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E-Government Between Developed and Developing Countries  [cached]
Sahem Nawafleh,Ruba Obiedat,Osama Harfoushi
International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning (iJAC) , 2012, DOI: 10.3991/ijac.v5i1.1887
Abstract: E-government aims to offer services the countrys' communities both in public or private sectors by using the ICT tools to reduce the cost and times by eradication of manifestations of routines and bureaucracy. All countries around the world are seeking to implement and diffuse e-government services, especially the developing countries, and to do that they have to overcome a range of factors that prevent the effective implementation of e-government in the countries. This paper discusses and analyzes E-government topics and revolves around the most important factors behind the success of this program, and tries to analyze and study the E-government program in Finland as a developed country, and Saudi Arabia as a developing one. It aims to find out the most important strategies that have been used to overcome the challenges; these factors & strategies, including such as infrastructure, technical, social, political and cultural in order to study some of these factors in each of them and try to make a comparison between to contribute to the success of the program in other developing countries, as well as to beneficial from developed country's experiences in this field. The reason behind selecting Finland and Saudi Arabia is the qualitative leap made by both of them, especially Saudi Arabia as a developing country and their success in the program with a record time.
E-Government Readiness Assessment for Government Organizations in Developing Countries  [cached]
Ibrahim A. Alghamdi,Robert Goodwin,Giselle Rampersad
Computer and Information Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/cis.v4n3p3
Abstract: ICT has become an increasingly important factor in the development process of nations. Major barriers can be met in the adoption and diffusion of e-government services depending on the readiness of a country in terms of ICT infrastructure and deployment. This study aims to define organizational requirements that will be necessary for the adoption of e-government to resolve the delay of ICT readiness in public sector organizations in developing countries. Thus, this study contributes an integrated e-government framework for assessing the ICT readiness of government agencies. Unlike the existing e-government literature that focuses predominantly on technical issues and relies on generic e-readiness tools, this study contributes a comprehensive understanding of the main factors in the assessment of e-government organizational ICT readiness. The proposed e-government framework comprises seven dimensions of ICT readiness assessment for government organizations including e-government organizational ICT strategy, user access, e-government program, ICT architecture, business process and information systems, ICT infrastructure, and human resource. This study is critical to management in assessing organizational ICT readiness to improve the effectiveness of e-government initiatives.
E-Government Adoption in Developing Countries; the Case of Indonesia
Ali Rokhman
Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Huge benefits and usefulness that offered by e-government and increasing number of Internet users Indonesia has raised government of the Republic of Indonesia to issue several policies on e-government development. The government has obligation to deliver better and faster public service through e-government. Since 2003 some e-government policies has been issued by the government but in facts year by year, the global rank of e-government readiness as well as regional rank of Indonesia still in low rank. Some previous studies found that success of e-government implementation is dependent not only government support, but also on citizen’s willingness to accept and adopt e-government services. The research is to find out how the acceptance of Indonesian Internet users to e-government services, in terms of relative advantage, image, compatibility, and ease to use variables. Online survey has been published and collected 751 respondents. There are more than 93 percent of the respondents who have intention to adopt e-government. Relative advantage and compatibility variable were proven as useful factors to predict intention of use of e-government, otherwise the variable of image and ease to use is not proven. This study provides a trigger for the Indonesian government both central and local governments to develop and implement better e-government since 45 million Indonesian Internet users have been waiting for e-government services.
Barriers to Effective Interlending and Supply of Government Documents in Developing Countries
CO Omekwu
Samaru Journal of Information Studies , 2008,
Abstract: Purpose-Policy information and information policy as critical factors in global flow of information and interagency cooperation is the main theme examined by this study. The main objective was to examine the fundamental issues related to the dissemination of government - held information by senior public officers. Using interview and questionnaire methods, data was obtained from the Department of Lands and Physical Planning in Oyo State, Nigeria. Fifty-six out of 130 senior staff of the Department were sampled. Data was subjected to both descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentages and appropriate measure of central tendencies. Results showed stronger awareness of policy information on staff welfare than land - related policies and lack of awareness of the existence of policy information on housing and mining. The respondents indicated complete lack of knowledge of the content of policy information on land transfer, consent, mapping, acquisition, mortgage, assignment, development planning, and valuation of government properties. The paper argues that limited awareness of the existence of certain policy information, its contents and constraints on free public access to official information can impede the global flow of information and effective inter-agency cooperation A ten-point synthesis is advanced describing the major barriers to effective interlending and the supply of government documents in most developing countries. Understanding the barriers to effective interlending and supply of government documents is critical to the formulation of policies that can enhance global flow of information and inter-agency cooperation. Governmental institutions of developing countries must do so to blur the boundaries between them and the rest of the world. Samaru Journal of Information Studies Vol. 8 (1) 2008: pp. 1-10
Nurses' experiences of recruitment and migration from developing countries: a phenomenological approach
Paul H Troy, Laura A Wyness, Eilish McAuliffe
Human Resources for Health , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1478-4491-5-15
Abstract: A purposive sample of 12 directors of nursing, from major academic teaching hospitals in Dublin and hospitals in South Africa and the Philippines were recruited. Ten overseas nurses were also recruited. A phenomenological approach was used with semi-structured interviews as the data collection method.There were pronounced differences in opinions between the Irish and the overseas directors on recruitment and its effects on the health systems of the source countries. Difficulties in the retention of staff were highlighted by both groups of directors. Other findings included the language and cultural differences experienced by the overseas nurses.Recruitment of overseas nurses should not be left to the individual employer even in the presence of government guidelines. An international effort from all the involved parties is required to formulate a solution to this complex issue in order to protect both the health systems of individual countries and the nurse's right to migrate.Although nurse migration is not a new phenomenon, the current rates of flow are unprecedented. It is difficult to accurately assess the true level of migration [1]. In many countries registration data is used as a source of statistics. In 2004, 1018 new nurses from outside the European Union registered in Ireland. Of these, 603 (59%) were from India, 267 (26%) from the Philippines, and 46 (5%) from South Africa [2].Until recent years, Ireland had an oversupply of nurses [3]. However, the recent economic growth from the mid 1990s to the present day has resulted in the expansion of jobs for nurses in Ireland, so much so, that the number of jobs exceeded the domestic supply of employed nurses [4]. Ireland now actively recruits nurses from overseas. Initially, this trend was indicative of migration from 'high-income to high-income' country, although in 2000 migration from 'low and middle-income to high income' country became increasingly important. This change was due to the Irish government's inter
Government Public Policies and the Dynamics of Employment Relations in Developing Countries: The Experience of Nigeria
A. A. Tajudeen,O. K. Kehinde
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Although, there is great diversity among countries in the legal framework governing employment relations, it should be recognized that, in many developing countries including Nigeria, the legal framework is still considered more restrictive especially in the public sector. Paradoxically, going by the recommendation of the ILO conventions, it is expected that both employers and employees association(s) will come to the bargaining table each with relatively well-defined positions on the employment relations issues before them, with the public authorities refraining from any sort of interference which could restrict the freedom or impede the lawful exercise thereof. Suffice it to say that, the ILO conventions on employment relations which are; directly or indirectly built around the basic principle of voluntary collective bargaining; allow each government to decide the kind of machinery it considers most suited to the needs of its country, but then provide for equal representation of employers and workers in the branches of industry concerned. However, the experience of Nigeria has shown that over the past years, successive governments have become, perhaps, the most important factor in determining the employment relations climate in the country; through various decrees (acts) that have come to bear on employment relations policies. These Acts are seen as important elements/components of national development strategies/policies aimed at combating inflation, economic recession, unemployment and promoting national unity. In this process, strikes, which had remained the workers most potent way of showing resentment, have been outlawed and compulsory arbitration entrenched in the labour acts which in seen by many as infringing on the freedom of collective bargaining as a means of determining employment relations. In line with the above background, the study therefore is intended to discuss the trend and pattern of the Nigerian Government s in employment relations as well as explore the implications of such strong influence on collective bargaining, wages determination, trade disputes resolution procedures and freedom of association of the workers.
E-GOVERNMENT STAGE MODEL: BASED ON CITIZEN-CENTRIC APPROACH IN REGIONAL GOVERNMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Shareef M. Shareef,Hamid Jahankhani,Mohammad Dastbaz
International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies , 2012,
Abstract: E-government systems world are employed all over the world in an attempt to utilize information and communications technology (ICT) to improve government services provided to a range of stakeholders. In employing these systems, governments aim to become more accessible, effective, efficient, and accountable to their citizens. To improve the quality of service delivery to the public, government institutions have to cooperate and manage the shared resources and information flows. The aim of this paper is to analyse one of the established e-government stage models, such as the United Kingdom, and to identify possible opportunities to adopt them for use in the regional governments of developing countries. The study revealed that the analysed model cannot be adopted for use in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) due to various critical issues relating to ICT infrastructure, e-readiness, legal framework, cultural attitude, education level, political process, and others.
Proposed E-government Foresight Framework in Developing Countries, A Systematic Approach  [cached]
Fatemeh Saghafi,Kolsoom Abbasi Shahkooh,Akbar Kary Dolat Abadi,Behrouz Zarei
Journal of Software , 2009, DOI: 10.4304/jsw.4.6.577-583
Abstract: E-government foresight is a major issues for many countries. It is a systematic approach for looking into the long-term futures. E-government initiatives are currently at a stage of integration and new orientation in developing countries. Smaller steps of government modernization have in part been successfully implemented; larger ones still lie ahead of us. This demands a framework for e- government foresight studies. This paper proposes a conceptual framework for the e-government foresight. Firstly, the main components of foresight from different foresight frameworks were identified using meta-synthesis approach. Then, expert’s opinion about identified components are collected and validated. The e-government foresight framework was proposed based on the Zachman architecture framework. Finally, appropriate activities and methods for conducting each stages of the framework are summarized. The implications of the results addressed a range of main issues such as dedicated framework, increased internal communication and knowledge sharing, and enhanced project management effectiveness.
Decision Support Systems for Water Resources Management in Developing Countries: Learning from Experiences in Africa  [PDF]
Carlo Giupponi,Alessandra Sgobbi
Water , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/w5020798
Abstract: Decision support system (DSS) tools are rather popular in the literature on water resources management. The European Project “Splash” conducted a survey of the literature and of DSS implementation in developing countries with specific reference on Africa. Experts in the field were consulted through an ad hoc questionnaire and interviews. The results of the survey indicate that the exchange of experiences amongst projects with similar objectives or even the same case study is very limited, with a tendency towards restarting every time from scratch. As a consequence, it seems that DSS developments have produced only limited positive impacts. Most experts contacted shared either the frustration deriving from the limited impacts on intended end-users, who rarely used the tool after the project end, or in the case of ongoing projects, the preoccupation for future maintenance. Responses from the questionnaires indicate that priority efforts should not focus on developing the tools, but rather on improving the effectiveness and applicability of integrated water resource management legislative and planning frameworks, training and capacity building, networking and cooperation, harmonization of transnational data infrastructures and, very importantly, learning from past experiences and adopting enhanced protocols for DSS development.
比较政治学中的政治发展理论――后发展国家与中国经验视角的反思与重构
Political development theory in comparative politics: Reflection and reconstruction from perspective of experiences of post-developing countries and China
 [PDF]

李新廷
- , 2018, DOI: 1672-3104(2018)02-0117-09
Abstract: 摘 要: 政治发展理论自产生至今一直是比较政治学中的显学,但近年来随着世界范围内政治发展的衰败,有必要重新检视西方政治发展理论。从知识论来看,西方政治发展理论缘起于现代化理论,深化于民主化范式,但忽视了后发展国家国家建构的复杂性;从方法论来说,西方政治发展理论源于行为主义革命,而结构功能主义方法进一步建立了普世解释与比较的模型,却缺乏比较历史的视野;从逻辑论来讲,西方政治发展理论朝向现代化与民主化的社会条件分析,显现了目的论式的线性发展观和社会中心主义的政治逻辑,从而陷入“西方中心主义”的误区。后发展国家与中国政治发展的经验为反思西方政治发展理论提供了视角,因而必须从知识论上重视制度与价值建构、国家治理能力的提升,从方法论上采取比较历史分析来重构政治发展理论,并进一步推动理论与实践的结合。
Abstract: Political development theory has been prominent in Comparative Politics since its birth, but the recent decline of political development in the world needs to reexamine the western political development theory. From the view of epistemology, the western political development theory originates from the theory of modernization, and and is deepened in the paradigm of democratization, but neglects the complexity of state building of the post-developing countries. In terms of methodology, the western political development theory originates from the behaviorism revolution, while the structural functionalism further establishes the universal model of interpretation and comparison, lacking a relatively historical view. From the perspective of logic theory, the analysis of the social conditions of the western political development theory towards modernization and democratization shows the teleological linear development view and the political logic of social centralism, thus falling into the misunderstanding of "western centralism". The experiences in political development of post-developing countries and China provide a perspective for the reflection of western political development theory. So, we must pay attention to system and value construction, enhance the ability of national governance from the view of epistemology, adopt comparative historical analysis to reconstruct the political development theory from the terms of methodology, and further promote the combination of theory and practice
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