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AVALIA O DO CONSUMO DE FRUTAS, LEGUMES E VERDURAS POR ADOLESCENTES DE FORMIGA – MG E SUA RELA O COM FATORES SOCIOECON MICOS  [cached]
Keila Lopes MENDES,Leandro Pena CAT?O
Alimentos e Nutri??o , 2010,
Abstract: Atualmente a popula o adolescente tem passado pela transi o nutricional, onde aumenta consideravelmente a prevalência da obesidade. Dentre as causas, encontra-se uma alimenta o pobre em frutas, legumes e verduras (FLV). Diante disso, este trabalho teve por objetivo descrever e analisar o consumo de frutas, legumes e verduras por adolescentes do município de Formiga – MG, à luz da influência dos fatores sociais, econ micos e culturais. Trata-se de um estudo observacional e transversal, realizado com 139 adolescentes entre 10 e 19 anos, de ambos os gêneros, regularmente matriculados em duas Escolas Municipais de Formiga – MG. A coleta de dados ocorreu através de um questionário com quest es sócio-econ micas e de consumo alimentar. A maioria dos adolescentes tinha um baixo consumo de FLV (79,09% para frutas e 75,58% para legumes e verduras). O consumo adequado de frutas foi verificado apenas em 14,17% dos entrevistados e o de legumes e verduras em 13,38%. As influências estatisticamente significantes deste consumo foram: sexo, local de moradia e renda per capita. Estes resultados nos fazem concluir que o consumo de frutas, legumes e verduras pelos adolescentes de Formiga – MG é baixo e infrequente e n o apenas a quest o nutricional está envolvida, mas também os fatores econ micos, sociais e culturais.
Fatores associados ao consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes em Nipo-Brasileiros
Palma, Raphaela Fernanda Muniz;Barbieri, Patrícia;Dami?o, Renata;Poletto, Juliana;Chaim, Rita;Gimeno, Suely G;Ferreira, Sandra Roberta Gouveia;Sartorelli, Daniela Saes;,;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2009000300012
Abstract: the determination of factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake is an important tool for the development of effective intervention programs aimed at increasing the consumption of these foods. the objective of the present cross-sectional study was to identify the factors associated with the adequate consumption of fruit and vegetables (> 400g/day) among 581 adult japanese-brazilians, 1st and 2nd generations of immigrants, living in bauru, sp, brazil. food consumption was estimated using three 24-hour recalls. on adjusted logistic regression models, higher meal frequencies were associated with a better chance of adequate daily intake of fruit and vegetables [or (95% ci)]: [1.31 (1.05, 1.63)]. nevertheless, individuals at the highest tertile of saturated fat intake were less likely to have adequate daily intake of these foods [0.35 (0.21, 0.60)]. a trend toward adequate intake of fruit and vegetables was found among older participants. these results suggest that more intensive intervention programs are needed among young individuals with higher saturated fat intake. moreover, higher meal frequency might promote better adherence to the goals of daily fruit and vegetable intake.
Fatores associados ao consumo de frutas, legumes e verduras em adultos de uma cidade no Sul do Brasil
Neutzling, Marilda Borges;Rombaldi, Airton José;Azevedo, Mario Renato;Hallal, Pedro C.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009001100007
Abstract: the study aimed to describe the frequency of fruit and vegetable intake among adults (20-69 years of age) and to identify associated factors. this population-based study in 2006 included 972 adults in pelotas, southern brazil. consumption of fruits and vegetables was evaluated with three questions on habitual food intake during the year prior to the interview. the outcome variable was regular consumption of fruits and vegetables. only one in five adults (20.9%) reported consuming fruits and vegetables regularly. female gender, age 60 years or older, higher socioeconomic status, former smoking, and physical activity were associated with the outcome variable. according to the results, fruit and vegetable intake among adults fails to meet current ministry of health recommendations, particularly among male, young, poor, and physically inactive adults. interventions to encourage healthy diet are urgently needed.
Fatores associados ao consumo de frutas, legumes e verduras em adultos da cidade de S?o Paulo
Figueiredo,Iramaia Campos Ribeiro; Jaime,Patricia Constante; Monteiro,Carlos Augusto;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008005000049
Abstract: objective: to describe the frequency of fruit and vegetable intake by adults and to assess factors associated with this frequency. methods: cross-sectional study, carried out between october and december 2003 in the municipality of s?o paulo, southeastern brazil. telephone interviews were conducted on a probabilistic sample of the adult population (>18 years) living in the city of sao paulo and with access to land telephone lines, totaling 1,267 women and 855 men. frequency of fruit and vegetable intake was obtained by means of a questionnaire containing short, simple questions. association of different factors with fruit and vegetable intake was assessed by multivariate linear regression using a hierarchic model with sociodemographic variables in the first hierarchical level, behavioral variables in the second, and diet-related variables in the third. results: frequency of fruit and vegetable intake was higher among women. for both sexes, frequency of intake increased with age and schooling. intake was also higher among women who reported having been on a diet during the last year. consumption of foods indicative of an unhealthy diet such as sugars and fats was inversely associated with fruit and vegetable intake among subjects of both sexes. conclusions: fruit and vegetable intake in the adult population of sao paulo was higher among women, and was influenced by age, schooling, and diet.
As transa es entre varejistas e fornecedores de frutas, legumes e verduras na cidade de S o Paulo The transactions between supermarkets and fresh fruit and vegetables (FFV) suppliers in the Sao Paulo, Brazil
Roberta de Castro Souza,Gabriela Scur
Produ??o , 2011,
Abstract: O objetivo deste artigo é caracterizar as estratégias usadas por três diferentes formatos de varejo (grande rede, associa es de pequenos e médios supermercados e supermercados independentes) em suas compras de frutas, legumes e verduras (FLV) com foco na quest o dos padr es de qualidade exigidos. A abordagem teórica utilizada é de economia dos custos de transa o. Para a pesquisa empírica é utilizado o método de casos múltiplos viabilizado por meio de entrevistas presenciais com representantes dos distintos formatos de varejo na cidade de S o Paulo. Os resultados indicam que há diferen as nas estratégias dos variados formatos de varejo com seus fornecedores de FLV. No caso de pequenos e médios supermercados é bastante representativo o fornecimento proveniente da Ceagesp (Companhia de Entrepostos e Armazéns Gerais do Estado de S o Paulo), mesmo para o grande varejista entrevistado; cerca de 25% do suprimento de FLV é da Ceagesp, o que caracteriza uma rela o de mercado. O restante é fornecido pelos chamados distribuidores de origem. Por fim, os resultados do artigo têm implica es gerenciais para os produtores de FLV, indicando que há alternativas de inser o nas cadeias produtivas de FLV tendo em vista os diferentes formatos de varejo e suas estratégias distintas de relacionamento com fornecedores. The objective of this article is to characterize the strategies used by three different retail formats (large retail chains, associations of small and mid-size supermarkets and independent supermarkets) in their purchase of fruit and vegetables, focused on the issue of quality standard requirements of the different retail formats in the city of S o Paulo. The conceptual approach uses the economic theory of transaction costs. The empirical part of the project uses the method of multiple case studies, which was made viable by face-to-face interviews with representatives from the different kinds of retail businesses in Sao Paulo. The outcome indicates that there are differences in the procurement strategies at different retail formats. For small and medium supermarkets, the supply of fresh fruit and vegetables by the Sao Paulo Wholesale Trading Terminal of fresh food (called Ceagesp) is still representative. Even in the case of large retailers, about 25% of FFV is provided by "Ceagesp", which characterizes an arm's length relationship as a procurement strategy. The other part is supplied by distributors of origin, which can be considered first-tier suppliers.
Representa??es sobre o consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes entre fruticultores de zona rural
Alves, Hayda Josiane;Boog, Maria Cristina Faber;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732008000600009
Abstract: objective: the objective of this study was to investigate subjective aspects in the consumption of fruits and vegetables by fruit growers. methods: this is a qualitative study on the symbolic universe of consumption of these food items among fruit growers living in the rural area of valinhos, a city located in the state of s?o paulo, brazil. participant observation techniques and non-structured but focused interviews were used. moscovici's theory of social representations was applied to analyze data. results: the core message of the analyzed statements is: fruit is not food, it is work; which leads to other representations related to fruits such as: 1) fruits have no nourishing function; 2) its consumption is not essential; 3) they ensure the survival of the rural family's work and represent their livelihood. although cultivated fruits are regularly consumed, they are regarded as food only when they are bought. vegetables, including leaves, are classified as less important food items. the concept of healthy eating habits presented by this group includes aspects that transcend the nutritional value of food items, such as pleasure, commensality, social and cultural values, family memories and celebrations. conclusion: the consumption of fruits is more related to their farming work than to elements which bring them closer to the concept of food. the social representations of fruits and vegetables support the formulation of subjective concepts of healthy eating habits and structure them among rural workers.
Frutas, legumes e verduras: recomenda??es técnicas versus constructos sociais
Gomes, Fabio da Silva;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732007000600009
Abstract: goal recommendations and prescriptions addressed to the population are often constructed based exclusively on technical-scientific definitions, ignoring social constructive processes of the risk that involves values, perceptions and experiences. thus, important barriers may impair the advancement of policies that aim to implement these recommendations. this article presents multidisciplinary contributions to the construction of prescribed recommendations and goals, especially concerning the consumption of fruits and vegetables. it discusses some psychosocial and macro-structural barriers for the consumption of these foods and their implications for population-based interventions. with the objective of inducing reflection, the article conducts a critical review analyzing the problem under the light of structuralist theories on the social construction of risk. recommendations and prescriptions of goals were analyzed considering the risk, its social determinants, components and concepts aggregated as multidimensional factors. important lessons drawn from the review include: 1) the need to incorporate popular contributions to the definition, content, strategies of communication and implementation of the food policy agenda; 2) the vital need to recover the non-nutritional aspects of the foods, such as taste, as indispensable components to value and promote the consumption of fruits and vegetables; and 3) the need to adopt a concept of healthy eating that follows the broadness of the concept of health. the analysis indicates that the messages need to approach and value culture and tradition, avoiding references to healthy eating that are essentially or exclusively based on nutrients, diseases, longevity and sophistication.
Fatores associados ao consumo adequado de frutas e hortali?as em escolares de Santa Catarina, Brasil
Costa, Larissa da Cunha Feio;Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes de;Corso, Arlete Catarina Tittoni;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2012000600012
Abstract: this study aimed to estimate fruit and vegetable intake and identify associated factors among schoolchildren in santa catarina state, brazil. a cross-sectional study was conducted with 4,964 students from public and private schools in eight districts in the state, analyzing socioeconomic and anthropometric data and dietary intake. adequate fruit and vegetable intake was defined as five or more servings per day. poisson regression was performed to test associations between fruit and vegetable intake and independent variables (p < 0.05). adequate intake was found in 2.7% of children, while 26.6% of the sample did not consume any fruits and vegetables. in the analysis of the association between independent variables and adequate fruit and vegetable intake in the total sample, only geographic region (residents in western santa catarina) and consumption of candy were significantly associated. in the stratified analysis by sex, for boys, only geographic region was associated, while among girls, region and candy consumption were significantly associated with adequate fruit and vegetable intake. the findings indicate the need for specific strategies in the school community to improve fruit and vegetable intake by schoolchildren.
Aprendiendo química con el tratamiento culinario de frutas, hortalizas y verduras
Sánchez Guadix, Ma.A.
Revista Eureka sobre Ense?anza y Divulgación de las Ciencias , 2007,
Abstract: La necesidad de acercar la ciencia a la realidad cotidiana del alumnado obliga a buscar nuevos recursos que tradicionalmente no eran tratados en la ense anza formal: la química presente en la cocina y desarrollada a través de los trucos que han funcionadoen los tratamientos culinarios. En el presente artículo encontramos una reflexión acerca de la urgencia alfabetizar científicamente y de introducir saberes considerados femeninos en las aulas, una estrategia de búsqueda de recursos: la interpretacióncientífica y las aplicaciones didácticas de distintos trucos de cocina relacionados con frutas, hortalizas y verduras, y por último, algunas sugerencias para llevar a cabo distintas actividades en el aula de secundaria.
Comportamento de compra dos consumidores de frutas, legumes e verduras na regi?o central do Rio Grande do Sul
Souza, Renato Santos de;Arbage, Alessandro Porporatti;Neumann, Pedro Selvino;Froehlich, José Marcos;Diesel, Vivien;Silveira, Paulo Roberto;Silva, Alexandre da;Corazza, Cristiano;Baumhardt, Edner;Lisboa, Rodrigo da Silva;
Ciência Rural , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782008000200034
Abstract: this article is aimed at identifying the preferences of fruit and vegetable (flv) consumers concerning the place of purchase, eating habits and main criteria used during purchase. the study was carried out through a survey made in 11 counties in the central region of rio grande do sul. two hundred sixty six consumers aged over 18 years-old were interviewed and constituted a systematic sampling stratified according to region, sex, age and income. it was concluded that most of the consumers acquire these products in supermarkets, about two or three times a week, in most cases. when choosing the place of purchasing the consumers consider, mainly, quality, variety and speed at the check-out. this result indicates that there are two main aspects when choosing flv, from the consumers? point-of-view: quality of the product and time dedicated in making the purchase. in the same way, the data indicates that out of the five main aspects considered by the consumers when choosing flv, four refer to the quality (appearance, flavour, nutritional aspects and durability), being that the price appears only in third place. finally, this study identified three groups of products according to purchase frequency, out of which, the group with the highest frequency is composed by: onions, oranges, parsley, tomatoes, garlic and lettuce.
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