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Fatores associados com o comportamento sexual e reprodutivo entre adolescentes das regi es Sudeste e Nordeste do Brasil  [cached]
Leite Iúri da Costa,Rodrigues Roberto do Nascimento,Fonseca Maria do Carmo
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004,
Abstract: Neste artigo s o analisados os fatores associados com o comportamento sexual e reprodutivo das adolescentes das regi es Nordeste e Sudeste do Brasil. A análise é implementada focando três dimens es deste processo: a inicia o sexual, o uso de métodos anticoncepcionais na primeira rela o sexual e fecundidade. Modelos hierárquicos s o implementados, pois adolescentes selecionadas de uma mesma comunidade devem ter comportamento sexual e reprodutivo mais semelhantes do que adolescentes selecionadas de áreas diferentes. O nível educacional da adolescente revelou-se o fator de risco mais importante nas três análises implementadas. Adolescentes com cinco ou mais anos de escolaridade s o menos prováveis de ter a primeira rela o sexual na adolescência; mais propensas a usar métodos anticoncepcionais nesta rela o e apresentam menores riscos de ter filhos, quando comparadas com adolescentes com menos de cinco anos de escolaridade.
Discursos de jovens adolescentes portugueses sobre sexualidade e amor: implica??es para a educa??o sexual
Saavedra, Luísa;Nogueira, Concei??o;Magalh?es, Sara;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302010000100008
Abstract: the efforts to lower adolescents sexual risk behaviors have led to results that did not come up to the expectations. lack of knowledge on myths and beliefs on sexuality may be the main cause of this failure. trying to overcome some of the limitations of previous studies, this work aimed to directly hear adolescents trying to understand, in a more spontaneous and deeply way, the perceptions and beliefs associated with love and sexual relations. to do so, the discourses of adolescents during a sexual education program were collected and analyzed through foucauldian discourse analysis. results point out the recognition of sexual double standard, although there seem to exist a tendency to consider a single sex standard and disregard the importance of prevention behaviors. we conclude with some clues about sexual education.
Percep??o de risco de adolescentes escolares na rela??o consumo de álcool e comportamento sexual
Sampaio Filho, Francisco Jucier Luz;Sousa, Pedro Ricardo Mesquita de;Vieira, Neiva Francenely Cunha;Nóbrega, Maria de Fátima Bastos;Gubert, Fabiane do Amaral;Pinheiro, Patrícia Neyva da Costa;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472010000300014
Abstract: alcohol use has been a major precipitating causes of situations of vulnerability in adolescence. the study aims to analyze the risk perception about the relationship of adolescent alcohol use and sexual behavior. the subjects were ten adolescents between 14 and 19, students at a public school in fortaleza, ceará, brazil. exploratory and descriptive qualitative approach based on the technique of focus group and systematized by means of five workshops. teenagers recognize the risk between alcohol consumption and sexual behavior and emphasize that drinking facilitates the relationships between sexual pairs and indicate the influence of media in this process. the perception of adolescents and their relation to alcohol abuse and its consequences is particularly relevant to the implementation of public policies for preventing and combating alcohol consumption at this stage of growth and development.
Comportamento sexual de adolescentes escolarizados do gênero masculino em recife
Iraneide Nascimento dos Santos, Janniele Carla Malaquias de Lima, Tatiana Melo Lopes, Ednaldo Cavalcante de Araújo, Eliane Maria Ribeiro de Vasconcelos, Betinha (Elizabeth) Cordeiro Fernandes
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2007,
Abstract: Exploratory and descriptive study, of quantitative boarding, with the objective of identifying sexual behaviors of male adolescents of private and public schools of Recife for contributing to the planning of health actions in sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS, in especial. The population was constituted by students, from 15 to 19 years old, whose sample not probabilistic intentional was 113. The data had been collected through a questionnaire, after the project to have been approved for the Ethics Committee in Research of the Hospital Agamenon Magalh es, and with the authorization by means of the term of free and clarified assent, after presentation and project legal clarification to the adolescents, parents or for the responsible by the same ones. The data had been organized in microcomputer, using EXCEL program, analyzed and had evidenced that 62,7% of the adolescents of the private school declared already to have had to first sexual relation and 33,9% did not it have yet. However, in the public school, 72,2% initiated the sexual life. In the private school, 33,3% answered to have had to first sexual relation to the 14 years old and only 2,7% with nine years old. On the basis in these data, become evident that is each more urgent time to enable the adolescents to the taking of conscientious and responsible decision through a preventive program of specific sexual education of long stream in the searched schools, for the sexuality exercise with a little risks of involving in sexual risk relations, whose undesirable resulted can be infecting themselves with a sexually transmissible infection, also the human immunodeficiency virus or becoming a pregnant woman.
Comportamento sexual de risco: fatores associados ao número de parceiros sexuais e ao uso de preservativo em adolescentes
Cruzeiro,Ana Laura Sica; Souza,Luciano Dias de Mattos; Silva,Ricardo Azevedo da; Pinheiro,Ricardo Tavares; Rocha,Clarissa Lisb?a Arla da; Horta,Bernardo Lessa;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000700023
Abstract: the objective of this article is to evaluate the number of sexual partners in the last twelve months and the use of condom in the last three sexual relations of adolescents aged between 15 and 18 years old. it was a cross-sectional study with 960 adolescents. two dichotomized variables were considered as risk sexual behaviors: two or more sexual partners in the last twelve months, and occasional use of condom in the last three sexual relations. we assessed whether these behaviors were associated with socioeconomic status, gender, adolescent and parental schooling, age, living with the parents, remunerated work, religiosity, drugs use, tobacco, alcohol consumption, alcoholic beverages consume before the last sexual relation. the poisson regression was used for each outcome. the adolescent gender, schooling, the use of illicit drugs and tobacco in the last month as well as alcoholic beverages consume before the last sexual relation indicates greater risk of keeping sexual relations with two or more partners in the last 12 months. with regard to the occasional use of condom in the last three sexual relations, females and those whose mothers have low schooling presented increased risk. our study suggests that there is a strong relation between risky behaviors.
Fatores associados com o comportamento sexual e reprodutivo entre adolescentes das regi?es Sudeste e Nordeste do Brasil
Leite, Iúri da Costa;Rodrigues, Roberto do Nascimento;Fonseca, Maria do Carmo;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2004000200015
Abstract: this article calls attention to factors associated with sexual and reproductive behavior among adolescents from the northeast and southeast regions of brazil. the analyses focus on three dimensions of this process: sexual initiation, use of contraceptives in the first sexual relationship, and fertility. hierarchical models are implemented, because adolescents selected from the same community are more likely to have similar sexual and reproductive behavior than those from different communities. level of schooling was the most important risk factor in the three analyses. girls with 5 or more years of schooling were less likely to have their first sexual relationship during adolescence and more likely to use contraceptive methods in this relationship, besides demonstrating less risk of having children than their counterparts with less than 5 years of schooling.
Rela??es Amorosas, Comportamento Sexual e Vulnerabilidade de Adolescentes Afrodescendentes e Brancos em Rela??o ao HIV/aids
Camargo, Brigido Vizeu;Giacomozzi, Andréia Isabel;Wachelke, Jo?o Fernando Rech;Aguiar, Adriana de;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902010000600005
Abstract: the present study aimed at investigating the vulnerability of white and african-descending adolescents towards hiv/aids. the socio-economic characteristics of participants, their romantic and sexual relationships, risk and prevention behaviors, knowledge on hiv/aids and attitudes towards condoms were studied for that purpose. the study was conducted in the outskirts of the cities of florianópolis, itajaí and balneário camboriú and consisted of two parts. the first one was qualitative, in which non-directive interviews with 36 secondary school students equally divided by sex and race/color were employed. the second part consisted of a survey with 715 adolescents about affective and sexual relationships, risk and protection behavior, knowledge on hiv/aids and attitudes towards condoms. it was observed that the unfavorable socio-cultural level was associated with the african-descending participants, while the intermediate level was linked to the whites. knowledge on aids and attitudes towards condom use were significantly correlated. the african-descending begin sexual life earlier and have more episodic romantic relations ("making out"), but white adolescents have more sexual relations. moreover white adolescents use less condoms in multiple-partner contexts and in dating relationships than the african-descending. results indicate that in general most adolescents are vulnerable to hiv/aids, as a function of the low level of knowledge about the illness, risk practices, the important presence of unprotected sex and its association with romantic relationships, like dating.
Comportamento sexual e contracep??o de emergência entre adolescentes de escolas públicas de Pernambuco, Brasil
Araújo, Maria Suely Peixoto de;Costa, Laura Olinda Bregieiro Fernandes;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009000300010
Abstract: this study focused on knowledge and use of emergency contraception among 4,210 adolescents (14-19 years) enrolled in public schools in pernambuco state, brazil. information was collected using the global school-based student health survey, previously validated. knowledge, frequency, and form of use of emergency contraception were investigated. independent variables were classified as socio-demographic and those related to sexual behavior. most adolescents reported knowing and having received information about the method, but among those who had already used it, only 22.1% had done so correctly. adjusted regression analysis showed greater likelihood of knowledge about the method among girls (or = 5.03; 95%ci: 1.72-14.69) and the sexually initiated (or = 1.52; 95%ci: 1.34-1.75), while rural residents were 68% less knowledgeable. rural residents showed 1.68 times higher odds (ci95%: 1.09-2.25) of incorrect use, while girls showed 71% lower likelihood of incorrect use. sexual and reproductive education is necessary, especially among male and rural adolescents.
Estilos de vida en embarazadas adolescentes  [cached]
Ma. Sobeida L. Blázquez-Morales,Irma Aída Torres-Férman,Patricia Pavón-León,Ma. del Carmen Gogeascoechea-Trejo
Salud en Tabasco , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción. Los estilos de vida de cualquier persona constituyen la manera en que ésta se comporta en su cotidianeidad, por lo que de ellos, dependen los riesgos a los que se exponen los individuos y que condicionan las posibilidades de enfermar o morir. Los estilos de vida de las adolescentes embarazadas son producto de los cambios propios de la etapa, de la gestación y del contexto en el cual se encuentran inmersas. Objetivo. Identificar los estilos de vida en un grupo de adolescentes embarazadas. Material y Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal; muestra no probabilística constituida por 30 adolescentes embarazadas que acudían a consulta externa de control prenatal en un hospital. Se aplicó un instrumento denominado "Cuestionario de Estilo de Vida Promotor de la Salud" para evaluar los estilos de vida. Las variables independientes fueron las características sociodemográficas y la dependiente los estilos de vida. Resultados. El 60% de la muestra manifestó estilos de vida no saludables y el 40% estilos de vida saludables. Conclusion. Poco menos de la mitad de la muestra estudiada no se actualiza en temas de salud, más de la mitad no lleva a cabo acciones de responsabilidad con su salud, no realiza ejercitación física y tampoco tiene una alimentación adecuada. El soporte interpersonal se realiza habitualmente y las actividades para manejar el estrés nunca se llevan a cabo.
A influência de filmes violentos em comportamento agressivo de crian as e adolescentes  [cached]
Gomide Paula Inez Cunha
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2000,
Abstract: Teóricos da Aprendizagem Social salientam que as pessoas comportam-se de maneira similar a modelos que avaliam com alto status social ou de sucesso. Esta pesquisa foi realizada para avaliar a influência de filmes violentos em comportamento agressivo tanto de crian as como de adolescentes. O experimento I estudou 360 adolescentes, de ambos os sexos, em quatro grupos, um controle e três que tiveram seus comportamentos agressivos, medidos em jogo de futebol, após assistirem a filmes violentos, com e sem herói e n o violento. O experimento II registrou os comportamentos agressivos de 160 crian as, dos dois sexos, em jogo de futebol, antes e após assistirem a filme violento e n o violento. Os resultados mostraram que o comportamento agressivo das crian as e adolescentes do sexo masculino aumentou após assistirem a um filme violento, com herói, o mesmo n o ocorreu com as mulheres. Porém, quando a violência refletiu abuso físico, psicológico ou sexual houve um aumento significativo do comportamento agressivo em adolescentes dos dois sexos. Essa última variável, apesar dos correlatos positivos com comportamento antisocial precisa ser melhor investigada.
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