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Violence and health in Colombia
Franco Agudelo,Saúl;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49891997000900002
Abstract: in colombia, violence seems uncontrollable. along with massacres and group killings of astonishing cruelty, there are also kidnappings and disappearances, abuse of children and the elderly, and rape of young adolescents. every day, without respite, colombians are witnesses or victims of street crimes as well as racial, sexual, and socioeconomic discrimination. unwillingly, they become agents of aggression in public transport, at home, at school, and at work. colombia has the highest rates of mortality from homicide in the world. apart from the enormous institutional burden that violence imposes on the health services and forensic medicine, it now constitutes the principal public health problem in the country. to confront it, the health sector must develop policies and finance actions, develop innovative ways to train personnel, implement public education processes, and devote more effort and greater creativity to research, which up to now has provided some important, albeit insufficient, responses. violence, which is the substitution of force for any type of dialogue, must be considered within the context of life and health. doing so is not an attempt to rationalize violence, much less to substitute words or reflection for action, but rather an attempt to understand it in depth in order to search for alternatives. with that goal, this article analyzes the subject of violence in colombia, principally from the perspective of its effect on the health of the citizens and its implications for the health sector. the author fully recognizes the subjectivity and limitations of the views he expresses herein.
Violence and health in Colombia  [cached]
Franco Agudelo Saúl
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1997,
Abstract: In Colombia, violence seems uncontrollable. Along with massacres and group killings of astonishing cruelty, there are also kidnappings and disappearances, abuse of children and the elderly, and rape of young adolescents. Every day, without respite, Colombians are witnesses or victims of street crimes as well as racial, sexual, and socioeconomic discrimination. Unwillingly, they become agents of aggression in public transport, at home, at school, and at work. Colombia has the highest rates of mortality from homicide in the world. Apart from the enormous institutional burden that violence imposes on the health services and forensic medicine, it now constitutes the principal public health problem in the country. To confront it, the health sector must develop policies and finance actions, develop innovative ways to train personnel, implement public education processes, and devote more effort and greater creativity to research, which up to now has provided some important, albeit insufficient, responses. Violence, which is the substitution of force for any type of dialogue, must be considered within the context of life and health. Doing so is not an attempt to rationalize violence, much less to substitute words or reflection for action, but rather an attempt to understand it in depth in order to search for alternatives. With that goal, this article analyzes the subject of violence in Colombia, principally from the perspective of its effect on the health of the citizens and its implications for the health sector. The author fully recognizes the subjectivity and limitations of the views he expresses herein.
Violencia y salud en Colombia
Franco Agudelo,Saúl;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49891997000200002
Abstract: in colombia, violence seems uncontrollable. along with massacres and group killings of astonishing cruelty, there are also kidnappings and disappearances, abuse of children and the elderly, and rape of young adolescents. every day, without respite, colombians are witnesses or victims of street cri mes as well as racial, sexual, and socioeconomic discrimination. unwillingly, they become agents of aggression in public transport, at home, at school, and at work. colombia has the highest rates of mortality from homicide in the world. apart from the enormous institutional burden that violence imposes on the health services and forensic medicine, it now constitutes the principal public health problem in the country. to confront it, the health sector must develop policies and finance actions, develop innovative ways to train personnel, implement public education processes, and devote more effort and greater creativity to research, which up to now has provided some, but not enough, important answers. violence, which is the substitution of force for any type of dialogue, must be conidered within the context of life and health. this it not merely an attempt to rationalize violence, much less to substitute words or reflection for action, but rather an attempt to understand it in depth in order to search for alternatives. with that goal, this article analyzes the subject of violence in colombia, principally from the perspective of its effect on the health of the citizens and its implications for the health sector. the author fully recognizes the subjectivity and limitations of the views he expresses herein.
Las invisibles: una lectura desde la salud pública sobre la violencia sexual contra ni as y mujeres Colombianas en la actualidad The invisible ones: a perspective from public health on sexual violence currently perpetrated against girls and women in Colombia  [cached]
Zulma Urrego-Mendoza
Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología , 2007,
Abstract: Objetivo: este artículo pretende exponer la situación actual de la violencia sexual en Colombia, desde la perspectiva de una salud pública con enfoque de género. Metodología: identificación, recopilación y análisis documental de un conjunto de estudios y otras fuentes sobre violencia sexual y salud pública en Colombia correspondientes al período 1993 -2006, seleccionadas mediante revisión de bases de datos electrónicas y catálogos de bibliotecas. Resultados: se presentan algunos conceptos sobre la violencia sexual y los derechos humanos de las mujeres; se caracteriza la magnitud del problema entre las ni as y mujeres de nuestro país; se discuten algunas políticas públicas desplegadas en Colombia ante el tema; y se se alan áreas críticas para la acción futura. Conclusiones: lo encontrado conduce a considerar que es necesario estimular la reflexión, la investigación, el análisis y las acciones interdisciplinarias efectivas y sensibles a los asuntos de género en torno a este tema, que no obstante su importancia ha permanecido relegado en medio del complejo panorama de la salud pública nacional. Objective: this article is intended to expose the present situation of sexual violence in Colombia from the perspective of a gender-based public health approach. Methods: identifying, compiling and t he documentary analysis of a set of studies carried out in Colombia 1993-2006 and other sources concerning sexual violence and public health in this country. The studies were selected through reviewing electronic databases and library catalogues. Results: this article displays some concepts about sexual violence and women’s rights; it characterises the problem amongst Colombian children and women. It discusses current public policy in Colombia regarding this issue and targets some critical areas for future action. Conclusions: the above is aimed at encouraging ref lection, investigation, analysis and inter- disciplinary, effective and sensitive action regarding related gender matters. Although this issue is of the utmost importance, it has lagged behind in the midst of the complex panorama of public health in Colombia.
LA VIOLENCIA COMO PROBLEMA DE SALUD PúBLICA EN COLOMBIA: OTRO CAMPO PARA LA BIOéTICA
Rivas M,Favio;
Acta bioethica , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S1726-569X2000000200011
Abstract: violence is still on the increase even though the world is no longer divided. with the fall of the berlin wall most of us were expecting the end of wars, something that never happened. on the other hand, internal conflicts in the third world have become more and more frequent. today, homicide is the first cause of death in colombia, being men aged from 15 to 44 the principal victims. violence is the major public health problem in colombia nowadays. it is impossible to understand this issue from a unique point of view. to address this problem, as it occurs with bioethics, inter-disciplinary actions must be taken. it is a phenomenon related to distributive justice and the autonomy of men and nation's, in a context where the intention to inflict harm (maleficence) prevails. there exist, therefore, an enormous domain for bioethics, especially for those of us who deem necessary to remove it from its clinical atmosphere in order to collaborate in the searching for solutions to the urgent problems this side of the world is facing
Violence a global public health problem
Dahlberg,Linda L.; Krug,Etienne G.;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232006000200007
Abstract: this article is a version of the introduction to the world report on violence and health, published by the world health organization (who). it presents a general description about this phenomenon and points some basic questions: concepts and definitions about the theme; the state of knowledge about it; nature and typology on violence; proposal of a quantitative and qualitative approach of an ecological model; responsibilities and functions of the public health sector and its potentiality to prevent and reduce violence in the world; the responsibilities of the nations and the policy makers in a intersetorial point of view; difficulties and obstacles for actuation and challenges for the health sector.
Análisis de los aspectos asociados a la enfermedad mental en Colombia y la formación en psiquiatría
Arango-Dávila,César Augusto; Rojas Fernández,Juan Carlos; Moreno,Mauricio;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2008,
Abstract: introduction: mental health and mental illness are phenomena of great complexity in which ecological and biopsychosocial aspects intervene. the natural history of mental health and mental illness could be modified by carrying out programs of general and public health. method: first, the reality of mental health in colombia is assessed by depicting epidemiological and social aspects and analyzing the circumstances related with mental illness such as poverty, violence, drug dependence and natural disasters. second, the needs of psychiatry and mental health are assessed with the purpose of confronting them with the first point. third, by means of different strategies the state of the specialty and the possibilities of care are examined. results: training of the psychiatrist in colombia does not include concepts of community psychiatry and community mental health, as its main emphasis is on medical training and assistance. colombian literature in the national and international context does not include topics related with experiences in community mental health. conclusion: great incongruity is observed between reality in mental health and training in psychiatry that could have grave repercussions when the time comes to outline intervention policies regarding mental health for communities.
The impact of violence in public health: literature review
Rodrigo Assis Neves Dantas, Glaucea Maciel de Farias, Karolina de Moura Manso da Rocha, Isabel Karolyne Fernandes Costa, Rafaela Costa de Medeiros
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: to characterize the national and international scientific production, about violence and public health, published from 2005 to July 2009, as the year, type of approach, study type, language, country, thematic, coverage and related production. Method: literature review, held from May to July 2009 through a structured form in databases VHL/BIREME (LILACS, MEDLINE, SciELO, BDENF, PAHO, DESASTRES, REPIDISCA, ADOLEC) PubMed, Evidence Portal of the Virtual Health Library and ISI Web of Knowledge, during the period 2005 to July 2009. Were found 34 full articles, being 5 in LILACS, 1 in the DESASTRES, 1 in REPIDISCA, 27 in ISI Web of Knowledge. Results: Of these, 11 (32.4%) in 2008, 15 (44.1%) used a qualitative approach, 16 (47.1%) descriptive, 30 (88.2%) in English, 16 (47.1%) in the USA, and with international range (94.1%). About the issue, we highlighted the violence against women with 7 (20.6%), the national newspaper that published more was Ciência & Saúde Coletiva with 5 publications (14.7%) while the international prevailed Social Science & Medicine with 3 (8.8%) production. Conclusion: The scientific literature on the impact of violence on public health is still scarce, but, within the period surveyed, there has been a gradual growth of publications that touch on this subject.
Workplace health promotion in the context of public health
Giuseppe M. Masanotti,Lamberto Briziarelli
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2427/5698
Abstract: In modern societies, work is the source of most individual, corporate and community wealth. The level of each society’s health is therefore particularly vulnerable to disruption caused by employee illness. Today healthy workplaces are one of the most important determinants of health. However, public health has tended to completely ignore health in the workplace and occupational medicine has tended to ignore it in part. This article refers to the Italian and European context and, through a review of international recommendations, research and direct field experiences, presents workplace health promotion as an important tool in the field of public health. Through the years, several initiatives have been tested. One of the platforms that has demonstrated to be cost effective is based on the principles included in the Ottawa Charter which, when applied to the workplace, define workplace health promotion. In the last twelve years, the European Commission has recognized the workplace as a key determinant of health and has outlined a methodology of workplace health promotion as defined in the Luxemburg Declaration. The basis of this methodology is planning. Without correct strategy and policy development it will not be possible to create a sustainable society. The enforcement of Lisbon treaty seems to be a substantial step forward for Europe.
The domestic violence against women as a matter of public health
Erica Toledo Mendon?a, Lucimar Viana Souza
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objectives: defining the roles of males and females in society, describe the main consequences of domestic violence for women's health and identify the strategies implemented and the actions of the nurse in caring for women victims of violence. Methodology: this is a study based on literature review, with review of articles indexed in scientific databases, monographs, books and manuals of the Ministry of Health. It was performed a brief reading of the articles found, and then they were grouped, constituting a corpus for later determination of the themes that were gender, health consequences of women and intersectoral action to minimize the social impact of violence in society. Results: the face of violence requires actions from all sectors of society, and within the families, public policies should be directed to the violence by supporting laws for the punishment of those responsible for attacks. Conclusion: women, victims of domestic violence need help to alleviate their sufferings and avoid major mismatches family and society.
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