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Situations of Domestic Violence against Children and Adolescents in a Northeastern Brazilian Capital  [PDF]
Eliane Santos Cavalcante, Francisco Arnoldo Nunes de Miranda, Lannuzya V. e Oliveira, Glauber W. dos Santos Silva, Gustavo ávila Dias, Romeika C. F. de Sena, Suerda Lillian da Fonseca Lins, Cleonice A. A. Cavalcante, Izaura Luzia Silvério Freire, Jo?o E. da Costa
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.69067
Abstract: Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile of children and adolescents who are victims of domestic violence. Method: This is a cross sectional and descriptive study, following a quantitative approach, conducted from September to December 2013, at the SOS CHILD service, in the city of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The research protocol was approved by CEP/UFRN under CAAE 0166.0.051.000-11. Results: In the analysis of 69 children, the results were presented from three points of view: 1) the victim—female (56.5%), aged one to 11 years old (66.7%) and lived with one of the parents (43.5%); 2) the abuser—female (60.9%) in the 14 - 23 years old and 34 - 43 years old, with the same percentage (24.6%), history of alcohol use and abuse (42.0%), the mother was the one who attacked the most (34.7%); 3) types of violence, among the physical ones, the most frequent were slaps (43.2%) and punches (18.9%); the prevalence, among the psychological violence, were curses (35.4%) and abuse (27.8%); negligence, omission of care (73.5%), deprivation of care for personal appearance (18.4%); among sexual violence: sexual caresses (57.1%) and forced sex (42.9%). Conclusion: Children and adolescents placed in an unfavorable social-economic context, under the care of mothers with a history of use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs, are more vulnerable to intra-domiciliary violence.
Domestic violence against children  [PDF]
Mihi? Biljana D.
Temida , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/tem0203051m
Abstract: In this paper the author is analysing definitions and basic notions related to domestic violence against children, as one of the most serious forms of violence. The special chapter deals with effects of violence against children and causes of domestic violence against them. Also, the author is analysing different forms of social reaction and considering the problem of legal regulation of mandatory reporting domestic violence against children.
Institutional violence against children with special needs
Ciobanu-Grasu, M.
Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Bra?ov. Series VII : Social Sciences and Law , 2011,
Abstract: One of the risks arising from inclusion of children with specialeducational needs (SEN) in mainstream schools is the phenomenon ofinstitutional violence. Using a qualitative approach, the research identifies the main forms of violence against children with SEN: refusal to accept them in school, educational neglect, exclusion from some activities and punishment. Some of the causes of victimization are: poor material resources, insufficient training and motivation of teachers to work with children, non-involvement of parents. The article proposes several measures to prevent the phenomenon of institutional violence against children with SEN in inclusive schools.
Some issues of sexual violence against children  [PDF]
Stevanovi? Ivana M.
Temida , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/tem0203041s
Abstract: The paper considers the situation of children-victims of severe sexual violence in the criminal substantive and proceedings law of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia. Through the analysis of specific incriminations sanctioning the worst forms of sexual violence against children as well as the analysis of their proceedings situation, the paper presents necessary amendments in this domain and compliance of our criminal legal system with the contemporary comparative law solutions. At the same time, the paper offers suggestions of possible new solutions in this domain, in accordance with the right of the child to comprehensive protection of his/her sexual integrity.
Place of the victim in records of violence against children
Stevkovi? Ljiljana
Temida , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/tem1203077s
Abstract: The possibility of identifying the scope, prevalence and incidence of violence against children, at the national and international level, is determined by the way of measurement and the kind of information available on this type of crime. The starting point for successful preventive and combative measures of victimization of children is an efficient system of recording and presenting the data on violence to which they are exposed to, based on the information from the incident, the family, the perpetrator and the victim. This paper aims to identify and analyze ways of recording and the type of available data on violence against children, as well as the place of child victim in the officially presented data at the global and national level. In doing so, the paper was based on the research of relevant international and national literature in the field of judicial and social protection statistics, publications based on data from the judiciary, those based on the use of victimization surveys and other prospective or retrospective research of violent victimization experiences in childhood. At the very least an analysis of the Serbian approach to this area is given. [PR Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179044: Razvoj metodologije evidentiranja kriminaliteta kao osnova kreiranja efikasnih mera za njegovo suzbijanje i br. 47011: Kriminal u Srbiji - fenomenologija, rizici i mogu nosti socijalne intervencije]
Violence against children and adolescents: a challenge in the daily work of the nursing team
Algeri, Simone;Souza, Luccas Melo de;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692006000400023
Abstract: this article aims to reflect on various forms of violence against children and adolescents practiced in the family context, and the importance of professional nursing care in view of this phenomenon. we discuss possibilities of care and violence prevention as well as the problems violence causes to society. violence is a social and historical problem, constructed in society, and needs to be adequately addressed in academic nursing education.
Characteristics of violence against children in the family and its consequences on health
Stevkovi? Ljiljana
Temida , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/tem0603023s
Abstract: Vulnerability, dependence and helplessness which characterize life situation of a child, carry a risk of its victimization by different forms of violence. Violence against children, an appearance as old as human civilization, leaves multiple, deep and lasting consequences on physical and mental health, development and future life of victimized child. The aim of this paper is to point out basic characteristics of victim, violent parent and way of execution, with particular emphasis on health consequences, through brief overview of previous empirical knowledge about children victimization with domestic violence. In the introductory part of the paper a definition of violence against children and its forms is given. In the second part, on the basis of the analysis of research findings, its basic characteristics, with the emphasis on health consequences, are reviewed. In the final part of the paper author’s concluding considerations about this sensitive problem are given. .
Conceptions held by health professionals on violence against children and adolescents within the family
Nunes, Cristina Brandt;Sarti, Cynthia Andersen;Ohara, Concei??o Vieira da Silva;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000100021
Abstract: the present study sought to understand the conceptions held by health professionals with regards to violence within the family against children and adolescents. qualitative case-study methodology and techniques of participant observation, interviewing, and search in documents were used. participants were staffed in a government-run family health basic unit in brazil. health professionals were found to associate violence with the economic, social, and political juncture and with cultural aspects; for some, violent acts are part of the intergenerational cycle and family dynamics. physical punishment, considered as violence by some, is advocated as an educational measure by others. participants also base their definition of violence on an a priori construction of subjects as either victims or aggressors, thus missing the relational dimension of the phenomenon. health professionals were found to have difficulty in understanding violence in the context that gives it a meaning and to recognize it as consequence of a complex relational dynamics.
Disrupted by violence: children's well-being and families' economic, social, and cultural capital in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico
Hernandez,Alma A.; Grineski,Sara E.;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892012000500004
Abstract: since 2008, ciudad juarez (chihuahua, mexico) has been undergoing a wave of violence due to a drug war, making the city a difficult environment in which to raise a family. this study uses qualitative methodology that incorporates 16 in-depth interviews with parents of children ages 0-5 years and 9 sets of photos from a subset of interviewed parents. the study explores how families' economic, social, and cultural capital has been disrupted by the violence and how it affects children's well-being. social and economic capital declined significantly because of the violence as families experienced crime, had increased difficulty finding and maintaining employment, and decreased their interactions outside the home. interviews also suggested that opportunities to gain cultural capital decreased because of this isolation. understanding the detrimental effects of violence on families' capital can contribute to understanding children's well-being in violence-stricken communities.
Family dynamics from the perspective of parents and children involved in domestic violence against children and adolescents
Martins, Camilla Soccio;Ferriani, Maria das Gra?as Carvalho;Silva, Marta Angélica Iossi;Zahr, Nide Regina;Arone, Kátia Michelli Bertoldi;Roque, Eliana Mendes de Souza Teixeira;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692007000500002
Abstract: we sought, in this investigation, to understand the family dynamics in the view of parents and children involved in domestic violence against children and adolescents institutionalized in the center of assistance to the victimized child and adolescent (cacav), in ribeir?o preto-sp, brazil. this is a qualitative study with semi-structured interviews applied to parents and children from six families involved in domestic violence. the data were analyzed through content analysis. ecology of human development was used as theoretical reference. domestic violence was reported, though it is understood as common practice for the families. we identified that the parents' view favors the denial of the violence perpetrated. the children, on the other hand, point that love ties and affection are more significant for their development than blood relations. we believe that the knowledge acquired as how violence is experienced, can contribute with intervention strategies capable of breaking the perverse cycle of violent family relationships.
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