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Causes and consequences of the Spanish economic crisis: Why the recovery is taken so long?
Carballo-Cruz Francisco
Panoeconomicus , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/pan1103309c
Abstract: Spain is currently facing its worst crisis in the last fifty years. The crisis began as an extension of the international financial crisis, but the internal imbalances accumulated in the pre-crisis period aggravated the situation. At present their incomplete adjustment is making difficult the economic recovery. This paper describes the evolution of the economic crisis in Spain. The real estate sector and the banking sector are analyzed in detail, as they played a key role in the detonation and the deepening of the crisis. The results of the main reforms carried out so far are also carefully examined. It also discusses the main factors that have delayed the economic recovery up to now (unemployment and indebtedness), and present some alternatives to define an exit strategy.
Envy, Personality’s Riskiness and Methods for Achieving of High Economic Status  [PDF]
Rail M. Shamionov
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25022
Abstract: The major research objective is to study of ratio of envy with acceptability of methods (tools) for achieving high economic status and riskiness of personal. This research was carried out with 164 respondents (39% of them were men). The results show higher allow ability of using illegal methods for achieving economic prosperity, i.e. tax evasion, delinquency in paying child support or transportation fares. The behavioral realm is dominated by risk, but attitudes of personality more often exclude risky activity in the material sphere. Correlation studies confirm the hypothesis about the selective risky activity of an envious personality.
WELLBORE INSTABILITY: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES
Borivoje Pa?i?,Nediljka Gaurina-Me?imurec,Davorin Matanovi?
Rudarsko-Geolo?ko-Naftni Zbornik , 2007,
Abstract: Wellbore instability is one of the main problems that engineers meet during drilling. The causes of wellbore instability are often classified into either mechanical (for example, failure of the rock around the hole because of high stresses, low rock strength, or inappropriate drilling practice) or chemical effects which arise from damaging interaction between the rock, generally shale, and the drilling fluid. Often, field instances of instability are a result of a combination of both chemical and mechanical. This problem might cause serious complication in well and in some case can lead to expensive operational problems. The increasing demand for wellbore stability analyses during the planning stage of a field arise from economic considerations and the increasing use of deviated, extended reach and horizontal wells. This paper presents causes, indicators and diagnosing of wellbore instability as well as the wellbore stresses model.
CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF MASSIVE CAPITAL FLOWS  [PDF]
Coroiu Sorina Ioana,Sabau Popa Claudia Diana
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: At this stage of global economic crisis that traverse, it was observed that massive capital flows have major impacts on economies. Therfore, it is important to analyze the factors behind the attraction of these massive capital flows, and the main consequences that followed.
Water Privitization : Causes And Consequences  [PDF]
K. Naresh Kumar
Golden Research Thoughts , 2012, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Since water has been emerging central point in all spheres of development and social sector, similar response has also emerged from academic as well as developmental politics. Further, scarcity of fresh and clean water leads to emergence of new water business which targeted to reach nearly 2 billion consumers who are estimated as short of fresh water consumption. International markets were already proposed and pushed by world body like WTO to privatize water. Water privatization is a short hand for private sector participation in the provision of water services and sanitation, although more rarely it refers to privatization of water resources themselves. This paper examines causes, problems and role of civil society, especially, social workers and NGOs dealing with providing safe drinking water to common people in India.
Economic Consequences of Pension Accounting
Maria Iuliana Sandu
International Business Research , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v5n8p172
Abstract: The balancing act between neutral accounting policies and accounting policies that take economic consequences into consideration has been on the agenda of accounting regulators and researchers since the 70s. The transition to fair value accounting in conjunction with the recent economic crisis have led to a revival of interest in this balancing act especially in the field of pension accounting. Due to the negative economic consequences anticipated by companies sponsoring defined benefit pension funds (e.g., decrease in owners’ equity), pension accounting has moved from an accounting that takes into consideration economic consequences to a more neutral accounting only gradually and not in a once-and-for-all event. This paper documents identified and anticipated economic consequences of recent pension accounting changes like shifts between different types of pension plans (from defined benefit to defined contribution), changes in the governance structure between the sponsoring organization and the pension fund (less accountability by pension fund), more incentives for earnings management, and changes in investments strategies by sponsoring organizations (from equity to bonds). Recent proposals for regulatory changes (i.e., IAS 19 revised) head towards an excessive conservatism and hence diminished neutrality. During and in the aftermath of the recent economic crisis – when interest rates are low – conservative pension accounting can have negative economic consequences if pension funds look as if they are underfunded and sponsoring companies present higher retirement related expenses. Shifts in the accounting policies that depart from neutrality and have negative economic consequences should be taken into consideration by regulators when issuing accounting standards.
Causes and consequences of obstetric fistula in Ethiopia: A literature review  [cached]
Daniel Nigusse Tollosa, Mengistu Asnake Kibret
International Journal of Medical Research and Health Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.5958/j.2319-5886.2.2.020
Abstract: ABSTRACTObstetric fistula (OF) is one of the major potential complications of childbirth mostly young women in developing countries including Ethiopia. Though few scientific studies have been conducted related to its causes and consequences, it is challenging to find a comprehensive figure about obstetric fistula in Ethiopia. Therefore, this paper sought that to review the causes and consequences of obstetric fistula in Ethiopia. A number of relevant obstetrics and gynaecology websites and journals were reviewed. Google, Pubmed, and Hinari searching engines were used to find out relevant references. Year of publication, location, language and its type of publication were the inclusion criteria used for reviewing literatures. It is observed that obstetric fistula has been a major burdened mainly for women in the rural Ethiopian and its causes and consequences are very deep and diverse. The great majority of obstetric fistula causes in Ethiopia is due to Obstetric labour. Distance to the health care facility, transportation access, economic factors (poverty), poor knowledge related to the problem, poor health seeking behaviour of the affected women and age at first marriage are the other triggering factors. Stigma and discrimination of obstetric fistula patients by their husbands and families, economic dependency and psychological disorder are often mentioned as consequences for OF patients in Ethiopia.
The causes, consequences, and treatment of left or right heart failure  [cached]
Pazos-Lopez P,Peteiro-Vazquez J,Garcia-Campos A,Garcia-Bueno L
Vascular Health and Risk Management , 2011,
Abstract: Pablo Pazos-López, Jesús Peteiro-Vázquez, Ana Carcía-Campos, Lourdes García-Bueno, Juan Pablo Abugattas de Torres, Alfonso Castro-BeirasDepartment of Cardiology, Complejo hospitalario Universitario A Coru a, A Coru a, SpainAbstract: Chronic heart failure (HF) is a cardiovascular disease of cardinal importance because of several factors: a) an increasing occurrence due to the aging of the population, primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events, and modern advances in therapy, b) a bad prognosis: around 65% of patients are dead within 5 years of diagnosis, c) a high economic cost: HF accounts for 1% to 2% of total health care expenditure. This review focuses on the main causes, consequences in terms of morbidity, mortality and costs and treatment of HF.Keywords: heart failure, cause, consequence, treatment
Causes and Consequences of In-Migration at Rajshahi City Corporation, Bangladesh
Masudar Rahman,Rafiqul Islam,Mizanur Rahman
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study is to identify the effects of socio-economic and demographic characteristic on causes and consequences of migration. The data of this study was collected by purposive sampling and interview method in Rajshahi City Corporation. The Logistic Regression Analysis has been used to recognize the influence and determinant of migration. It is indicated that education level, monthly income, type of family and land property significantly effect on causes of migration among the selected variables. The risk of migration is higher times for migrants with educational level primary, secondary and above as compared to migrants with illiterate.
WOMEN AND DRUG ABUSE IN INDIA: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES
BIJAYALAXMI PANDA
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: The social consequences, disadvantage and sub-ordination of women on the one hand, and the rapid socio-cultural and economic changes on the other have significantly altered traditional structures and institutions within society. Such changes are invariably associated with social upheaval, and drug abuse is a known outcome of such change. Clearly, drug abuse impacts women dually- male drug abuse creates enormous burden for the affected women, and drug abuser has even graver problems for women. From another perspective, urban settings appear to be associated with patterns of drug abuse in women mirroring that of men, with probably higher risk behaviours associated with unsafe injecting and sexual practices which causes transmission of Hepatitis and HIV. Use of drugs causes domestic violence, which magnifies the physical and emotional distress of the family. Women who misuse of drugs commonly reported serious diseases like as ARI, gastrointestinal, genitourinary liver problems and sexually transmitted infections. Women also suffered psychological problems included insomnia, depression and anxiety etc. The Approaches of treatment and prevention therefore need to consider the problem of drug abuse impact on women from all these angles, as well as from the context of empowerment, support and attention to the special needs of women.”
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