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Impact of Personality Traits on Compulsive Buying Behavior: Mediating Role of Impulsive Buying  [PDF]
Kiran Shehzadi, Muhammad Ahmad-ur-Rehman, Anam Mehmood Cheema, Alishba Ahkam
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2016.95046
Abstract:
The prime purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between personality traits and compulsive buying behavior with mediating role of impulsive buying. By using quantitative research approach, convenience sampling method is selected. Data are collected by using previously established scales. Correlation coefficient and multiple regressions are applied to analyze directions and strength of relationship between variables. According to results agreeableness, neuroticism and openness to experience are three personality traits that are related with compulsive buying with mediating role of impulsive buying. The present study is useful for policy makers, consumers and for society at large. In addition, this investigation provides a starting point for future research with comprehensive theoretical framework.
The Tantalizing Factors Associated with Compulsive Buying Among Young Adult Consumers  [cached]
Eric V. Bindah,Md Nor Othman
International Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.ibm.1923842820120402.1025
Abstract: Most economies cannot prosper without production and mass consumption. However, when consumers overspend to keep up with the Joneses, they will be in trouble, both financially and psychologically. Indeed, when consumers allow spending to take over their lives, they suffer from an obsessive disorder commonly known as compulsive buying. The purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptual model based primarily on existing scientific and empirical research to explain the possible mechanism responsible in young adult consumers’ development of compulsive buying tendencies. The role of television viewing, family and peer communication environment on the development of materialistic values among young adult consumers is reviewed. Next, the effect of materialism on the development of compulsive buying behaviour is re-examined, and an integrated model of compulsive buying is formulated. On the basis of prior empirical research, materialism is highlighted as a possible moderator in the relationship between television viewing, family and peer communication environment influences on the development of compulsive buying tendencies among young adult consumers. Prior studies conducted in the domain of family environment and compulsive buying behaviour among young adult consumers, did not addressed (any) specific effect of family communication patterns on the development of compulsive buying tendencies. Key words: Compulsive buying; Materialism; Television viewing influences; Family and peer communication environment influences; Young adult consumers
Compulsive Buying on the Internet – Evaluation of Hypotheses and Model Exploration to Clarify Causes and Trigger of Pathological Buying Behaviour
Gansen, D.,Aretz, W.
Journal of Business and Media Psychology , 2010,
Abstract: Online shopping has become increasingly attractive compared to real life purchases. In terms of the prevalence of internet addiction and compulsive buying disorder it is of practical and scientific interest to empirically identify reasons and activating circumstances for compulsive buying behavior and to answer the question whether the internet can be considered an influencing risk factor. The present study with a sample of N = 191 participants examines to what extent pathological buying behavior can be differentiated by the criteria of Raab, Neuner, Reisch and Scherhorn (2005) und whether participants without pathological findings, participants with compensative and participants with pathological symptoms differ in distal, mediating and proximal predictors of compulsive behavior. Furthermore, it is examined which activating and maintaining factors play a role when it comes to online shopping behavior. Results show that sex, neuroticism and a need for self-regulation can be considered risk factors. Conscientiousness as a protective factor could be identified and can be interpreted as solid self-management skills. Findings indicate that current virtual environments do not carry risk for the development of a compulsive buying disorder only because of missing social enforcement processes. Further scientific and practical implications are discussed.
Valida??o e aferi??o de fidedignidade da vers?o brasileira da Compulsive Buying Scale
Leite, Priscilla Louren?o;Rangé, Bernard Pimentel;Ribas Junior, Rodolfo de Castro;Fernandez, Jesus Landeira;Silva, Adriana Cardoso de Oliveira e;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832012000300006
Abstract: background: the compulsive buying scale is a short and easy-to-apply instrument, which comprises the main dimensions of the compulsive buying disorder, focusing on impulse control. objective: this study aims to validate and assess the reliability of the brazilian version of the compulsive buying scale. methods: to assess construct validity, a factor analysis with principal components extraction and varimax rotation was conducted. the correlations between the cbs and measures for depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder were assessed with the pearson coefficient, evaluating convergent and divergent validity. the internal consistency was measured using cronbach's alpha coefficient. result: the psychometric parameters of the brazilian version of the cbs were satisfactory and the instrument was considered valid and reliable. the cbs showed an inversely correlation with other diagnostic scales for the compulsive buying disorder. cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.86) was high, demonstrating a satisfactory reliability of the portuguese cbs. discussion: although the brazilian version of the compulsive buying scale is a short version with just a few items, the scale has excellent psychometric properties, presenting itself as an important tool to detect and evaluate compulsive buying disorder.
Tradu??o e adapta??o semantica da Compulsive Buying Scale para o português brasileiro
Leite, Priscilla Louren?o;Rangé, Bernard Pimentel;Ribas Junior, Rodolfo de Castro;Filomensky, Tatiana Zambrano;Silva, Adriana Cardoso de Oliveira e;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852011000300005
Abstract: objective: the compulsive buying scale, a short and easy-to-apply instrument, has the advantage of comprising the main dimensions of the disorder, which are the compulsion for buying and the impulsive behavior. the present work aimed to adapt the scale transculturally to brazilian portuguese. methods: to the step of semantic adaptation, a portuguese-english translator and two bilingual psychologists translated the scale from english to portuguese. secondly, it was translated back to english for validation by two translators and a psychologist. finally, the scale was applied to 20 participants in order to perform semantic adjustments to the instrument. results: the collaboration of professional translators and clinical psychologists, able to evaluate the quality of the material, made possible the adjustment of the text used in the final version of the scale in portuguese, thus assuring semantic adequation. all items had approval of over 90% in the experimental application. conclusion: the brazilian portuguese version of the compulsive buying scale was successfully created.
Money Attitude, Self-esteem, and Compulsive Buying in a Population of Medical Students  [PDF]
Michel Lejoyeux
Frontiers in Psychiatry , 2011, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2011.00013
Abstract: This study tried to determine the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) and to identify among compulsive buyers a specific relation to money, a different buying style, and a lowered level of self-esteem. We included 203 medical students and diagnosed CB with the Mc Elroy criteria and a specific questionnaire. The money attitude was characterized by the Yamauchi and Templer’s scale and self-esteem with the Rosenberg scale. 11% of the medical students presented compulsive buying (CB+). Sex ratio and mean ages were comparable in the CB+ and control groups. CB+ students drank less alcohol and smoked an equivalent number of cigarettes. Compulsive buyers had higher scores of distress (tendency to be hesitant, suspicious, and doubtful attitude toward situations involving money) and bargain missing (fear of missing a good opportunity to buy an item). They bought more often gifts for themselves, items they use less than expected and choose goods increasing their self-esteem. Their score of self-esteem was not different from the one from controls.
Dehydration Influences Mood and Cognition: A Plausible Hypothesis?  [PDF]
David Benton
Nutrients , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/nu3050555
Abstract: The hypothesis was considered that a low fluid intake disrupts cognition and mood. Most research has been carried out on young fit adults, who typically have exercised, often in heat. The results of these studies are inconsistent, preventing any conclusion. Even if the findings had been consistent, confounding variables such as fatigue and increased temperature make it unwise to extrapolate these findings. Thus in young adults there is little evidence that under normal living conditions dehydration disrupts cognition, although this may simply reflect a lack of relevant evidence. There remains the possibility that particular populations are at high risk of dehydration. It is known that renal function declines in many older individuals and thirst mechanisms become less effective. Although there are a few reports that more dehydrated older adults perform cognitive tasks less well, the body of information is limited and there have been little attempt to improve functioning by increasing hydration status. Although children are another potentially vulnerable group that have also been subject to little study, they are the group that has produced the only consistent findings in this area. Four intervention studies have found improved performance in children aged 7 to 9 years. In these studies children, eating and drinking as normal, have been tested on occasions when they have and not have consumed a drink. After a drink both memory and attention have been found to be improved.
Induction of compulsive-like washing by blocking the feeling of knowing: an experimental test of the security-motivation hypothesis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Erik Z Woody, Victoria Lewis, Lisa Snider, Hilary Grant, Markad Kamath, Henry Szechtman
Behavioral and Brain Functions , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1744-9081-1-11
Abstract: Participants reacted with increased disgust, anxiety, and heart rate to their mental images of contamination and potential danger. As predicted, high but not low hypnotizable participants showed a significant prolongation of washing when change in feelings during washing was blocked hypnotically.Results show that blocking the affective signal that is normally generated during security-related behaviors, such as washing, leads to prolonged performance of these behaviors. This finding lends support to the plausibility of the proposed model of obsessive-compulsive disorder.In obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a sense of compulsion is associated with performing ritualistic thoughts or actions. There are two types of mechanism that might explain the intrusiveness and urgency characteristic of OCD symptoms. One possibility is that there is a pathological intensity of excitation in the system that initiates the particular thoughts or actions, such that they are elicited too readily and strongly [e.g., [1]]. A contrasting possibility is that there is a deficit in the system that normally terminates these thoughts or actions, such that they persist too long.The idea that OCD symptoms stem from a pathologic intensity of excitation is intuitively appealing because it is consistent with the widespread notion of compulsion as a force that initiates behavior. However, Reed [[2], p. 127] found that only a tiny minority of OCD patients described their experience of compulsions in such a way. Instead, the great majority described their experience of compulsions in terms of an inability to stop – for example, "I keep wondering, and then I can't get it out of my mind," or "I can't move on because I can't convince myself that I've finished what I'm doing." Reed [[3], p. 384] concluded that "those who are trapped in a circle of repetitive behavior do not report that something forces them to continue, but that they lack something to make them stop."Likewise, descriptive accounts of OC
Identifying Determinants of Compulsive Buying Behavior
Tariq Jalees,Shahbaz Khan
Market Forces , 2007,
Abstract:
Comparing parental bonding and attachment styles in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety and depression
Ali Shaker,Nasrin Homeyli
Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction:The aim of the present study is to compare parental bonding and attachment styles in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety, and depression. The main hypothesis of the study is that patients with generalized anxiety, obsession, and depression differ significantly in their attachment style and parental bonding.Material and Methods:This is a causal-comparative study on all patients referring to governmental and private clinics of Ardebil from September 2009 to February 2010. Our study population consisted of 38 patients with generalized anxiety, 36 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, and 36 patients with depression who completed the Brennan, Clark and Shaver’s attachment style questionnaire, Parker, Tupling and Brown’s parental bonding questionnaire, and Beck’s anxiety and depression questionnaire. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey’s post hoc test.Results:Our findings indicate that the three clinical groups were significantly different in terms of attachment style and parental bonding (p<0.05).Conclusion:Insecure and disorganized attachment styles are related to anxiety and mood disorders while avoidant attachment style is rarely reported in these disorders.
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