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A política africana do governo Lula: (2003-2006)
Ribeiro, Cláudio Oliveira;
Tempo Social , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20702009000200009
Abstract: the article analyzes brazil-africa relations between 2003 and 2006, aiming to demonstrate that the election of luiz inácio lula da silva injected a new dynamic to brazil's relations with the african continent. the discourse and diplomatic practice of the lula government have combined to help build preferential alliances with partners within the arena of south-south relations. in this context the text argues that south africa, angola and nigeria are essential political and economic partners in brazil's diplomatic strategy for the african continent.
O GOVERNO LULA E AS POLíTICAS PúBLICAS DO SETOR ELéTRICO  [cached]
Hemerson Luiz Pase,Humbero José da Rocha
Revista Debates , 2010,
Abstract: This article examines the public policy infrastructure of the electricity sector in the period 2003 to 2010 when the two presidential administrations in Brazil have been in charge of Luis Inacio Lula da Silva of the Workers Party - PT. The policy analysis is used as theoretical tools and methodological options to interpret the theoretical guidelines and the method of implementation of energy policy in contemporary Brazil. In this sense we discuss the historical trajectory of the Brazilian energy production, highlighting the legacy of military governments, and the change/reform the state's role undertaken from democratization, and especially by the hand of Collor/Itamar (1990-1994) and Cardoso (1995-2002). The problem of research investigates the template configuration Brazilian energy from a federal administration headed by a political party formed center-left strongly linked to social movements and trade union critics of capitalist production relations. The findings indicate that public policy infrastructure and power sector in the Lula government did not break with the reformist outlook of the state, deepening its materialization because of the need to maintain external credibility and internal governance.
A new Strategic Dialogue: Brazil-US relations in Lula's presidency (2003-2010)
Pecequilo, Cristina Soreanu;
Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-73292010000300008
Abstract: the aim of this article is to examine brazil and the united states bilateral relations from 2003/2010 and their strategic patterns during the presidency of luis inácio lula da silva. the goal is to understand the development of this dialogue in the 21st century and its previous background in the post cold war world, identifying its evolution and change due to brazil's growing regional and global role and us relative position
UMA ANáLISE DA POLíTICA EXTERNA DO GOVERNO LULA DA SILVA  [cached]
Haroldo Ramanzini Júnior
Revista Debates , 2010,
Abstract: The objective of this article is to analyse brazilian foreign policy during Lula’s da Silva government (2003-2010). The search to project the country as a protagonist actor in the international system and to fortify the multilateralism had been defining elements of the brazilian foreign policy. Despite these are not totaly new objectives in the history of the brazilian foreign policy, in the Lula’s da Silva government, they had acquired renewed centrality, due to aspects of domestic politics and changes in the international system. In this context Brazil seems to have achieved a new position of reasonable proeminence, anchored in the improvement of the economic and social reality of the country and in an international ativism that search the strengthening of the multipolarity.
A "Era Lula", as elei es presidenciais de 2010 e os desafios do pós-neoliberalismo The "Lula Era", the 2010 presidential elections and the challenges of post-neoliberalism
Alexandre Fortes,John French
Tempo Social , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-20702012000100011
Abstract: O artigo explora o impressionante sucesso do Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) e do seu líder, o ex-sindicalista Lula, ao conquistar uma terceira vitória presidencial consecutiva com a elei o de Dilma Rousseff em 2010. Em perspectiva histórica, ele examina os modos como o governo Lula representou uma ruptura com o passado, resumindo suas realiza es substantivas em termos de distribui o de renda e cria o de oportunidades. Debatendo a rela o entre o petismo e o lulismo, o trabalho oferece evidências de que Lula e o PT mantiveram seu éthos fundante de fortalecimento à autoestima popular e promo o da cidadania participativa, embora sob novas circunstancias. O texto termina com um diagnóstico dos desafios do governo Dilma Rousseff à luz da situa o da economia internacional, das novas lutas trabalhistas emergentes no país e das limita es impostas pelo sistema político brasileiro. The article explores the stunning success of the Brazilian Workers Party (PT) and its leader, Lula, former trade unionist, in winning a third consecutive presidential victory, with the election of Dilma Rousseff in 2010. In historical perspective, it examines the ways in which Lula's government (2002-2010) represented a break with the past while summarizing its substantive achievements in redistributing wealth and opportunity. Focusing on the tension between a historic party-centric petismo (declared partisan party support) and the broader personal popularity of its leader (lulismo), it offers evidence that Lula and the PT have retained their foundational ethos of enhancing popular self-esteem while fostering citizen participation and civil society mobilization, albeit under new conditions. It concludes with a diagnosis of Dilma Rousseff government's challenges in light of the international economic scenario, domestic labor mobilizations, and the constraints of the Brazilian political system.
Brazil's strategic partnerships: an assessment of the Lula era (2003-2010)
Lessa, Ant?nio Carlos;
Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-73292010000300007
Abstract: this article examines the priority bilateral relations of brazil, named "strategic partnerships", both because of their tradition and historical relevance and due to the existence of political and economic cooperation projects. an assessment of these relationships, especially under lula's administration, is made in this work, bearing in mind the concept of "strategic partnerships" and its development in brazilian foreign policy. there will be considered partnerships with the us; argentina; japan; china; india; south africa and the european union. in the article, the meaning of the increase in these relationships is interpreted on the grounds of its significance to the international insertion strategy of brazil
Narratives of multilateralism: “Rashomon effect” and change of power  [cached]
José Antonio Sanahuja
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2013,
Abstract: The effective multilateralism has become a commonplace feature in international political discourse. However, multilateralism is a puzzling concept and practice, and it is not conceived or interpreted in the same way by different international actors. While the United States continues to push “hegemonic multilateralism”, the EU is involved in “normative multilateralism”, the Global South has opted for “defensive multilateralism” and emerging countries promote “revisionist multilateralism”. They are all based on differentiated narratives, discursive legitimation, objectives and practices. The article attempts to characterize each of these reviews from their narratives and discursive logic. This argument used is the socalled “Rashomon effect”, based on the eponymous film by Akira Kurosawa, showing how different stories concerning a particular event can coexist, and how they establish the expectations, roles and behaviours of the actors involved. Finally, the article analyses how these narratives are affected by the process of power shift of the international system and calls for a common ground.
Brazilian foreign policy under President Lula (2003-2010): an overview
Amorim, Celso;
Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-73292010000300013
Abstract: foreign minister of brazil since 2003, ambassador celso amorim outlines the main guidelines and accomplishments of brazil's foreign policy under president luiz inácio lula da silva. the article provides a full-fledged, although not exhaustive, narrative of a number of diplomatic initiatives championed by brazil over the last eight years: from the gathering of the group of developing countries in a world trade organization (wto) meeting in cancun to the negotiations that led to the declaration of tehran, as well as the challenges the country has been facing as its international weight grows.
A Política Científica e Tecnológica e as Demandas da Inclus o Social no Governo Lula (2003-2006) [Science and Technology Policy and Demands for Social Inclusion in the Lula Administration (2003-2006)]
Milena Pavan Serafim,Renato Peixoto Dagnino
Organiza??es & Sociedade , 2011,
Abstract: Este artigo parte da percep o de que houve um fortalecimento da quest o social, em especial da inclus o social, no Governo Lula. Seu objetivo é analisar em que medida a Política Científica e Tecnológica incorporou modifica es e/ou preocupa es semelhantes em sua agenda. Para tanto, apresentamos a trajetória dessa política, destacando o período mais recente. Ao analisar documentos oficiais e bibliografias especializadas, constatamos que a cria o da Secretaria Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia para a Inclus o Social deve ser reconhecida como o surgimento de um novo espa o de disputa, ainda que assimétrica e frágil, no qual os atores antes excluídos do processo de conforma o da agenda da PCT podem agora tomar parte. --- Science and Technology Policy and Demands for Social Inclusion in the Lula Administration (2003-2006) --- Abstract --- This paper is based on the perception that there has been increasing concern towards social issues in Brazil, particularly that of social inclusion, during the Lula Administration. The main objective of this paper is to analyze to what degree the agenda of science and technology policy has incorporated similar changes or concerns. We therefore explore the trajectory of this policy, in particular the more recent period. Based on the study of official documents and specialized references, we note that the creation of the National Secretary of Science and Technology for Social Inclusion should be recognized as the emergence of a new field for political struggle, albeit still asymmetrical and frail, in which previously excluded actors may now take part in the agenda setting.
Foundations and Challenges of the Lula Government’s Foreign Policy
Luis Fernandes
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2004,
Abstract: One of the most innovative dimensions of the Lula Government in the first year of its mandate has been the direction its foreign policy has taken. This article analyses the elements of continuity and change in this policy. To do so, the text first divides the country’s foreign policy into State policy and Government policy. Then, it analyses how the traditional position of Brazilian diplomacy in defence of multilateralism has combined, in the current Government,with the understanding that the processes of multi-polarisation currently under way in the international system constitute the most favourable course for defending and expanding Brazil’s margin of independence in the world. The text debates the way in which this orientation has led the Government to strengthen its relations with different poles of power in the international system and to give real priority to the economic and political integration of South America.Finally, it calls attention to the tensions existing between the new orientation of Brazilian foreign policy and the orthodox profile of the policy of macroeconomic stabilisation adopted by the Government to fight the foreign exchange crisis which existed at the beginning of its mandate.
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