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Characteristics of Cookies Supplemented with Oleaster (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) Flour. I Physicochemical, Sensorial and Textural Properties  [cached]
Yasemin Sahan,Ayse Neslihan Dundar,Emine Aydin,Asli Kilci
Journal of Agricultural Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/jas.v5n2p160
Abstract: Oleaster flours (OFs) were produced from two different genotypes (G1 and G2) by two different methods (oleaster mesocarp flour: OMF and oleaster mesocarp flour with pericarp: OMFP). In this study, OFs were used to replace wheat flour in the cookie formulation (control) at the levels of 5,10,15,20 and 25% (w/w). OFs supplementation increased total dietary fiber (TDF) contents and decreased caloric contents of cookies compared to the control. Spread ratio (SR) values of cookies with OFs increased. Cookies with OFs were found to be larger in diameter than control cookies. Increasing of OMF and OMFP levels in the cookies led to darker appearance of the cookies than the control. In general, hardness tends to increase as the level of OMFs and OMFPs increased in the cookies. According to sensory analysis, overall acceptance of cookies were found the best at control sample. However, panelists liked all cookies with OFs moderately or slightly. Especially, the usage of 5% for OMFs and OMFPs in cookie formulation gave satisfactory results in terms of acceptability. The present study demonstrated that considerable nutritive and functional improvement could be attained by the addition of OFs to cookie formulation.
Antinociceptive Effect of Elaeagnus angustifolia Fruits on Sciatic  [PDF]
Gholamreza Karimi,Hossein Hosseinzadeh,Mitra Rassoulzadeh,Bibi Marjan Razavi
Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Objective(s)The role of Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit as an analgesic agent in acute pain has been proved earlier. In this study, the effects of aqueous extracts of three parts of this fruit (pericarp, medulla and seed) on chronic pain were investigated in mice. Materials and MethodsA partial nerve injury was made using a tight ligature around the sciatic nerve, then doses (0.5, 1, 1.5 g/kg, i.p.) of pericarp, medulla and seed extracts were injected in nerve ligated mice. The effect of different doses of three parts of this fruit on chronic pain was examined 14 days after sciatic nerve ligation using the hot-plate test. Controls received saline (5 ml/kg, i.p.) and imipramine (40 mg/kg).ResultsIn the hot plate test, intraperitoneal injection of different doses of three parts of this fruit showed considerable analgesic effect on nerve ligated mice that was dose dependent with duration of action of 120 min. ConclusionAdministration of the aqueous extracts of pericarp, medulla and seed of E. angustifolia fruit indicated significant analgesic effect on chronic pain in nerve ligated animals.
Isolation and Inoculation of Endophytic Actinomycetes in Root Nodules of Elaeagnus Angustifolia  [cached]
Mingsheng Chen,Liping Zhang,Xiumin Zhang
Modern Applied Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/mas.v5n2p264
Abstract: 8 strains of endophytic actinomycetes were successfully isolated from root nodules of Elaeagnus angustifolia by the methord of nodule-slicing respectively on three mediums S, FTW and DPM. And these strains were analyzed by 16S rDNA phylogenetic studies, the result showed that 5 of these strains belonged to Micromonospora, and the other 3 strains was Nonomuraea, Pseudonocardia and Planotetraspor, repectively.Inoculation of these isolated strains to the host plant, although no root nodules were obtained, the growth degree of the plant was obviously increased compared with the control.
Evaluation of the effect of Elaeagnus angustifolia drug film on gag reflex
Ehsan Hekmatian,Gholamreza Asghari,Rahim Bahri Najafi,Seyed Hosein Moosavi
Journal of Isfahan Dental School , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Gag reflex is one of the most common problems during dental procedures, especially during radiography and impression taking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Elaeagnus angustifolia drug film on gag reflex. Materials and methods: One hundred patients referring to the Radiology Department of Isfahan School of Dentistry were selected for the purpose of this double-blind clinical trial and randomly divided into two groups. The gag reflex was provoked and then in 50 patients, medication A (placebo) and in 50 others medication B containing Elaeagnus angustifolia were placed for 3 minutes in zones which were trigger zones for the gag reflex. Then the patients’ gag reflex was evaluated again. Data was analyzed with Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney and chi-squared tests (α=0.05).Results: In group A (placebo), frequency of distribution of gag reflex in the soft palate, tonsils and tongue were not significantly different before and after drug use. However, in group B, frequency of distribution of gag reflex exhibited significant differences in the tonsils (p value < 0.001) and soft palate (p value < 0.003) after drug application. In addition, there were no significant differences in sex distribution between the two groups.Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that a thin film of a medication containing Elaeagnus angustifolia has a positive effect on gag reflex in the tonsil and soft palate areas, and it can be used during dental procedures such as radiography procedures. Key words: Gagging, Drug, Placebo, Radiography.
Establishment of the callus and cell suspension culture of Elaeagnus angustifolia for the production of condensed tannins
F Zeng, W Wang, Y Zhan, Y Xin
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2009,
Abstract: The objective of this work was the optimization of the conditions of callus and cell suspension culture of Elaeagnus angustifolia for the production of condensed tannins. The effects of different conditions on the callus growth and the production of condensed tannins were researched. The leaf tissue part of E. angustifolia was optimum explant of callus induction. The best callus growth and the highest condensed tannins production was obtained under the culture on MS basal medium containing 1.00 mg·L-1 2,4-D and 0.50 mg·L-1 BA. The optimum time of subculture was 20 - 25 d. The results showed the contents of condensed tannins decreased gradually at the beginning of the callus differentiation. Vigorous and friable callus was used for cell suspension culture. Study on the effect of medium and the hormone combination showed that plenty of incompact and rapid growing suspension cells were obtained from cultures grown in liquid medium supplemented with 0.1 mg·L-1 BA + 0.1 mg·L-1 TDZ. The study provided an efficient way for E. angustifolia cell suspension culture to produce secondary metabolite.
Effect on Gum Exudation of Elaeagnus angustifolia under Different Soil Water and Air Temperature

LI Ying-fang,Gafur Adil,Ali Omarjan,DONG Xin,SU Wei-ping,Aihaiti Yakypu,Abi Tursun,TAN Xiao-ju,
,吾彼尔·阿迪力,艾力·吾满江,董 昕,苏为平,艾海提·亚库甫,艾比·吐尔逊,谭小菊

中国沙漠 , 2006,
Abstract: In this paper,we compare the gum exudation of Elaeagnus angustifolia in different soil water environments.It's showed that the ratio of gum exudation in higher soil moisture environment is lower but its quantity of gum exudation is higher.As for arid environment the ratio of gum exudation in higher soil moisture environment is higher but its quantity of gum exudation is lower.The gum exudation of Elaeagnus angustifolia should be the consequence of physiologicl activity and reaction of infection.Meanwhile,it is discovered that the ratio and the quantity of gum exudation will increase sharply with the temperature increasing;the higher ratio of gum exudation is due to infection,while the higher quantity is due to intensive physiological activity.In Xinjiang,the production of gum of Elaeagnus angustifolia should be carried out in the hot south,besides,to reinforce the management of plantation and promote the growth of Elaeagnus angustifolia are helpful to enhance the quantity of gum exudation of Elaeagnus angustifolia.
Assessment of genetic diversity in the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) based on ISSR genetic markers
Asadiar, Leila Sadat;Rahmani, Fatemeh;Siami, Abbas;
Revista Ciência Agron?mica , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-66902013000200013
Abstract: elaeagnus is a eurasian tree with 77 species worldwide. in this study, issr markers were used to establish the level of genetic relationships and polymorphism across nine genotypes of elaeagnus angustifolia collected from 9 different regions of west azarbaijan province. the issr analysis with 11 anchored primers also generated 116 scorable loci, of which 92 were polymorphic (79.3%). the estimated jaccard similarity coefficient ranged from 0.44 to 0.76 for the issr markers. cluster analysis was carried out, based on the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic averages (upgma) and the dendrogram drawn with the help of the ntsyspc 2.02 software. the analysis revealed 5 main clusters for the issr data. according to our results, there is a relatively high genetic distance across e. angustifolia genotypes in the west azarbaijan province of iran. furthermore, it could be inferred that issr markers are suitable tools for the evaluation of genetic diversity and relationships within the elaeagnus genus.
Journal of Central European Agriculture , 2012, DOI: 10.5513/jcea01/13.3.1070
Abstract: A protocol for indirect shoot organogenesis of Solanum melongena ‘Larga Negra’ and ‘Black Beauty’ was established using hypocotyl and cotyledon derived calluses. The maximum morphogenic callus induction was observed from cultured cotyledons of 30-days old seedlings on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 2.0 mg/l α-naphthalene acetic acid and 0.5 mg/l 6-benzylaminopurine. The highest percentage of shoot regeneration and the highest mean number of shoots/callus were obtained on hormone-free MS medium. In terms of callus induction and subsequent plant regeneration, cotyledon explants were more responsive than hypocotyl explants. Regenerated shoots (2-3 cm) were rooted on MS hormone-free medium or medium containing 0.1 mg/l indole-3-butyric acid. About 90% of regenerated plantlets survived under field conditions after hardening in the glasshouse. Several somaclones exhibiting useful variation would to be proposed as initial plant material for eggplant breeding programs.
Genome scale transcriptome analysis of shoot organogenesis in Populus
Yanghuan Bao, Palitha Dharmawardhana, Todd C Mockler, Steven H Strauss
BMC Plant Biology , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-9-132
Abstract: We analyzed gene expression during poplar in vitro dedifferentiation and shoot regeneration using an Affymetrix array representing over 56,000 poplar transcripts. We focused on callus induction and shoot formation, thus we sampled RNAs from tissues: prior to callus induction, 3 days and 15 days after callus induction, and 3 days and 8 days after the start of shoot induction. We used a female hybrid white poplar clone (INRA 717-1 B4, Populus tremula × P. alba) that is used widely as a model transgenic genotype. Approximately 15% of the monitored genes were significantly up-or down-regulated when controlling the false discovery rate (FDR) at 0.01; over 3,000 genes had a 5-fold or greater change in expression. We found a large initial change in expression after the beginning of hormone treatment (at the earliest stage of callus induction), and then a much smaller number of additional differentially expressed genes at subsequent regeneration stages. A total of 588 transcription factors that were distributed in 45 gene families were differentially regulated. Genes that showed strong differential expression included components of auxin and cytokinin signaling, selected cell division genes, and genes related to plastid development and photosynthesis. When compared with data on in vitro callogenesis in Arabidopsis, 25% (1,260) of up-regulated and 22% (748) of down-regulated genes were in common with the genes regulated in poplar during callus induction.The major regulatory events during plant cell organogenesis occur at early stages of dedifferentiation. The regulatory circuits reflect the combinational effects of transcriptional control and hormone signaling, and associated changes in light environment imposed during dedifferentiation.In vitro regeneration is a common research tool and important method for plant propagation. It is also essential for most forms of genetic transformation, which require the regeneration of single transgenic cells into non-chimeric organisms [
Effect of Aqueous Extract of Elaeagnus angustifolia Fruit on Experimental Cutaneous Wound Healing in Rats
Mahboobeh Mehrabani Natanzi,Parvin Pasalar,Mohammad Kamalinejad,Ahmad Reza Dehpour
Acta Medica Iranica , 2012,
Abstract: The present study was conducted to investigate the histological changes and wound healing effect of aqueous extract of Elaeagnus angustifolia. After creating full-thickness skin wounds on the back of 45 male Sprague-Dawley rats they were randomly divided into three groups. Treated group received the extract, positive control group were treated with mupirocin ointment 2% and control group did not receive any treatment. Wound healing rates were calculated on days 3, 5, 8, 10, 12 and 15 post-wounding and the wound tissues were harvested at 5, 10, and 15 days for histological analysis and hydroxyproline content measurement. The results indicated a significant increase in the percentage of wound contraction and hydroxyproline content in the treated group comparing to the control and positive control groups. A significant increase in the assigned histological scores was observed at 10 and 15 days in the treated and positive control groups compared to the control group. The results demonstrate that aqueous extract of Elaeagnus angustifolia accelerates cutaneous wound healing, and its effect may be due to the increased re-epithelialization and collagen deposition in wound and so it can be considered as a therapeutic agent for wound healing.
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