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Interfering with Capitalism's Spell: Peter McLaren's Revolutionary Liminality
Samuel Day Fassbinder
International Journal of Progressive Education , 2006,
Abstract: McLaren’s recent (post-2000) writings promote a form of agency called “revolutionary critical pedagogy,” and a type of agent, the “committed intellectual” (McLaren 2005b, p. 253-281). But one can find an earlier agent-type in McLaren’s (1986) Schooling as a Ritual Performance, the “liminal servant,” that explains how “critical pedagogy is secured by the most fecund of revolutionary talismans, critique” (2005a: 9). Borrowing from Theodor Adorno (1968), I suggest that McLaren’s recent writing uses aspects of the “liminal servant” for the purpose of interfering with the “spell” of capitalist social relations through “revolutionary critical pedagogy.” The beginning prologue examines “revolutionary liminality” in McLaren’s writing; the second part explains how his written discursive strategies (naming the culprit, suggesting icons, theorizing to unite the disaffected) work to act out “revolutionary liminality.”
Listen, Attend and Spell  [PDF]
William Chan,Navdeep Jaitly,Quoc V. Le,Oriol Vinyals
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: We present Listen, Attend and Spell (LAS), a neural network that learns to transcribe speech utterances to characters. Unlike traditional DNN-HMM models, this model learns all the components of a speech recognizer jointly. Our system has two components: a listener and a speller. The listener is a pyramidal recurrent network encoder that accepts filter bank spectra as inputs. The speller is an attention-based recurrent network decoder that emits characters as outputs. The network produces character sequences without making any independence assumptions between the characters. This is the key improvement of LAS over previous end-to-end CTC models. On a subset of the Google voice search task, LAS achieves a word error rate (WER) of 14.1% without a dictionary or a language model, and 10.3% with language model rescoring over the top 32 beams. By comparison, the state-of-the-art CLDNN-HMM model achieves a WER of 8.0%.
The union spell-out principle  [cached]
Peter Kinyua Muriungi
Nordlyd : Troms? University Working Papers on Language & Linguistics / Institutt for Spr?k og Litteratur, Universitetet i Troms? , 2009,
Abstract: This paper argues that grammar has a union spell-out principle that dictates that contiguous heads be spelled out by a single morpheme or phrase if there exists a morpheme or phrase in the lexicon with a collection of the features of the contiguous heads
The Spirit and secularisation  [cached]
D.T. Williams
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v75i4.109
Abstract: The existence of creation, especially of life, depends on the work of the third Person. In keeping with his nature as holy, the Spirit undergirds creation by providing separation and relatedness. This activity is, however, not of such a kind as to remove the measure of freedom that God gave through his selflimitation, and that is necessary for creation to occur. It is possible for individuals and society as a whole to ignore the Spirit, and for secularisation to occur. The action of the Spirit also underlies the new creation, which results in a distinctive society, the church, which is characterised by separation and relatedness. Through the church, the Spirit seeks to influence society as a whole by example without removing its freedom. To maintain the validity of this example, the Spirit also seeks to develop the church as a holy society, specifically counteracting the factors that produce secularisation in society.
On the Current and Future Dry Spell Characteristics over?Africa  [PDF]
Bessam Bouagila,Laxmi Sushama
Atmosphere , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/atmos4030272
Abstract: Changes in precipitation frequency and intensity distribution over Africa will have a direct impact on dry spells and, therefore, will affect various climate sensitive sectors. In this study, the ability of the fifth generation of the Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM5) in simulating annual and seasonal dry spell characteristics is assessed for four precipitation thresholds (0.5 mm, 1 mm, 2 mm and 3 mm) over Africa. The dry spell characteristics considered are the number of dry days, number of dry spells and five-year return levels of maximum dry spell durations. The performance errors are assessed by comparing ERA-Interim driven CRCM5 with the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) dataset, for the common 1997–2008 period. Lateral boundary forcing errors, i.e., errors in the CRCM5 simulation created by errors in the driving Canadian Earth System model (CanESM2) data—as well as the added value—of CRCM5 over CanESM2 are also assessed for the current climate. This is followed by an assessment of projected changes to dry spell characteristics for two future climates (2041–2070 and 2071–2100) simulated by both CRCM5 driven by CanESM2 and CanESM2 itself, for Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5. Results suggest that CRCM5 driven by ERA-Interim has a tendency to overestimate the annual mean number of dry days and the five-year return level of the maximum dry spell duration in a majority of the regions while it slightly underestimates the number of dry spells. In general, the CRCM5 performance errors associated with the annual and seasonal dry spell characteristics are found to be larger in magnitude compared to the lateral boundary forcing errors. Projected changes to the dry spell characteristics for the 2041–2070 and 2071–2100 periods, with respect to the 1981–2010 period suggests significant changes in the tropics, with the mean number of dry days and the five-year return levels of maximum dry spell duration increasing, while the mean number of dry spell days decreases.
Adorno's Dreams
Thomas Leith?user
Journal für Psychologie , 2007,
Abstract: The dream protocols“ ( Die Traumprotokolle“) of Theodor W. Adorno were published posthume in 2005 by Suhrkamp. Two of the about hundred dream-protocols are interpreted in the sense of Freud’s dream-interpretation. The focus of the interpretation is the societal content of the dreams and does not lie on the personal dispositions of the dreamer. Some aspects of the Critical Theory are analysed in the rest of the day” (Tagesrest) which is always a part of the dream. The process of the psychoanalytical orientated depth-hermeneutic method is shown in the interpretation.
Herbert Simon’s spell on judgment and decision making  [PDF]
Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos,Cherng-Horng (Dan) Lan
Judgment and Decision Making , 2011,
Abstract: How many judgment and decision making (JDM) researchers have not claimed to be building on Herbert Simon's work? We identify two of Simon's goals for JDM research: He sought to understand people's decision processes---the descriptive goal---and studied whether the same processes lead to good decisions---the prescriptive goal. To investigate how recent JDM research relates to these goals, we analyzed the articles published in the Journal of Behavioral Decision Making and in Judgment and Decision Making from 2006 to 2010. Out of 377 articles, 91 cite Simon or we judged them as directly relating to his goals. We asked whether these articles are integrative, in the following sense: For a descriptive article we asked if it contributes to building a theory that reconciles different conceptualizations of cognition such as neural networks and heuristics. For a prescriptive article we asked if it contributes to building a method that combines ideas of other methods such as heuristics and optimization models. Based on our subjective judgments we found that the proportion of integrative articles was 67% of the prescriptive and 52% of the descriptive articles. We offer suggestions for achieving more integration of JDM theories. The article concludes with the thesis that although JDM researchers work under Simon's spell, no one really knows what that spell is.
The Holy Spirit and the early Church: The experience of the Spirit
Johannes van Oort
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v68i1.1154
Abstract: Firstly, the present article explored the occurrence of special gifts of the Holy Spirit (charismata) both in the New Testament and in a number of early Christian writers (e.g. Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Tertullian and Augustine). Secondly, it indicated how this experience of special charismata exerted its influence on the formulation of the most authoritative and ecumenical statement of belief, viz. the Creed of Nicaea-Constantinople (381). How to cite this article: Van Oort, J., 2012, ‘The Holy Spirit and the early Church: The experience of the Spirit’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 68(1), #Art. 1154, 7 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v68i1.1154
Avers?o à teoria e indigência da prática: crítica a partir da filosofia de Adorno
Loureiro, Robson;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302007000200012
Abstract: in education, pragmatism has become widely spread and it pervades everything from teacher training to the definitions of what and how to teach. we seek to highlight adorno's contributions to face this philosophical trend. the vitality of his analyses rests in the fact he addresses the core of the pragmatic tradition. he denounced how, in the administered society, the cultural formation has become semi-formation. the pragmatic spirit establishes the same" rationality in the relationship between subject and object, theory and practice, and feeds the phenomenon of aversion to theory, characterised by the atrophy of the autonomous thinking and the poverty of practice. however adorno sees the possibility of a resistance thinking that does not renounce to the objective referent and objective value of truth but is opposed to the collapse of reason. the reflexive experience in / on the educational work cannot depart from this thinking.
T.W. Adorno: Cinema in Spite of Itself—But Cinema all the Same  [cached]
Nicole Brenez
Cultural Studies Review , 2011,
Abstract: This article discusses T.W. Adorno's criticisms of cinema, and how he saw it in terms of cultural commodification.
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