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Fabled Orissa: A Critique  [cached]
Brundabana Mishra
Journal of North East India Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Under the edifices of the three principal subjects, “Firstly, how Orissa had achieved legendary status in the ancient time; secondly how those achievements and glories vanished and how the province cleared ways for its invaders; and finally how the present generation has forgotten the fabled past and succumbed to the foreign imposed subjugation from where it never managed an escape till the present time”, the author developed his article. Nevertheless, the author has fall short of certain points and as he encompassed millennia for his study, he fail to address all his hypotheses in historical context. The author had set a new chord to the rhythm of the costal Orissan history not to the “fabled Orissa”, which he claimed. Nonetheless, somehow he fails to provide fine-tuning to his musical accord of “from glory and grandeur to colonisation”. When the author talking about Orissa from the past to present the first and foremost point which need to be analysed are: What was and what is Orissa at least in the sense of geo-political boundary? How it became present Orissa? In the historical context who represented Orissa? Secondly, when the author raised the most vital point how Orissa lost her glory, the chronological sequences and factor that played vital roles to the colonisation of Orissa are conspicuous by its absence. Thirdly, the author accused the present generation for forgetting the rich history of their ancestors. However, he never provided adequate reasons to prove his hypothesis. By looking in to the content and context of the article, I would like to divide my critical observation into two parts. The first part will be supposition to the author’s imagination and contextualisation of Orissan history and the second part will be a critical approach with valid reasons on the observation, hypotheses and question raises by the author.
Fabled Orissa: From Glory and Grandeur to Colonisation  [cached]
Saroj Kumar Rath
Journal of North East India Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Orissa also known as Kalinga had a fabled past. Recorded history of the province authenticates those fairytale-fabled histories. From travelers to raconteurs and from potentates to commoners of yore years have described Kalinga’s history in such word character that the reading of the same makes one believe that the fabled past of Orissa is a living reality even today. Their narration about the glory and grandeur of Kalinga led the readers believe as if the fabled land still exists. However, suddenly the great civilisational existence gave way to slavery of mind and body as in surprising turn of events the whole populace subjugated to foreign invasion. The colonisers became colonised without an iota of a resistance. The province, which conducted itself admirably during peace and peril for millennia had succumbed to simple trickery and to a few mitigating forces of foreign and domestic origin. In this article, I have discussed three principal subjects. Firstly, how Orissa had achieved legendary status in the ancient time; secondly how those achievements and glories vanished and how the province cleared ways for its invaders; and finally how the present generation has forgotten the fabled past and succumbed to the foreign imposed subjugation from where it never managed an escape till the present time.
Phosphate Solubilising Fungi from Mangroves of Bhitarkanika, Orissa  [PDF]
NIBHA GUPTA,SARITA JAYANTI DAS
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2008,
Abstract: Mangroves have evolved several adaptations to swampy and saline environments. It is situated at the inter-phase between marine and terrestrial environment, which is highly productive providing nutrients to surrounding micro biota. Similar adaptive characteristics in the form and function may occur with the associated microflora in such environments. Several free living and symbiotic microorganisms occurred in such saline habitats and some of them are reported for their beneficial activity in mangrove ecosystem like biomineralization of organic matter and bio-transformation of minerals. In view of this, 106 fungi isolated from rhizosphere and phyllosphere of mangrove plants grown in Bhitarkanika, Orissa were screened on plate culture containing Pikovaskaya medium for the phosphate solubilization. Selected fungi were evaluated for their phosphate solubilization potential under different cultural conditions. A total of 36 fungi were isolated that showed variable halo zone on medium containing tricalcium phosphate when grown under different pH and temperature. The highest zone was formed by Aspergillus PF8 (63 mm) and Aspergillus PF127 (46.5 mm). The observation on tricalcium phosphate solubilization activity of Paecilomyces, Cladobotrytis, Helminthosporium is rare. However, a detailed and elaborative studies are needed to confirm better mineral solubilization potential of these fungi.
Zootherapeutical Uses of Animal Diversity in Coastal District of Orissa, India  [cached]
N. Mishra,T. Panda
British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology , 2011,
Abstract: The present study documents zootherapeutic practices in Kendrapara district, Orissa, India. It is primarily based on field surveys carried out in villages, where dwellers provided information on animal species used as medicine, body parts used to prepare the remedies, and the illnesses to which the remedies were prescribed. The animal parts, viz. blood, excreta, feather and horn were used in raw or cooked forms for the treatment of piles, asthma, skin diseases, dysentery and rheumatism. These zootherapeutical resources were used for the cure of 11 illnesses. This research will hopefully help in monitoring and management of ethnomedicinal animals and highlights their importance in maintaining ecosystem services which could be a valuable tool for better understanding the long-term effects of traditional knowledge in Kendrapara district of Orissa, India.
Shame or subsidy revisited: social mobilization for sanitation in Orissa, India
Pattanayak,Subhrendu K; Yang,Jui-Chen; Dickinson,Katherine L; Poulos,Christine; Patil,Sumeet R; Mallick,Ranjan K; Blitstein,Jonathan L; Praharaj,Purujit;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862009000800013
Abstract: objective: to determine the effectiveness of a sanitation campaign that combines "shaming" (i.e. emotional motivators) with subsidies for poor households in rural orissa, an indian state with a disproportionately high share of india's child mortality. methods: using a cluster-randomized design, we selected 20 treatment and 20 control villages in the coastal district of bhadrak, rural orissa, for a total sample of 1050 households. we collected sanitation and health data before and after a community-led sanitation project, and we used a difference-in-difference estimator to determine the extent to which the campaign influenced the number of households building and using a latrine. findings: latrine ownership did not increase in control villages, but in treatment villages it rose from 6% to 32% in the overall sample, from 5% to 36% in households below the poverty line (eligible for a government subsidy) and from 7% to 26% in households above the poverty line (not eligible for a government subsidy). conclusion: subsidies can overcome serious budget constraints but are not necessary to spur action, for shaming can be very effective by harnessing the power of social pressure and peer monitoring. through a combination of shaming and subsidies, social marketing can improve sanitation worldwide.
HRD practices in the classified hotels in Orissa: a study of employee perceptions
Kumar Swain, Sampad,George, Babu P.
PASOS : Revista de Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural , 2007,
Abstract: In the present paper, an attempt has been made to measure the employees’ perception of some of the human resource development (HRD) practices prevailing in the classified hotels in Orissa. Orissa is a state in the eastern India which has been heavily concentrating its developmental efforts at the tourism industry in general and the hotel sector in particular since the early 80’s. However, the results do not substantiate the quantum of efforts for which many reasons have been proposed. A key contention made by critics is that these efforts were lopsided in that they gave undue importance to the marketing function and totally neglected complementary aspects like HRD. Hotel sector has of late realized this as a real lacuna that needs to be corrected immediately. Most classified hotels have been quick to set up active HRD wings to look into vital HRD practices such as manpower planning, training and competency development, performance appraisal, career planning, compensation packages, employee relationship management, and so on. Utmost stress has been given to employee training and development programs as part of their HRD policy by most star hotels. Yet, it has been observed by many that a vast majority of the employees are not found to be serious about the HRD initiatives, especially the various professional training options aimed at them. The present study rejects this observation and reveals that hotel employees do appreciate the fact that there is a positive association between professional training and their chances of promotion. They also understand that their professional training can help promote the organizational effectiveness as well. However, this understanding is proven to be stronger in the case of employees working in the higher star category hotels than those working in the lower star category hotels. But, no significant relationship existed between the level of professional training undergone by an employee and his or her perception about the benefits of professional training. In addition to these findings, the study presents a compendium of expert voices on HRD in tourism and attempts to offer some vital remedial measures for the effective implementation of HRD practices in the hotel sector. The authors present these matters only after providing a rich contextual familiarity about HRD practices in tourism as practiced in Orissa is an added benefit for the discerning readers
Screening of ginger varieties against rhizome rot disease complex in eastern ghat high land zone of Orissa  [cached]
A.K. SENAPATI and SUGATA GHOSE
Indian Phytopathology , 2012,
Abstract: Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is one of the major spice crops of India as well as Orissa. In Orissa it is mainly grown in the hilly eastern ghat high land zone. Rhizome rot disease complex is an important production constraint. In the present study, 134 varieties of ginger were screened for three years at Potangi in Koraput district of Orissa against rhizome rot complex. Only one variety “ ZO – 16 “ was found to be resistant (percentage disease incidence, PDI, - 0.0 %), eight moderately resistant (PDI – 1.0 to 5.0 %), 19 tolerant (PDI – 6.0 to 15.0 %), 56 moderately tolerant (PDI – 16.0 to 25.0 %), 39 susceptible (PDI – 26.0 to 40.0 %) and 11 highly susceptible (PDI – above 40.0 %).
Drug abusers - A new high risk population for HIV infection in Orissa  [cached]
Pal B,Khuntia H,Acharya A,Chhotray G
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2003,
Abstract: The present study reports the prevalence of HIV infection among the drug addicts undergoing counselling and treatment in a drug deaddiction centre located in Bhubaneswar, during July 1996 to August 1997. All subjects were males. The coded serum samples were tested by ELISA and rapid spot test for the detection of HIV antibodies. The positive samples were finally confirmed by the line immunoassay for HIV infection. A high prevalence of 7% HIV infection was noticed among the drug addicts (n=100). Oral drug abusers and IDUs were positive for HIV-1 infection in 5.26% and 21.74% cases respectively. The present study reveals a high prevalence of HIV infection among the drug addicts for the first time from Orissa which needs a careful monitoring and surveillance.
Mineralogical Characterization and Beneficiation Studies of Pyrophyllite from Orissa, India  [PDF]
B. Das, J.K. Mohanty
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.84029
Abstract: Mineralogical and chemical analyses of three textural varieties of pyrophyllite samples collected from Baliadihi mine of Keonjhar district, Orissa, India are investigated. Mineralogically they consist of quartz, pyrophyllite, altered feldspar as major minerals and muscovite, chlorite, tourmaline, hematite etc. as minor minerals. The samples exhibit compositional variation of SiO2 65.56 - 71.66%, Al2O3 18.79- 22.94%, FeO 1.13- 1.68% and alkalis 3.24 to 6 %. Beneficiation studies using flotation technique has indicated that silica can be reduced with concomitant increase in alumina and brightness from a raw pyrophyllite sample which can be suitable for refractory purposes.
Integrated Mineralogical Characterisation of Banded Iron Ores of Orissa and Its Implications on Beneficiation  [PDF]
J. K. Mohanty, M. S. Jena, A. K. Paul
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.1112122
Abstract: Iron is a primary raw material for steel industry. Increase in demand for steel puts pressure on iron resources of India in respect of its grade and reserve. With increase in demand for good grade of ore vis-a-vis its limited reserve, the utilization of low to medium grade iron ores is the order of the day with adoption of advanced beneficiation techniques. In order to find out the effective way of utilization, an in depth mineralogical study is essential as it throws light on the mineralogical peculiarities associated with the ores which affect the resultant beneficiation technique as well as the final product. In order to have a detail insight into the different mineralogical attributes, various characterisation studies megascopic, microscopic (both optical & electron), XRD, mossbauer and VSM are undertaken on the iron ores from different iron ore formations of Orissa. Importance of integrated mineralogical characterisation in beneficiation of iron ores is discussed.
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