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Male breast cancer in Armenia 1980-2000
Galstyan Hairapet M.,Khachatouryan Irina A.,Nersesyan Armen K.
Archive of Oncology , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/aoo0302107g
Abstract: We analyzed the incidence of male breast cancer in Armenia over the period of 20 years (1980-2000). The obtained data showed that, unlike female BC, male BC incidence also varies in Armenia as in most developed and developing countries, but without any regularity. The mean crude rate for the observed period is lower than in developed but comparable with developing countries. The most important peculiarity of male BC in Armenia is young age of patients.
The incidence of childhood leukemia in Armenia, 1991-2002
Nersesyan Armen K.,Daghbashyan Smbat S.,Danielyan Samvel H.,Arutyunyan Rouben M.
Archive of Oncology , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/aoo0304277n
Abstract: The incidence of leukemia in children aged from 0 to 14 years in Armenia was analyzed for the period from 1991 to 2002. During 12 years the incidence of leukemia was not changed substantially. The crude rate of the incidence of leukemia was comparable with data of many countries. But at the same time a comparatively high male/female incidence ratio was registered, which was also comparable with incidence ratio in some of both developed and developing countries. It may be supposed that the incidence of leukemia in children in Armenia is not connected with parental exposure to chemicals.
Female breast cancer in Armenia (1980-2000)
Galstyan Hairapet M.,Ovanesbekova Tatyana G.,Nersesyan Armen K.
Archive of Oncology , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/aoo0301031g
Abstract: Breast cancer (BC) incidence in women in Armenia was analyzed in the period from 1980 to 2000. During 20 years BC incidence was substantially increased along with mortality. The incidence increased up to 73%, and mortality increased up to 143%. Our data suggest that female BC in Armenia is significantly lower than in the most developed and some developing countries, but comparative mortality of patients with BC is much higher than in other countries.
Kolmogorov and Aleksandrov in Sevan Monastery, Armenia, 1929  [PDF]
V. G. Gurzadyan
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: In the summer of 1929 Andrei Kolmogorov and Pavel Aleksandrov visited lake Sevan in Armenia and lived in a cell in the monastery on the island. During about a month they not only enjoyed the beauties of the lake, but actively continued their research, Alexandrov working on "Aleksandrov-Hopf" (P.Alexandroff, H.Hopf, Topologie, Berlin, 1935), Kolmogorov on the paper "On analytic methods in the theory of probability". Both mathematicians mentioned Sevan in their memoirs many decades later. They visited also other sites of Armenia and climbed Mt.Aragatz.
Utilización de redes neuronales para la determinación de respuestas de sitio a partir de Ondas coda Aplicación para Armenia Colombia  [cached]
Vargas Jiménez Carlos A.,Monsalve Hugo,Bermúdez María L.,Cuenca Julio C.
Earth Sciences Research Journal , 2001,
Abstract: Triaxial acelerografic data related to replies of Armenia earthquake in Colombia (25-01-99, Mw=6.2) have been used to determine the transfer function of Soft Formation I Hard Rock in two sites of Armenia city by using a neuronal network. This network was trained with spectral data of HARD ROCK as input parameter and spectral data of Soft Formation as output parameter for N-S and Z components. The error of the neuronal network respect to the training data was of 0,01%. It allowed to simulate spectral data for the E-W component of registries with a quadratic mean error minor to 8%. It was possible to observe that with these few records used, the neuronal networks facilitate the process of deduction of transference functions linear and not-linear oriented to the dynamic ground evaluation. Se han utilizado datos acelerográficos triaxiales relacionados con replicas del terremoto de Armenia, Colombia (25-01-99, Mw = 6.2), para determinar la función de transferencia Formaciones blandas/Roca dura en dos sitios de la ciudad de Armenia mediante el uso de una red neuronal. Dicha red fue entrenada con datos espectrales de Roca dura como parámetro de entrada y de Formaciones blandas como parámetro de salida para las componentes N-S y Z. EI comportamiento de la red neuronal respecto a los datos de entrenamiento fue 0.01 %. Y permitió simular datos espectrales para la componente E-W de los mismos registros con un error medio cuadrático menor que 8%. Se pudo observar que a pesar de los pocos registros utilizados, las redes neuronales facilitan el proceso de deducción de funciones de transferencia lineales y no lineales orientadas a la evaluación dinámica de suelos.
The investigation of electromagnetic precursors to earthquakes in Armenia  [cached]
S. Balassanian,A. Mouradian,A. Sahakian,S. Kalinin
Annals of Geophysics , 1997, DOI: 10.4401/ag-3902
Abstract: The present work provides a sufficient theoretical substantiation of the anomalous distribution for Very-Low-Frequency (VLF) radio waves which is observed for all radio routes controlled by the National Survey for Seismic Protection (NSSP) of the Republic of Armenia. This event is connected with the ionosphere excitement over the strong seismic event preparation zone under the influence of intensively oscillated VLF electromagnetic waves falling on the ionosphere from the source called an area of uniformly oriented Zones of Separated Charges (ZSC) in the strong seismic preparation zone. ZSC, formed at the interfaces of solid, liquid, and gaseous phases of rocks, acquire identical orientation under the action of increasing elastic strain forces. These strain forces may cause the effect of mutual polarisation of ZSC in the field of their high concentration. As a result, in the strong earthquake preparation zone, the most sensitive to the deformation ZSC, non-linear electromagnetic effects may be observed. One of these effects is the irreversibility of non-stationary electromagnetic processes (INP). It is shown that the INP method developed by Balassanian and Kabilsky (Balassanian, 1990) may prove to be very sensitive to the deformations of geological medium in the earthquake preparation zone.
CAUSALITY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GDP AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN GEORGIA, AZERBAIJAN AND ARMENIA  [cached]
Huseyin Kalyoncu,Faruk Gürsoy,Hasan G?cen
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy , 2013,
Abstract: This research aims to investigate the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth in Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia during the period of 1995–2009. The Engle-Granger cointegration and Granger causality tests are used in order to analyse the causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth. It is crucial to see the directions of causality between two variables for the policy makers. For Georgia and Azerbaijan it is found that these two variables are not cointegrated. In case of Armenia these two variables are cointegrated. Accordingly, causality analysis is conducted for Armenia. The research outcomes reveal that there is unidirectional causality from per capita GDP to per capita energy consumption for Armenia.
La Pobreza del Desastre o el Desastre de la Pobreza?: Efectos Psicológicos y Psicopatológicos en Damnificados con Larga Estancia en Campamentos después del Terremoto de Armenia, Colombia
Hernán Santacruz Oleas,Sara Ardila Gómez
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2003,
Abstract: Con base en un estudio descriptivo realizado por el GAPPD (Grupo de Atención Psiquiátrica y Psicosocial en Desastres) con habitantes de campamentos temporales después de dos a os de ocurrido el terremoto de Armenia, Colombia, se realiza una discusión en torno a los efectos de la estancia prolongada en este tipo de albergues y de los aspectos psicosociales relacionados con la pobreza y la vulnerabilidad, desde una concepción cíclica de los desastres, que pone en evidencia la correlación causal y circular que se expresa entre estas tres situaciones y su lugar fundamental en la perpetuación del subdesarrollo. Based on a descriptive study made by the Group of Psychiatric and Psychosocial Attention in Disasters (GAPPD) with people living in temporary camps two years after Armenia’s earthquake, we discuss the effects of lengthy stays in camps and the psychosocial aspects related with poverty and vulnerability from a cyclic conception of disaster, that puts in evidence the causal and circular correlation expressed in these three situations and its fundamental place in the perpetuation of underdevelopment.
Governance, the State, and Systemic Corruption: Armenia and Georgia in Comparison  [cached]
Dr. Christoph H. Stefes
Caucasian Review of International Affairs , 2008,
Abstract: Endemic corruption has been a destructive legacy of Soviet rule for most successor states of the Soviet Union. Yet as the two cases of this study demonstrate, corruption has manifested itself in different ways. While the smooth transition of power in the early 1990s has allowed Armenia’s political leaders to use corruption to consolidate firm control over the state apparatus, Georgia’s tumultuous transition has caused the disintegration of the state apparatus into feuding groups that abuse their official positions for private gain. Rebuilding central political authority has therefore been an arduous journey vulnerable to sudden ruptures. This path has had disastrous consequences for Georgia’s economy. In contrast, Armenia’s economy has fared relatively well under a more centralized form of endemic corruption. However, while Georgia’s chaotic form of corruption has offered room for democratic change, Armenia’s political system is stable but more strongly authoritarian.
“Health inequalities in Armenia - analysis of survey results”
Tamara Tonoyan, Lusine Muradyan
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-11-32
Abstract: A random survey of 1,000 local residents, from all administrative regions of Armenia, concerned with health care services cost and satisfaction was conducted. Participation in the survey was voluntary and the information was collected using anonymous telephone interviews.The utilization of health care services was low, particularly in rural areas. This under-utilization of services correlated with low income of the population surveyed. The state funded health care services are inadequate to ensure availability of free-of-charge services even to economically disadvantaged groups. Continued reliance on direct out-of pocket and illicit payments, for medical services, are serious issues which plague healthcare, pharmaceutical and medical technology sectors of Armenia.Restructuring of the health care system to implement a cost-effective approach to the prevention and treatment of diseases, especially disproportionately affect the poor, should be undertaken. Public payments, increasing the amount of subsidies for poor and lower income groups through a compulsory health insurance system should be evaluated and included as appropriate in this health system redesign. Current medical services reimbursement practices undermine the principle of equity in financing and access. Measures designed to improve healthcare access and affordability for poor and disadvantaged households should be enacted.
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