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Análisis y terapia del comportamiento en chile: Orígenes, estado actual y proyecciones
Pablo e. Vera-Villarroel,Luis Montesinos,Arturo Prieto
Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana , 2006,
Abstract: El presente artículo realiza una revisión sobre los orígenes, estado actual y proyecciones delanálisis del comportamiento y sus derivaciones en Chile. Su aplicación y entrenamiento sistemático se remonta a la parte final de la década de los sesenta, cuando Sergio Yulis introducela terapia conductual en los cursos de psicoterapia. Durante los primeros a os se realizanvariadas aplicaciones tanto en área básica como aplicada. Durante el a o 1973 muchosdocentes deben abandonar el país, produciéndose un retroceso en el avance de la disciplina.Actualmente la orientación es considerada como una de las escuelas fundamentales en laformación de los futuros psicólogos y otros profesionales de la salud aun cuando no se cuentecon la mayor preferencia entre la comunidad psicológica chilena. No existe ni en la formaciónni en el país en la actualidad la fuerte presencia del conductismo que existió a finales de lossetenta.
EXAMEN NACIONAL DE ENFERMERíA EN CHILE: IMPORTANCIA Y DESAFíOS NATIONAL EXAM OF NURSING IN CHILE: THE IMPORTANCE AND CHALLENGES  [cached]
Angela Castellano Salas,Cristina Tagle Vargas,Luz Galdames Cabrera,Náyade Riquelme Pereira
Ciencia y Enfermería : Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacíon , 2011,
Abstract: Si bien la evaluación de la calidad de la formación de los egresados, a través de un examen nacional, es una realidad reciente en Chile, la experiencia internacional es amplia y variada. Este artículo da a conocer la necesidad y trascendencia de aplicar algún tipo de medición de competencias en egresados de carreras de enfermería, las características de las evaluaciones que realizan algunos países que las han implementado; así como las políticas y organizaciones que regulan su aplicación. También describe la experiencia de aplicación de un examen nacional en el área de la salud en Chile, como es el caso de medicina y enfermería. Assessing the quality of education of graduates, through a national exam, is a recent activity in Chile, however, international experience is extensive and varied. This article shows the need and importance of some form of measurement of skills in graduates of nursing careers, the characteristics of the assessments made by some countries that have implemented it, as well as policies and organizations regulating its implementation. It also describes the experience of implementation of a national exam in the area of health in Chile, such as medicine and nursing.
EXAMEN NACIONAL DE ENFERMERíA EN CHILE: IMPORTANCIA Y DESAFíOS
Castellano Salas,Angela; Tagle Vargas,Cristina; Galdames Cabrera,Luz; Riquelme Pereira,Náyade; Landman Navarro,Cecilia; Peroni Parraguez,Sonia;
Ciencia y enfermería , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95532011000100004
Abstract: assessing the quality of education of graduates, through a national exam, is a recent activity in chile, however, international experience is extensive and varied. this article shows the need and importance of some form of measurement of skills in graduates of nursing careers, the characteristics of the assessments made by some countries that have implemented it, as well as policies and organizations regulating its implementation. it also describes the experience of implementation of a national exam in the area of health in chile, such as medicine and nursing.
Importancia de las vacunas contra los virus de las hepatitis A y B en Chile
Valenzuela B,M Teresa;
Revista médica de Chile , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872009000600017
Abstract: the mode of transmission and epidemiological approach for hepatitis a and b are different. however, both are preventable with vaccines whose efficacy and long lasting protection has been demonstrated. this review describes the secular tendency of both infections in chile, their risk factors that have contributed to their persistence in the country and the interventions that have been carried out to reduce the disease burden. although the vaccine for hepatitis b was incorporated to the immunization program in 2005, the vaccine for hepatitis a persists in the list of interventions that must be assumed with priority by the ministry of health. if chilean health authorities pretend to reach the enteric disease indicators of developed countries, they must accelerate the epidemiological transition towards the elimination of hepatitis a.
IMPORTANCIA Y EFECTIVIDAD DE LA FILOSOFíA EDUCATIVA ADVENTISTA EN CHILE  [cached]
Vicente León
Apuntes Universitarios , 2012,
Abstract: In Adventist school and secondary school of Chile was done a study in order to know the opinion of the secondary 4th grade and basic 8th grade students about the importance that those assign to the foundations of the Adventist Educative Philosophy. In these student groups were observed how much of the education philosophical objectives have been achieved. Furthermore, an analysis was accomplished to determine if exist a meaningful difference between theimportance and the achievement of the spiritual and academic social dimension and if these were affected by their religious affiliation. Research was performed in 35 primary schools and 20 secondary schools during 2011 school period. In this study participated 2,257 studentsdivided in two groups: 824 of secondary’s students, and 1433 of primary‘s students. These results have showed that there is a meaningful difference between the importance and the objectives achievement regarding to the Adventist educative philosophy. On the other hand, among secondary fourth grade students who are Adventists and others that do not belong to any religion have showed less satisfaction regarding to the objectives achievement of the Adventist educative philosophy than another group of catholic students of the same grade, while basic 8th grade students have showed satisfaction with the objectives achievement. As a result, three relevant aspects of the Adventist educative philosophy seem having lost the expectation in students who have participated in this study such as: that these schools may possess Adventist teachers, that students can develop abilities for the gospel preaching, and that students can witness of their faithful to others.
El derecho en la tierra, o la importancia del inicio de la frontera terrestre para definir fronteras marítimas. El caso entre el Perú y Chile  [cached]
Fabián Novak Talavera,Luis García-Corrochano Moyano
Derecho PUCP , 2008,
Abstract: El presente artículo tiene como propósitos fundamentales, por un lado, establecer la importancia que tiene para la delimitación de las fronteras marítimas la definición del punto de la frontera terrestre desde el cual se dará inicio a dicha delimitación, y por otro lado, precisar cuál sería este punto terrestre en el caso de la frontera entre Perú y Chile que daría lugar al inicio de su frontera marítima. Para tal efecto, será necesario analizar previamente las diversas posiciones que al respecto mantienen el Perú y Chile, explicando los fundamentos de hecho y de derecho que sostiene cada uno, así como las razones que determinan la validez de la posición peruana y llevan a descartar jurídicamente la chilena.
Descripción del último estado larvario y recopilación de registros de hospederos de siete especies de Tortrícidos de importancia económica en Chile (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Description of the last larval stage and a compilation of host records, of seven species of Tortricids of economic importance in Chile (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)  [cached]
Danilo E Cepeda,Guadalupe E Cubillos
Gayana (Concepción) , 2011,
Abstract: Se entregan nuevos antecedentes para siete especies de Tortrícidos de importancia económica en Chile, de acuerdo al estudio de ejemplares criados en condiciones de laboratorio. Esto comprende, principalmente, una descripción del último estado larvario basada en la quetotaxia, una recopilación de registros de hospederos y nuevas citas. New records are presented for seven species of economically important Tortricids occurring in Chile. The study was mainly based on local material reared under laboratory conditions. This includes a description of the last larval stage based on chaetotaxy and a compilation of hosts records.
Importancia de las vacunas contra los virus de las hepatitis A y B en Chile Vaccines against hepatitis A and B in Chile  [cached]
M Teresa Valenzuela B
Revista médica de Chile , 2009,
Abstract: The mode of transmission and epidemiological approach for hepatitis A and B are different. However, both are preventable with vaccines whose efficacy and long lasting protection has been demonstrated. This review describes the secular tendency of both infections in Chile, their risk factors that have contributed to their persistence in the country and the interventions that have been carried out to reduce the disease burden. Although the vaccine for hepatitis B was incorporated to the immunization program in 2005, the vaccine for hepatitis A persists in the list of interventions that must be assumed with priority by the Ministry of Health. If Chilean health authorities pretend to reach the enteric disease indicators of developed countries, they must accelerate the epidemiological transition towards the elimination of hepatitis A.
Contornos y perfil de emergencia: aplicación clínica e importancia en la terapia restauradora Contours and emergence profile: clinical application and importance in the restorative therapy  [cached]
F. Gómez Mira,C.M. Ardila Medina
Avances en Odontoestomatología , 2009,
Abstract: Una adecuada atención de los tejidos duros y blandos alrededor del diente y del implante antes, durante y después de los procedimientos restauradores incrementarán enormemente la probabilidad de un buen resultado. Los contornos coronales son determinados normalmente por la anatomía dentaria, la condición periodontal, la localización del margen gingival de la restauración y el acceso a la higiene bucal, sin dejar de considerar el compromiso estético subyacente. Los contornos de una restauración apropiada requieren una reducción adecuada del pilar que permita un espesor propicio de los materiales restauradores, mientras se permite a la vez un acceso fácil a la higiene dental. El perfil de emergencia de una restauración en un área estética presenta dos aspectos: la forma subgingivaly la forma supragingival. La forma subgingival debe seguir los contornos de la unión cemento esmalte y el soporte de los tejidos gingivales. Considerando las limitaciones, el espesor aumentado de los contornos subgingivales interproximales conduce a un incremento en la altura de la papila, mientras que una ampliación de los contornos faciales favorece un posicionamiento apical de los tejidos gingivales. Estos y otros aspectos clínicos deben ser conocidos por el odontólogo cuando desea realizar una restauración con éxito. Close attention to both soft and hard tissues around teeth and implants before, during, and after restorative procedures will greatly increase the probability of a successful outcome. Crown contours are normally determined by tooth anatomy, periodontal condition, margin placement, and access for oral hygiene. However, compromises must occasionally be made in the interest of aesthetics. Proper restorative contours require adequate tooth reduction to allow proper thickness of restorative materials, while allowing easy access for personal oral hygiene. The emergence profile of a restoration in aesthetic areas has two aspects: subgingival form and supragingival form. The subgingival form should follow the contours of the cementoenamel junction and support the gingival tissues. Within limits, increased thickness of interproximal subgingival contours leads to increased papillary height, while increased facial contours lead to apical positioning of the gingival tissues. These and other clinical aspects must be known by the dentist when wishes to make a successful restoration.
Pediculosis y otras ectoparasitosis en una población infantil urbana del nordeste argentino
MILANO,ALICIA M. F.; OSCHEROV,ELENA B.; LEGAL,ADRIANA Z;
Parasitología latinoamericana , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-77122007000100015
Abstract: the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate infant pediculosis and other ectoparasitosis in susceptible hosts, presents in the domestic environment of santa ana de los guacaras town, in corrientes, argentina. forty four houses were polled. one hundred and forty eight children between 1 and 14 years-old and eighty domestic animals were parasitological evaluated (54 dogs, 21 cats, three rabbits and two pigs). a range degree of contact between children and animals was established. direct observation of the environment and the application of semi structured polls were performed to collect the data. the global frequency of infant ectoparasitosis was 58.8% (87/148). pediculus capitis was the most frequent ectoparasite, present in 56.8% of the population, tunga penetrans in 12.2% and pulex irritans in 4.3%. two children infested with ctenocephalides felis and two with rhipicephalus sanguineus were observed. the animals presented infestation with r. sanguineus, c. felis, amblyomma tigrinum, t. penetrans and p. irritans. all the children with lice presented confirmed active pediculosis. same fleas and ticks species infested human and domestics animals to prove the antropozoonotic character of these arthropods. the infestation was verified in scholar an in less than five years-old, it's necessary to develop control strategies in a short term
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