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Nigerian Parties and Political Ideology  [PDF]
J. Shola Omotola
Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Are these heady days for Nigerian political parties? This is themain question, which this paper addresses with emphasis on politicalideology, being the first and most important vehicle of a political party. It is argued that despite all pretences to the contrary through their manifestoes, as much as the superficial classifications as the “left” and “right”, “progressive” and “conservative”, Nigerian parties seem to be bereft of clear ideological commitments. This conclusion is predicatedupon the relegation of politics of issues to the background across the various republics, and in its place the ascendancy of identity and money politics. Other factors include the rising magnitude of political vagrancy on the basis of selfish and parochial interests, the high level of party indiscipline, absence/weakness of party cohesion and internal democracy, and the high mortality and turnover of party leadership. Finally, the paper discusses the implications of this for Nigeria’s democratization and democratic consolidation, before concluding with some recommendations.
A Critical Discourse Review of Resistance Consciousness in The Language and Ideology of Social Change Project in Wole Soyinka’s Political Discourse
A. Lekan Oyeleye,Henry J. Hunjo
International Journal of English Linguistics , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ijel.v3n2p82
Abstract: This paper discusses resistance consciousness in the language and ideology of social change project in Wole Soyinka’s political discourse. The discussion is aimed at examining Wole Soyinka’s text production strategies in his non-fictional writings. These writings weave a web of resistance ideologies that are enacted to instantiate social change on the political sphere of postcolonial states. This means that Soyinka produces texts aimed at instigating resistance consciousness in text consumers. The paper identifies the text production process for engaging the mind of the text consumer as semioticisation. The objective of Wole Soyinka’s non-fictional writings, therefore, is to arouse consciousness for social change through deliberate acts of resistance against the anti-democratic dispositions, especially among Nigerian politicians. In this paper, the critical discourse review of the resistance consciousness draws upon the theory and methodology of critical discourse analysis (CDA) propounded by Teun van Dijk (2002) and Norman Fairclough (1992) These theoretical approaches were complemented by Jacob Mey’s (2001) critical pragmatic theory and Michael A. K. Halliday’s (1985) systemic functional theory. The blend of the theories and methodologies gives the study an interdisciplinary outlook that facilitates the understanding of Wole Soyinka’s deployment of linguistic devices such as metaphor, lexicalisation, passivisation and intertextuality to produce political discourse (text) that arouses resistance consciousness for enacting social change.
Meaning Conception and Perception in Political Campaign Adverts – A Multimodal Discourse Approach  [cached]
M. S. Abdullahi - Idiagbon
English Language and Literature Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ells.v3n1p84
Abstract: The complexity of human thoughts is manifested in his words, actions, and other meaning-signalling devices. The use of language or graphical material like motion or motionless pictures/images as well as natural or electronic sound is imbued with information, ideology and properties capable of effectively conveying implicit and explicit meaning to the target audience. A multimodal discourse, hence, becomes a viable means of demonstrating all these qualities. Language-use, especially in politics, turns an individual or a state’s instrument used to arouse sentiments, win sympathy and trigger the sense of submission and followership. Thus, an appreciable quantum of meaning of the speaker’s utterances can be strongly enhanced by a multimodal discourse which makes use of multiple semiotic resources like language, visual images, sound, space, etc. However, language or other media through which we communicate do not convey the ‘objective truth’ as it is made to believe; there is always subjectivity in the so-called objectivity. Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) warns against the assumption of objectivity notwithstanding the multimodal means of such discourse, and it further sensitises people on ways of politicking with language. CDA goes beyond the borders of text and other semiotic means employed in the process of encoding a campaign advert. to perceiving meaning as bi-directional and that the actual meaning is hidden but retrievable from many contending factors like social class, ideologies, ethnicity, religion and interests, etc. which are not even necessarily found in words, images, sound, music and other semiotic resources woven to construct such discourse. This paper investigates a political campaign television advert of Nigerian’s President Goodluck Jonathan in his desperate move to return as the President of Nigeria using, essentially, CDA approach to explore the multimodality of this discourse construction. The paper further explores the perception of this campaign advert not only on the basis of audience’s sophistication and individuality but also on what the speech seeks to achieve taking into account both linguistic and non-linguistic communicative facilities.
The illocutionary aims of the positive-evaluative speech acts (in English artistic discourse)
Bigunova N. A.
Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University , 2013,
Abstract: The article analyses functional-semantic characteristics of the speech acts of positive evaluation in English artistic discourse. The article represents the taxonomy of the speech acts of positive evaluation and it includes the analysis of their illocutionary aims.
Linguagem, discurso e ideologia / Language, discourse and ideology
Ana Carolina Sim?es Cardoso
Linguagens e Diálogos , 2010,
Abstract: A Linguística Aplicada (LA) contemporanea se aproxima cada vez mais de áreas que focalizam aspectos sociais, políticos e históricos, já que suas pesquisas s o centradas no contexto em que as pessoas vivem e agem, levando em considera o as mudan as relacionadas à vida sócio-cultural, política e histórica. De acordo com Moita Lopes (2006), a LA busca problematizar ou criar inteligibilidade sobre contextos em que a linguagem tenha um papel central. Por essa raz o, existem três conceitos fundamentais que devem ser levados em conta ao realizarmos pesquisas na área de LA: linguagem, discurso e ideologia. Este trabalho pretende, portanto, apresentar uma possível defini o para esses termos assim como indicar a rela o entre eles, com base em Bakhtin, Fiorim e Fairclough. Contemporary Applied Linguistics (AL) increasingly approaches areas focused on social, political and historical aspects, as its researches are centered on the context in which people live and act, taking into consideration the changes related to the socio-cultural, political and historical life. According to Moita Lopes (2006), AL attempts to raise questions or create intelligibility about contexts in which language has a central role. Therefore, there are three fundamental concepts that should be taken into account when we conduct researches in AL: language, discourse and ideology. This study thus aims at providing a possible definition for these terms as well as indicating the relationship between them, based on Bakhtin, Fiorim and Fairclough.
Religious Ideology and Discourse: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Marsiya-e-Hussain  [cached]
Snobra Rizwan,Tariq Saeed,Ramna Fayyaz
Journal of Arts and Humanities , 2013,
Abstract: This paper employs Fairclough’s framework of critical discourse analysis (Fairclough, 2001; 2003) as a research tool to demonstrate how mourning discourse of marsiya manages to win favourite responses from Pakistani audiences by foregrounding certain linguistic conventions. The data comprising popular marsiyas are based on responses obtained through a small-scale survey and are analyzed from the perspective of ideology and emotive appeal embedded in discourse. The analysis illustrates that discourse conventions of marsiya—in addition to traditional commemoration of martyrdom of Imam Hussian—serve to elaborate, explain and disseminate religious doctrines in Pakistani Shi‘ah masses.
Connection between News Narrative Discourse and Ideology--Based on Narrative Perspective Analysis of “News Probe”  [cached]
Fangzhou Cheng
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n12p75
Abstract: There are various methods to interpret the TV text and narrative analysis is a deconstruction method that studies the internal form of a narrative text. Narrative discourse analysis regards the construction role of text as the focus and it has a close connection with ideology, especially in news report. That is, ideology controls news narrative discourse, whereas news narrative discourse helps to construct the existing ideology. This paper is going to take as an example the CCTV “News Probe”, the representative of news investigation programs in China, deconstructs the text from the perspective of narrative perspective and further makes clear the connection between news narrative discourse and ideology.
Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus and issues of ideology in the constitution of the Nigerian novel
O Udumukwu
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2011,
Abstract: The interplay of the subject and concept of ideological interpellation in Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus is exemplary of how the Nigerian novel represents the changing experience of nationhood in Nigeria. Adichie’s novel adopts the element of voice as a veritable strategy for the constitution of this interplay of subjects and interpellation. Accordingly, the novel negotiates the tension between the two aspects of voice, that of who sees and that of who narrates. Through the homodiegetic character, Kambili, whose name means “That I too may live”, Adichie presents a dialectical situation between characters understood as subjects, with the eventual emergence of Kambili to self-knowledge and condition of social responsibility. The aim of this is to examine how Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus is typical of how the Nigerian novel engages itself in issues of ideology and how these issues, in turn, crystallize the challenges of nation-ness in Nigeria. We begin by recalling Walter Benjamin’s timely assertion that the novel gives evidence of the profound perplexity of living. The significance of Benjamin’s assertion for the Nigerian novel is the sense of anxious conjuncture that disavows the fixity and current of certainty in the oral tale. The implication of this for the Nigerian novel is its formal dynamism that enables it to illuminate the changing challenges of nationhood.
Political Discourse and Ideology Discorso politico e ideologia  [cached]
Pierangelo Schiera
Scienza & Politica : per una Storia delle Dottrine , 2013, DOI: 10.6092/issn.1825-9618/3836
Abstract: The Author asks himself if the peculiar mode of application of the nexus doctrine/discipline represented by ideol- ogy constitutes the only possibility for reproducing and maintaining consensus in a political community. The constitutionalism’s curve shows the contrary: in the beginning constitutionalism developed as a common field between different ideologies, still it survived their crisis, and has opened a new mode of social and political collective behaviour, defined by the author as political discourse . In order to overcome the risk of political neutralization produced by the growing importance of technique in the contemporary governance processes, political discourse – considered in its function of language mediator and translator –, might work as an instrument able to link the broken threads of obligation. In order not to reproduce a straight and unilateral political discourse, a radical revision of the concept of measure would be necessary. Measure should be taken as an instrument for the allocation/distribution of differences and, therefore, as a useful element for the creation of consensus in a mass society. L'autore si chiede se la peculiare modalità di applicazione del nesso dottrina/disciplina rappresentato dall'ideologia costituisca l'unica possibilità di produrre e mantenere il consenso in una comunità politica. La parabola del costituzionalismo mostrerebbe il contrario: sviluppatosi come terreno comune alle principali ideologie, sopravvive alla stessa crisi delle ideologie, per aprire una nuova via del comportamento sociale e politico collettivo che l'autore definisce discorso politico . Nella sua funzione di traduzione e mediazione di linguaggio, il discorso politico può funzionare come uno strumento in grado di ricollegare i fili spezzati dell'obbligazione, contro il rischio della neutralizzazione politica prodotto dalla sempre maggior importanza della tecnica nei processi di governance del mondo contemporaneo. Affinché non si riproduca un discorso politico unilaterale e rettilineo, sarebbe infine necessaria una revisione radicale del concetto di misura, da concepire come quotizzazione delle differenze e, dunque, elemento utile alla creazione del consenso in una società di massa.
Savage Representations in the Discourse of Modernity: Liberal Ideology and the Impossibility of Nativist Longing  [cached]
S. Lily Mendoza
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society , 2013,
Abstract: In “Educating Savages,” intercultural communication scholar Richard Morris notes with poignancy that even when Native Americans realize their “true” history, there is in such realization “a sense of curiosity, even a sense of loss, but not quite a sense of longing.” Using perspectives in critical intercultural communication, this study seeks to uncover the mechanisms of domination in the discourse of modernity that makes nativist longing all but impossible for the assimilated native. Although I find insightful Morris’ formulation of the process of modern education as a form of violent transculturation for native subjects, I argue that such phenomenon cannot be fully explained without taking into account the particular ouvre of liberal ideology that underpins much of modern thought and education. To analyze the surreptitious ways by which liberal epistemology subverts nativist desire, the study revisits the material and psychic mechanisms of the colonial process, unpacks the hidden discourse of liberalism as its justifying content, and argues for the disavowal of liberalism’s premises as indispensable to empowering decolonization. It concludes by outlining the contours of an emerging counter-discourse, ‘anarcho-primitivism,’ as a way of breaking open modernity’s foreclosures and allowing the imagining of alternative human futures.
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