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Sharing and Adaptation of Educational Documents in E-Learning
Chekry Abderrahman,Oriche Aziz,Khaldi Mohamed
International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) , 2012, DOI: 10.3991/ijet.v7i1.1835
Abstract: Few documents can be reused among the huge number of the educational documents on the web. The exponential increase of these documents makes it almost impossible to search for relevant documents. In addition to this, e-learning is designed for public users who have different levels of knowledge and varied skills so they should be given a content that sees to their needs. This work is about adapting the content of learning with learners preferences, and give the teachers the ability to reuse a given content.
Introducing Jamaican Creole into the Jamaican Educational Curriculum  [cached]
Marijke Frank
The English Languages : History, Diaspora, Culture , 2010,
Abstract: This paper argues that the low social status of Jamaican Creole is significantly influenced by its position in Jamaican education, and that the mandatory use of Jamaican Standard English in education shows a tendency to fossilize class divisions. The paper starts by providing a short overview of the impact of colonialism on language policy and education. It will then analyze in what ways Jamaican class relations and the languages of instruction are connected. Selected examples will demonstrate the benefits of using Jamaican Creole in education. It will further discuss possible consequences of introducing Jamaican Creole into the school curriculum for its socio-cultural and political position in Jamaica.
Integration of public transport in polish and EU documents and examples of solutions for integration of public transport in Poland and in the world
Katarzyna SOLECKA
Transport Problems : an International Scientific Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The article presents the problems and the importance of integration of public transport on the basis of Polish and EU documents relating to public transport, as well as gives examples of solutions that integrate urban public transport in Poland and worldwide. Public transport is a special kind of transport designed for fulfilling needs of city (communal) in range of urban and suburban transport of inhabitants. The main task of public transport is to enable the mobility of people with retaining the same conditions which are given by passengers. Issues concerning the public transport development (improvement in quality of public transport services in the all necessity and essence of its integration) are bringing up in many important Polish documents (e.g. State Transport Policy) and EU (e.g. White Paper, Green Paper). An example concern the solution of urban public transport integration in the country and world can be quoted of some solutions: implementation of the uniform tariff system, interchanges, share lanes for means of public transport, share bus and tram, share bus-tram routes implementation of the double system tram.
I.?. Булах,M.Р. Мруга
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: The article is devoted to quality assurance of educational assessment – international approaches and prospects for use of international recommendations at the current stage of development of educational assessment in Ukraine. The article contains overview of publicly available international documents aimed at good educational assessment practice. Стаття присвячена питанням забезпечення якост педагог чного оц нювання – м жнародним п дходам та перспективам застосування м жнародних рекомендац й на сучасному етап розвитку педагог чного оц нювання в Укра н . В статт наведений огляд публ чних м жнародних документ в, спрямованих на забезпечення належно практики в оц нюванн .
JURA : Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis , 2010,
Abstract: The great dynamics and wide range of contemporary Polish processes of urbanisation as well as problems of city development and operation require setting objectives, formulating rules and implementing urban policy. Its aim should be to support municipalities in their attempt to solve primary problems. What makes such a policy necessary is the fact that, while cities play a crucial role in global socio-economic development, they also experience financial, demographic, social, environmental, housing and other problems most severely. Therefore in many cases cities cannot be generators of development and cannot be responsible for the implementation of the Lisbon Strategy, as stipulated by the European Union. The aim of this paper is to present the principles of urban policy which could be implemented in Poland taking into account both, the existing situation and the position of the European Union on this matter. It is assumed that urban policy will be implemented at two levels: supra-local (the European Union, state and regional) and local. The first of these levels will apply to all European cities, Polish cities and those of a particular region, while the other, to a particular city and its spatial components. The policy principles will result from EU documents for which urban policy is a component of regional policy. Primarily, it is the Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities and the Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion: Turning territorial diversity into strength.
Evaluation of Modular EFL Educational Program (Audio-Visual Materials Translation & Translation of Deeds & Documents)  [cached]
Sahar Sadat Afshar Imani
English Language Teaching , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v6n4p8
Abstract: Modular EFL Educational Program has managed to offer specialized language education in two specific fields: Audio-visual Materials Translation and Translation of Deeds and Documents. However, no explicit empirical studies can be traced on both internal and external validity measures as well as the extent of compatibility of both courses with the standards and criteria of scientific educational program. In a bid to address these issues, this study was conducted to evaluate the program from five fundamental criteria including: Admission Requirements, Program Content, Program Resources, Program Instruction/Evaluation Methods, and Graduation/Employment Requirements. Methodologically, the study is based on the requirements of both qualitative and quantitative research paradigms. To this end, a sample of teachers enjoying at least five years of offering both courses attempted a 22-item Likert-scaled questionnaire accommodating subcategories of the five macro criteria followed by open-ended written protocol commenting spaces for qualitative data. The findings revealed controversies over the all the macro-criteria and compatibility of the program with these well-established standards; suggesting exercise of comprehensive revisits and modifications in all aspects of the program as a whole.
Sylwia S?UPIK
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2011,
Abstract: The paper presents a strategic goals of Polish energy policy and its comparison with the European energy regulation. Polish power industry must cope with challenges of power policy of the EU. Especially with stricter emission requirements, implementation of EU rules, stricter competition on the EU market and promoting balanced development, including electrical effectiveness, emission-free technologies, and renewable sources of energy. Energy policy directions, which were set by the government in the document “Polish energy policy until 2030”, are aimed at improving national security and maintaining sustainable growth. Those aspirations are supposed to be met through: reduction of electricity losses in transmission and distribution, higher energy savings by end consumers, introduction of mandatory energy characteristics certificates for buildings put into use or to rent, energy markings on devices and products, information campaigns promoting rational energy consumption or supporting research into and development of new technological solutions reducing energy consumption.
The evolution of the Polish environmental policy in the years 2000-2010
Barbara Kryk
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2011,
Abstract: EU documents and international conventions ratified by Poland in the scope of environmental protection are guidelines for formulating Polish environmental policy. Necessity to adjust entails continuous evolution of this policy, which results in, among other things, the evaluation of its effectiveness. Therefore, the main aim of the present article is to prove that Polish environmental policy is effective. This objective is going to be reached via analysing chosen indicators in the period 2000-2009, which allowed to evaluate the effectiveness of environmental policy. The last part of the paper presents objectives to be met by Polish environmental policy in the period 2009-2012 and action necessary to facilitate and follow it. The article refers to the literature on the subject and relevant documents, reports and legal regulations on environmental policy.
Conjugated Educational System: Notion, Structure, Educational Potential
Andrei A. Ostapenko,Dar'ya S. Tkach
European Journal of Contemporary Education , 2012,
Abstract: The article indicates the ways to decrease risk from teenagers and youth’s growing-up in today’s Russia by development of fundamental models of conjugated educational systems and their mass implementation in educational practice, introduces the notion of “conjugated educational system” for scientific use, describes types of conjugation and educational results of submitted models use.
On the Notion of Cognition  [PDF]
Carlos Gershenson
Computer Science , 2003,
Abstract: We discuss philosophical issues concerning the notion of cognition basing ourselves in experimental results in cognitive sciences, especially in computer simulations of cognitive systems. There have been debates on the "proper" approach for studying cognition, but we have realized that all approaches can be in theory equivalent. Different approaches model different properties of cognitive systems from different perspectives, so we can only learn from all of them. We also integrate ideas from several perspectives for enhancing the notion of cognition, such that it can contain other definitions of cognition as special cases. This allows us to propose a simple classification of different types of cognition.
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