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Pharmacognosy  [PDF]
Priyanka Kantivan Goswami
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Phytopharmacological Research , 2012,
Abstract: This is an excellent book with detailed and up to dateinformation of Pharmacognosy. This book provides a clear and concise explaination of pharmacognosy as well asbotany. The book gives emphasis on all possible class of drugs of natural origin along with anatomy of selected medicinal plants.
Judging Development Trend of Raw Pharmacognosy from Progress in Study on Medicinal Herb Dendrobii

Fan Jun' an,Xia Yongpeng,Qiu Zongying,

世界科学技术-中医药现代化 , 2004,
Abstract: The study in the raw pharmacognosy of Herba Dendrobii has gone through the development process of traditional organic level, tissue level, cellular level and molecular level. This process shows that social demand has produced the intrinsic power of the development of raw pharmacognosy and the application of new technologies and methods has strongly propelled the development of raw pharmacognosy. Raw pharmacognosy will undergo deep development microscopically and marcroscopically and make its contributions to the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine.
“Clinical pharmacognosy”- A new interesting era of pharmacy in the third millennium
Mahnaz Kazemi, Azadeh Eshraghi, Afsaneh Yegdaneh, Alireza Ghannadi
DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/2008-2231-20-18
Abstract: Pharmacognosy, which literally means studying medications of natural sources, has been a part of medical arts and sciences since mankind first began to treat illnesses [2]. To get a proper perspective about this science, which deals with plant, animal, mineral and other natural medications, it is extremely helpful to investigate the historical aspects of this science and to recognize the pioneers of this field. By an experience obtained from trial and error, early man had to acquire biologic knowledge useful in determining the effects of available foods and beverages derived from plants. Although the pharmacognosy term was used for the first time in 1811 by the Austrian physician, Schimdt, the founder of the first independent pharmacognosy institute in the world was Crovatian Domac in 1896 [2-4]. In the field of pharmacognosy the Persian outstanding scientists like Rhazes, Avicenna and Jorjani created major progresses and improvements that started modern pharmacognosy in the world. Fortunately traditional medicine and its remedies contribute to a major role in the current health care systems of several countries [4,5].The study of medications of plant origin includes the subjects of botany, chemistry and pharmacology. Botany includes toxonomy, genetics, and cultivation of plants. Chemical characterization includes the isolation, elucidation and quantification of constituents and natural products pharmacology. The science of pharmacognosy has been progressed to phytochemistry, plant biotechnology, medical ethnobotany, ethnopharmacology, phytotherapy, marine and zoo pharmacognosy. Although pharmacognosy has been improved and expanded in several aspects, it has no hard link with clinical trials yet [2,5].Clinical pharmacy requires optimum use of medications, therapeutic knowledge, counseling, clinical experience, therapeutic drug monitoring and disease good diagnosis. A clinical pharmacist collaborates with physicians in multidisciplinary meetings and rounds and would
Saha Rajsekhar,Bhupendar Kuldeep
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: The importance of natural flora is well known by the scientific community. The medicinal plant gifted by nature have by explored by the humans to find out there respective values in the medical field. Times to time there have been report regarding the medicinal plants having huge possibilities for use. In the above article a similar kind of plant have been described, which have been reported of having many medicinal uses. The plant Nigella sativa have been reported to have significant activity agnist many diseased condition such as pancreatic cancer, asthma, bronchitis, and coughing, antitumor (tumors of the abdomen, eyes, and liver), opioid dependence. The potency of the above plant can be stated with a simple statement that six patent of the use of above plant have been granted for different countries. Various part of the plant has been used in traditional medicine, such as seeds, fruits. The above article is a sincere effort to describe the pharmacology and pharmacognosy of the above important plant.
Pharmacognosy in Iran
Faraz Mojab
Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , 2006,
Pharmacognosy and technology  [cached]
Narayana D.B.A
Pharmacognosy Magazine , 2010,
Caracterización farmacognóstica de Melissa officinalis L. (toronjil) Pharmacognosy characterization of Melissa officinalis L.(toronjil)
Ester Sánchez Govín,Marielys León Fernández,Diosothys Chávez Figueredo,Isabel Hechevarría Sosa
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2010,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: Melissa officinalis L., conocida como toronjil en Cuba y en países de habla inglesa como lemon balm, es muy utilizada por sus propiedades carminativa, sedante, antibacteriana y antiviral. OBJETIVO: realizar el estudio farmacognóstico de esta planta de uso tradicional. MéTODOS: se evaluaron muestras procedentes de cultivo al sol y de sombra parcial, diferentes momentos para efectuar la cosecha y se aplicaron 3 tipos de secado. Se determinaron los índices numéricos según los valores obtenidos bajo la influencia de los factores evaluados. RESULTADOS: el cultivo al sol, la cosecha en el mes de abril y cualquiera de los métodos de secado estudiados evidenciaron los valores más altos para obtener la droga con óptima calidad. Además se efectuó la caracterización del aceite esencial por cromatografía gaseosa acoplada a espectrofotometría de masas y se realizó el seguimiento de este metabolito por cromatografía en capa delgada. CONCLUSIONES: los resultados obtenidos permitieron recopilar la información necesaria para establecer los valores para las especificaciones de calidad de la droga vegetal. INTRODUCTION: Melissa officinalis L. known as toronjil in Cuba and in English speaking as lemon balm is very used due to its carminative, sedative, antibacterial and antiviral properties. OBJECTIVE: to conduct a pharmacognosy study of this plant of traditional use. METHODS: samples from sunlight and shadow partial farming were assessed, the different moments to harvest applying three types of drying. Numerical indexes ere determined according to the values obtained under the influence of assessed factors. RESULTS: the under sunlight, the harvest during April month and any of the study drying methods demonstrated the higher values to obtain an optimal quality drug. Also, a characterization of essential oil by gas chromatography attached to spectrophotometry was carried out as well as the follow-up of this metabolite by thin layer chromatography. CONCLUSIONS: the results obtained allowed us to collect the information necessary to establish the values for specifications of the vegetal drug quality.
Major changes in Pharmacognosy Magazine
Mueen Ahmed K
Pharmacognosy Magazine , 2010,
Fundamentals of pharmacognosy and phytotherapy
Vicente de Oliveira Ferro
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/s1516-93322004000300027
Subrahmanya Padyana,Ashalatha.M,Radhakrishna Rao
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: Ixora brachiata Roxb. belongs to the family Rubiaceae which is a successful ethnomedicinal plant in skin disease, particularly in Eczema, commonly used by the folklore practitioners of the Kalanjimale range in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka state. Hence to explore its identity, the pharmacognostical study of the Bark of the plant I. brachiata is undertaken. T.S of the bark shows cork cells with brownish or orange brown contents. Phellogen is followed by 2-6 rows of stone cells Phloem is with a tangential band of 2-11 fibre cells. Axial parenchyma is present in strands of 5-10 cells sometimes tangentially dilated, divided and transformed into sclereids. Rays are uniseriate or multiseriate. Starch grains and prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate are present in cortical cells.
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