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Parents and Educators Working as an Action Research Team  [cached]
Britt Edwards
Educate~ , 2009,
Abstract: This article introduces a new PhD participatory action research project. An outline of the contributions intended to be made by this study are highlighted and an overview of the research methodology is explained. A school based approach that encourages positive social behaviour of children with autism is the key component of the research, where parents and educators join forces to problem-solve behaviour issues in the home. The behaviour intervention approach that is used offers a practical and naturalistic way of teaching students appropriate behaviour. This article details the research model which includes parent and educator collaboration and is unique as it contributes ‘insider’ perspectives. This qualitative study allows an educator who has been diagnosed with high functioning autism and parents of children with autism an opportunity to voice their concerns, understandings and successes in regard to behaviour management.
Team Innovation Climate and Knowledge Sharing among Healthcare Managers: Mediating Effects of Altruistic Intentions  [PDF]
Feng-Chuan Liu,Kai-Lin Cheng,Minston Chao,Hsu-Min Tseng
Chang Gung Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: This paper aims to provide empirical evidence concerning the impact of team climate on knowledge sharing behavior and the mediating effects of individuals’ altruistic intentions in the context of healthcare settings.Methods: Questionnaire data were collected from 212 administrators employed at a medical center in Taiwan. Team climate was assessed by the Team Climate Inventory composed of four factors, participative safety, support for innovation, vision, and task orientation. The proposed hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling.Results: The influence of the team innovation climate on knowledge sharing behavior was evident. Furthermore, individuals’ altruistic intentions played a full mediating role in the relationship between team innovation climate and knowledge sharing behavior.Conclusions: These results contribute to the field of the people-orientated perspective in knowledge management. The full mediating effect of employees’ altruistic intentions provides healthcare team managers the direction to accelerate knowledge sharing behavior.
Book Review: Creating equitable classrooms through action research  [cached]
Geoff Mills
Journal of Curriculum and Instruction , 2009,
Abstract: Creating Equitable Classrooms through Action Research is compelling reading for a wide-ranging audience including professional development participants, preservice and inservice teachers, students of educational administration, and teacher educators.
Formative Assessment in Classrooms: Operational Procedures  [cached]
Liqiu Wei
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.2.1.99-103
Abstract: Seen as “assessment for learning”, formative assessment has attracted the attention of more and more educators and practitioners around the globe. Based on the writer’s experience with the implementation of formative assessment in her classrooms in China, this article describes the operational procedures of formative assessment use in classrooms. It first presents guidelines for the proportion of summative assessment and formative assessment in the course’s final scores, for formative assessment plan formulating and for feedback and grading, then describes the procedures, from need analysis and goal setting to formative assessment plan drafting, communicating, implementing and evaluating and revising.
Supporting the Growth of Global Citizenship Educators  [cached]
Marianne Larsen,Lisa Faden
Brock Education : a Journal of Educational Research and Practice , 2008,
Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study, which was a part of a broader project to develop and pilot test a global citizenship education (GCE) teaching kit. This study involved examining a group of typical teachers’ perceptions, attitudes and beliefs about becoming global citizen educators. The study posed the question, “Can providing teachers with global citizenship education resources and supporting them in the implementation of these resources improve their capacity to be effective global educators?” We can infer from our study that there is mainstream appeal amongst social studies teachers for GCE. However, there are a number of limitations and barriers that prevent even those committed to global citizenship education from implementing GCE in their classrooms. Therefore, we argue that it is critically important to provide teachers with sustainable supports such as curriculum aligned teaching materials and professional development opportunities to become global citizenship educators.
Educators' selection and evaluation of natural sciences textbooks  [cached]
Miriam Lemmer,Jo-Anne Edwards,Sello Rapule
South African Journal of Education , 2008,
Abstract: Due to the central role of textbooks in the teaching and learning of science, it is imperative that textbooks provide correct content and instructional support. We investigated how 16 South African Grade 7 natural science educators selected their textbooks and how they evaluated these textbooks. The results were analysed according to the constructivist paradigm, as implemented in the Revised National Curriculum Statement, as well as selection criteria found in the literature. The selection criteria that the educators listed in interviews were isolated ideas that were not embedded in a constructivist framework. The educators also lacked the necessary scientific and pedagogical content-knowledge to effectively evaluate the textbooks. Recommendations are made for improvements in educator training, departmental guidance, and textbook writing. Experience in textbook evaluation during their training courses could boost educators' competence in selecting the books and detecting and compensating for their deficiencies. This would contribute to filling South African educators' need of hands-on examples that can be applied immediately in their classrooms.
Alternative Assessment Approaches in Primary English Language Classrooms  [PDF]
Pratistha Shrestha
Journal of NELTA , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/nelta.v18i1-2.10337
Abstract: In recent years, the philosophy and implementation of alternative assessment in primary classrooms have become the center of discussion and debate in the educational sector among scholars, educators, and stakeholders in many countries including Nepal. This paper presents a study on the alternative assessment practices in primary English language classrooms based on a qualitative approach. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of alternative assessment, the paradigm shift from traditional assessment to alternative assessment, and some insights on the practices of alternative assessment prevalent in the selected private schools in Kathmandu valley along with teachers’ perceptions and challenges. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/nelta.v18i1-2.10337 Journal of NELTA, Vol 18 No. 1-2, December 2013; 148-163
Voluntary versus Enforced Team Effort  [PDF]
Claudia Keser,Claude Montmarquette
Games , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/g2030277
Abstract: We present a model where each of two players chooses between remuneration based on either private or team effort. Although at least one of the players has the equilibrium strategy to choose private remuneration, we frequently observe both players to choose team remuneration in a series of laboratory experiments. This allows for high cooperation payoffs but also provides individual free-riding incentives. Due to significant cooperation, we observe that, in team remuneration, participants make higher profits than in private remuneration. We also observe that, when participants are not given the option of private remuneration, they cooperate significantly less.
Effects of Video Modeling on Implementation of Literature Circles in Inclusive Content Area Classrooms  [cached]
Chris O'Brien,Lisa A. Dieker
Journal of Curriculum and Instruction , 2008,
Abstract: Trends in special education favor inclusion and concurrently the implementation of inclusive instructional practices. As students with learning disabilities are increasingly placed in general education classrooms, the need to assist general educators in establishing inclusive classrooms becomes a major priority. Cooperative learning, in the form of literature circles, is offered as a means of providing support to academically diverse student populations. In light of research-to-practice challenges, this study investigated the potential for students with learning disabilities and their peers to learn about literature circles by viewing video models of the practice in action. Students in the video modeling group demonstrated significantly more effective implementation of literature circles including cooperative behaviors, suggesting that video modeling could serve as a means of improving the translation of research on effective instructional strategies to actual practice in classrooms.
Educators' conceptions and practice of classroom assessments in post-apartheid South Africa
S Vandeyar, R Killen
South African Journal of Education , 2007,
Abstract: The changes in post-apartheid South Africa have been accompanied by considerable changes in the education system. The most notable include desegregation of schools, development of a National Qualifications Framework, adoption of new language policies for education, and introduction of outcomes-based curricula. However entrenched assessment practices appear to be hampering the efforts to transform school education. An analysis of the assessment practices of three Grade 4 educators in multilingual classrooms revealed that the educators were unable or unwilling to adapt their assessment practices to the changing demands of South African school education. South African Journal of Education Vol. 27 (1) 2007: pp. 101-115
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