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A Twin Approach to Internet Service Provision in Sparse Rural Community in Nigeria
International Journal of Networks and Communications , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.ijnc.20120205.06
Abstract: Today Internet is the tool that provides the fastest and latest information on what goes on around including Nigeria. In Nigeria, most of the rural areas are still lagging behind in the area of Internet provision. This work focuses on the provision of Internet services to a sparse rural community based on the apprehension of the people of the rural settlement in Nigeria, taking Ake-Ihievbu sparse rural community as a case study. It explores the various methodologies that are used in providing internet services and fashion out model that will be best suited for sparse rural communities with emphasis on affordability to the people and profit margin returns to the providers. This model is in two parts; Fixed and cellular wireless. Fixed wireless involves the use of Very Small Aperture Technology (VSAT), Fixed Wireless and Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) technologies, to allow the Internet Service Providers to redistribute the internet service around the settlement and allowing the indigenes to access it via their personal computers using wireless radio signal. The use of Fixed Wireless and Local Area Network (LAN) technologies to redistribute it to cyber cafes, for those whose cannot afford to own a personal computer is also presented. Cellular technologies involve the use of cellular mobile technologies like Global system for Mobile Communications (GSM) to provide Internet services to the community. Considering the cost of building base stations for cellular mobiles, the possibility of government and corporate organizations partnering with GSM operators to reduce the cost, thereby providing affordable Internet access for the rural dwellers is also presented. The provision of Internet to the rural communities in Nigeria will be greatly overcome, if the models presented here are strictly adhered to.
Cerdà and Barcelona: The need for a new city and service provision  [PDF]
Montserrat Pallares Barbera,Anna Badia,Jordi Duch
Urbani Izziv , 2011,
Abstract: This paper examines Ildefons Cerdà’s 1860 Plan for the Urban Expansion of Barcelona; specifically, how and why it was conceived in a unique way, in which the provision of services to the population was an important part. Cerdà based his expansion proposal on an in depth socio statistical study of old Barcelona’s population conditions. The high mortality rates of the working class population and poor health and education conditions pushed Cerdà to design a new type of urban planning, which he defined as “urbanism”. In his proposal for the new city, he planned the location of services such as marketplaces, schools and hospitals. The first part of this paper introduces the urban and political preconditions of Barcelona and the statistics on which Cerdà based his contribution. The second part uses location theory and a geographic information system (GIS) to analyse the pattern of location and the population served by markets and hospitals. In addition, topographic maps from 1926 and 1975 are used to study the development of the expansion up to when it was fully developed. The evolution of the city differed from Cerdà’s proposal, partly due to unexpected increases in population density, the built environment, and higher amounts of building occupation. Nevertheless, Cerdà’s layout of streets and avenues has prevailed.
HEALTH CARE SECTOR REFORM IN NIGERIA: ISSUES ON EQUITY, ACCESS AND DEMOGRAPHIC DEFINITION IN HEALTHCARE SERVICE PROVISION
Yahya Saleh Ibrahim,Mohamad Khan Jamal Khan
Economics and Finance Review , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to make contribution in the area of debate on whether reform is ultimately the solution to an ailing healthcare provision, and to at the same time aggregate the fact on whether same reform will succeed in bridging the gap in the differentiation in demographic characterization that suffered deprivationof access and equity to healthcare services to those defined categories such as age, gender, marital status,ethnic group, and occupation type. The authors draw some inferences from statistics available in the literature that has to do with Nigeria healthcare as presented by professionals in the field and official documents. Theyalso gather data through the use of questionnaire as pilot tests to acquire the data used in this research. The questionnaires distributed were about 60 but 50 were returned and 43 were found to be eligible for this research. A chi-square method of analysis was used to process the results on spss version 15; two hypotheseswere tested to find out on whether or not healthcare equity and accessibility is to all citizens with the above defined demographic characteristics. The research was able to conclude that despite the massive advertisementby the National Health Insurance Scheme the reform was only able to achieve a segmental success, with the federal public sector with permanent income benefitting. The research was also able to obtain a result on age,equity and access ,the results is apparently encouraging, with this we accepted that equity and access is to all age classification, while as for gender we rejected the assertion that healthcare by the reform is to all gender definition, on the other hand a close look at marital status, ethnic group and occupation with the chi-square results the research accepted , that health provision by the reform has successfully provided care to the above classification. There is a number of implications for practice and choice of reform system that will carter for all manner of citizens. One of the implication should be on recognizing the difficulty the women gender faces, as depicted from the record, they have high number of clinical attendance than men (Tan, 2010), yet has less means of livelihood or wholly dependent on men, who may decides to be unconcerned about their situation( Tan, 2010). Secondly, the lopsided application of the policy to only those in formal sector contradicted the fundamental right of the citizens to having access to free medical service (Law of Nigeria, 1999). Thirdly even in the formal sector only 4 million people benefitted as from 2005 to
Factors Affecting the Provision of Quality Service in Real Estate Agency in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria  [cached]
Funmilayo Moyinola Araloyin,OJO Olatoye
International Journal of Business Administration , 2011, DOI: 10.5430/ijba.v2n1p71
Abstract: Real estate firms attempting to increase and retain their customers need to know the factors contributing to customers’ satisfaction and retention. This study investigate into real estate agency market with the purposes of identifying factors that affect quality in service provision and possible factors contributing to customers’ satisfaction and retention in real estate agency. This study uses survey questionnaires to obtain information from real estate consumers. This sample size consisted of two hundred and three (203) real estate consumers in Lagos metropolis. A survey of 203 real estate consumers revealed the important items that affect quality in service delivery in real estate agency in the study area. The study found that the most important thing affecting quality in real estate agent is the agent’s reputation. The study concluded that a reputable real estate agent will have more satisfied clients and attract repeat businesses.
Quality Assessment of Groundwater Sources of Potable Water in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Boniface Chidi Okoro, Regina Akudo Uzoukwu, Christopher Kparmekpo Ademe
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102445
Abstract: The research investigated the quality of ground waters in boreholes used as potable water (drinking water and other domestic purposes) in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. Three boreholes were randomly selected from numerous boreholes in Owerri. Water analyses were carried out for their physicochemical parameters, major ions, nutrients and bacteriological quality. The obtained average values from the analyses are: total iron (Fe) (mg/L) = 0.03, pH = 5.9, nitrate (mg/L) = 3.0, nitrate (mg/L) = nil. The observed average values were compared with standard values of the World Health Organization (WHO) for potable water. The results showed that the groundwater qualities from the selected borehole samples are generally low in dissolved constituents and therefore it recommends that borehole waters from areas around Owerri are generally acceptable as potable water for human consumption.
Sustainable Water Service Delivery: An Assessment of a Water Agency in a Rapidly Urbanizing City in Nigeria  [cached]
Ayo Emmanuel Olajuyigbe
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v3n4p210
Abstract: In the Nigerian Federation, water supply is a state responsibility. State governments have therefore created State Water Agencies to manage and operate systems for water service delivery in all urban and semi-urban areas. Generally, these State Water Agencies have failed to effectively deliver water services to the people. In Ado-Ekiti, the Ekiti State Water Corporation is saddled with the task of meeting the water needs of the city dwellers. This paper examines some factors that explain the poor service delivery level of the Corporation. Adopting a sample size of 1,200 (4% of the total number of households in Ado-Ekiti) through random sampling technique, empirical estimates show that factors that significantly affect the performance level of this Corporation include: payment for water supply, billing system, adequacy of supply, frequency of pumping of water, notices from the Corporation in cases of system breakdown, response to leakages, adequacy of public standing pipes and appropriate location or distribution of standing pipes. The paper clamored for an evolvement of water policy for the state that would adequately address the issues emanating from the significant factors affecting the Corporation performance.
Pattern of Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Tumours in Owerri, Nigeria
Anelechi B. Chukuezi,Jones N. Nwosu
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjmsci.2010.11.14
Abstract: A retrospective study to determine the incidence, mode of presentation and histological types of nasal and sino-nasal tumours in Owerri, Nigeria, over 10 years period from January 1995 to December 2004 is presented. The clinical records of all patients with nasal and paranasal sinus tumours biopsied or surgically excised were reviewed for demographic data, clinical history, investigations, histological results and treatment among others. Thirty nine patients with occurrence rate of 0.76/1000 attendance with nasal and sino-nasal tumours were seen over the 10 years period. Male/Female ratio was 1.1:1, age range was 12-69 years with an average of 43.4+ or -5.5 years. Benign tumours (58.97%) were more frequent than malignant tumours (41.03%). The most frequent histological types were haemangioma (30.78%) and squamous cell carcinoma (20.51%). Nasal blockage (94.81%) followed by mass in the nose (87.18%) and epistaxis (71.79%) were the most common symptoms at presentation. Late presentation at T3 and T4 stages was the order. The treatment modalities were surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Sinonasal tumours were uncommon and occurred at younger age group. Presentation and diagnosis were late as poor facilities and inadequate health education affected early presentation.
A Comparative Analysis of Social Service Provision and Accessibility in Regularised Settlements in Tanzania
Edmund Zakayo, Emmanuel Patroba Mhache, Wakuru Magigi
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105278
Abstract:
Social service provision and accessibility play a great role in ensuring city de-velopment in both developed and developing countries with emerging econo-mies, Tanzania inclusive. This paper provides a comparative study on the situation, arguments and criticisms of three planned neighborhoods, whereby in those cases, local communities were involved in settlement upgrading through land regularization in Tanzania. The discussion centered on comparing the social infrastructure service provision and the levels of accessibility of neighborhood residents to roads, waste disposal, water and electricity supply. Similarly, the paper highlights the role of neighborhood leaders in ensuring social service provision, accessibility levels, reasons for connections, and the correlation between source of water and electricity supply as well as inferential statistics for the effects of the land regularization on the access to social services. We find that local leadership determines provision and accessibility of infrastructures in an area where informal settlement upgrading project takes place. Location differences of neighborhoods and proximity to the infrastructure service influence business growth, home improvement, service payments, and residents’ mindset change in the neighborhood land development processes. We also found that conditions set for provision of social services include: availability of permanent building structure, land ownership, affordability level, household agreement, offering land for public use and freedom from the road reserve. Local Authority sets guidelines for service provision and helps meet with the local community and thus, shows the recognized role of community involvement in settlement upgrading projects. Furthermore, the role of planning institutions and differences is highlighted. The study concludes that community involvement and local leadership championship in informal settlement upgrading are vital elements for the success of the program and towards ensuring development control, coordination and sustainability once the project ends.
Provision and need of HIV/AIDS services in the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, 2010
Annette AM Gerritsen, Janine S Mitchell, Brenda White
South African Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Objectives. To determine the need for HIV/AIDS service provision in the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (CTMM), especially in municipal areas. Methods. The Foundation for Professional Development initiated the Compass Project. Using a questionnaire, data were collected during May - June 2010 from organisations providing HIV/AIDS services in the CTMM (organisational information and types of HIV/AIDS services). The need for HIV counselling and testing (HCT), antiretroviral treatment (ART), prevention of mother-tochild transmission (PMTCT), and care for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) was estimated using data from various sources. Results. A total of 447 service providers was included in the study: 72.3% non-governmental organisations (NGOs); 18.1% in the public sector; 5.1% in the private sector; and 4.5% faithbased organisations. The majority of the prevention- (70.2%) and support-related services (77.4%) were provided by NGOs, while the majority of treatment-related services originated from the public sector (57.3%). Service need estimates included: HCT – 1 435 438 adults aged 15 - 49 years (11 127/service provider); total ART – 75 211 adults aged 15+ years (1 213/service provider); ART initiation – 30 713 adults aged 15+ years (495/service provider); PMTCTHCT – 30 092 pregnant women (510/service provider); PMTCTART – 7 734 HIV+ pregnant women (221/service provider); and OVC care – 54 590 children (258/service provider). Conclusions. Service gaps remain in the provision of HCT, PMTCT-ART and OVC care. ART provision must be increased, in light of new treatment guidelines from the Department of Health. S Afr Med J 2012;102:44-46
Risk Factors Associated with Gestational Diabetes among Pregnant Women in Owerri Municipal Council, Southeastern Nigeria  [PDF]
JC Nwaokoro, CO Emerole, SNO Ibe, AN Amadi, INS Dozie
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v5i1.8302
Abstract: Background Gestational diabetes is emerging as a serious public health problem in Nigeria where the largest number of people with diabetes in Africa occurs. Current studies in Nigeria give an overall prevalence of gestational diabetes as 13.4% among pregnant women with unidentified risk factors. Aims and Objectives This study aimed at investigating the risk factors associated with gestational diabetes. Materials and Methods A cross-section analytical study design was adopted for this research and comprising a total of 100 pregnant women receiving ante-natal health care service at the Federal Medical Center, Owerri. A structured questionnaire including a set of detailed pre-determined questions was administered on the subjects. Data collected were analyzed statistically, using chi-square and T test. Results The results obtained suggest that there is a significant relationship (p<0.05) between previous macrosomic baby, parity, previous history of caesarean section, family history of diabetes and occurrence of gestational diabetes, respectively. However, there is no significant relationship (p>0.05) between history of miscarriages and stillbirth, socioeconomic status and occurrence of gestational diabetes. A family history of diabetes is independently and significantly associated with the development of gestational diabetes itself even after adjusting for other risk factors. Conclusion This study will be a working tool to guide obstetricians and midwives in counseling and advising women of their risk of developing GDM. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v5i1.8302 Asian Journal of Medical Science Vol.5(1) 2014 pp.39-46 ?
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