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ONTOLOGICAL ASSUMPTIONS FOR THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF THE MOTHER EARTH’S RIGHTS
OMAR FELIPE GIRALDO
Luna Azul , 2012,
Abstract: The “Buen Vivir” is a utopia that arises in Latin America inspired by the rationalities of indigenous peoples, peasants and afro-descendant people of the subcontinent which, against the current hegemonic discourses, is having a huge influence in global discussions about the civilization crisis. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the universal declaration of Mother Earth’s rights draft , considering the ontological foundations that support it. The aim is to understand the question asks about the sense of being through answers around the relationality to the whole, as well as to discuss the relevance of considering these ontological assumptions in a moment of history in which we are challenged by the continuity of human life on the planet.
The Mother Centriole Plays an Instructive Role in Defining Cell Geometry  [PDF]
Jessica L. Feldman,Stefan Geimer,Wallace F. Marshall
PLOS Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0050149
Abstract: Centriole positioning is a key step in establishment and propagation of cell geometry, but the mechanism of this positioning is unknown. The ability of pre-existing centrioles to induce formation of new centrioles at a defined angle relative to themselves suggests they may have the capacity to transmit spatial information to their daughters. Using three-dimensional computer-aided analysis of cell morphology in Chlamydomonas, we identify six genes required for centriole positioning relative to overall cell polarity, four of which have known sequences. We show that the distal portion of the centriole is critical for positioning, and that the centriole positions the nucleus rather than vice versa. We obtain evidence that the daughter centriole is unable to respond to normal positioning cues and relies on the mother for positional information. Our results represent a clear example of “cytotaxis” as defined by Sonneborn, and suggest that centrioles can play a key function in propagation of cellular geometry from one generation to the next. The genes documented here that are required for proper centriole positioning may represent a new class of ciliary disease genes, defects in which would be expected to cause disorganized ciliary position and impaired function.
The Mother Centriole Plays an Instructive Role in Defining Cell Geometry  [PDF]
Jessica L Feldman,Stefan Geimer,Wallace F Marshall
PLOS Biology , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0050149
Abstract: Centriole positioning is a key step in establishment and propagation of cell geometry, but the mechanism of this positioning is unknown. The ability of pre-existing centrioles to induce formation of new centrioles at a defined angle relative to themselves suggests they may have the capacity to transmit spatial information to their daughters. Using three-dimensional computer-aided analysis of cell morphology in Chlamydomonas, we identify six genes required for centriole positioning relative to overall cell polarity, four of which have known sequences. We show that the distal portion of the centriole is critical for positioning, and that the centriole positions the nucleus rather than vice versa. We obtain evidence that the daughter centriole is unable to respond to normal positioning cues and relies on the mother for positional information. Our results represent a clear example of “cytotaxis” as defined by Sonneborn, and suggest that centrioles can play a key function in propagation of cellular geometry from one generation to the next. The genes documented here that are required for proper centriole positioning may represent a new class of ciliary disease genes, defects in which would be expected to cause disorganized ciliary position and impaired function.
Business Demography - the Analysis of Firm Population in the Zachodniopomorskie Voivodship as Compared to the Polish and European Market
Iwona Markowicz, Ph.D.
Folia Oeconomica Stetinensia , 2007, DOI: 10.2478/v10031-007-0002-7
Abstract: Business demography is a new developing field of research. Problems in scientific research occur due to methodological inaccuracies. Differences in defining terms and indicators, and differences and changes in business registration standards make it difficult to analyse data in time or to conduct a comparative study of various countries. Many problems still remain to be solved; however, there is a need to study the population of firms and to analyse processes occurring in these populations. This article shows the data on birth rates and death rates of European business entities registered by the Eurostat. It also presents firm set-up indicators and firm liquidation indicators in the Zachodniopomorskie voivodship as compared to the Polish market.
The Process of the Construction of the National Identities on the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian Borderland
Andrzej Sadowski
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics , 2008, DOI: 10.3846/2029-0187.2008.1.46-54
Abstract: In this article I will at least try to outline the necessary methodological assumptions for the future researches on the national identities of the inhabitants of the Polish - Belarusian - Lithuanian borderland. Then, using the results of the studies of the identities on the Polish - Belarusian borderland, I will attempt to prove the thesis, that in present conditions, the national identity should not be treated as only subjective reflection of someone's national membership, described with the use of a given set of features on the different levels of objectification, but should be understood broader: declaration of the national identity also means taking of the certain position, defining of someone's place and duties within the dynamic and changeable national structure. We can distinguish four types of the collective actors, which shape the national identities on the studied borderland: (1) ethnic minorities (with which certain categories of the citizens identify), (2) national majorities backed by the power of the state in which the representatives of the minorities live, (3) the "foreigner fatherlands" (R. Brubaker) and (4) international organizations which create certain legal regulations and who monitor (control) their realization. In the studies of the national identity of the Polish-Belarusian-Lithuanian borderlands some theoretical approaches can be distinguished. There is a need to define, at least for the use in the studies, the concepts of national minority and ethnic minority, and to create a new theoretical category - "the cultural nation". The national (ethnic) minority can be distinguished in the specific minority situation, most frequently in the context of the other, dominant majority, as the community, which is less significant, subordinated and often discriminated. The notion of national-ethnic self-identification should be associated with the resourcefulness of the representatives of a given minority in certain environments.
The tourism attractiveness of Polish libraries
Magdalena Miedzińska , S awoj Tana
Tourism , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/V10106-009-0009-6
Abstract: The aim of the article is to draw the reader's attention to the tourism attractiveness of renowned Polish libraries. These have attained a tourism function due to tourism exploration and penetration, but remain in the shadow of other Polish cultural assets. The article outlines the historical geography of Polish libraries, an analysis of tourism assets and an attempt to classify and catalogue libraries in Poland.
Quasi-Polish Spaces  [PDF]
Matthew de Brecht
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We investigate some basic descriptive set theory for countably based completely quasi-metrizable topological spaces, which we refer to as quasi-Polish spaces. These spaces naturally generalize much of the classical descriptive set theory of Polish spaces to the non-Hausdorff setting. We show that a subspace of a quasi-Polish space is quasi-Polish if and only if it is level \Pi_2 in the Borel hierarchy. Quasi-Polish spaces can be characterized within the framework of Type-2 Theory of Effectivity as precisely the countably based spaces that have an admissible representation with a Polish domain. They can also be characterized domain theoretically as precisely the spaces that are homeomorphic to the subspace of all non-compact elements of an \omega-continuous domain. Every countably based locally compact sober space is quasi-Polish, hence every \omega-continuous domain is quasi-Polish. A metrizable space is quasi-Polish if and only if it is Polish. We show that the Borel hierarchy on an uncountable quasi-Polish space does not collapse, and that the Hausdorff-Kuratowski theorem generalizes to all quasi-Polish spaces.
Polish group actions and effectivity  [PDF]
Barbara Majcher-Iwanow
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We extend the result of Nadel describing the relationship between approximations of canonical Scott sentences and admissible sets to the general case of orbit equivalence relations induced on an arbitrary Polish space by a Polish group action.
On surjectively universal Polish groups  [PDF]
Longyun Ding
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: A Polish group is surjectively universal if it can be continuously homomorphically mapped onto every Polish group. Making use of a type of new metrics on free groups \cite{DG}, we prove the existence of surjectively universal Polish groups, answering in the positive a question of Kechris. In fact, we give several examples of surjectively universal Polish groups. We find a sufficient condition to guarantee that the new metrics on free groups can be computed directly. We also compare this condition with CLI groups.
Balanced Unemployment in Polish Economy
Kamila Szymańska
Contemporary Economics , 2009,
Abstract: The article deals with the problem of balanced unemployment in relation to the Polish economy. This issue with its variety considerations and economic, social and political implications is today one of the most important matter. Author analyses this problem together with its reasons and refer it to the Polish economy. In first and second part of the text there are presented basic assumptions of natural unemployment theory and Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment. Third part is an analysis of balanced unemployment in the Polish economy
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