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IMPACT OF WORK AND PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT ON HOSPITAL NURSES COMMITMENT
Husnain Safdar Butt,Faisal Khan,Amran Bin Md. Rasli,Muhammad Jawad Iqbal (Corresponding Author)
International Journal of Economics and Research , 2012,
Abstract: The study investigates the impact of work and physical environment on hospital nurses commitment. Using an adapted questionnaire as a research tool the author investigates the impact of work environment (supervisor support, communication openness and teamwork) and physical environment (quality of patient areas, safety and quality of work spaces) and observed that the variables have positive and strong correlation with hospital nurses commitment. This study can give insights to the executives and the facility designers to build and design the hospital facility in a way that it provides comfort, safety and quality in patient caring. Moreover hospital management can consider this study as an asset to manage and enhance their nursing staff commitment towards their job.
Physical Violence against Nurses in Hospital
Mohammad Ghasemi,Maryam Rezaee,Nematollah Jonaidi Jafari,Ali Fathi Ashtiani
International Journal of Occupational Hygiene , 2009,
Abstract: Health care workers are among the groups with high frequently of exposure to workplace violence and the real dimensions of this problem have not yet been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to review the exposure of nurses to physical violence. In this cross sectional descriptive study, a total 450 nurses completed a standard questionnaire. The survey elicited demographic information and various aspect of personal experience of violence. Data collection lasted for about six months (September 2006 to March 2007) in three academic hospitals of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Science in Iran. Ninety six nurses (21.3%) reported at least one exposure to physical violence during one year ago. Exposure was more among nurses with more than 10 years of work experience. Most of the invasions were done by patients' fellows. In internal wards violence exposure had been occurred more than other ones. Sections of employment and types of employment had statistical differences among exposure or non-exposure groups (P=0.03). Due to some doubt of nurses in expressing violence experiences and recalling bias, explanation of relative low prevalence of violence exposure should be done cautiously. It is necessary that some comprehensive and screening researches be implemented and preventive program as well as proper management plus reporting system be designed.
Síntomas musculoesqueléticos y estrés laboral en el personal de enfermería de un hospital militar Musculoskeletal symptoms and occupational stress among nurses in a military hospital
Maggyra Valecillo,Ana Luisa Quevedo,Adonias Lubo Palma,Alberto Dos Santos
Salud de los Trabajadores , 2009,
Abstract: Con la finalidad de correlacionar los síntomas músculo-esqueléticos y el estrés laboral en el personal de enfermería de un hospital militar, se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en 127 enfermeros(as) sin distingo de edad ni antigüedad y sin lesiones músculo-esqueléticas de origen congénito o traumático. Para evaluar los referidos síntomas se aplicó el Cuestionario Nórdico, previa validación y determinación de la confiabilidad, para la valoración de estrés se utilizó el "The Nursing Stress Scale". Los resultados evidenciaron en los últimos 12 meses un alto índice de síntomas musculoesqueléticos, prevaleciendo el dolor de cuello, espalda superior e inferior. La mayoría de los valores de los niveles de estrés, se ubicaron en el nivel bajo, sin embargo en el nivel crítico se registró un número importante de personas, siendo identificados con mayor frecuencia los estresores laborales sociales y en mayor proporción los referentes a problemas con el supervisor y a no tener ocasión para hablar abiertamente con otros compa eros de trabajo. En relación a los estresores psicológicos y físicos mostraron mayor relevancia la falta de apoyo, la sobrecarga de trabajo, muerte y sufrimiento del paciente. Al establecer la relación entre las variables consideradas se evidenció una correlación significativa entre los síntomas músculoesqueléticos con estrés laboral e índice de masa corporal. En conclusión, el estrés laboral se correlaciona positiva y significativamente con los síntomas musculoesqueleticos, lo que coincide con otros reportes y sugiere el dise o de estrategias individuales y organizacionales a los fines de disminuir y prevenir estos factores de riesgo ocupacionales. In order to examine associations between musculoskeletal symptoms and occupational stress among nursing personnel at a military hospital, a descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 127 nurses, without regard to age, years of service or history of congenital or acquired musculoskeletal abnormalities. After determining its validity and reliability, the Nordic Questionnaire was administered to the study population. Occupational stress was measured using the "Nursing Stress Scale". Results revealed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the preceding 12 months; neck pain, upper and lower back pain were most frequently reported. Occupational stress levels were mainly at the lower levels of the stress scale; however, a large number of persons were also at the critical level of this scale, and more frequently reported social labor stressors, problems with their supervisors, a
Burnout of nurses who work in a government hospital  [cached]
Nurten Kaya,Hatice Kaya,Saliye Erdo?an Ay?k,Esma Uygur
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: This research was conducted for the purpose of examining nurses’ burnout levels who work in a government hospital according to some variables.Material and Method: 320 nurses constituted universe of research, all nurses were selected by disproportional group sample method constituted sample of research. The data were collected by using “Personal Information Form”, and “Burnout Measure”. The data gathered were analyzed in the program of SPSS. Findings: It was occurred nurses scored average 3.46±0.68 from Burnout Measure. On the other hand nurses have experienced most physical exhaustion (3.78±0.85) and it is followed by mental exhaustion (3.66±0.54), emotional exhaustion (2.93±1.03) (potential points distribution of measure and elements between 1-7). Nurses were separated among burnout groups according to continuous points in Burnout Measure. In grouping process, nurses who have between 1-3 points were assigned to burnout group-1; 3-4 points to group-2; 4-5 points to group-3; 5-7 points to group-4. It was determined that the 51.9% of nurses had in group 2, 27.8% of them had in group 1, 19.4% of them had in group 3, and 0.9% of nurses had in group 3. It was found characteristics of nurses gender, age, professional and experiences in their unit overcame with statistical relevancies; the variables like marital status, professional education, unit of working didn’t have weight with burnout level.Conclusion: Nurses within the scope of this research are experiencing burnout. Therefore, actions to prevent and to develop strategies for dealing to burnout of nurses must be planned and implemented in both organizational and individual basis.
Presenteeism in hospital nurses
Umann, Juliane;Guido, Laura de Azevedo;Grazziano, Eliane da Silva;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000100021
Abstract: this quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional research aimed to determine the estimated productivity of health-related limitations at work in 129 nurses working in direct care delivery to critical and potentially critical patients. instruments were applied for socio-demographic and functional characterization and for the evaluation of presenteeism (work limitations questionnaire). statistical package for the social sciences software was used for data analysis. in this study, 75% of nurses obtained a lost productivity index of up to 4.84%. the physical demand domain represented the major limitation for these professionals (25%). presenteeism was directly correlated to health care, occurrence and number of absences, and indirectly related to work time at the unit. it was concluded that organizational or individual factors influence individuals' productivity, in view of the circumstances involving care delivery to critical and potentially critical patients.
Las enfermeras capitanas mambisas de Pinar del Río Military Nurses of Pinar del Rio  [cached]
Marco Antonio Montano Díaz,Pedro Alexis Díaz Rodríguez
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2009,
Abstract: Después de presentar una resumida descripción de un hospital de sangre mambí se hace una breve rese a biográfica de las pinare as que obtuvieron los grados de capitanas del Ejército Liberador por su desempe o como enfermeras en la manigua redentora durante la Guerra de Independencia. Se destacan las figuras de Adela Azcuy, Luz Noriega, Isabel Rubio, Regla Socarrás y Catalina Valdés. After presenting a short description of a "mambi"-blood hospital, a brief biographical review of the women having the rank of Captain in the Army and their performance as Military Nurses on the Independence War in Pinar del Rio, a research was conducted. The most outstanding women were: Adela Azcuy, Luz Noriega, Regla Socarras and Catalina Valdes.
Nurses Awareness of Patients Rights in a Teaching Hospital  [PDF]
Esmaeil Mohammad Nejad,Jamaloddin Begjani,Ghasem Abotalebi,Amir Salari
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Patients' rights observance is one of the effective measures of patients' satisfaction of health care services. We performed this study at the aim of evaluation of nurses' awareness of patients' rights in a teaching hospital in Tehran.This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010. In this study 156 nurses were randomly selected. Two-part questionnaire was used for data collection. The validity and reliability of questionnaire was determined and then it was distributed between subjects. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 15 using descriptive and inferential statistics. Our results showed that %58.33, %39.10 and % 2.56 of nurses have good, medium, and poor levels of awareness respectively. We observed a significant relationship between nurses awareness and work experience (P=0.008) and concurrent work in public and private hospitals (P=0.01). The most of the nurses (%95.51) were aware of "right to privacy protection and ensure confidentiality of information" and the least of them (%33.97) were aware of "right to receiving necessary information about the health care providers, the rate of tariff and insurance coverage".According to our survey it is concluded that implementation of Patients' Right Charter in this hospital is accompanied by some limitations which necessitates promotion of the nurses' awareness about patients' rights. Taken together in order to enhance nurses' awareness special measures and strategies should be considered.
Sleep Quality among Female Hospital Staff Nurses  [PDF]
Pei-Li Chien,Hui-Fang Su,Pi-Ching Hsieh,Ruo-Yan Siao,Pei-Ying Ling,Hei-Jen Jou
Sleep Disorders , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/283490
Abstract: Purpose. To investigate sleep quality of hospital staff nurses, both by subjective questionnaire and objective measures. Methods. Female staff nurses at a regional teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan were recruited. The Chinese version of the pittsburgh sleep quality index (C-PSQI) was used to assess subjective sleep quality, and an electrocardiogram-based cardiopulmonary coupling (CPC) technique was used to analyze objective sleep stability. Work stress was assessed using questionnaire on medical worker’s stress. Results. A total of 156 staff nurses completed the study. Among the staff nurses, 75.8% (117) had a PSQI score of ≥5 and 39.8% had an inadequate stable sleep ratio on subjective measures. Nurses with a high school or lower educational degree had a much higher risk of sleep disturbance when compared to nurses with a college or higher level degree. Conclusions. Both subjective and objective measures demonstrated that poor sleep quality is a common health problem among hospital staff nurses. More studies are warranted on this important issue to discover possible factors and therefore to develop a systemic strategy to cope with the problem. 1. Introduction Poor sleep quality among hospital stuff nurses is a critical issue for healthcare system. It not only leads to health problems of the nurses, but it is also associated with a lower work performance and a higher risk of medical errors which may jeopardize patient’s safety [1]. The incidence of sleep disturbance among general Asian population ranged from 26.4% to 39.4% [2, 3]. Most previous studies on sleep quality of nurses focused on the effect of shift work on subjective sleep perception using self-report questionnaire and revealed that up to 57% of shift-working nurses had sleep disturbance [4]. It is therefore warranted to find out possible factors associated with sleep disturbance of working nurses. The perception of sleep quality is complex and associated with various subjective factors such as fatigue, work stress, or other emotional factors in addition to objective sleep quality. However, limited study of objective sleep quality of hospital nurses provides little information for better understanding of sleep disturbance among this population. The current methods used to assess objective sleep physiology primarily rely on polysomnography (PSG) which is based on the analysis of signals of electroencephalography (EEG), electrooculography, electromyography, and electrocardiography (ECG). Although PSG is the gold standard for objective sleep quality assessment, the cost and technical
Concept of comfort in the perspective of clients and nurses in hospital units
Carlos Roberto Lyra da Silva, Vilma Carvalho
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2009,
Abstract: The object of the thesis deals with the concept of comfort in the perspective of clients and nurses in hospital units. The objectives were: 1) to conceptualize what comfort from predications of nurses and clients in units of hospitalization, 2) to sort predications/characteristics attributed (as) the comfort in order to contribute to the concept of comfort, from semantic thesaurus, 3) to identify benchmarks in predicates (as given by the subject-object) the verb form of denotative comfort. The study was conducted in a qualitative approach, the methodological strategy for obtaining the data was the application of questionnaires with closed and open questions. The scenario gives the units of the hospital's public hospitals and private in Rio de Janeiro - RJ.
Description of United States Military Nurses Deployed to Afghanistan & Iraq, 2001-2015  [PDF]
Cristóbal Berry-Cabán, Felecia Rivers, Thomas A. Beltran, Lawrence Anderson
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.81008
Abstract:
Since 2001, US military forces have been engaged in Afghanistan and in Iraq. During fifteen years of conflict in both operations US troops have incurred a total of 52,022 wounded and 6857 deaths. The aim of this analysis is to describe the characteristics of US military nurses that deployed to these combat theatres. Data for this retrospective analysis were provided by the US Department of Defense, Defense Manpower Data Center and describes characteristics military nurses that deployed to Afghanistan, Iraq, or both between September 1, 2001 and July 31, 2015. A total of 6326 nurses deployed during this period; 3296 nurses deployed to Afghanistan and 2683 nurses deployed to Iraq. Fifty-five percent of deployed nurses were male. The majority of deployed nurses were white (32.9%) followed by Hispanic (22.9%) and black nurses (14.5%). Most deployed nurses had a baccalaureate nursing degree (88.9%) and 9% deployed nurses had an advanced degree. Most deployed nurses were classified as general nurses (66.6%). Further research is needed to examine in detail the impacts of deployments upon nurses.
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