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Performance of Accounting Sciences Undergraduate Students from High Education Institution of Bahia about the Recent Changes in Financial Statements  [PDF]
Raimundo Nonato Lima Filho, Silvana Lorena Costa Moreira, Ricardo José Rocha Amorim, Francisco Marton Gleuson Pinheiro, Romilson do Carmo Moreira
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.66055
Abstract: Accounting in Brazil has experienced changes in legislation, resulting in several changes in the set of financial statements. The objective of this research was to identify the domain of students of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the state of Bahia before the changes caused in the financial statements following the recent Accounting legislation. The methodology adopted in this study was exploratory with a quantitative approach, in which a questionnaire was used as a research tool, composed of 16 statements that addressed the changes in the financial statements on the current Accounting nature legislation. Assertion addressed the major changes in the financial statements. Students participated in the survey of 62 campuses of Bahia IES. 212 responses that did not tend to normality using a Descriptive Statistics with chi-square test were analyzed. Finally, we applied the t-Student Hypothesis Test. The research concluded that the students of Bahian HEIs did not have domain about the changes in the financial statements by Law No. 11,638 (Brazil, 2007) and 11,941 (Brazil, 2009). Therefore, it is believed that this study contributes to awaken Bahian HEIs that have the Accounting course, to assess the need to adopt measures to change the reality reached, the negative performance of their students.
Undergraduate students' motivations for the consumption of legal drugs
Hernández Rodríguez, Verónica Margarita;Scherer, Zeyne Alves Pires;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000700011
Abstract: this qualitative research aimed at identifying conceptions held by undergraduate students regarding the term motivation, and motives leading them to the consumption of legal drugs. data were collected through a questionnaire with four open questions, applied to 15 students of a public university in the central region of mexico. in order to perform the data analysis, answers were classified in two categories: a) undergraduate students' conceptions regarding the term motivation and b) undergraduate students' conceptions regarding the motives for consumption. such analysis indicated that students identify two types of motivations: external and internal. the external motivation includes family, mass media and friends; whereas internal motivation includes personal characteristics, need of belonging, curiosity, pleasure and idleness.
Plagiarism among undergraduate students in the Faculty of Applied Science at a South African Higher Education Institution  [cached]
Mapule Patricia Sentleng,Lizette King
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science , 2012, DOI: 10.7553/78-1-47
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate plagiarism among undergraduate students at a higher education institution in South Africa. This study investigated the awareness and causes of plagiarism among undergraduate first, second and third year students of the departments of Chemistry and Mathematical Technology within the Faculty of Applied Science at a university of technology. A quantitative research method was used. The results of the study confirm that student plagiarism is fairly common. The study shows that 41% of undergraduate students think that plagiarism is very serious, but plagiarism is still being practised within these departments. It was also found that 71.9% of students admit to using the Internet to compile their assignments. This implies that the Internet is the most possible source of plagiarism. Students also used books and journal articles as possible sources to plagiarise.
Transformative undergraduate science courses for non-majors at a historically black institution and at a primarily white institution
Gili Marbach-Ad,J. Randy McGinnis,Rebecca Pease,Amy Dai
Science Education International , 2010,
Abstract: We investigated curricular and pedagogical innovations in undergraduate science courses for non-science majors at a Historically Black Institution (HBI) and a Primarily White Institution (PWI). The aims were to improve students’ understanding of science, increase their enthusiasm towards science by connecting their prior experience and interest to the science content, and recruit students, especially from underrepresented groups, to science teacher education. Both courses were developed with the same fundamental principles of teaching for all and connection to student interests. We report on the way we used students’ interest to increase their enthusiasm towards science and how the instructors established linkages between science and teaching, while introducing their students to scientific research (reading the literature, writing mini-research reports and presenting the data in poster presentations). We discuss the way that the PWI and HBI instructors customized their courses to take into consideration the characteristics of the students’ population taking the courses. We assessed our progress in achieving our goals by using researchers’ observations, the instructors’ perspective, students’ feedback, and a reliable and valid survey. Our major insight was that the instructors’ perception of their roles within their contexts (HBI or PWI) mediated the way they designed, implemented, and assessed their learners.
A Study of Nigerian Youths’ Understanding, Perception of HIV/AIDS Phenomenon and Sex Attitudes: The Link between Acceptance of Reality and Marketing Motives of Multinational Pharmaceutical Companies  [PDF]
Mufutau Akanbi Awoniyi
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2015.84048
Abstract: The HIV/AIDS Pandemic is one of the most serious and urgent public health challenges facing the government people and civil society in Nigeria today. The spread of the HIV responsible for AIDS has actually come under great control and management in many western countries. The developing countries such as Nigeria are still very much confused and battling with the reality and acceptance of the deadly virus in the society. In Nigeria, traditional beliefs, religion, cultural influences, poverty and social vices have hindered most of the genuine efforts of government and non governmental agencies to tackle HIV/AIDS menace in the country. Most of the youths in Nigeria, especially the secondary school, college and undergraduate students are very much aware that the sexual intercourse is the most prevalent mode of HIV/AIDS transmission in the country. Yet, for a variety of reasons, many of the youths in Nigeria continue to engage in sexual behaviours which are unsafe and could put them at risk of HIV/AIDS infection. The study discovers among others that some people mostly youths in Nigeria see HIV/AIDS as development propaganda to help multinational pharmaceutical companies sell and market their drugs and other sex related products in the country. It is also concluded that the information on HIV/AIDS and the sexual behaviour and the practice among Nigerian youths is still very much inadequate.
AIDS : A Survey Of Knowledge, Attitudes And Beliefs Of Undergraduate Students Of Delhi University  [cached]
Benara S.K,Khelendra R.K,Chaudhury B.N,Bhattacharyya J
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 1992,
Abstract: The 513 undergraduate students (262 male and 251 female) surveyed from five colleges of Delhi University were aware of AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome). They knew from different sources that sexually promiscuous people, prostitutes, intravenous drug abusers, professional blood donors and recipients of HIV infected blood were at risk for AIDS. About half of the students (57.5%) knew that AIDS was incurable and ultimately led to death. A majority of them (60-72%), also knew that AIDS could be prevented by using condoms during sexual intercourse, disposable needles during injection and avoiding sex with multiple partners. On the other hand their knowledge on non-sexual transmission was inadequate. Most of them (58%) believed that one could get AIDS by airborne, oral and kinesthetic routes, some (41%) felt that AIDS patients should not be allowed to mix in society, and 24% had an attitude of severing contact with their best friends or divorcing their spouses. The most impotent viewpoint was that 49% of them wrongly believed that AIDS could be prevented by vaccination. The need for more information on AIDS was felt by all of them.
Information Technology Practices Amongst Dental Undergraduate Students at a Private Dental Institution in India  [PDF]
S. Kumar,G. Balasubramanyam,P. Duraiswamy,S. Kulkarni
Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: In dental and medical education, information and communication technology (ICT) has been playing an important role and its use is rapidly increasing. In developing countries, however, information technology is still only available to a minority of health professionals. The present study aimed to assess the level of computer use among dental undergraduate students pursuing their career at a private dental institution in India.Materials and Methods: The study population comprised dental undergraduate students from first to fourth year pursuing their career in a private dental institution of India. Informationtechnology practices were assessed using a questionnaire that consisted of 14 questions.Results: In total, 247 students with an overall response rate of 66% participated in the study. Only 58.3% of the study population mentioned that they had access to computers.Students from preclinical years reported to be competent in IT skills more frequently than the clinical year students (chi square test, P=0.007). Compared to women, men used computers more regularly both for academic activities (P=0.082) and personal use (P=0.006).Similarly, students of clinical years used computers more than preclinical students for both purposes (academic activities, P=0.045; personal use, P=0.124).Conclusion: The present study revealed that computer literacy of Indian dental undergraduate students was comparable with students of other countries whereas accessibility of IT sources was poor. Expansion of computer-assisted learning which requires careful strategic planning, resource sharing, staff incentives, active promotion of multidisciplinary working, and effective quality control should be implemented.
Perceptions of drugs benefits and barriers to quit by undergraduate health students
Henriquéz, Patricia Cid;Carvalho, Ana Maria Pimenta de;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000700019
Abstract: several studies have exposed the consumption of drugs by undergraduate students in the health area, who are supposed to be examples of behavior and health educators. this descriptive correlation study aimed to relate the benefits of tobacco consumption and barriers to quit according to the perception of undergraduate students. eighty third-year students, in three different courses, answered a self-applied questionnaire. the studied variables were: consumption conditions, barriers and benefits regarding drug consumption, family and personal characteristics. one-third of the students reported tobacco use; 5% reported the use of marijuana; 15% alcohol and 6% tranquilizers, more than once a month; 18% reported the consumption of tobacco and 13% reported the use of alcohol even before the age of 15. the perceived benefits were: relaxation, pleasure and social acceptance, whereas barriers for quitting were: habituation and addiction. according to the results, promoting self-responsibility of these future health professionals is recommended in their educational context.
Sexual Practices and Perceptions of Risk among Undergraduate Students Attending a Tertiary Institution in Jamaica: A Pilot Study
Andrea Pusey-Murray, Cynthia Onyefulu
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101261
Abstract: This paper describes the sexual practices and perceptions of risk among undergraduate students attending a tertiary institution in Jamaica. The study was guided by six research questions. To answer these research questions, a descriptive survey design was used for the study. A total of 63 undergraduate students were selected using the stratified random method. Data for the study were collected through the use of a questionnaire and focus group discussion. The data were coded and entered into SPSS version 20. Simple descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage, cross-tabulation and t-test) were used to analyze the data. The results showed that over two- thirds (85%) of the students were sexually active and that the male students initiated their sexual activities earlier than the female students. It was revealed that 12.6% of the respondents had their first sexual encounter when they were less than ten years old. The findings of this study showed that a greater number of females (41.0%) reported using a condom on their first sexual encounter when compared to 20.6% of the male undergraduate students. Although 88.8% of the respondents reported seeing the promotional advertisement about safe sex, 11.2% stated that the advertisements were not convincing, for example they stated: “it did not convince me, and needed to show more than the risk”, and “not doing enough to scare young people about STD”. This has serious implications for how prevention messages are fashioned. The study indicates the need for partnerships to improve the STI/HIV risk reduction interventions in Jamaica. Based on the sexual practices identified in this study, undergraduates at this particular university are at risk of contracting STIs making them susceptible to cervical cancers, infertility and unwanted pregnancies. Based on the findings and their implications, six recommendations were made on how to use the platforms that will appeal to this group of undergraduate students in practicing safe sex.
A Study of Undergraduate Students' Perceptions About Nature  [PDF]
M. Karakas
Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy , 2008,
Abstract: Present study examines undergraduate students’ understanding of nature of science (NOS). The researcher analyzes survey data collected from 52 undergraduates (mostly freshman) at a Private Research University in Northeastern U.S., who were enrolled in a Biology course. Present study reveals that there is no significant difference of the understanding of NOS among science majors, non-science majors and undecided group of undergraduate students and that they hold contemporary views about some aspects of NOS and traditionalist views about other aspects. This study calls for improving the teaching of NOS in high school and college classrooms.
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