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Domestic Violence and the Criminal Justice System: An Overview
Erez, Edna
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 2002,
Abstract: It is only recently that domestic violence has been considered a violation of the law. Although men have battered, abused and mistreated their wives or intimate partners for a long time, historically, wife or partner abuse has been viewed as a "normal" part of marriage or intimate relationships. Only towards the end of the twentieth century, in the 1970’s, has domestic violence been defined a crime, justifying intervention by the criminal justice system. This article surveys the history of domestic violence as a criminal offense, and the justice system response to woman battering incidents. It first discusses the definition of the offense including debates around the offense definition, and the prevalence and reported frequency of the behavior termed woman battering. It then reviews the legal and social changes over time that have altered the criminal justice system’s approach to domestic violence. Next it outlines the responses of the police, and the prosecution of domestic violence. The article also discusses research findings related to domestic violence and the criminal justice system, along with current controversies concerning the justice approach to domestic violence, its law enforcement, and related unfolding trends in the movement to address domestic violence through the criminal justice system.
Domestic Violence  [PDF]
Aslihan Okan Ibiloglu
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2012,
Abstract: Domestic violence is a problem that affects the lives of many women both in urban and rural areas. Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder are the most prevalent mental health problems related with domestic violence. Children of battered women are also affected from the domestic violence. Children who grow up in families with intimate partner violence may suffer from a range of behavioral and emotional disturbances that can be associated with the perpetration or experiencing of violence later in life. The mental health care sector can have a significant impact on publicizing and addressing violence against women and children and on reducing the mental health problems related to abuse. This review focuses on domestic violence victims, most of whom are women and children victimized by their spouses or parents, along with the causes and cycle of domestic violence.
Domestic Violence
Lapierre, Simon
Social Work and Society , 2009,
Abstract: Since the 1960s, there has been growing awareness regarding the issue of domestic violence as a form of violence against women, which has been largely influenced by the work of feminist activist and scholars in North America and Europe (Dobash and Dobash 1992). Other terms have been used to describe the same phenomenon, including domestic abuse, spousal abuse, wife battering, marital violence, intimate partner violence. Though there is no doubt that this problem has existed for much more than five decades, the tendency to label it as ‘private matters’ or ‘marital disagreements’ has obscured the reality of women living with abuse in their home. At a general level, domestic violence can be defined as the means used by a man in order to assert his control and domination over his intimate partner, whether they are married or not (Mullender 1996). It can involve incidents of physical and sexual violence, as well as verbal, psychological and financial abuse. Though some of its manifestations may be associated with particular cultural or religious groups – e.g. forced marriage and honour killing in South-Asian communities – domestic violence affects women from all classes and backgrounds.
Association of Socioeconomic Factors to Domestic Violence and Murder of Women: The Case of Yucatán, México  [PDF]
Yolanda Oliva Pe?a
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.714175
Abstract: Registration of deaths classified as femicide, is an issue that occupies a breach of law, and that in this matter inconsistencies and absences in the information generated persist and persist in popular culture a strong stigma that various social groups and affected (victims) lead to underreporting of gender violence. Documentary research that conducted to determine the association of geographic areas and social factors related to violence to women occurred in the state of Yucatan during 2004 to 2014. Of the major findings of this study are: there are significant differences in the presence of domestic violence with the economic sector with a value of the test statistic of 13,500 with two degrees of freedom, a significant difference with a P-value of 0.001 (P-value < 0.05) was obtained, and P-value 0.000 (P-value < 0.05) for the murders of women. Geospatial distribution shows that the municipalities highest number of cases reported are found in large cities, and related to the three sectors of economic activity. Geographical distribution is North, South and East of the state. We conclude that it is required to have a surveillance system for the prevention of gender violence, also provide therapy to both men and women who have lived or have used violence systematically and taught by trained and sensitive to provide such care staff, and thus prevent deaths from gender violence.
Family violence offence in a social context and legal system of Serbia and Montenegro
Nikoli?-Ristanovi? Vesna ?.
Temida , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/tem0302005n
Abstract: In this paper author elaborates macro and micro factors which contribute to emergence/aggravation of family violence in a circumstances of social transition, as well as factors which contribute to better protection, assistance and support to victims of violence. Therefore, author presents historical development of lobbying for legal reforms regarding domestic violence, as well as importance and broader context of new incrimination - Domestic Violence - in the legal system of Serbia and Montenegro. Also, in this paper author presents basic principles of the New Model for legal protection from family violence, made by the working group of the Victimology Society of Serbia, describing legal situation that existed before these changes and legal protection of victims after the reform. Author also indicates to an incomplete legal protection of victims - lack of possibilities for arrest, protective measures, restraining orders, and (voluntary or mandatory) treatment of abuser. The importance of monitoring of implementation and further improving of this and other laws is stressed out as well.
Primary care Identification and Referral to Improve Safety of women experiencing domestic violence (IRIS): protocol for a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial
Alison Gregory, Jean Ramsay, Roxane Agnew-Davies, Kathleen Baird, Angela Devine, Danielle Dunne, Sandra Eldridge, Annie Howell, Medina Johnson, Clare Rutterford, Debbie Sharp, Gene Feder
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-54
Abstract: This protocol describes IRIS, a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial with the general practice as unit of randomisation. Our trial tests the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a training and support programme targeted at general practice teams. The primary outcome is referral of women to specialist domestic violence agencies. Forty-eight practices in two UK cities (Bristol and London) are randomly allocated, using minimisation, into intervention and control groups. The intervention, based on an adult learning model in an educational outreach framework, has been designed to address barriers to asking women about domestic violence and to encourage appropriate responses to disclosure and referral to specialist domestic violence agencies. Multidisciplinary training sessions are held with clinicians and administrative staff in each of the intervention practices, with periodic feedback of identification and referral data to practice teams. Intervention practices have a prompt to ask about abuse integrated in the electronic medical record system. Other components of the intervention include an IRIS champion in each practice and a direct referral pathway to a named domestic violence advocate.This is the first European randomised controlled trial of an intervention to improve the health care response to domestic violence. The findings will have the potential to inform training and service provision.ISRCTN74012786Domestic violence is threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between adults who are in the same family or who are (or have been) intimate partners. The prevalence of physical and sexual violence varies internationally from 15 to 71% [1]. The 2001 British Crime Survey reported that 20% of women in England and Wales were physically assaulted by a current or former partner at some time in their lives. When threats, financial abuse and emotional abuse are included, this increased to 25% of women [2]
Domestic violence
Kiurski Jasmina
Temida , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/tem0302037k
Abstract: In this article author examines a definition of a family, the role of a family as a social and legal institution as well as state reaction in a situation of mal function of a family. Special attention is given to a definition of a family, its protective function and criminal law in modern legal systems. Author also analyzes recent reform of our legislation firstly new criminal offence (Article 118a of the Criminal Code of Republic of Serbia) - Domestic Violence - and its relation to other similar criminal offences. Finally, author gives an overview of up-to-now practice from District and Municipal Prosecutors Offices in Belgrade and suggestions for solving observed problems in implementation of this criminal offence.
Domestic violence is a crime  [PDF]
Simi? Ljiljana J.
Temida , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/tem0302051s
Abstract: Introduction of the article 118a in the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia is just the beginning of a thorny road in order to penalize domestic violence. Domestic violence existed at all times, in various forms, and it was always tolerated. Domestic violence should be stopped for several reasons, among which two are basic: domestic violence affects not only family but society as well, and because of the fact that large number of victims of domestic violence become abusers.
Domestic violence against children  [PDF]
Mihi? Biljana D.
Temida , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/tem0203051m
Abstract: In this paper the author is analysing definitions and basic notions related to domestic violence against children, as one of the most serious forms of violence. The special chapter deals with effects of violence against children and causes of domestic violence against them. Also, the author is analysing different forms of social reaction and considering the problem of legal regulation of mandatory reporting domestic violence against children.
Domestic Violence: The Challenge For Nursing
Draucker, Claire Burke
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 2002,
Abstract: Domestic violence is a serious public health and human rights concern and an on-going challenge for nursing. This article provides an overview of the three major types of domestic violence: intimate partner abuse, child abuse, elder abuse. The scope, history, and health consequences of each type of violence are addressed. Despite advances in research, public awareness, legislative initiatives, and public policy, these types of interpersonal violence continue to affect millions worldwide.
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