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Sexually transmitted infections in India: Current status (except human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
Thappa Devinder,Kaimal Sowmya
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 2007,
Abstract: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are more dynamic than other infections prevailing in the community. It is important that such dynamic epidemiological changes in STIs are acknowledged and kept track of in a vast and populous developing country like India, particularly in this HIV era. It is with this aim that the authors have reviewed the relevant literature in STI epidemiology in India during the past 25 years. Admittedly, there has been heterogeneity of data to account for the subcontinental dimension of this country. But a basic pattern in the changing epidemiology is discernible. Like the developed countries, in India too the bacterial STIs like chancroid and gonorrhea are declining, while viral STIs like HPV and herpes genitalis are on an upswing. The overall decline in the prevalence of STIs has to be interpreted with caution, however. This may partially reflect the improved facilities of treatment in the peripheral centres that obviates the need of many patients in attending the STD clinics in the tertiary centres. Also, the improved pharmacotherapy of many of the bacterial STIs may result in partial clearance and non-reporting of many of these infections.
Recursos de información para la promoción de salud en infecciones de transmisión sexual y síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida Information resources for health promotion on sexually transmitted diseases and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome  [cached]
Javier Santovenia Díaz,Amarilis León Isern
ACIMED , 2006,
Abstract: La información es un recurso clave en la batalla contra las infecciones de transmisión sexual y el SIDA. Se abordan las características de un grupo de bases de datos útiles para acceder a información útil en estas áreas del conocimiento. Es esencial que, tanto especialistas en información como periodistas y otros comunicadores sociales colaboren para diseminar información sólida desde el punto de vista científico sobre la prevención y el estado actual del avance en la lucha contra el SIDA y otras infecciones de transmisión sexual. Information is a key resource in the battle against sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS. The characteristics of a group of useful databases are undertaken to agree to useful information in these areas of the knowledge. It is essential that the specialists in information as well as the journalists and other social communicators collaborate to disseminate solid information from a scientific point of view on the prevention and present state of the advance made in the fight against the AIDS and other STDs.
A review of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) of parasitic origin: The case of giardiasis
OL Ojonoma
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2008,
Abstract: Giardiasis is an acute form of gastroenteritis caused by the parasite Giardia lamblia. An increase in the incidence and frequency of the disease in the last few years in the developed world has brought to the fore a now recognized mode of transmission – sexual contact. This in turn has led to giardiasis being classified as a sexually transmitted disease by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States. This review identifies its occurrence mainly in homosexual populations of the developed world especially in the United States and the possible spread of the disease through the family setting and even heterosexual relationships.
Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: a systematic review of published literature
Florence N Samkange-Zeeb, Lena Spallek, Hajo Zeeb
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-727
Abstract: We conducted this systematic review to determine awareness and knowledge of school-going male and female adolescents in Europe of STDs and if possible, how they perceive their own risk of contracting an STD. Results of this review can help point out areas where STD risk communication for adolescents needs to be improved.Using various combinations of the terms "STD", "HIV", "HPV", "Chlamydia", "Syphilis", "Gonorrhoea", "herpes", "hepatitis B", "knowledge", "awareness", and "adolescents", we searched for literature published in the PubMed database from 01.01.1990 up to 31.12.2010. Studies were selected if they reported on the awareness and/or knowledge of one or more STD among school-attending adolescents in a European country and were published in English or German. Reference lists of selected publications were screened for further publications of interest. Information from included studies was systematically extracted and evaluated.A total of 15 studies were included in the review. All were cross-sectional surveys conducted among school-attending adolescents aged 13 to 20 years. Generally, awareness and knowledge varied among the adolescents depending on gender.Six STDs were focussed on in the studies included in the review, with awareness and knowledge being assessed in depth mainly for HIV/AIDS and HPV, and to some extent for chlamydia. For syphilis, gonorrhoea and herpes only awareness was assessed. Awareness was generally high for HIV/AIDS (above 90%) and low for HPV (range 5.4%-66%). Despite knowing that use of condoms helps protect against contracting an STD, some adolescents still regard condoms primarily as an interim method of contraception before using the pill.In general, the studies reported low levels of awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases, with the exception of HIV/AIDS. Although, as shown by some of the findings on condom use, knowledge does not always translate into behaviour change, adolescents' sex education is important for ST
Predictors of frequency of condom use and attitudes among sexually active female military personnel in Nigeria
E James Essien,Osaro Mgbere,Emmanuel Monjok,et al
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care , 2010,
Abstract: E James Essien1, Osaro Mgbere2, Emmanuel Monjok1, Ernest Ekong3, Susan Abughosh1, Marcia M Holstad41Institute of Community Health, University of Houston, Texas Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA; 2Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, TX, USA; 3Institute for Health Research and Development, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria; 4Nell Hodgson School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USABackground: Despite awareness of condom efficacy, in protecting against both human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted diseases (HIV/STDs) and unintended pregnancy; some females find it difficult to use or permit condom use consistently because of the power imbalances or other dynamics operating in their relationships with males. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that predict the frequency of condom use and attitudes among sexually active female military personnel in Nigeria.Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design in which a total of 346 responses were obtained from consenting female military personnel in two cantonments in Southwestern Nigeria between 2006 and 2008. The study instrument was designed to assess HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge (HAK), HIV risk behaviors (HRB), alcohol and drug use, condom attitudes and barriers (CAS) condom use self-efficacy (CUS) and social support to condom use (SSC). The sociodemographic characteristics of participants were also captured. Univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were used for modeling the predictors of condom use.Results: The results showed that 63% of the respondents reported using condoms always, 26% sometimes used condoms and 11% never used condoms during a sexual encounter in the past three months. Univariate analysis revealed that significant associations existed between CAB (P < 0.05), HRB (P < 0.01) and SSC (P < 0.01) with the frequency of condom use. The following sociodemographic variables: age, marital status, number of children, employment status and type of sexual relationship were also significantly (P ≤ 0.05) associated with consistent condom use in the study group. Multivariate analysis indicated that marital status, type of relationship and CAB were the only significant predictors (r2 = 0.37; P ≤ 0.05) of condom use behaviors after adjusting for all other factors in the model.Conclusions: Findings indicate that consistent condom use could be enhanced through gender-specific intervention programs that incorporate the predictor variables identified. These are likely to be successful in decreasing sexual risk behaviors i
Young adults knowledge regarding Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and condom use as a means of protection against STD  [cached]
Ifanti E.,Getsios I.,Voutseli D.,Zagotsi M.
Interscientific Health Care , 2011,
Abstract: Ιntroduction: Sexually Transmitted Diseases prevention is a substantial component of sexual health education Aim : It is to investigate young adults’ knowledge on sexual health issue and STD prevention. Material and method: Α questionnaire with closed –type questions was used. 85 young volunteers adults attending a private gym center in a provincial town were enrolled in the study. Results: The research showed that fifty-nine persons were women (69.4%) and 26 persons were men (30.6%). 55.2% reported they were in a permanent relation or were married. One out of five reported no condom use or use it in less than half times.39% did not know that B and C hepatitis belong to STD, while 93% knew that AIDS is an STD. Men more frequently had sexual intercourse without condom, experience sexual partners changing and “one night stands”. Age was found negatively related to condom use frequency. Conclusion: a considerable percentage of young adults do not use condom during sexual intercourse, while men exhibit less safe sexual behavior in comparison with women. A discrepancy is noted between level of knowledge about STD and sexual behavior of young adults. This fact poses a question about success of the existing STD prevention programs.
Predictors of frequency of condom use and attitudes among sexually active female military personnel in Nigeria
E James Essien, Osaro Mgbere, Emmanuel Monjok, et al
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S9415
Abstract: edictors of frequency of condom use and attitudes among sexually active female military personnel in Nigeria Original Research (6078) Total Article Views Authors: E James Essien, Osaro Mgbere, Emmanuel Monjok, et al Published Date April 2010 Volume 2010:2 Pages 77 - 88 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S9415 E James Essien1, Osaro Mgbere2, Emmanuel Monjok1, Ernest Ekong3, Susan Abughosh1, Marcia M Holstad4 1Institute of Community Health, University of Houston, Texas Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA; 2Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, TX, USA; 3Institute for Health Research and Development, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria; 4Nell Hodgson School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA Background: Despite awareness of condom efficacy, in protecting against both human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted diseases (HIV/STDs) and unintended pregnancy; some females find it difficult to use or permit condom use consistently because of the power imbalances or other dynamics operating in their relationships with males. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that predict the frequency of condom use and attitudes among sexually active female military personnel in Nigeria. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design in which a total of 346 responses were obtained from consenting female military personnel in two cantonments in Southwestern Nigeria between 2006 and 2008. The study instrument was designed to assess HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge (HAK), HIV risk behaviors (HRB), alcohol and drug use, condom attitudes and barriers (CAS) condom use self-efficacy (CUS) and social support to condom use (SSC). The sociodemographic characteristics of participants were also captured. Univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were used for modeling the predictors of condom use. Results: The results showed that 63% of the respondents reported using condoms always, 26% sometimes used condoms and 11% never used condoms during a sexual encounter in the past three months. Univariate analysis revealed that significant associations existed between CAB (P < 0.05), HRB (P < 0.01) and SSC (P < 0.01) with the frequency of condom use. The following sociodemographic variables: age, marital status, number of children, employment status and type of sexual relationship were also significantly (P ≤ 0.05) associated with consistent condom use in the study group. Multivariate analysis indicated that marital status, type of relationship and CAB were the only significant predictors (r2 = 0.37; P ≤ 0.05) of condom use behaviors after adjusting for all other factors in the model. Conclusions: Findings indicate that consistent condom use could be enhanced through gender-specific intervention programs that incorporate the predictor variables identified. These are likely to be successful in decreasing sexual risk behaviors in the subpopulation.
Sexually-transmitted viral diseases in women: clinical and epidemiological aspects and advances in laboratory diagnosis
Pinto, álvaro Piazzetta;Baggio, Hugo César Cardoso;Guedes, Guilherme Barroso;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702005000300007
Abstract: sexually transmitted diseases (stds) have long been known, but they have only recently been recognized as causes of significant long-term morbidity, mainly as a result of increased knowledge concerning viral stds. the relationship of these diseases with conditions such as anogenital cancer and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) has made viral stds an important issue in the healthcare of women and infants, and in reproductive health. the evolution of the aids pandemic is now characterized by growing differences between rich and poor nations. new diagnostic tools include rapid tests of blood, urine and saliva samples. new techniques, such as computerized cytology, have been developed for the diagnosis of human papillomavirus (hpv). women infected with hiv are at a greater risk of being co-infected with hpv, and they are also more prone to the progression and persistence of hpv lesions. the herpes simplex virus presents high rates of co-infection with hiv, and it plays a particularly important role in increasing transmission rates of this virus.
2011 - 2015年唐山市STDs的流行病学分析
Epidemiological analysis of sexually transmitted diseases in Tangshan City between 2011 and 2015
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运玲,张志坤,何金奎,高庆华,高雯,吕焱,李树双,张相芝
- , 2016,
Abstract: 目的 分析唐山市2011 - 2015年性传播疾病(Sexually Transmitted Diseases, STDs)的流行病学特征,为制定防治措施提供科学依据。方法 对唐山市2011 - 2015年STDs的流行情况进行趋势及描述性分析。结果 近5年来,唐山市STDs报告病例数为9 104例,年均发病率为23.74 /10万,其中梅毒、艾滋病、GH和CT的发病率成上升趋势,淋病和CA的发病率呈下降趋势;病种构成以梅毒比例最高(68.46%),其次为CA(11.94%),淋病局第3位 (10.13%)。5年内STDs男女性别比为1.18∶1,总体男性患者多于女性;以20~29岁年龄比例最大(34. 86%);农民、家务及待业和工人为主要发病人群,分别占总发病人数的36.42%、18.21%和8.18%;5年STDS总发病率位于前5位的县(市)区依次为:路北区(44.79/10万)、滦县(34.00/10万)、古冶区(32.86/10万)、路南区(31.26/10万)和开平区(28.75/10万);一年四季均有发病。结论 唐山市近5年STDs发病整体呈上升趋势,梅毒是STDs防治工作的重点。加强STDs防治知识的宣传和教育工作,努力控制STDs的传播和蔓延,提倡安全性行为,降低STDs的发病率是当前和今后唐山市STDs防治工作的重中之重。
1200名大学生性知识和性传播疾病调查分析
Investigation and Analysis of Sexual Knowledge and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDS) among 1200 College Students
 [PDF]

王埃胜
Advances in Clinical Medicine (ACM) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/ACM.2013.32003
Abstract:

目的:了解当代大学生对性知识,性传播疾病(STDS)认知程度和性观念改变状况。方法:通过《大学生健康教育》选修课,授课时进行问卷调查归纳建档。结果:1200名大学生对性知识了解程度较高分别是第二性征98.7%和性器官75.0%。对性传播疾病了解程度很高分别是AIDS全称和传播途经(93.0%)和如何预防性传播疾病(85.0%)。性观念改变状况,男女生之间存在差别。结论:《大学生健康教育》作为高校选修课程是大学生了解性知识,性传播疾病和性观念改变一种有效的手段,同时辅以宣传栏,广播和不定期的讲座来普及有关性知识,性健康。帮助大学生培养正确的性知识,性观念,防止性传播疾病在高校中的传播。

 Objective: To investigate the status of sexual knowledge, STDS and attitude towards sex change among 1200 college students. Methods: All data were collected by questionnaire survey during the elective “College Student Health Education”. Results: The remarkable cognitive rates of sexual knowledge were secondary sex characteristics (98.7%) and sexual anatomy (75.0%). Notably, the highest cognitive rates of STDs were 93.3% and 85.8% for the full name of AIDS, AIDS transmission approaches and STDS precaution. Change of attitude towards sex is discriminative between male and female. Conclusion: “College Student Health Education” as an elective is significant for college students to know the sexual knowledge and STDS, as well as to change their attitude towards sex. Other than this, methods such as educational propaganda, broadcasting and occasional lectures are also utilized to popularize knowledge about sex, sexual health and to instruct college students the correct sexual knowledge, attitude towards sex and STDs
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