oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Modelo de comunicación no verbal en deporte y ballet
Vallejo Gloria
Forma y Función , 2010,
Abstract: Este estudio analiza el modelo de comunicación que se genera en los entrenadores de fútbol y de gimnasia artística a nivel profesional, y en los instructores de ballet en modalidad folklórica, tomando como referente el lenguaje corporal dinámico propio de la comunicación especializada de deportistas y bailarines, en la que se evidencia lenguaje no verbal. Este último se estudió tanto en prácticas psicomotrices como sociomotrices, para identificar y caracterizar relaciones entre diferentes conceptos y su correspondiente representación gestual. Los resultados indican que el lenguaje no verbal de los entrenadores e instructores toma ocasionalmente el lugar del lenguaje verbal, cuando este último resulta insuficiente o inapropiado para describir una acción motriz de gran precisión, debido a las condiciones de distancia o de interferencias acústicas. En los instructores de ballet se encontró una forma generalizada de dirigir los ensayos utilizando conteos rítmicos con las palmas o los pies. De igual forma, se destacan los componentes paralingüísticos de los diversos actos de habla, especialmente, en lo que se refiere a entonación, duración e intensidad.
Circe en la historia de la ópera y en los orígenes del ballet Circe in opera and ballet history  [cached]
Beatriz Cotello
Circe de Clásicos y Modernos , 2008,
Abstract: Seguimos en este artículo los pasos de Circe por la historia de la ópera: la hechicera se encuentra ya en los albores del género, como el principal personaje de un espectáculo cortesano, el Balet Comique de la Royne o Balet de Circé (1581), de Balthazar de Beaujoueulx; en el período barroco en muchos títulos, de los que se toma como ejemplo la ópera La Circe de Cristoforo Ivanovich con música de Antonio Ziani (1665); en los inicios de la zarzuela espa ola en la Comedia con música de Calderón e Hidalgo El mayor encanto, amor (1635) y en la época de auge de la zarzuela, en Circe de Ruperto Chapí con libreto de Ramos Carrión (1902). Sobre estas piezas se presenta un análisis del libreto y se las ubica en el marco histórico en el que están insertas. Con el Balet Comique se introduce el tema del nacimiento del ballet como género teatral; la comedia de Calderón y la ópera de Chapí, por su parte, dan lugar a una introducción en la historia de la zarzuela en Espa a. Following the traces of Circe in opera history: the sorceress can be found at the very beginning, as main character of a court spectacle, the Balet Comique de la Royne or Balet de Circé (1581), from Balthazar de Beaujoueulx; in baroque times in many titles, such as La Circe de Cristoforo Ivanovich, music by Antonio Ziani (1665); at the start of the development of the Spanish zarzuela in the Comedia con música from Calderón and Hidalgo El mayor encanto, amor, (1635) and at the times of the flourishment of that musical genre in Circe from Ruperto Chapí on a libretto by Ramos Carrión (1902). We present a study of the scripts within their historical frame. The Balet Comique introduces the subject of the birth of ballet as theatre spectacle, and Calderón and Chapí that of the history of zarzuela in Spain.
Estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico, area metropolitana de Costa Rica Nutritional status of classical ballet dancers, metropolitan area of Costa Rica
Elena Madrigal Rojas,Ana Rocío González Urrutia
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2008,
Abstract: El principal objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar el estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico de las tres academias más importantes de ballet localizadas en el área Metropolitana de Costa Rica. Se trabajó con 24 bailarinas adultas (18 a 30 a os) de niveles avanzados de ballet. Se registró el consumo de alimentos durante tres días. Se tomaron medidas de talla, peso y pliegues cutáneos. Se recolectaron muestras de sangre para análisis bioquímicos. Se evaluó además la densidad ósea (cadera y lumbar L1, L2, L3, L4) con energía dual de rayos-X. Las actitudes, creencias y riesgo de factores predisponentes a desórdenes alimentarios se evaluaron mediante una entrevista y con la aplicación del Test de Actitudes Alimentarias (EAT-26) e Inventario de Trastornos Alimentarios (EDI). El consumo promedio diario de energía fue considerablemente menor a la recomendación (1880 Kcal/d ± 448) y solamente la niacina y la vitamina B6 fueron consumidas en rangos óptimos. La densidad ósea, hemoglobina y hematocrito estuvieron dentro de los rangos de normalidad. Los resultados de este estudio sugieren que las bailarinas con índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) ≥ 20 Kg/m2 tienen dietas más hipocalóricas y mayor riesgo de desórdenes alimentarios. Se necesita investigación en este campo para desarrollar estrategias de educación nutricional que permitan mejorar el estado nutricional y de salud en esta población. The main objective of the present study was to examine the nutritional status of classic ballet dancers from three of the most important ballet academies located in Metropolitan Area of Costa Rica. Study participants included twenty-four adult females (18 to 30 years old) of advanced ballet level. Threeday food records were collected from each dancer. Height, body weight and skin fold measurements were completed. Blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis. Bone density was measured by dual X-ray energy (hip and lumbar L1, L2, L3, L4). The attitudes, beliefs and risk factors for eating disorders were evaluated by interview and using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI). Total energy intake (1880 Kcal/d ± 448.3) was considerably lower than the dietary recommendations and only niacin and vitamin B6 were consumed at optimal levels. Bone density, hemoglobin and hematocrit were within normal ranges. The results of the present study suggest that dancers with Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 20 Kg/m2 have more hypocaloric diets and major risk of eating disorders. Future studies are needed to develop strategies to improve the nutrition
MODELO DE COMUNICACIóN NO VERBAL EN DEPORTE Y BALLET
Vallejo,Gloria;
Forma y Función , 2010,
Abstract: this study analyzes the communication model generated among professional soccer trainers, artistic gymnastics trainers, and folkloric ballet instructors, on the basis of the dynamic body language typical of specialized communication among sportspeople and dancers, which includes a high percentage of non-verbal language. non-verbal language was observed in both psychomotor and sociomotor practices in order to identify and characterize relations between different concepts and their corresponding gestural representation. this made it possible to generate a communication model that takes into account the non-verbal aspects of specialized communicative contexts. the results indicate that the non-verbal language of trainers and instructors occasionally replaces verbal language when the latter is insufficient or inappropriate to describe an action or movement of great precision, due to circumstances of distance or acoustic interferences. with regard to ballet instructors, it was found that there was a generalized form of guiding rehearsals, through the use of rhythmic counts with hands or feet. in addition, the paralinguistic components of the different speech acts are emphasized, especially concerning intonation, duration and intensity.
Osmolalidad de bebidas de consumo frecuente Osmolality of frequently consumed beverages
Elizabeth Dini-G,Jorge De Abreu-C,Emeris López-M
Investigación Clínica , 2004,
Abstract: Se determinó la osmolalidad de bebidas de consumo frecuente por los ni os y adolescentes debido a la escasa información existente en nuestro país. Las muestras se agruparon en leches, bebidas refrescantes, con base en frutas, hortalizas, cereales y tubérculos; deportivas, energéticas, soluciones de rehidratación oral, reconstituidas e infusiones. Se utilizó un osmómetro digital de presión de vapor, analizando cinco muestras de cada bebida, lotes diferentes. A cada muestra se le hicieron cuatro determinaciones de osmolalidad calculando el promedio de dichos valores. Cuando el coeficiente de variación de las medidas de osmolalidad de las cinco muestras fue superior a 10%, se analizaron 5 muestras adicionales. Con la leche materna se utilizaron las muestras que fueron posibles recolectar durante el estudio. Se calcularon promedios de osmolalidad, desviación estándar e intervalo de confianza de los valores de osmolalidad (95% confiabilidad). La osmolalidad (mmol/kg) de la leche materna y de vaca estuvieron entre 273 y 389; las bebidas refrescantes, colas blancas, negras, sabores y maltas oscilaron entre 479-811 y la soda y bebidas light: 44-62; bebidas de frutas naturales y comerciales (coco, durazno, manzana, naranja, pera, pi a, uva, ciruela, tamarindo): 257-1152 y los jugos light: 274; bebidas deportivas: 367; bebidas energéticas: 740; bebidas basadas en hortalizas y cereales: 213-516; soluciones de rehidratación oral: 236-397; bebidas reconstituidas: 145; infusiones: 25. Las bebidas con osmolalidad en rango adecuado para los ni os fueron: leches, refrescos light, soda, jugos naturales y light, bebidas de rehidratación oral, de soya, reconstituidas e infusiones. The objective of this work was to determine the osmolality of beverages frequently consumed by children and adolescents due to the scarce information available in our country. The samples were grouped as follows: milks; refreshments; beverages based on fruits, vegetables, cereals, and tubers; sport drinks; energizing drinks; oral rehydrating solutions; reconstituted drinks and infusions. A vapor pressure digital osmometer was used, five samples of each beverage from different lots were analyzed. Four osmolality determinations were made on each sample and the average of such values was calculated. When the variation coefficient of the osmolality measurements of the five samples was higher than 10%, five additional samples were analyzed. As many samples as possible were used with breast milk in the time period of the study. Osmolality averages, standard deviation, and the osmolality confidence inte
Circe en la historia de la ópera y en los orígenes del ballet
Cotello,Beatriz;
Circe de cl??sicos y modernos , 2008,
Abstract: following the traces of circe in opera history: the sorceress can be found at the very beginning, as main character of a court spectacle, the balet comique de la royne or balet de circé (1581), from balthazar de beaujoueulx; in baroque times in many titles, such as la circe de cristoforo ivanovich, music by antonio ziani (1665); at the start of the development of the spanish zarzuela in the comedia con música from calderón and hidalgo el mayor encanto, amor, (1635) and at the times of the flourishment of that musical genre in circe from ruperto chapí on a libretto by ramos carrión (1902). we present a study of the scripts within their historical frame. the balet comique introduces the subject of the birth of ballet as theatre spectacle, and calderón and chapí that of the history of zarzuela in spain.
Comportamiento ante la ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas
Wilfredo Guibert Reyes,Flora Susana Cobas Ferrer,Renier Reyes Sosa,Raiza Govin Zuaznabar
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1999,
Abstract: Se realiza un estudio epidemiológico descriptivo con el objetivo de conocer el comportamiento ante la ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas de 159 pacientes mayores de 15 a os de dos consultorios del médico de la familia del policlínico "Reina" de Centro Habana durante el a o 1996. Utilizamos la técnica de la encuesta y encontramos que en los pacientes estudiados el 49 % son bebedores problemas y el 35,2 % son bebedores sociales. El 94,2 % de la población encuestada ingiere bebidas alcohólicas y la edad de comienzo de ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas que se reportó con mayor frecuencia fue entre 15 y 30 a os. Las motivaciones psicosociales de los pacientes que presentaron una conducta anormal ante el consumo de bebidas alcohólicas fueron: ingerir alcohol como medio de diversión en la utilización del tiempo libre, consumirlo por encontrarse vinculado con su trabajo y tomar bebidas alcohólicas para aliviar las tensiones diarias y enfrentar los problemas. Dicho estudio permitió recomendar la educación de la población de los efectos nocivos del alcohol y la adopción de estilos de vida saludables An epidemiological and descriptive study was conducted aimed at knowing the drinking behavior of 159 patients over 15 from 2 family physicians, offices of the"Reina" Polyclinic in Centro Habana during 1996. These individuals were surveyed and it was found that 49 % were heavy drinkers and 35.2 % social drinkers. 94.2 % of the surveyed population drink alcohol and they began to do it when they were between 15 and 30 years old. The psychosocial motives of those patients with an abnormal drinking behavior were the following: to drink as an entertaintment medium in their free time, to drink because of their jobs, and to drink to reduce the daily tension and to face problems. This study allowed to recommend the education of the population in connection with the harmful effect of alcohol and with the adoption of healthy life styles
Composición de masas corporales de bailarinas de ballet y atletas de elite de deportes estéticos de Cuba
Betancourt León, Hamlet;Salinas Flores, Oscar;Aréchiga Viramontes, Julieta;
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano , 2011, DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2011v13n5p335
Abstract: the level of scenic beauty of the ballet dancer figurine is determined by a set of morphofunctional characteristics that are exclusively valid for this modality. female ballet dancers and aesthetic sport athletes share the characteristic of being slim and of efficiently executing the complex movements of their technical activities. the objective of this study was to compare the body composition of female ballet dancers and elite female athletes participating in artistic gymnastics (ag), rhythmic gymnastics (rg), and synchronized swimming (ss). thirty-two female ballet dancers of the national ballet school and 63 elite aesthetic sport athletes from cuba were studied. an anthropometric protocol consisting of 16 measures was applied to calculate the body composition indexes. overall body fat percentage (bf) was significantly higher in dancers when compared to the ag and rg groups, but was similar to that of the ss group. overall muscle mass percentage (mm) was significantly higher in the ag and rg groups than in dancers. the ballet group showed the minor differential pm-bf and muscular percentage of the transverse areas of the segments of extremities than the elite athlete groups. differences in the body composition indexes were observed between the ballet group and the aesthetic sport groups. the results obtained indicate a lower efficiency of technical transitive movement in female ballet dancers.
Estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico, area metropolitana de Costa Rica
Madrigal Rojas,Elena; González Urrutia,Ana Rocío;
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2008,
Abstract: the main objective of the present study was to examine the nutritional status of classic ballet dancers from three of the most important ballet academies located in metropolitan area of costa rica. study participants included twenty-four adult females (18 to 30 years old) of advanced ballet level. threeday food records were collected from each dancer. height, body weight and skin fold measurements were completed. blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis. bone density was measured by dual x-ray energy (hip and lumbar l1, l2, l3, l4). the attitudes, beliefs and risk factors for eating disorders were evaluated by interview and using the eating attitudes test (eat-26) and eating disorder inventory (edi). total energy intake (1880 kcal/d ± 448.3) was considerably lower than the dietary recommendations and only niacin and vitamin b6 were consumed at optimal levels. bone density, hemoglobin and hematocrit were within normal ranges. the results of the present study suggest that dancers with body mass index (bmi) ≥ 20 kg/m2 have more hypocaloric diets and major risk of eating disorders. future studies are needed to develop strategies to improve the nutritional status of ballet dancers.
Retirement Transition in Ballet Dancers: "Coping Within and Coping Without" überg nge in den Ruhestand bei Ballettt nzer/innen: unterschiedliche Bew ltigungsstrategien Transición del retiro en bailarines de Ballet: "Haciendo frente dentro y haciendo frente afuera"
Irina Roncaglia
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: Retirement transitions in ballet dancers have been under researched. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the experiences of career transition in ballet dancers, from a life course perspective. Drawing upon existing transition models (SCHLOSSBERG, 1981) and sport literature (TAYLOR & OGILVIE, 1994), the paper investigates how ballet dancers cope (or not) with the transition and explores the different factors influencing the coping process. Qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews from fourteen international ballet dancers were used adopting an idiographic approach through interpretative phenomenological analysis and tenets of grounded theory methodology. The results identified a main theme "Coping strategies: Coping within & without" and eight sub-categories: Denial, alienation, indecision, severance, acceptance, letting go, renegotiation and reconstruction. The individual can experience different responses, which trigger different coping processes and subsequently different types of support are sought. Finally the paper briefly discusses some of the implications for future career development and career guidance. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100210 Bisher wurden überg nge in den Ruhestand im Falle von Ballettt nzer/innen wenig erforscht. Deshalb widmet sich dieser Beitrag deren Erfahrungen mit Karriereübergangen unter einer Lebenslaufperspektive. Rückgreifend auf vorliegende Transitions-Modelle (SCHLOSSBERG, 1981) und sportwissenschaftliche Befunde (TAYLOR & OGILVIE, 1994) soll gezeigt werden, wie Ballettt nzer/innen den übergang in den Ruhestand (nicht) bew ltigen und welche Faktoren auf den Bew ltigungsprozess Einfluss nehmen. In der qualitativen Studie wurden 14 teilstrukturierte Interviews durchgeführt und im Lichte eines idiografischen Ansatzes mit einer Kombination aus ph nomenologischer Analyse und der Grounded-Theorie-Methodologie entlehnter Strategien ausgewertet. Es resultierten ein Hauptthema, n mlich "Bew ltigungsstrategien: Coping within & without" und acht Subkategorien: Leugnen, Entfremdung, Unentschiedenheit, Abbruch, Akzeptanz, Loslassen, Neuaushandeln und Wiederherstellen: Im übergang in den Ruhestand werden unterschiedliche Reaktionen aus der Umwelt erlebt, die wiederum unterschiedliche Bew ltigungsstrategien hervorrufen, und in der Folge werden unterschiedliche Arten von Unterstützung gesucht. Am Ende des Beitrags werden kurz Implikationen künftiger Karriereplanung diskutiert. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100210 Las transiciones de jubilación en bailarines de ballet han sido objeto de investigación. El propósito de este artícul
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.