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Undergraduate education in radiology. A white paper by the European Society of Radiology
Insights into Imaging , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s13244-011-0104-5
Research in cardiac radiology: a European Society of Radiology white paper
Insights into Imaging , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s13244-010-0020-0
Abstract: The past, present and future status of the practice of cardiac imaging is discussed, especially as it relates to cardiac imaging research. Recommendations for the future development are given; these emphasize the importance of multidisciplinary collaboration.
Medical imaging in personalised medicine: a white paper of the research committee of the European Society of Radiology (ESR)
Insights into Imaging , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s13244-011-0125-0
Abstract: The future of medicine lies in early diagnosis and individually tailored treatments, a concept that has been designated ‘personalised medicine’ (PM), i.e. delivering the right treatment to the right patient at the right time. However, the value of medical imaging in PM is frequently underestimated, as many policy makers forget the all-important right location in the PM paradigm. Medical imaging has always been personalised as it provides individual assessment of the location and extent of an abnormality, and in the future it will prove fundamental to almost all aspects of PM. Stratification based on imaging biomarkers can help identify individuals suited for preventive intervention and can improve disease staging. In vivo visualisation of locoregional physiological, biochemical and biological processes using molecular imaging can detect diseases in pre-symptomatic phases or facilitate individualised drug delivery. Furthermore, imaging is essential to patient-tailored therapy planning, therapy monitoring and follow-up of disease progression, as well as targeting non-invasive or minimally invasive treatments, especially with the rise of theranostics. For PM to reach its full potential, medical imaging must be an integral part. Radiologists need to be prepared for this new paradigm as it will mean changes in training, in research and in clinical practice.
The American College of Radiology white paper on radiation dose in medicine:deep impact on the practice of cardiovascular imaging
Eugenio Picano, Eliseo Vano, Richard Semelka, Dieter Regulla
Cardiovascular Ultrasound , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1476-7120-5-37
Abstract: The medical use of radiation is the largest man-made source of radiation exposure. About 5 billion imaging examinations are performed worldwide each year, and 2 out of 3 employ ionizing radiations with radiology or nuclear medicine [1]. In the developed countries, exposure from medical ionizing test results in a mean effective dose per year per head in the range of 100 (Germany, radiological year 1997) [2] to 160 chest x-rays (USA, radiological year 2006) [3] – an amount higher than that originating from one year of natural background radiation: Fig. 1. With now obsolete radiological dose estimates, referred to 1991–1996 and excluding nuclear medicine exposures, Berrington and Darby estimated in 2004 that 0.6 (for UK) to 3.2% (for Japan) of cancers could be caused by diagnostic x-rays. The attributable cancer risk from diagnostic x-rays was 0.9% for USA and 1.5% for Germany [4]. In 1991–96, the mean exposure for the US citizen was 0.5 mSv per head per year from x-rays. In 2006, the estimated exposure (from radiology and nuclear medicine) reaches an unprecedented 3.2 mSv per head per year (more than 6-fold higher) than the estimate used by Berrington. The attributable cancer risk will rise accordingly – at least around 5% risk of cancers from diagnostic radiation [5]. The inappropriateness of imaging techniques with high doses and high long-term risks is economically and socially unsustainable, but it also opens a unique opportunity to abate healthcare costs, reduce long-term risks, and improve health care standard simply targeting inappropriate examinations.Cardiologists prescribe and/or directly perform >50% of all imaging examinations, accounting for about two thirds of the total effective dose to patients [3,6]. Mettler et al recently reported data referred to the radiological year 2006 in USA. There were almost 20 million studies of nuclear medicine. Cardiac studies account for 57% of all nuclear medicine studies and 85% of the dose [3]. Bedetti et al reported d
Good practice for radiological reporting. Guidelines from the European Society of Radiology (ESR)
Insights into Imaging , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s13244-011-0066-7
Abstract: The views of the European Society of Radiology concerning what constitutes a good radiological report are outlined in this article. Some pertinent literature is reviewed.
The Status and future of ground-based TeV gamma-ray astronomy. A White Paper prepared for the Division of Astrophysics of the American Physical Society  [PDF]
J. Buckley,K. Byrum,B. Dingus,A. Falcone,P. Kaaret,H. Krawzcynski,M. Pohl,V. Vassiliev,D. A. Williams
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: In recent years, ground-based TeV gamma-ray observatories have made spectacular discoveries including imaging spectroscopy observations of galactic sources of different classes, and the discovery of rapid gamma-ray flares from radio galaxies and active galactic nuclei containing supermassive black holes. These discoveries, and the fact that gamma-ray astronomy has the potential to map the radiation from dark matter annihilation in our Galaxy and in extragalactic systems, have attracted the attention of the wider scientific community. The Division of Astrophysics of the American Physical Society requested the preparation of a white paper on the status and future of ground-based gamma-ray astronomy to define the science goals of a future observatory, to determine the performance specifications, to identify the areas of necessary technology development, and to lay out a clear path for proceeding beyond the near term. The white paper was written with broad community input, including discussions on several dedicated open meetings, and a number of APS or other conferences. It contains an executive summary, detailed reports from the science working groups, and appendices with supplementary material including the full author lists for the different sections of the white paper and a glossary.
Laboratory Studies for Planetary Sciences. A Planetary Decadal Survey White Paper Prepared by the American Astronomical Society (AAS) Working Group on Laboratory Astrophysics (WGLA)  [PDF]
The AAS WGLA,:,Murthy Gudipati,Michael A'Hearn,Nancy Brickhouse,John Cowan,Paul Drake,Steven Federman,Gary Ferland,Adam Frank,Wick Haxton,Eric Herbst,Michael Mumma,Farid Salama,Daniel Wolf Savin,Lucy Ziurys
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The WGLA of the AAS (http://www.aas.org/labastro/) promotes collaboration and exchange of knowledge between astronomy and planetary sciences and the laboratory sciences (physics, chemistry, and biology). Laboratory data needs of ongoing and next generation planetary science missions are carefully evaluated and recommended in this white paper submitted by the WGLA to Planetary Decadal Survey.
Poul Erik Andersen's radiological work on Osteochondrodysplasias and interventional radiology  [cached]
Poul Erik Andersen
World Journal of Radiology , 2011, DOI: 10.4329/wjr.v3.i8.210
Abstract: Poul Erik Andersen is a Professor and Interventional Radiologist at the University of Southern Denmark, Odense and Odense University Hospital, Denmark. His innovative and expertise is primarily in vascular interventions where he has introduced and developed many procedures at Odense University Hospital. His significant experience and extensive scientific work has led to many posts in the Danish Society of Interventional Radiology, the European Society of Radiology and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe, where he is a fellow and has passed the European Board of Interventional Radiology - The European qualification in Interventional Radiology.
Results of a survey by the European Society of Radiology (ESR): undergraduate radiology education in Europe—influences of a modern teaching approach
Elena Oris,Koenraad Verstraete,Martin Valcke
Insights into Imaging , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s13244-012-0149-0
Abstract: This study looks at differences in the nature of formal radiology teaching.
Patient communication, confidentiality and consent: radiology policy and practice in Europe. A survey by the European Society of Radiology
Insights into Imaging , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s13244-013-0236-x
Abstract: Specific training in communication is not routinely incorporated into radiology training schemes
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