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Effects of Water of Different Quality on Tomato Growth and Development  [PDF]
M. Takase,J.D. Owusu-Sekyere,L.K. Sam-Amoah
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: This study was conducted to examine the effects of four sources of water on the growth of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) at Kpong in the Manya Krobo District of Eastern Region in Ghana. The sources of irrigation water were: river, canal, tap and well. The quality of these sources was monitored for a period of five months (August-December 2007). Sampling of the water was done every 6 days in each month. Samples from each of the source taken were sent to the laboratory for analysis. Each water source was used to irrigate tomatoes planted in the field using Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) as the experimental design for a period of three month. The treatments were four (river, canal, tap and well) with four replications. During the growing period, soil fertility status was monitored for a period of three months. This was done by taking two core samples from each of the plots before planting of the tomato and subsequent samples taken at the same spots monthly, after planting, for a period of three months and sent for analysis. During this period, plant height, number of flowers and fruits were determined. Weights of fruits were determined in the third. River water proved be the most preferred source for irrigation by virtue of the fact that its plants heights were higher, number of fruits were more than the other sources as well as the weightier mean number of the fruits obtained from the plants.
The impact of forest reserves on livelihoods of fringe communities in Ghana
SE Edusah
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2011,
Abstract: This study looked at how the livelihoods of forest fringe communities have been affected by the constitution of four forest reserves in Brong Ahafo and Ashanti Regions of Ghana. The selection of the reserves for study was based on the fact that the reserves were surrounded by a number of relatively new and old settlements and have potential for socio-economic activities (agricultural production and ecotourism). Two main research approaches, structured questionnaire and semi-structured interviews were used in the data collection. A structured questionnaire together with open-ended questions was used to collect quantitative and qualitative information on household and community characteristics, including household incomes, farm sizes and tenancy arrangements. An open-ended questionnaire was designed for selected groups and community leaders to solicit their views and perceptions. The study found that farming was the main occupation of the people with cocoa and oil palm being the major cash crops grown in the area. Food crops grown include plantain, maize, cocoyam, cassava and rice. The major tenancy arrangements include family lands, outright purchase and sharecropping. Environmental problems in the area are decline in soil fertility, soil erosion, deforestation, bush fires and depletion of game and wildlife. Incomes were found to be low resulting in high poverty levels. The study shows that the communities have little role to play in the management of forest reserves.
Ritual as mechanism for securing life and averting evil among the Krobo
G Ossom-Batsa
Acta Theologica , 2008,
Abstract: Ritual is one of the ways in which a group of people or a believing community expresses in concrete terms their faith in a deity(ies). Two of the many functions of rituals are to secure blessings from the deity or to ward off evil. This article studies four Krobo rituals to explore the ultimate meaning of life in Krobo worldview: material and spiritual wellbeing. The fight against sickness, misfortune, evil and other disasters provides the framework within which they express their dependence on their creator by means of rituals. To the Krobo life without the divinity cannot attain its fullness; hence the constant appeal to the divinities for protection and blessings.
Strategic Adaptation of Traditional Festivals for the Sustainable Development of the Biodiversity of Local Communities in Ghana  [PDF]
Dickson Adom
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.511006
Abstract:
Traditional festivals in Ghana are cultural events that are primarily organized to venerate the ancestors while remembering iconic events in the history of ethnic societies. However, due to the deleterious condition of the environment and its biodiversity resources, there is a great potential of tactically tailoring these traditional festivals to halt this wanton destruction while ensuring the sustainable development of biodiversity. This is especially important in local communities where illegal mining activities and deforestation has soared up recently in Ghana. Three traditional festivals in Ghana, namely, the Opemso festival, Papa Nantwi festival and the Apoo festival of some ethnic societies in Ghana were phenomenologically studied in a qualitative research approach with the aim of directly observing and carefully investigating into how the traditional festivals could be used as platforms for achieving environmental sustainability. Sixty-six purposive sampled respondents, some of whom were personally interviewed, while others were interviewed in a Focus Group Discussion were involved in the study. The research revealed after the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of the accrued data that traditional festivals, though earmarked for the exhibitions of the rich culture of ethnic societies, they could be harnessed as avenues for the sustainable development of local communities. The study, therefore tasks environmentalists, foresters, biodiversity conservation planners and environmental development agencies to liaise with local communities in mapping out pragmatic environmental sustainability programs to bring to cessation, the environmental malfeasance in Ghana.
Corporate Social Responsibility Activities of Mining Companies: The Views of the Local Communities in Ghana  [PDF]
Yaw Brew, Chai Junwu, Samuel Addae-Boateng
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.56045
Abstract: Mining companies in Ghana seem to have responded somehow over the years to the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) call but some still face open resistance from members of the communities who see them (mining companies) as socially irresponsible. The research sought to unearth the views and concerns of the local communities about the CSR activities of mining companies in the Ashanti, Eastern and Western regions of Ghana. The sample was drawn from the catchment communities of gold mining companies who had commercial membership, level A, with the Ghana Chamber of mines. The research established that there was indeed the existence of some health, education, community aid, and livelihood related CSR activities in the communities. The research revealed that most people, especially, in the Eastern region and the Western region had concerns about the lack of frequent medical screening by the mining companies. They are of the view that the operations of the mining companies have a negative effect on them (local community). The research concluded with some recommendations on how local community concerns could be addressed.
Impact of Floods on Livelihoods and Vulnerability of Natural Resource Dependent Communities in Northern Ghana  [PDF]
Frederick A. Armah,David O. Yawson,Genesis T. Yengoh,Justice O. Odoi,Ernest K. A. Afrifa
Water , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/w2020120
Abstract: Sub-Sahara Africa is considered to be most vulnerable to climate variability including flooding. The frequency and severity of floods in Northern Ghana over the last decade has increased considerably. Through qualitative modelling the paper explores the impact of floods on natural resource dependent communities in Northern Ghana. Simplified causal loop diagrams are used to conceptualise flood-induced coping strategies in the study area. The results indicate that some characteristics of the socio-cultural environment appear to mitigate risk and reduce vulnerability. In this context, the role of social networks in enhancing livelihood security is essential. The paper concludes that both in case of seasonal variations in agricultural output and floods, individuals that have effectively diversified their livelihoods, both occupationally and geographically, are less sensitive than individuals who mainly achieve entitlement to food via crop cultivation. However, diversification in this case, is effective only in the short term.
Forest Fringe Communities Participation in Forest Reserve Sustainability in Ghana  [PDF]
Charles Adusei, Jasper Yao Dunyah
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2016.62009
Abstract: The paper investigated the forest fringe community’s participation in forest reserve sustainability in Ghana using Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana as a case study. The key issues examined are the forest reserve management strategies, stakeholder’s participation and livelihood activities of forest fringe communities. Two stage sampling technique was used to sample forty-two respondents for the study. A structured questionnaire in an interview form was used to solicit information from the respondents. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the data. The results of the study indicate that there is a management plan for the forest reserve but Forest Services Division (FSD) does not follow its prescriptions strictly, the involvement of Forest Fringe Communities (FFCs) by FSD in the management of the forest reserve was insignificant and evidence of FSD not establishing income generating activity for FFCs livelihood sustenance. It is therefore recommended that community members should be empowered to play the role of co-managers of the forest reserve and there should be regular visit and interaction between FSD and the FFCs.
The Perceptions of Local Communities towards the Conservation of Birds in an Important Bird Area in Ghana
EH Owusu
West African Journal of Applied Ecology , 2008,
Abstract: The important bird areas (IBA) concept provides a practical index of the diversity and condition of an ecosystem on a site-by-site basis using birds as indicators. It is believed that protecting and managing such sites will result in the conservation of some of the most sensitive, fragile and ecologically rich habitats in the world. However, acceptance of the IBA concept and, thus, site conservation action, by local communities is dependent on their perception of the importance of birds with regard to some aspects of their livelihood. The study was undertaken to examine the importance local communities around an IBA, the Afadjato and Agumatsa Conservation Area in Ghana, attach to conservation of birds, and their relevance as an indicator of environmental quality. Results obtained from a questionnaire survey, combined with group interviews, suggest that the importance local communities attached to bird conservation in the area was, to a large extent, dependent on the village or locality where people lived. West African Journal of Applied Ecology Vol. 13 2008: pp. 111-116
Determinants of farm size in land-abundant agrarian communities of northern Ghana.
K Ohene-Yankyera
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2004,
Abstract: Most farmers in sub-Saharan Africa use very little market inputs. Consequently output of the farm depends crucially on the size of the cultivated area each season. Moreover, larger farmers are known to be less risk averse and hence are more likely to adopt improved technologies. Thus the question of how farmers' decisions about farm size are informed is very significant. Using farm-level data from Northern Ghana, this article demonstrates the significance of access to family and market labour, as well as functional markets for both inputs and outputs. In particular, it is concluded that farmers will not adopt mechanical equipment to expand cultivated surfaces unless there are complementary technologies to accomplish post-land preparation field operations that are currently not mechanised, or they have the ability to recruit additional labour to overcome labour bottlenecks. Journal of Science and Technology Vol.24(2) 2004:45-53
Consumer Preference for Processed Cowpea Products in Selected Communities of the Coastal Regions of Ghana  [cached]
Nimoh, F.,Asuming-Brempong, S.,Sarpong, D. B.
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: The nutritive value of cowpea as an essential source of protein to supplement carbohydrate diets has long been recognized. Its role as a subsidiary crop to be relied on during the “hungry season” and during times of food shortages, drought, inflation and the subsequent erosion of the consumer’s purchasing power, particularly among the urban poor, makes it a crop of choice by housewives who look for nutritious but cheaper sources of food. This paper sought to investigate consumer preference for processed cowpea-based products, such as, boiled cowpea with cereals, fried cowpea paste, and cowpea fortified maize dough in selected communities of the coastal regions of Ghana. Using descriptive statistics, Kendall’s Coefficient of Concordance, and Logit Model, it was found that there was high preference for processed cowpea-based products in all the communities studied; and that processing cowpea into various food types was relatively profitable. Key socio-economic factors and consumer characteristics that influence preference include gender, marital status, income, education, product taste, sustainability of products (satisfying) and product availability. The production of gas (flatulence) after consumption of the products was the most pressing factor that influences preference. Unavailability of the products was identified as the least pressing factor. The researchers recommend that the production and utilization of cowpea in the study area and in other parts of Ghana should be encouraged as it would help to both improve the nutritional status of consumers and also help generate income to producers and processors. There should also be further research into the disliking intrinsic characteristics of the products considered.
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