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Cidadania
Joel Pimentel de Ulh?a
Philósophos : Revista de Filosofia , 2007, DOI: 10.5216/phi.v5i2.11338
Abstract: As profundas mudan as do mundo exigem amplia o do conceito de cidadania produzido pela ascen o da burguesia,que teve seu ápice na Revolu o Francesa.Definido,basicamente pela declara o dos direitos do homem e do cidad o, de 1789,que foi reiterada,em 1948,pela ONU, a cidadania n o ′pode desprezar os deveres sociais e éticos que todos nós temos,com vistas a uma sociedade mais justa,que resgate o ser humano no cidad o.
El sentido olvidado del patriotismo republicano  [cached]
Viroli, Maurizio
Isegoría , 2001,
Abstract: In this article Maurizio Viroli shows that although republican patriotism has a cultural dimension it is primarily a political passion based upon the experiencia of citizenship. Patriotism is the love for a free republic and for its way of life: il vivere libero. In this sense republican patriotism is almost the contrary of nationalism. For nationalists patriotism is the love for a modest liberty: the freedom to enjoy in the shadow of the throne one′s dwelling and vineyard in peace. For republican patriots love of country is an artificial passion, for nationalists it is a natural one. As a conclusion, Viroli suggest that republican patriotism is able to answer the dylemas of modern democracy beyond the choice between the myth of civic nationalism and the horror of ethnic nationalism. En este artículo Maurizio Viroli muestra que aunque el patriotismo republicano tiene una dimensión cultural es, sobre todo, una pasión política basada en la experiencia de la ciudadanía. Patriotismo es el amor por una república libre y por su forma de vida: il vivere libero. En este sentido, el patriotismo es casi lo opuesto al nacionalismo. Para los nacionalistas el patriotismo es el amor por una libertad más modesta: la libertad de disfrutar a la sombra del trono, y en paz, de la casita y el majuelo. Para los patriotas republicanos el amor por la patria es una pasión artificial, para los nacionalistas es natural. Como conclusión, Viroli sugiere que el patriotismo republicano es capaz de responder a los dilemas de la democracia moderna al ir más allá de la elección entre el mito del nacionalismo cívico y el horror del nacionalismo étnico.
X(1835): A Possible Baryonium?  [PDF]
Shi-Lin Zhu,Chong-Shou Gao
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1088/0253-6102/46/2/021
Abstract: We point out that (1) the large $p\bar p$ coupling and suppressed mesonic coupling of X(1835) and (2) the suppression of the three-body strange final states strongly indicate that X(1835) may be a $p\bar p$ baryonium. We also point out that the branching ratio of $X(1835)\to\eta \pi\pi$ should be bigger than that of $X(1835)\to\eta^\prime \pi\pi$. If BES further confirms the non-observation of X(1835) in the $\eta\pi\pi$ channel, that will be very puzzling. Finally, X(1835) may be used a tetraquark generator if X(1835) is really established as a baryonium state.
Observation of the $X(1840)$ at BESIII  [PDF]
Jingqing Zhang,for the BESIII Collaboration
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1142/S2010194514603111
Abstract: Observation of the $X(1840)$ in the $3(\pi^+\pi^-)$ invariant mass in $J/\psi\rightarrow\gamma 3(\pi^+\pi^-)$ at BESIII is reviewed. With a sample of $225.3\times10^6$ $J/\psi$ events collected with the BESIII detector at BEPCII, the $X(1840)$ is observed with a statistical significance of $7.6\sigma$. The mass, width and product branching fraction of the $X(1840)$ are determined. The decay $\eta^\prime\rightarrow 3(\pi^+\pi^-)$ is searched for, and the upper limit of the branching fraction is set at the 90% confidence level.
New Records of Two Asteroids Calliaster childreni Gray, 1840 and Pentaceraster horridus (Gray, 1840) from the Bay of Bengal
M. Karuppaiyan,K. Raja
International Journal of Zoological Research , 2007,
Abstract: This research describes two new records of the Asteroidea Calliaster childerni Gray, 1840 and Pentaceraster horridus Gray, 1840, from the Bay of Bengal. A detailed description of the little known species of given in to photographs.
Kronides incumbens (Germar, 1835) (Homoptera, Membracidae): II. morfologia
Cre?o Duarte, Ant?nio José;Sakakibara, Albino M.;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 1989, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81751989000100010
Abstract: in this paper is presented, in detail, the morphology of kronides incumbens (germar, 1835) (homoptera, membracidae).
Manifesto pela Cidadania Digital
Massimo Di Felice, Mario Pireddu, Derrick de Kerckhove, Jose Bragan?a de Miranda, J. Alberto Sanchez Martinez, Cosimo Accoto
Lumina , DOI: -
Abstract: Professores, pesquisadores e centros de pesquisa de diferentes países assinaram um Manifesto Pela Cidadania Digital. O texto está dividido em quatro partes e tem como objetivo apresentar um campo de pesquisa, estudo e reflex?o sobre as mudan?as aportadas pela web e pelas redes digitais na participa??o dos cidad?os, nos processos decisórios e na política em geral.
$η_c$ - glueball Mixing and Resonance X(1835)  [PDF]
Nikolai Kochelev,Dong-Pil Min
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.72.097502
Abstract: The mixing of $\eta_c$ and the lowest mass pseudoscalar glueball is estimated within the framework of the instanton liquid model. It is demonstrated that the mixing is large and may explain the difference between the observed mass of the glueball candidate X(1835) and the theoretical prediction of QCD sum rule analysis.
Cidadania, igualdade e diferen a
Lavalle Adrián Gurza
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2003,
Abstract: O artigo atenta para um aspecto específico das tendências recentes de transforma o da cidadania: o avan o do reconhecimento da diferen a combinado com forte regress o no plano da eqüidade. Para tanto, desenvolve-se uma análise da concep o tradicional da cidadania, das for as responsáveis pela sua desestabiliza o, das rea es na literatura teórica perante tal desestabiliza o e, sobretudo, das diferentes tens es que, na edifica o da cidadania moderna, caracterizaram a rela o do bin mio igualdade/ diferen a tens es tematizadas de forma parcial no debate contemporaneo.
Strong and Electromagnetic Decays of X(1835) as a Baryonium State
Ma, Yong-Liang
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/36/5/055004
Abstract: With the assumption that the recently observed X(1835) is a baryonium state we have studied the strong decays of $X(1835) \to \eta^{(\prime)} \pi^+ \pi^-, \eta^{(\prime)} \pi^0 \pi^0$ and the electromagnetic decay of $X(1835) \to 2\gamma$ in the framework of effective Lagrangian formalism. In the present investigation we have included the contributions from the iso-singlet light scalar resonances but we have not included the isospin violating effect. Our result for the strong decay of $X(1835) \to \eta^{\prime} \pi^+ \pi^-$ is smaller than the observed data. The decay width for the radiative decay of $X(1835) \to 2\gamma$ is consistent with the assumption that it decays through the glueball. In addition, the width for the strong decay of $X(1835) \to \eta \pi^+ \pi^-$ is larger than that of the strong decay of $X(1835) \to \eta^{\prime} \pi^+ \pi^-$ due to the large phase space and coupling constant $g_{N\bar{N}\eta}$. From our investigation, it is not possible to interpret X(1835) as a baryonium.
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