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Entrepreneurship Determinants of Artisans/Craftsmen in Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana  [PDF]
Isaac Tweneboah-Koduah, Charles Adusei
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2016.62016
Abstract: A review of entrepreneurship literature suggests that entrepreneurial activities are the most important drivers for economic growth. The study sought to determine the predictors that bring about entrepreneurship for artisans and craftsmen in Kumasi Metropolis. Primary data were gathered from artisans and craftsmen in the market and firms through questionnaires in a criteria-based random survey. The findings of the study revealed the determinant factors of individual, firm and the environmental issues as predictors for the sampled respondents. The determinants were also ranked in relative importance and highlighted the challenges faced by the artisans and craftsmen in Kumasi Metropolis. The study recommends that necessary attention should be given to high ranked determinants so as to increase entrepreneurial processes and activities to alleviate poverty from Kumasi Metropolis through stimulation of economic growth, employment generation, and organizations empowerment.
Plantas medicinais comercializadas no Mercado Municipal de Campo Grande-MS
Ustulin, Mirella;Figueiredo, Beatriz de Barros;Tremea, Catarine;Pott, Arnildo;Pott, Vali Joana;Bueno, Norlene Regina;Castilho, Rachel Oliveira;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2009000500026
Abstract: the aim of this paper was the survey of the medicinal plants most used from campo grande population and commercialized in the mercado municipal of campo grande, mato grosso do sul, brazil. the survey was performed in 2002 and 2003 by interviewing and revealed 117 species. thirty four species were acquired, and of those 22 were identified. of those ten are only typical of the cerrado, like as: curatella americana, guazuma ulmifolia, maclura tinctoria, stryphnodendron obovatum etc. the most mentioned families were asteraceae, moraceae, sterculiaceae and leguminosae. the most used part of the plant is the leaf, mainly prepared as infusion. these folk-medicine plants have been mostly used for wound healing and the treatment of rheumatism. the species are used for treating diverse pathologies. data obtained showed that most of the species (65.2%) did not have any pharmacological study to confirm the popular indication. only eight species (34.8%) had some activity confirmed in the literature.
Determinants of Entrepreneurship Success: An Examination of Chinese-Owned Businesses in Congo Brazzaville  [PDF]
Edwige Kamitewoko
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2013.23018
Abstract: The determinants of Chinese entrepreneurship Success are widely studied in the economic literature in recent twenty years. However, in the case of Congo Brazzaville where immigrant entrepreneurship takes an important proportion in workforce, it remains an under researched area. By using the data from the Prospective Research Center Studies Survey questionnaire, this paper aims to provide clearer insights into this area.The study is based on Brazzaville which is the capital of Congo, a sensitive center of commerce and a nucleus of entrepreneurship activities; it identified the foundation factors that enable Chinese entrepreneurs to success in their entrepreneurship in Congo Brazzaville. Two hundred respondents were sampled and their responses were modeled using the logistic regression. The findings show that key factors, such as: guanxi, education, experience in trade and finance experience play an important role to the success in their entrepreneurship.
INDIVIDUAL AND CONTEXTUAL DETERMINANTS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP: AN INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  [PDF]
Hatos Roxana,Hatos Adrian
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: Models of entrepreneurial behavior focus usually on individual level factors yet a great deal of beginning and running a business depends on the economic, social and institutional environment. Our analysis uses data from the 2008 European Social Survey to assess the weight of country-level characteristics in explaining individual entrepreneurship measured as self-employment of business ownership. The article starts with a literature review which puts the bases of our hypotheses. The results describe cross country comparisons of entrepreneurship rates, individual and country-level regressions of entrepreneurship. As expected, there are large differences between countries with respect to rates of entrepreneurship. A great part of this variance can be accounted for by the division between the former socialist countries and the rest and by levels of urbanization.
Determinants and Consequences of Share Repurchase Decisions  [PDF]
Rebecca Abraham, Judith Harris, Joel Auerbach
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.95061
Abstract: This paper explores the determinants of share repurchase decisions within the context of a modern conceptual framework. Empirically, it categorizes such determinants by firm size, stage of the product life cycle, membership in the technology sector, ownership of overseas cash reserves, and institutional ownership. Share repurchases were used to boost earnings per share temporarily. Such effects dissipated over 1 year and 5 years. Certain categories of firms used share repurchase to grow through acquisitions, while others used share repurchase to prevent takeovers. This paper is the first study to examine share repurchase through categories of determinants within the context of short and long-term post-share repurchase performance.
AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE DETERMINANTS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP: THE CASE OF MASVINGO INFORMAL BUSINESSES  [PDF]
Clainos Chidoko
Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: In the past decade, Zimbabwe has been hit by its worst economic performance since its independence in 1980. Capacity utilization shrank to ten percent and unemployment rate was above eighty percent by 2008 as the private and public sector witnessed massive retrenchments. As a result many people are finding themselves engaging in informal businesses to make ends meet. However not all people have joined the informal sector as has been witnessed by the number of people who left the country in droves to neighbouring countries. It is against this background that this research conducted an economic analysis of the determinants of entrepreneurship in Masvingo urban with an emphasis on the informal businesses. The research targeted a sample of 100 informal businesses (30 from Rujeko Light industrial area, 40 from Mucheke Light industrial area and 30 from Masvingo Central Business District). The businesses included among others flea market operators, furniture manufacturers, suppliers and producers of agricultural products, and food vendors. The research found out that level of education, gender, age, marital status, number of dependants, type of subjects studied at secondary school and vocational training are the main determinants that influence the type of business that entrepreneur ventures into. The study recommends formal training for the participants, for the businesses to continue into existence since they fill in the gap that is left vacant by most formal enterprises.
Cars, corporations, and commodities: Consequences for the social determinants of health
James Woodcock, Rachel Aldred
Emerging Themes in Epidemiology , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1742-7622-5-4
Abstract: In this paper, we explain how thinking about social forms and social processes can develop epidemiological theory about the social determinants of health. We present the case of the car, the related social forms of the commodity and corporation, and the social processes of motorisation and capital accumulation. These concepts help to elucidate the car's role in production and consumption, and how this impacts on health. Our focus on these social forms and social processes introduces an area missing from social epidemiological work with implications for theoretical and empirical work. We discuss these implications for debates on psychosocial versus material pathways and the impact of place on health, before offering suggestions on how to progress the research agenda and identify major anti-health forces.Health inequalities and the social determinants of health have become part of mainstream health discourse. In March 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) set up a Commission on Social Determinants of Health [1] involving some leading global social epidemiologists.Social epidemiologists have drawn attention to health inequalities as avoidable, unfair and inequitable, challenging the individual risk factor approach and medical solutions dominating much of 20th century research. Developments include using the concept of embodiment to understand health outcomes as the manifestation of social inequalities [2] and the re-emergence of life course approaches investigating long-term and cumulative health effects of exposures [3]. Theoretical schemas combine ecological and social perspectives, including the eco-social model of Krieger [2], the eco-epidemiological model of Susser [4], and the social-ecologic systems perspective of McMichael [5]. The earlier social production perspective, which in Doyal with Pennell's [6] classic text interrogated relationships between commodity production, profit, and health, is explicitly included in Krieger's models. We intend this article
Entrepreneurship
Sharda Gangwar,Master Sujit Ku. Vishwakarma
International Journal on Research and Development : A Management Review , 2013,
Abstract: This Paper sets out to develop a model of entrepreneurial action that takes its point of departure in entrepreneurs’ experiences of risk-taking, opportunity identification and the role of self. By focusing on what entrepreneurs experience as relevant aspects of their life worlds the goal is to attain a better understanding of the drivers and motivations of venture creation and development, it is also important that how much entrepreneurs thinks about the welfare of the society and do work for them and not for the profit earning . We can also discuss the problems, opportunity and there cure for the entrepreneurs, because education system and the cultural trends is not supportive to develop entrepreneurs skill in the youth of the country. The proportion between the male and female entrepreneurs also and important aspect so, role of women entrepreneurs not to be taken at lighten, and opportunity to these people so that they can enhance their talent and make a good business plan for the country and also for the company. Based on the individual studies, the discussion section outlines the contours of a general model of entrepreneurial action that centers around the questions: Who am I?, What do I see?, What do I do?, and What are the effects? By taking the experiences of the acting entrepreneur as the point of departure, it is also possible to re-examine many questions and assumptions in the study of entrepreneurship. Theoretically the salience of individual experiences suggests a new understanding of who the entrepreneur is. It also indicates that personal and often conflicting perceptions of risks and opportunities, regardless of their realism, constitute important drivers of entrepreneurial action. Practically the results may allow entrepreneurs, managers, educators, venture capitalists and others to take more informed actions. For entrepreneurs the results may increase awareness of their own role, problematize risks and opportunities, and also suggest new and creative ways for developing the venture. More specifically the results can be used as an analytical template in the evaluation of, e.g. financial and technological risks. The thesis also contributes methodologically by demonstrating how phenomenological methodologies may advance understanding of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial action..
Still-birth determinants at a municipal hospital assistential service
Francisco Pedro da Silva Filho,Maria Cristina Germano Maia
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2004,
Abstract: The research aimed at identifying the still-birth determinants at the municipal district of Momba a – CE, through an exploratory, descriptive and transversal study in which 28 cases of fetal losses were investigated among 1,637 puerperal mothers admitted at a municipal hospital, in the period of January, 2000 and December, 2001. Data were collected at the Medical and Statistical Service’s Archives at the district hospital, having as variables: the number of pregnancies and prenatal appointments, the gestation age, the still-born’s weight and sex and the fetal death cause. In this context, most of the mothers belonged to the rural area thus indicating a greater difficulty in the access to the hospital’s reproductive health services. In 64,2% (n = 18) of the researched files there were no information about the prenatal appointments. Among the 28 referred cases, 96,4% (n = 27) of the puerperal mothers had only one pregnancy. The gestation age varied from 22 to 41 weeks; 28,6% (n = 8) being of untimely gestations. The weight in the still-born babies varied from a minimum of 900 g to a maximum of 4.000 g; 57% (n =16) of them showing a weight below 2.600g. Among the fetal losses, most were of undefined causes (39%; n = 9). In reference to the fetal related causes, prematureness pointed out (32%; n =9). The only maternal related cause described was Eclampsia (3.5%). The great number of under notified information referring to the prenatal appointments suggests the need of actions for the adequacy of the health information’ system with subsequently improvement of the local health reproductive assistance.
Sistemas de Informa o e Tecnologia da Informa o integrados com Planejamentos Municipais: Estudo de Caso em 14 Pequenas Cidades do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil  [cached]
Denis Alcides-Rezende,José Augusto-Guagliardi,Andréa Zamin-Saad
Economía, sociedad y territorio , 2008,
Abstract: The objective of this work is to analyse the integration of information systems and information technology resources in the municipal planning of 14 small cities of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). The research methodology consisted of a multiple case study together with a convenient non-probabilistic sample chosen through a research protocol. The results demonstrate the difficulties of these cities to organise the municipal data as well as their struggle for accessibility of information and planning for management and control.
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