases. Female sterilization by minilaparotomy under local anaesthesia was found to be feasible, cost effective and acceptable by majority of clients, and recommended for integration into minor gynaecological procedures in our institutions (Afr J Reprod Health 2011; 15[1]: 101-106).
A Model of ICT Acceptance and Use for Teachers in Higher Education Institutions  [PDF]
N.D. Oye,N. A. Iahad,Zairah Ab. Rabin
International Journal of Computer Science and Communication Networks , 2011,
Abstract: Understanding why people accept or reject new information or communication technology has been one of the most challenging issues in the study of ICT acceptance model. There are numerous conditions to be met before ICT innovations can be introduced, adopted and diffused through higher education institutions. The study considered the models TAM and UTAUT to understand the teacher’s behavioral intention on the acceptance and use of the technology. This study was conducted at the university of Jos Plateau state, Nigeria as a pilot study. One hundred questionnaires were administered and collected, containing 23 UTAUT survey questions and 9 demographic statements totaling 32 questions. The survey shows that, 57% were male and 43% were female. By using the pilot study questionnaire part of the demographic statements, we are able to answer the questions (a) Is ICT mandatory or Voluntary in your institution? (b) What are the greatest barriers to using ICT to you as an academician? Using SPSS version 15 we have the following results. Table1 shows that the majority of the full-time lecturers (89%) responded that ICT is mandatory. Question Q32 which talk about barriers to use of ICT, have the majority of the respondents (42%) which said that their problem is time; on the other hand (31%) said that the problem is training. Others respondents (4%) said that cost are their problem, another group (20%) said that they need compensation and the final group (3%) said that, it does not fit their programme. Performance expectancy had a mean response of 4.32 and standard deviation of .665. The constructs was significantly correlated with BI at the 0.05 level (2tailed). This implies that the university ICT make task more easily accomplished, thereby making them more productive. Hence result from the survey shows that 86.5% agree. Therefore this determines the level of expected adoption of ICT by the respondents. Among the four UTAUT constructs, performance expectancy exerted the strongest effect. Therefore Performance expectancy is the most influential factor for the acceptance and use of ICT by the respondents. Recommendations made were that, all employed teachers in Federal, State and Private universities should undertake mandatory training and retraining on ICT programmes
Yvisson Gomes
Psicanálise e Barroco em Revista , 2009,
Abstract: The present article treats the relations of the character of fiction Lucíola by José de Alencar, with the feminine thing and the erotic body. The analysis of the work open to questionpermeates by the slants of the psychoanalytic and literary reading of the text alencarino, contemplating the femininity in his erotic characteristics and of wish.
Online Women’s Magazines: Differences in Perceptions between Print and Online Magazines among Female Readers  [PDF]
Kavita Karan, Chang Sup Park, Wenjing Xie
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2016.41004
Abstract: Popular women’s magazines have gone online and are gaining increased readership because of their interactive content, videos, and discussion forums. This study examines women’s perceptions and behaviors toward online women’s magazines based on an online survey of 257 female magazine readers. We found that, compared with their print counterparts, online magazines were perceived to be easier to read, skip ads, order products, search for, save and share information and comment on articles. Moreover, most female readers are positive toward the technological merits of online women’s magazines. Younger, less-educated, and less affluent readers showed a more positive attitude toward online women’s magazines than older, more educated, and more affluent readers did. However, female readers’ involvement with and engagement in the interactive features of online magazines were found to be low. Implications and suggestions for future research were discussed.
The Ideal of Female Beauty in Two Different Cultures: Socio-Cultural Analysis of Belgian and Malaysian Print Advertisements  [PDF]
Anne De CORT
Novitas-ROYAL , 2009,
Abstract: This paper will examine to what extent cultural and social values are reflected by advertisements. Most advertisements stress the functional qualities of a product, but simultaneously they also convey implicit messages. Through these messages, advertisers can diffuse socio-cultural values such as the importance of beauty, femininity, virility, pleasure, youth, etc.A content analysis study of print advertisements for facial and body creams for women appearing in Belgian and Malaysian women’s magazines will be performed. The research focuses on how language and images can be manipulated in a strategic way to pass on implicit messages to the receiver and on how this indirect aspect of communication is used by advertising agencies to reach their target groups without openly admitting their intention, namely selling the product or increasing brand awareness.On one hand, the feminine stereotypes used in the advertisements will be studied. What kinds of women are represented and how are they brought into vision? On the other hand, reflected cultural values will be examined in order to analyze if these values transmit the character of two different societies. Do advertising agencies adapt their marketing strategies to the socio-cultural background of the consumers they wish to target? The purpose of my research is to reveal if advertisers diffuse totally different values in the Belgian and the Malaysian magazines or if there are some similarities.
One year outcomes of a mentoring scheme for female academics: a pilot study at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London
Rina Dutta, Sarah L Hawkes, Elizabeth Kuipers, David Guest, Nicola T Fear, Amy C Iversen
BMC Medical Education , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6920-11-13
Abstract: The study aims to: (i) to pilot a mentoring scheme for female academics; (ii) to compare various health-related and attitudinal measures in mentees at baseline, 6 months, and 1 year into the mentoring relationship and, (iii) to compare pre-mentoring expectations to outcomes at 6 months and 1 year follow-up for mentees and mentors.Female academic mentees were matched 1:1 or 2:1 with more senior academic mentors. Online surveys were conducted to compare health-related and attitudinal measures and expectations of mentoring at baseline with outcomes at 6 months and 1 year using paired t-tests and McNemar's test for matched cohort data.N = 46 mentoring pairs, 44 (96%) mentees completed the pre-mentoring survey, 37 (80%) at 6 months and 30 (65%) at 1 year. Job-related well-being (anxiety-contentment), self-esteem and self-efficacy all improved significantly and work-family conflict diminished at 1 year. Highest expectations were career progression (39; 89%), increased confidence (38; 87%), development of networking skills (33; 75%), better time-management (29; 66%) and better work-life balance (28; 64%). For mentees, expectations at baseline were higher than perceived achievements at 6 months or 1 year follow-up.For mentors (N = 39), 36 (92%) completed the pre-mentoring survey, 32 (82%) at 6 months and 28 (72%) at 1 year. Mentors' highest expectations were of satisfaction in seeing people progress (26; 69%), seeing junior staff develop and grow (19; 53%), helping solve problems (18; 50%), helping women advance their careers (18; 50%) and helping remove career obstacles (13; 36%). Overall, gains at 6 months and 1 year exceeded pre-mentoring expectations.This uncontrolled pilot study suggests that mentoring can improve aspects of job-related well-being, self-esteem and self-efficacy over 6 months, with further improvements seen after 1 year for female academics. Work-family conflict can also diminish. Despite these gains, mentees' prior expectations were shown to be unreali
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