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The 2005 General Elections in Thailand: Toward a One-Party Government  [cached]
Siripan Nogsuan
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2005,
Abstract: emerged in the 2005 general elections in Thailand prove this assertion. These trends include the increased importance of party labels and leaders in electoral politics, the widening role of the mass media in elections, the professionalization of the electoral campaign, the use of the policy platform as a vote-getting tool, and the continuation of money politics and vote buying. The dominance of the Thai Rak Thai (Thai Loves Thai [TRT]) exemplifies these trends. As a single-party government, TRT will no longer have to worry about coalition disharmony and fragmented government. However, the stability of the government still largely depends on the deft handling of the rival factions within Thai Rak Thai. More significantly, the success of one party in electoral politics does not necessarily translate into democratic consolidation.
REVIEW: Oligarchic Politics: Elections and Party-List System in the Philippines
Richard Henrick I. Beltran
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2008,
Abstract: Review of Oligarchic Politics: Elections and Party-List System in the Philippines.
Credible Elections and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria: The Moral Imperatives
Joseph C. Ebegbulem
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2011.480.484
Abstract: For >2 decades, there has been a new wind of democratic change sweeping across Africa where multiparty political systems were being installed all over the continent to replace the fallen authoritarian and dictatorial regimes. Today, democracy sits on the horn of a dilemma in several parts of Africa including Nigeria. As at now, the inadequacies of democracy and its practice as a political ideology in Nigeria are being illustrated by the tactics and tantrums of Nigerian political leaders and faulty political process. Free and fair election is still a mirage in Nigeria. This study focuses on the meaning and content of democracy and highlights the problems and assesses the prospects of consolidating democracy in Nigeria under the prevailing national and international socio-economic and political conditions. The study examines the interface between credible elections and democratic consolidation and how electoral fraud has become a threat to the survival, growth and consolidation of democracy in Nigeria. Finally, the study discusses the moral imperative of democratic consolidation in Nigeria and the argument, it advances is that without this imperative, instability will pose as a feature of Nigerian democracy.
Media and multi-party elections in Africa: The case of Ethiopia  [cached]
Wondwosen Teshome
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: In any democratic country the media serves as a watch dog of events and decisions and assists citizens to be informed about what is going on in the country. Free media also plays a very important role to conduct democratic elections. The aim of this paper is to analyse the role of the media in the African democratization process particularly in the multi-party elections that widely emerged in the continent in the 1990s. The paper investigates the contributions of the media in the emerging African democracies by using the performance of the media in the 2005 multi-party parliamentary election in Ethiopia as a case study. The paper also attempts to assess the Ethiopian press laws of 1992 and 2008, which are the only press laws in the history of the country.
Party Positions on the European Constitution During the 2004 European Parliament Elections
Christine Arnold,Paul Pennings
Journal of Contemporary European Research , 2009,
Abstract: The salience assigned to the European Constitution and the positions on it taken by national parties during the 2004 European Parliament elections are the focus of this paper. To explore these issues, we use party manifestos, expert data on party positions, and public opinion survey data from Eurobarometer. Through content analysis of the manifestos we find that the Constitution has been politicised and contested. In countries where the issue has been put in the spotlight by one or more parties, other parties also have had to take a position. The positions parties have taken on the Constitution are related to their overall position on European integration, whether or not they participated in the Constitutional Convention, and their left/right stance.
Elections in a Multi-Party Political System  [PDF]
Yeolyong Sung
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2011.12005
Abstract: In a multi-party political system, candidates’ policy points disperse in general even with two candidates when parties have different feasible policy sets. Also, it is shown that extremists can influence the political outcomes with a relatively small feasible policy set.
NOTES ON THE BRAZILIAN 2006 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS: The Winding Road to Democratic Consolidation
Renno,Lucio;
Colombia Internacional , 2006,
Abstract: the paper describes the main characteristics of the 2006 brazilian presidential elections. it explores two defining traits of this elections: the interplay between how retrospective economic voting and views towards corruption affected vote volatility and the final result of the election.the paper concludes by pointing out implications of the current elections to the strengthening of democracy in brazil.
Notes on the Brazilian 2006 Presidential Elections: The Winding Road to Democratic Consolidation  [cached]
Lucio Renno.
Colombia Internacional , 2006,
Abstract: The paper describes the main characteristics of the 2006 Brazilian Presidential elections. It explores two defining traits of this elections: the interplay between how retrospective economic voting and views towards corruption affected vote volatility and the final result of the election. The paper concludes by pointing out implications of the current elections to the strengthening of democracy in Brazil.
An Analysis of the 17th General Elections in South Korea
Park Young-Key
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2005,
Abstract: This paper discusses the results of the 17th general elections in South Korea held on April 15, 2004. Using relevant data from the website of the National Election Commission, the results demonstrate that the elections indeed changed the landscape of Korean democratic politics. Koreans made the ruling party the majority and replaced leading politicians of old with more liberal, neophyte, and younger politicians. They also brought more women into the National Assembly. Also, the results indicate the weakening of regionalism in the country. These are promising signs of advancement toward democratization in South Korea as more reform-oriented, liberal policies are expected in domestic and foreign affairs.
Rejected Ballots and Democratic Consolidation in Ghana’s Fourth Republic
RE Van Gyampo
African Research Review , 2009,
Abstract: Following the successful conduct of the 2008 general elections that led to a peaceful transfer of power from the ruling party to the opposition, Ghana’s respect and democratic credentials in Africa and among the international community has further boosted. The nation has received several commendations for the giant strides made towards democratic consolidation. Given the high incidence of rejected ballot papers that however characterizes the conduct of elections in Ghana, it is feared that the giant strides being made towards democratic consolidation may suffer severe set back. At the minimum, democracy is consolidated when elections are periodically held for the people to express their choice as to who should represent and lead them.This paper discusses the incidence of rejected ballots in Ghana since 1992 and argues that the high incidence of rejected ballots that have so far characterized elections in Ghana if not checked, poses a severe threat to the realization of the minimum requirement for democratic consolidation in Ghana. The study also discusses several measures that must be put in place to reduce the phenomenon in a manner that would ensure that the will of the people are clearly expressed and known after the conduct of elections.
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