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Jurema-Preta (Mimosa tenuiflora [Willd.] Poir.): a review of its traditional use, phytochemistry and pharmacology
Souza, Rafael Sampaio Octaviano de;Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino de;Monteiro, Júlio Marcelino;Amorim, Elba Lúcia Cavalcanti de;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132008000500010
Abstract: numerous plant species are used throughout the world to achieve the modified states of conscientiousness. some of them have been used for the therapeutic purposes, such as mimosa tenuiflora (willd) poir. (family mimosaceae) known as "jurema-preta", an hallucinogenic plant traditionally used for curing and divination by the indians of northeastern brazil. in this review, several aspects of the use, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of this plant are considered.
Antimicrobial activity of Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. from Northeast Brazil against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus
Padilha, Itácio Q. M.;Pereira, Andréia V.;Rodrigues, Onaldo G.;Siqueira-Júnior, José P.;Pereira, Maria do Socorro V.;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2010000100010
Abstract: mimosa tenuiflora is a native plant of northeast brazil where it is popularly known as ''jurema-preta'' and it is widely used in folk medicine. in this work the anti-staphylococcus aureus activity of ethanol extract of m tenuiflora was evaluated by determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (mic) of clinical isolates by the agar dilution method, and by time-kill assay using a reference strain. mic values against 30 isolates were 0,18 mg/ml (16/30) or 0,36 mg/ml (14/30, and also the reference strain). in the reference strains, at concentrations up to 4x mic, only bacteriostatic effect was observed, but at 8x mic a fast bactericidal effect was observed.
Estudo comparativo da madeira de Mimosa ophthalmocentra Mart. ex Benth e Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. (Fabaceae-Mimosoideae) na caatinga nordestina
Silva, Lazaro Benedito da;Santos, Francisco de Assis Ribeiro dos;Gasson, Peter;Cutler, David;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062011000200006
Abstract: due to the economic importance of the wood of mimosa l. species in northeastern brazil's caatinga and to the fact that mimosa ophtalmocentra mart. ex benth. ("jurema-de-imbira") is confused with mimosa tenuiflora (willd.) poir. ("jurema-preta") and vice versa, this research aimed to present new data related to the anatomy and basic density of the wood of both species; to contribute to the taxonomic study for differentiating them; to identify anatomical characters of the wood relating them to the caatinga environment; and to present the energetic potential that they possess. the anatomical study and wood density determination were carried out with samples at dbh level and with two branches of individuals within the municipalities of serra talhada and sertania (pernambuco). the species both differed in bark type, color of heartwood and sapwood, besides the different anatomical characteristics found in the wood. mimosa ophtalmocentra has distinct growth layers consisting of parenchyma lines containing crystals, scarce parenchyma and smaller quantity of rays. mimosa tenuiflora, on the other hand, also has growth layers, but without crystals, axial parenchyma vasicentric, confluent and in bands, and greater percentage of rays. both species have some wood elements with anatomical characteristics typical of representatives of mimosa, contributing therefore to a better taxonomic understanding of the genus. based on wood anatomical parameters and elevated basic density (> 0.84 g/cm3), the conclusion was reached that both species have great perspectives for the production of fuel alcohol and charcoal since juvenile wood age. because mimosa ophthalmocentra has scarce parenchyma and fewer rays, it shows greater energetic potential than mimosa tenuiflora.
Atividade biológica da jurema-preta (Mimosa tenuiflora (Wild) Poir.) sobre Staphylococcus aureus isolado de casos de mastite bovina
Bezerra, Denise A. C.;Pereira, Andréia. V.;L?bo, Katiuscia M. S.;Rodrigues, Onaldo G.;Athayde, Ana C. R.;Mota, Rinaldo A.;Medeiros, Elizabeth. S.;Rodrigues, Sheina Campos;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2009000600002
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of the s.aureus to the extract of mimosa tenuiflora (wild) poir. (jurema-preta). twenty five strains of s. aureus were isolated from milk samples with description of clinical and subclinical mastitis and submitted to antimicrobial activity test of the m. tenuiflora extract. the sensitivity in vitro tests were carried out using the agar difusion method (well diffusion method). after that, 50μl of the extract were inoculated in the following dilutions: 1:1; 1:2; 1:4; 1:8; 1:16; 1:32; 1:64; 1:128; 1:256; 1:512. the plates were incubated at 37 oc during 24 and 48 h. the tests were made in triplicate. halos of inhibition were observed between 6 and 25 mm of diameter. the percentage of sensitivity of the tested samples was distributed in: 1:1 to 1:32 (100%), 1:64 (92%); 1: 128 (72%); 1:256 (28%); 1:512 (0%). the study of m. tenuiflora on the tested s. aureus samples it demonstrated that the plant has antimicrobial action.
Diametro do caule sobre a desidrata o, composi o química e produ o do feno de Jurema preta (Mimosa tenuiflora Wild. Poir.) Diameter on branch dehydration, chemical composition and hay production in Jurema preta (Mimosa tenuiflora Wild. Poir.)  [cached]
Luiza Daiana Araújo da Silva Formiga,José Morais Pereira Filho,Nilton Guedes do Nascimento Júnior,Felipe Eduardo da Silva Sobral
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produ??o Animal , 2011,
Abstract: Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito do diametro do caule na desidrata o, composi o química e disponibilidade de feno da Jurema preta (Mimosa tenuiflora). As plantas estavam com média de 3 metros de altura e em final de flora o. Foram selecionados caules representativos nos diametros 5, 6, 7, 8 e 9mm, os quais foram cortados, separados em caule e folhas e submetidos ao processo de desidrata o que consistiu na secagem em estufa de circula o de ar for ada a uma temperatura de 65°C até peso constante. A curva de desidrata o foi obtida em fun o dos intervalos de tempo de pesagem. Para as demais variáveis utilizou-se o delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com cinco tratamentos e cinco repeti es. A desidrata o de caule e folhas teve resposta linear com plat , maior para diametros de 5mm cuja perda foi de 0,02g de água/g matéria seca ao final de 15,84 horas no caule, e de 0,01g de água/g MS na folha a partir 13,48 horas. Os teores de proteína bruta do caule diminuíram e os de fibra em detergente neutro e fibra em detergente ácido aumentaram com o diametro do caule, mas n o houve influência na composi o química da folha. Se o objetivo for qualidade, os caules de Jurema preta devem ser cortados com diametros inferiores a 6mm; se o objetivo for quantidade o diametro deve ser de 7 a 9mm; se a finalidade for adequar qualidade e quantidade, recomenda-se cortar os caules ao atingirem 6mm de diametro. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of stem diameter in branch dehydration, chemical composition and hay production in Jurema preta (Mimosa tenuiflora). The selected plants were about three feet high and were in the end of blooming. Representative branches were selected with 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 mm diameters, which were sliced and separated into stems and leaves and submitted to the dehydration process. It consisted of drying in the forced air circulation stove at a 65°C temperature until the constant weight was reached. The dehydration curve was obtained according to the weighing time intervals. The other variables used a completely randomized design with five treatments and five replications. The stem and leaves dehydration had a linear response with plateau, being greater at 5mm, with 0.02g water/g DM in the stems after 15.84 hours and 0.01g water/g DM in the leaves after 13.48 hours. The stem CP decreased and the NDF and ADF increased with the diameter of the branch, but it did not influence the leaf’s chemical composition. If the goal is branch quality in Jurema preta, they should be cut with diameters smaller than 6 mm; if the goal is quantity, w
Assessment of mutagenic, antimutagenic and genotoxicity effects of Mimosa tenuiflora  [cached]
Viviane A. Silva,Gregório F. Gon?alves,Maria S. V. Pereira,Isis F. Gomes
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2013,
Abstract: Genotoxic effects of Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir, Fabaceae, were investigated by using both micronucleus test and bacterial reverse mutation assay in Salmonella typhimurium TA97, TA98, TA100, TA102 respectively. In respect of Ames test results show that the extract does not induce mutations in any strains of Salmonella typhimurium tested since the mutagenicity index is less than 2. In the antimutagenic effect was observed that the extract at the concentrations tested significantly decreased the mutagenicity index of all strains tested which characterized the extract as antimutagenic in these conditions. In the micronucleus test in vivo, we observed that the concentrations used did not induce an increase in the frequency of micronucleus in normochromatic erythrocytes of mice. Therefore, we concluded that the extract of M. tenuiflora is not mutagenic in the absence of exogenous metabolizing system and does not induce an increase in the frequency of the micronucleus characterized as an agent not mutagenic in these conditions. Further studies of toxicity need to be made to the use of this plant in the treatment of diseases to be stimulated.
Antiprotozoal Activity of Flavonoids Isolated from Mimosa tenuiflora (Fabaceae-Mimosoideae)  [cached]
Elihú Bautista,Fernando Calzada,Alfredo Ortega,Lilian Yépez-Mulia
Revista de la Sociedad Química de México , 2011,
Abstract: Como resultado del estudio químico de las hojas y flores de Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. (Fabaceae-Mimosoideae) se aislaron ocho flavonoides: 6-metoxi-4'-O-metilnaringenina (1), santina (2), 6-metoxinaringenina (3), tenuiflorina A (4), 5, 7, 4 -trihidroxi- 3,6-dimetoxiflavona (5), 6-desmetoxi-4′-O-metilcapilarisina (6), 6- metoxicamperol (7) y tenuiflorina C (8). La actividad antiprotozoaria de los compuestos aislados, así como la de la tenuiflorina B (9) y de la 6-desmetoxicapilarisina (10), aisladas en un estudio previo fue determinada contra trofozoitos de Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia.
Influência de hábitos antrópicos na dispers o de Triatoma pseudomaculata Corrêa & Espínola, 1964, através de Mimosa tenuiflora (Willdenow) (Mimosaceae) no Estado do Ceará, Brasil  [cached]
Freitas Simone Patrícia Carneiro,Freitas Assilon Lindoval Carneiro,Prazeres Severino do Monte,Gon?alves Teresa Cristina Monte
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004,
Abstract: Triatoma pseudomaculata foram capturados em entrecascas de Mimosa tenuiflora (jurema-preta) em ecótopo silvestre de sete municípios do Estado do Ceará. Esta planta apresenta alta taxa de cobertura geográfica nas áreas de caatingas, sendo freqüentemente utilizada pela popula o rural. A presen a de triatomíneos no peridomicílio, na regi o do Cariri, pode estar associada ao uso pela popula o da madeira de M. tenuiflora, quando trazida do ambiente silvestre, repleta de triatomíneos, facilitando conseqüentemente sua mobiliza o e dispers o.
Germinación, dispersión y establecimiento de plántulas de Mimosa tenuiflora (Leguminosae) en México
Camargo-Ricalde,Sara L.; Grether,Rosaura;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 1998,
Abstract: mimosa tenuiflora (willd.) poir. is an important natural resource in mexico, due to its diverse uses. however, seed germination, dissemination and seedling establishment of this species had not been studied up to date. fruits and seeds were collected in the state of chiapas, mexico (s. l. camargo et al. 118, uamiz). germination experiments were carried out after four years of seed storage; 1 935 seeds were sown in petri dishes containing moistened wathman filter paper. optimum temperatures were determined in a gradient 5-40 0c, with continuous light for mechanically scarified and non scarified seeds. three photoperiod experiments were made: a) continuous light, b) constant darkness and c) 12 hr light/12 hr darkness. three germinate pretreatments were applied: a) mechanical scarification, b) sulfuric acid scarification, c) fire scarification and d) control. three replicates of 15 seeds each were made for each variable and pretreatment. standard deviations (s) were determined, a one-way analysis of variance (anova) and media comparison (scheffé?s test) were applied (p<0.05). analysis of fruit and seed dissemination and seedling establishment was made qualitatively on the basis of field and laboratory observations; radius of dissemination of the fruits from the mother plant was measured; development of laboratory grown seedlings was followed during three months. seeds germinated at 10-30°c; however, the highest percentages of germination were obtained at 20°c (84.44%) and 25°c (95.55%); seeds are indistinctly photoblastic and percentages of germination, after the three germinate pretreatments, were: control (24.44-35.55%), mechanical scarification (84.44-88.88%), sulfuric acid scarification (73.33-91.11%) and fire scarification (0%). fruits and seeds are disseminated by the wind in a radius of 5-8 m from the mother plant; rain carries them from slopes to lower plains and human activities contribute to their dissemination. growth of seedlings is fast; they develop a par
Descripción, distribución, anatomía, composición química y usos de Mimosa tenuiflora (Fabaceae-Mimosoideae) en México
Camargo-Ricalde,Sara Lucía;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2000,
Abstract: because of some catastrophic events which occurred in mexico during the 1980 decade, the utilization of "tepescohuite" bark against skin wounds and burns was popularized. the media manipulated the lack of available information about its medical properties and gave erroneous information to the society propagating a lot of myths. therefore, the aim of this paper is to determine its taxonomic identity and to study the distribution, bark and wood anatomy of this species, and to determine its actual and historic uses, and the compilation of the information about bark pharmacology and toxicity. its taxonomic identity is established as mimosa tenuiflora (willd.) poir. (fabaceae-mimosoideae). it blooms and fructifies from november to june, occurring in mexico (the states of oaxaca and chiapas), guatemala, honduras, el salvador, nicaragua, panama, colombia, venezuela and brazil, at altitudes of 0-1110 (-1520) m. in mexico, it is found in dry forests, thorny thickets, pinus and pinus-quercus forests, and in m. tenuiflora pure thickets, along roads and in resting or abandoned culture lands. this species has an aggregate distribution in the forests and a uniform one in the thickets. it presents a mean density of 9 individuals per m2, with 0.45 of frequency per quadrat and 1.69 m2 of mean coverture, and it has a wide range of tolerance to climatic and edaphic factors, confirming their invasive character. regionally, the wood is used as fuel and fence construction, and against skin wounds and burns (bark tea, powder and/or ointment), and diverse products, such as shampoos, creams, capsules, soaps, etc., are commercialized. the bark is wrinkled, reddish-brown to grey, fibrous texture, 0.5-1.5 mm thick, resinous and with an astringent odor and flavor, and with a great quantity of tannins. the wood presents extremely short vessel elements, with alternate areolate punctuations, and simple perforated plates, vasicentric axial parenchima, confluent stripes, uniseriated rays, extremely
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