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Problems And Prospect Of Women Empowerment In India
Prakash Lamani,P. M. Honakeri
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: undeserving for independence), reflects our whole attitude towards women in ourcountry. Woman suffers discrimination and injustice in all stages of her life. Decliningsex ratio portrays our discrimination shown towards her even at the stage of birth. Oftenthe lame excuse is women are the 'weaker sex'! But biological evidence proves, due to thepresence of two X hormones women are more resistant to diseases compared to men. Lifeexpectancy is a proof of this (In our country life expectancy of women is 65 whereas formen it's only 60 years).
Women, Men and Education in Azerbaijan
Kifayat Aghayeva
Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: There is a very popular saying in my country, “science is for a man, a woman’s place is athome.” Many talented women have struggled for a doctoral degree and most of them couldnot complete it because of one reason, a “violence rule of the main gatekeepers” ofacademia who are inclined to preserve the ideals to authorize their positions.As my research and teaching focus is gender, I always raise gender inequality problems inmy scientific works. I have some articles dealing with marginalization of women withinacademia or slow inclusion of women into the National Academia of the Republic ofAzerbaijan, but the situation remains unchanged. I show in my research how key positionsare considered male-dominated in our academia and universities. Cultural factors withinacademia are suggested as significant barriers, so if male and female applicants are underevaluation for PhD degrees, male applicants are preferred.Women encounter specific difficulties in trying getting PhD degrees or develop careers inacademia. The process of earning PhD demands very important sacrifices; forcing someoneto push forward, spend unlimited energy, make enduring efforts, and exclude private life(taking into consideration the patriarchal society in Azerbaijan, men could marry at any age without any problems, but even young women choose their partners for marriage from among those men who offer to marry them).My analysis in this field supports the assumption that academia is still male-dominated but this dominance is seen as natural (The Republic of Azerbaijan Constitution forbids gender inequality). This conception is open for construction and reconstruction in a continuingprocess.
Pharyngeal dimensions in healthy men and women
Daniel, Mauro Miguel;Lorenzi, Maria Cecília;Leite, Claudia da Costa;Lorenzi-Filho, Geraldo;
Clinics , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-59322007000100002
Abstract: introduction: epidemiological studies reveal a high male prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. a possible explanation for this male predominance is the existence of anatomical differences in the upper airway between men and women. methods: the upper airways of 10 male and 10 female healthy volunteers were prospectively evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. anatomical pharyngeal and column cross-sectional linear measurements were made in sagittal t1 and axial t1 and t2 weighted fast spin-echo images. results: men had significantly greater mean sagittal pharyngeal structural dimensions compared to women for all structures with the exception of the craniocaudal length of the soft palate and the thickness of the submentonian fat. in contrast, cross-sectional linear dimensions were similar in men and women with the exception of the laterolateral tongue length, which was greater in men. all mean linear measurements of the pharyngeal air column were similar in men and women at all studied levels. conclusions: men and women present pharyngeal air columns with similar dimensions, but in women this column is surrounded by smaller structures, which might imply a smaller effort to keep its patency. our data suggest the existence of an anatomical protective factor in women against the upper airway collapse.
Mohammad Bagher Gorji,Paria Rahimian
Australian Journal of Business and Management Research , 2011,
Abstract: The present study aims to investigate the barriers to individual entrepreneurship as well as comparing them in men and women population. This study was applied, correlation-survey method. Using field method, the data are collected from 113 men entrepreneurs and 65 women entrepreneurs. One questionnaire whose validity and reliability is verified by content and Cranach’s methods is also used to collect the research data. To analyze the data, T-test and ANOVA are used. The results indicated that there is a meaningful difference between individual and environmental barriers to entrepreneurship and order of effectiveness of barriers in men and women.
Asymmetries of Men and Women in Selecting Partner  [PDF]
Haluk O. Bingol,Omer Basar
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: This paper investigates human dynamics in a large online dating site with 3,000 new users daily who stay in the system for 3 months on the average. The daily activity is also quite large such as 500,000 massage transactions, 5,000 photo uploads, and 20,000 votes. The data investigated has 276, 210 male and 483, 963 female users. Based on the activity that they made, there are clear distinctions between men and women in their pattern of behavior. Men prefer lower, women prefer higher qualifications in their partner.
Fatma Gül C?RH?NL?O?LU,üzeyir OK
Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken , 2011,
Abstract: In this study whether the robust finding regarding the superiority of women on men in terms of religiosity reported in studies done in Christian tradition is valid for Muslim society or not was researched. The data obtained from 11 different studies conducted mostly with university samples were studied. Religiosity was tracked in three main variables: Absolute Religiosity (or faith/worldview), Religious Tension (or tension in faith/worldview), and Religious Openness (or openness in faith/worldview). In terms of Absolute Faith, whilst nearly half of the studies were found statistically non significant, the other half confirmed that women are more religious than man as it was reported in Christian tradition. In addition, women were found to be experiencing more tension and uncertainty on their religion (but not on faith/worldview) and are more tolerant and open to the faith or religion of those who do not belong to their own. However, men tend to be experiencing more transformation, tension and uncertainty concerning their faith/or wordview. The results indicate, with less certainty, that men are interested in cognitive and wholistic aspect of their religion or faith whilst women are more interested in emotional and relational dimensions of their faith.
Women sing, men listen  [cached]
Martine Chemana
Bulletin du Centre de Recherche Fran?ais de Jérusalem , 2007,
Abstract: By examining singing traditions, the language, and content of songs performed by women of the Jewish community of Kerala (a state located at the south-western tip of India), this article hopes to retrace the history of this community, and define its place in the historical, social, religious and cultural contexts of Kerala. This study aims at shedding light on the specific identity of the cultural history of this community and its intermingling with the local Indian culture. The linguistic, m...
Women and men in Belgrade (through statistics)  [PDF]
Vi?entijevi? Radmila
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn0621383v
Abstract: As in other East-European countries, in Serbia and Montenegro, the equality of sexes is built in a system as a part of ideology related to the progress in the position of women in a society. The field of education is specially emphasized. According to the census 1991 and 2002, in Serbia and Montenegro there lived 50, 39%, that is 51, 37% of women in the total number of population. In Belgrade that percentage was 51, 60%, that is 52, 55%. This data tells about a large participation of women in the population. In the field of working legislature, women are equal as men. But formal equality doesn’t give always a real equality. For active women population in Belgrade the characteristic is a really high economic activity. The percentage of maintained women in 2002 was 61, 80% in The Republic of Serbia, which is 58 55% in Belgrade. In a structure of maintained women, according to their contribution, the first place is occupied pupils and students (over 40%), then with one third housewives, 20% children and 1% persons unable to work. We can notice a reduction in the contribution of housewives in a number of maintained women population. According to the education level, the largest number of employed women is with secondary education 38, 05%. With high and higher education 34, 28%, women are employed which makes 72, 33% of the total number of employed women. This data tells as that there is an extremely high educational level of employed women in legal entities. Women participation in political life, in the work of political parties and diplomatic branches grows slowly. A number of women-board members at the latest elections 2004 in the city assembly of Belgrade was 31, 0%, in Ni 23,0% in Novi Sad 28,0% from the total number of board members. This percentage is still unsatisfactory but this shows a better involvement and participation of women in the political scene. According to marriages, the percentage of bridegrooms in Belgrade in 1997 was 62,4%, in 1981 it was 63,0%, in 1991 it was 60.3% and in 2002 it was 53,4%. The percentage of single women grew from 20,4% in 1971 to 24,36% in 2002. Higher educational structure, higher activity rate and women employment, caused their better economic status, but at the same time this reflected ‘negatively’ in family size, and through it in a total population in the Republic and the town.
“Sort of” in British Women’s and Men’s Speech  [cached]
Hanna Miettinen,Greg Watson
English Language Teaching , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v6n3p108
Abstract: This paper (Note 1) examines the form sort of in British men and women’s speech, and investigates whether there is a gender difference in the use of this form. We do so through corpus analysis of the British National Corpus (BNC). We contend there is no quantitative difference in the use of sort of in men and women’s speech. Contrary to general belief, we claim women do not use hedges more than men. However, there is a functional difference. Men and women use the item sort of for slightly different functions: in particular, women use these forms as politeness devices more often than men. The results of this study do not present any evidence to support the widespread claim that women use the forms sort of more than men do. There is no significant gender difference in the frequency of sort of. In the light of these results, women’s allegedly greater usage of these forms could be regarded as persistent folklore. Furthermore, sort of has been treated mainly as a sign of powerlessness and uncertainty. Yet, this study indicates that it is a useful interpersonal resource, which both men and women seem to appreciate. When examining the affective function in greater detail, some marked gender differences emerge. The main finding is that positive affect is more common in women’s speech, whereas negative affect is clearly more frequent in men’s speech. In much of the research on gender differentiated conversational strategies, women’s language is presented as co-operative and men’s language as competitive. The results of this study show that, with respect to sort of, such a distinction cannot be drawn. Even if negative affect is more common in men’s than in women’s speech, by far the most instances of interpersonal function occur in essentially co-operative behaviour not only in women’s but also in men’s speech. This notion does not fit the description of men’s speech style being competitive and prone to conflict. Hence, the results of this study suggest that men use the marker sort of more co-operatively than many researchers allow for.
Partnership with Men for Elimination of Violence against Women  [PDF]
Oznur Korukcu,Gulser Oztunal? Kayir,Kamile Kukulu
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2012,
Abstract: Historically, violence prevention work has been driven by and focused on women. Women still need to be center stage in terms of empowerment, equality and safety. There is a strong potential in work with men in local religious and cultural institutions. Teachers, health care personels, polices, soldiers, imams, priests, monks and local civic leaders wield broad influence, can serve as positive non-violent role models and can make the connections between local beliefs and more peaceful homes and communities. However, many more studies are needed for public awareness and stressing the importance of the role and duties of men to ending the violence. The men are not only the main responsible persons about violence against women, but also the important persons about protect to women rights and this issue should be stressed. The aim of this study is to highlight the importance of cooperation of the men to combat violence against women and to give some successful examples about men partnership.
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